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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 8-23-3A §8-23-3a. Joint and cooperative undertakings by certain hospitals.
Any county or municipal hospital or hospital created by special act of the Legislature may enter into a joint or cooperative undertaking pursuant to this article and may further enter into joint or cooperative undertakings with private agencies or corporations in accordance with this section. The expenditure of public funds, allocation of personnel and provision of services for joint and cooperative undertakings are authorized. The undertaking may include the creation of a separate entity to carry out the purpose of the undertaking and, if appropriate in connection with the undertaking, may include provision for the ownership or control of all or a portion of the separate entity by the hospital. The contribution of funds derived from the operation of a hospital, and real or personal property acquired in connection with the operation of the hospital, may be contributed to the joint undertaking or separate entity, if the hospital owns or controls all or a portion of the separate entity or joint undertaking. All joint and cooperative undertakings are subject to the following limitations:

(1) All joint and cooperative undertakings entered into by a hospital are subject to the provisions of article two-d, chapter sixteen of this code;

(2) For any joint and cooperative undertaking entered into by a hospital, which undertaking involves the expenditure of public funds and includes the creation of a separate entity to carry out the purpose of the undertaking, the separate entity created is subject to the provisions of article nine-a, chapter six and articles five-b and five-g, chapter sixteen of this code;

(3) For any joint and cooperative undertaking entered into by a hospital, which undertaking involves the expenditure of public funds and includes the creation of a separate entity to carry out the purpose of the undertaking, the separate entity created is subject to the same charity care obligation as the hospital;

(4) The board of the hospital must find by resolution that the purposes of the joint and cooperative undertaking further the same public purpose and are in keeping with the mission and vision for which the hospital was created;

(5) Appropriate action by resolution of the governing board of the hospital is necessary before any agreement for a joint or cooperative undertaking may take effect. For any joint and cooperative undertaking which involves the contribution of real property acquired in connection with the operation of the hospital, appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or otherwise pursuant to the law of the governing body of the municipality, in the case of a municipal hospital; by ordinance, resolution or otherwise pursuant to the law of the county commission in the case of a county hospital; or appropriate action by ordinance, resolution or otherwise pursuant to the law of both the municipality where the hospital is located and the county commission of the county where the hospital is located, in the case of a hospital created by special act of the Legislature and involving the contribution of public funds of both counties and municipalities, shall be necessary before any agreement for a joint or cooperative undertaking may take effect. An agreement entered into by a hospital pursuant to this section shall contain substantially the same provisions as set forth in section three of this article. No agreement made pursuant to the provisions of this section shall relieve any hospital of any obligation or responsibility imposed upon it by law, except to the extent that actual and timely performance thereof by a joint board or other legal or administrative entity created by an agreement made hereunder may be offered in satisfaction of the obligation or responsibility; and

(6) No agreement for a joint and cooperative undertaking entered into pursuant to this article may contain any provision intended to or having the effect of reducing reimbursements to local or community-based emergency services or ambulance providers, or reducing the extent to which services are provided by local or community-based emergency services or ambulance providers in the geographic area served by a provider.

Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2014 1st Special Session
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