(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, all records of the department, state and regional long-term care ombudsmen, nursing home or facility administrators, the office of health facility licensure and certification and all protective services agencies concerning an adult or facility resident under this article are confidential and may not be released, except in accordance with the provisions of section eleven of this article.
(b) Unless the adult concerned is receiving adult protective services or unless there are pending proceedings with regard to the adult, the records maintained by the adult protective services agency shall be destroyed thirty years following their preparation.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section or any other provision of this code to the contrary, all records concerning reports of abuse, neglect or exploitation of vulnerable adults, including all records generated as a result of such reports, may be made available to:
(1) Employees or agents of the department who need access to the records for official business.
(2) Any law-enforcement agency investigating a report of known or suspected abuse, neglect or exploitation of a vulnerable adult.
(3) The prosecuting attorney of the judicial circuit in which the vulnerable adult resides or in which the alleged abuse, neglect or exploitation occurred.
(4) A circuit court or the Supreme Court of Appeals subpoenaing the records. The court shall, before permitting use of the records in connection with any court proceeding, review the records for relevancy and materiality to the issues in the proceeding. The court may issue an order to limit the examination and use of the records or any part of the record.
(5) A grand jury, by subpoena, upon its determination that access to the records is necessary in the conduct of its official business.
(6) The recognized protection and advocacy agency for the disabled of the State of West Virginia.
(7) The victim.
(8) The victim's legal representative, unless he or she is the subject of an investigation under this article.
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section or any other provision of this code to the contrary, summaries concerning substantiated investigative reports of abuse, neglect or exploitation of adults may be made available to:
(1) Any person who the department has determined to have abused, neglected or exploited the victim.
(2) Any appropriate official of the state or regional long- term care ombudsman investigating a report of known or suspected abuse, neglect or exploitation of a vulnerable adult.
(3) Any person engaged in bona fide research or auditing, as defined by the department. However, information identifying the subjects of the report may not be made available to the researcher.
(4) Employees or agents of an agency of another state that has jurisdiction to investigate known or suspected abuse, neglect or exploitation of vulnerable adults.
(5) A professional person when the information is necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of, and service delivery to, a vulnerable adult.
(6) A department administrative hearing officer when the hearing officer determines the information is necessary for the determination of an issue before the officer.
(e) The identity of any person reporting abuse, neglect or
exploitation of a vulnerable adult may not be released, without
that person's written consent, to any person other than employees
of the department responsible for protective services or the
appropriate prosecuting attorney or law-enforcement agency. This
subsection grants protection only for the person who reported the
abuse, neglect or exploitation and protects only the fact that the
person is the reporter. This subsection does not prohibit the
subpoena of a person reporting the abuse, neglect or exploitation
when deemed necessary by the prosecuting attorney or the department
to protect a vulnerable adult who is the subject of a report, if
the fact that the person made the report is not disclosed.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
The WV Code Online is an unofficial copy of the annotated WV Code, provided as a convenience. It has NOT been edited for publication, and is not in any way official or authoritative.