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WEST VIRGINIA CODE
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WVC 7- CHAPTER 7. COUNTY COMMISSIONS AND OFFICERS.

WVC -1- ARTICLE 1. COUNTY COMMISSIONS GENERALLY.


WVC 7 - 1 - 1 §7-1-1. County commissions corporations; how constituted; election of president.
(a) The county commission, formerly the county court, tribunal or county council in lieu thereof, of every county within the State of West Virginia shall be a corporation by the name of "The County Commission of ................... County", or "The County Council of ....................... County" by which name it may sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded and contract and be contracted with. (b) A county commission shall consist of three commissioners as provided in section nine, article IX of the Constitution of the State of West Virginia, any two of whom shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

(c) A county council, created on or after the first day of July, two thousand eight, as an alternative to a county commission pursuant to section thirteen, article IX of the Constitution of West Virginia, shall consist of four or more members, a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

(d) Unless provided otherwise in an alternative form of government, each county commission or council shall annually, at its first session in each year, or as soon thereafter as practicable, elect one of its commissioners or council members as president of the county commission or council.

(e) Throughout this chapter and the code, the term "county commission" or any reference to a county commission shall include all county councils created in lieu of the county commission.


WVC 7 - 1 - 1 A §7-1-1a. Requirements for reforming, altering or modifying a county commission; alternative forms of county government.
(a) A county government may be reformed, altered or modified as follows:

(1) The county commission or county council of the county may pass a resolution making application to the Legislature to reform, alter or modify an existing form of county government in accordance with the requirements of the West Virginia Constitution and this section; or

(2) Ten percent of the registered voters of the county may sign a petition requesting reformation, alteration or modification of the existing form of county government in accordance with the requirements of the West Virginia Constitution and this section.

(b) A county commission or county council seeking to make application to reform, alter or modify its county government pursuant to the provisions of section thirteen, article IX of the West Virginia Constitution shall adopt a resolution containing the following information:

(1) The reasons for the reformation, alteration or modification of the county commission or county government;

(2) The form of the proposed county government selected from the alternatives authorized by this section;

(3) The proposed name of the county government;

(4) When the question of reformation, alteration or modification of the county government will be on the ballot;

(5) How and when the officers of the proposed county government will be elected or appointed, taking into consideration the following:

(A) When the election on the question of reformation, alteration or modification of the county government will be held;

(B) The normal election cycles for county officials; and

(C) The time frames for early and absentee voting provided in article three, chapter three of this code; and

(6) When the new county government will become effective.

(c) Prior to the adoption of a resolution seeking to reform, alter or modify a county commission or county council, the governing body of the county shall publish by a Class II legal advertisement in one or more newspapers of general circulation throughout the county, in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, notice of the proposed changes to the current form of county government. The publication area shall be the entire county. The notice shall summarize the proposed changes to the county government and include the date, time and place for the meeting or meetings in which the resolution will be considered.

(d) After the publication and adoption of the resolution, the following information shall be submitted by the county to the Clerk of the Senate and to the Clerk of the House of Delegates no later than the tenth day of a regular legislative session in which the request for reforming, altering or modifying a county commission or county government is to be considered by the Legislature:

(1) A certified copy of the adopted resolution;

(2) A copy of the required public notice;

(3) The vote on the adoption of the resolution; and

(4) The date the resolution was adopted.

(e) Registered voters of a county seeking to reform, alter or modify the county commission or county council pursuant to section thirteen, article IX of the West Virginia Constitution shall submit a petition, signed by ten percent of the registered voters in the county, to the county commission or county council, setting forth the information required in subsection (b) of this section. Upon receipt of the petition, the county commission or county council shall verify that the signatures on the petition are: (1) Legally registered voters of the county; and (2) equal to ten percent of the registered voters of the county.

(f) The county commission or county council shall, within thirty days of receipt of a constitutionally defective petition, return it to the petitioners with a written statement as to why the petition is defective. The petitioners may, within ninety days of receipt of the written statement from the county commission or council and after making the necessary changes, resubmit the petition to the county commission or county council.

(g) After verifying that the signatures on the petition meet the constitutional requirements, the county commission or council shall forward the petition to the Clerk of the Senate and to the Clerk of the House of Delegates no later than the tenth day of a regular legislative session in which the request for reforming, altering or modifying a county commission or county government is to be considered by the Legislature.

(h) After receipt of a certified resolution or verified petition by the Clerk of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Delegates, the Legislature shall determine whether all constitutional and statutory requirements have been met. If such requirements have not been met, the certified resolution or verified petition shall be returned with a written statement of the deficiencies. A certified resolution or verified petition may be revised following the procedures set forth in this section for an original submission and then may be resubmitted to the Clerk of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Delegates for consideration by the Legislature. The requirement that the petition be submitted prior to the tenth day of the legislative session shall not apply to resubmitted resolutions or petitions.

(i) Following passage of an act by the Legislature authorizing an election on the question of reforming, altering or modifying a county commission or council, the question shall be placed on the ballot of the county at the next general election following such passage or, at the expense of the county, a special election.

(j) Following approval of the reformation, alteration or modification of the county commission or council by a majority of the county's registered voters, nomination of the county commission or council members and, where authorized, the chief executive, shall be held in the next primary election or the primary election set forth in the resolution or petition to reform, alter or modify the county commission or council. Election of the county commissioners or council members and, where authorized, the chief executive shall be held in the next general election or the general election set forth in the resolution or petition to change the form of the county commission.

(k) All elections required by this section shall be held in accordance with the provisions of chapter three of this code.

(l) The following are guidelines for forms of county government:

(1) "Chief executive - county commission plan". -- Under this plan:

(A) There shall be a chief executive elected by the registered voters of the county at large and three county commissioners that shall be elected at large;

(B) The commission shall be the governing body;

(C) The chief executive shall have the exclusive authority to supervise, direct and control the administration of the county government. The chief executive shall carry out, execute and enforce all ordinances, policies, rules and regulations of the commission;

(D) The salary of the chief executive shall be set by the Legislature;

(E) Other nonelected officers and employees shall be appointed by the chief executive subject to the approval of the county commission; and

(F) The chief executive shall not be a member of the county commission nor shall he or she hold any other elective office.

(2) "County manager - county commission plan". -- Under this plan:

(A) There shall be a county manager appointed by the county commission and three county commissioners that may be elected at large;

(B) The commission shall be the governing body;

(C) The county manager shall have the exclusive authority to supervise, direct and control the administration of the county government. The county manager shall carry out, execute and enforce all ordinances, policies, rules and regulations of the commission;

(D) The salary of the county manager shall be set by the county commission;

(E) Other nonelected officers and employees shall be appointed by the county manager subject to the approval of the commission; and

(F) The county manager shall not be a member of the county commission nor shall he or she hold any other elective office.

(3) "County administrator - county commission plan". -- Under this plan:

(A) There shall be a county administrator appointed by the county commission and three county commissioners that shall be elected at large;

(B) The commission shall be the governing body;

(C) The county administrator shall have the authority to direct the administration of the county government under the supervision of the county commission. The county administrator shall carry out, execute and enforce all ordinances, policies, rules and regulations of the commission;

(D) The salary of the county administrator shall be set by the county commission;

(E) The county administrator shall appoint or employ all subordinates and employees for whose duties or work he or she is responsible to the commission; and

(F) The county administrator shall not be a member of the county commission nor shall he or she hold any other elective office.

(4) A county council consisting of four or more members that shall be elected at large.

(5) Any form of county government adopted pursuant to section thirteen, article IX of the West Virginia Constitution and this section may, by the methods set forth in this section, return to the traditional county commission or change to another form of county government, as set out in this section.

(m) The purpose of this section is to establish the basic requirements for reforming, altering or modifying a county commission or county council pursuant to section thirteen, article IX of the West Virginia Constitution. The structure and organization of a county government may be specified in greater detail by resolution or ordinance so long as such provisions do not conflict with the purposes and provisions set forth in this section, chapter seven-a of this code or the constitution.


WVC 7 - 1 - 1 B §7-1-1b. Legislative findings; qualifications for county commissioners.
(a) The Legislature finds that:

(1) There is confusion concerning when a candidate for county commission must be a resident of the magisterial district he or she wants to represent;

(2) The supreme court has discussed the residency requirement in several cases and has conflicting interpretations;

(3) It is imperative that this issue be permanently resolved at the time of filing to ensure the citizens have choice on the ballot;

(4) It is essential the citizens know they are voting for a person who is qualified to be a candidate; and

(5) With the expense of holding an election, tax payer moneys should not be wasted of officials who could never serve.

(b) A candidate for the office of county commissioner shall be a resident from the magisterial district for which he or she is seeking election:

(1) By the last day to file a certificate of announcement pursuant to section seven, article five, chapter three of this code; or

(2) At the time of his or her appointment by the county executive committee or the chairperson of the county executive committee.


WVC 7-1-2 §7-1-2. Sessions.
The county court of each county shall hold four regular sessions in each year at the courthouse thereof, at such times as may be fixed upon and entered of record by the court. It may also hold special sessions, whenever the public interests may require it, to be called by the president with the concurrence of at least one other commissioner; and the commissioner, if any, not concurring therein, must have at least twenty-four hours' notice of the time appointed for such special session. A notice of the time of such special session, and of the purpose for which it will be held, shall be posted by the clerk of the court, at the front door of the courthouse of the county, at least two days before such session is to be held. If such commissioner, after due notice thereof, shall willfully fail to attend such special session, he shall forfeit not less than five nor more than twenty dollars.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3 §7-1-3. Jurisdiction, powers and duties.
The county commissions, through their clerks, shall have the custody of all deeds and other papers presented for record in their counties and the same shall be preserved therein, or otherwise disposed of as now is, or may be prescribed by law. They shall have jurisdiction in all matters of probate, the appointment and qualification of personal representatives, guardians, committees, curators and the settlement of their accounts and in all matters relating to apprentices. They shall also, under the rules as now are or may be prescribed by law, have the superintendence and administration of the internal police and fiscal affairs of their counties, including the establishment and regulation of roads, ways, streets, avenues, drives and the like, and the naming or renaming thereof, in cooperation with local postal authorities, the division of highways and the directors of county emergency communications centers, to assure uniform, nonduplicative conversion of all rural routes to city-type addressing on a permanent basis, bridges, public landings, ferries and mills, with authority to lay and disburse the county levies. They shall, in all cases of contest, judge of the election, qualification and returns of their own members, and of all county and district officers, subject to appeal as prescribed by law. The tribunals as have been heretofore established by the Legislature under and by virtue of section thirty-four, article VIII of the constitution of one thousand eight hundred seventy-two, for police and fiscal purposes, shall, until otherwise provided by law, remain and continue as at present constituted in the counties in which they have been respectively established, and shall be and act as to police and fiscal matters in lieu of the county commission herein mentioned, until otherwise provided by law. And until otherwise provided by law, the clerk as is mentioned in section twenty-six of said article, as amended, shall exercise any powers and discharge any duties heretofore conferred on, or required of, any court or tribunal established for judicial purposes under said section, or the clerk of the court or tribunal, respectively, respecting the recording and preservation of deeds and other papers presented for record, matters of probate, the appointment and qualification of personal representatives, guardians, committees, curators and the settlement of their accounts and in all matters relating to apprentices. The county commission may not limit the right of any person to purchase, possess, transfer, own, carry, transport, sell or store any revolver, pistol, rifle or shotgun or any ammunition or ammunition components to be used therewith nor to so regulate the keeping of gunpowder so as to, directly or indirectly, prohibit the ownership of the ammunition: Provided, That no provision in this section may be construed to limit the authority of a county to restrict the commercial use of real estate in designated areas through planning or zoning ordinances.


WVC 7-1-3a §7-1-3a. Construction of waterworks; sewers and sewage disposal plants; improvements of streets, alleys and sidewalks; assessment of cost of sanitary sewers, improved streets and maintenance of roads not in the state road system.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby authorized and empowered to install, construct, repair, maintain and operate waterworks, water mains, sewer lines and sewage disposal plants in connection therewith within their respective counties: Provided, That the county commission of Webster County is authorized to expend county funds in the opening of, and upkeep of a sulphur well now situate on county property: Provided, however, That such authority and power herein conferred upon county commissions shall not extend into the territory within any municipal corporation: Provided further, That any county commission is hereby authorized to enter into contracts or agreements with any municipality within the county, or with a municipality in an adjoining county, with reference to the exercise of the powers vested in such commissions by this section.

Considering the importance of public fire protection, any county commission, public service district, public or private utility which installs, constructs, maintains, or upgrades water mains shall ensure that all new mains specifically intended to provide fire protection are supplied by mains which are not less than six inches in diameter. A permit or other written approval shall be obtained from the department of health and human resources for each hydrant or group of hydrants installed in compliance with section nine, article one, chapter sixteen of the West Virginia code as amended: Provided, That all newly constructed water distribution systems transferred to a public or private utility shall have mains at least six inches in diameter where fire flows are desired or required by the public or private utility: Provided, however, That the utility providing service has sufficient hydraulic capacity as determined by the department of health and human resources.

In addition to the foregoing, the county commission shall have the power to improve streets, sidewalks and alleys and lay sewers and enter into contracts for maintenance of county roads and subdivision roads used by the public but not in the state road system as follows: Upon petition in writing duly verified, of the persons, firms or corporations owning not less than sixty percent of the frontage of the lots abutting on both sides of any street or alley, between any two cross-streets, or between a cross-street and an alley in any unincorporated community, requesting the county commission so to do according to plans and specifications submitted with such petition and offering to have their property so abutting assessed not only with their portion of the cost of such improvement abutting upon their respective properties, but also offering to have their said properties proportionately assessed with the total cost of paving, grading and curbing the intersections of such streets and alleys, or the total cost of maintenance of county roads or subdivision roads used by the public but not in the state road system, the county commission may cause any such street or alley to be improved or paved or repaved substantially with the materials and according to such plans and specifications as hereinafter provided: Provided, That the county commission is further authorized, if the said county commission so determines by a unanimous vote of its constituted membership, that two or more intersecting streets, sidewalks, alleys and sewers, should be improved as one project, in order to satisfy peculiar problems resulting from access as well as drainage problems, then, in that event, the said county commission may order such improvements as one single unit and project, upon petition in writing duly verified of the persons, firms or corporations owning not less than sixty percent of the frontage of the lots abutting on both sides of all streets or alleys, or portions thereof included by said county commission in said unit and project.

The total cost including labor and materials, engineering, and legal service of grading and paving, curbing, improving any such road, street or alley (including the cost of the intersections) and assessing the cost thereof shall be borne by the owners of the land abutting upon such road, street or alley when the work is completed and accepted according to the following plan, that is to say, payment is to be made by all landowners on either side of such road, street or alley so paved or improved in such proportion of the total cost as the frontage in feet of each owner's land so abutting bears to the total frontage of all the land so abutting on such road, street or alley, so paved or improved as aforesaid, which computation shall be made by the county engineer or surveyor and certified by him to the clerk of said commission.

Upon petition in writing duly verified, of the persons, firms or corporations owning not less than sixty percent of the frontage of the lots abutting on one side of any county or subdivision road or roads between any two cross-roads, all used by the public but not in the state road system or street between any two cross-streets or between a cross-street and an alley in any unincorporated community requesting the county commission so to do according to plans and specifications submitted with such petition and offering to have their property so abutting assessed with the total cost thereof, the county commission may cause any sidewalk to be improved, or paved, or repaved, substantially with such materials according to such plans and specifications and the total cost including labor and materials, engineering and legal service of improving, grading, paving or repaving such sidewalk and assessing the cost thereof shall, when the work is completed and accepted, be assessed against the owners of the lots or fractional part of lots abutting on such sidewalk, in such portion of the total cost as the frontage in feet of each owner's land so abutting bears to the total frontage of all lots so abutting on such sidewalk so paved or improved, as aforesaid, which computation shall be made by the county engineer or surveyor and certified by him to the clerk of said commission.

Upon petition in writing duly verified, of the persons, firms or corporations owning not less than sixty percent of the frontage of the lots abutting on both sides of any street or alley, in any unincorporated community requesting the county commission so to do according to plans and specifications submitted with such petition and offering to have their property so abutting assessed with the cost, as hereinafter provided, the county commission may lay and construct sanitary sewers in any street or alley with such materials and substantially according to such plans and specifications and when such sewer is completed and accepted, the county engineer or surveyor shall report to the county commission, in writing, the total cost of such sewer and a description of the lots and lands, as to the location, frontage, depth and ownership liable for such sewer assessment, so far as the same may be ascertained, together with the amount chargeable against each lot and owner, calculated in the following manner: The total cost of constructing and laying the sewer including labor, materials, legal and engineering services shall be borne by the owners of the land abutting upon the streets and alleys, in which the sewer is laid according to the following plan: Payment is to be made by each landowner on either side of such portion of a street or alley in which such sewer is laid, in such proportions as the frontage of his land upon said street or alley bears to the total frontage of all lots so abutting on such street or alley. In case of a corner lot, frontage is to be measured along the longest dimensions thereof abutting on such street or alley in which such sewer is laid. Any lot having a depth of two hundred feet or more, and fronting on two streets or alleys, one in the front and one in the rear of said lot, shall be assessed on both of said streets or alleys if a sewer is laid in both such streets and alleys. Where a corner lot has been assessed on the end it shall not be assessed on the side for the same sewer and where it has been assessed on the side it shall not be assessed on the end for the same sewer.

If the petitioners request the improvement of any such county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk in a manner which does not require the permanent paving or repaving thereof, the county commission shall likewise have authority to improve such county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk, substantially as requested in such petition, and the total cost thereof including labor, materials, engineering and legal services shall be assessed against the abutting owners in the proportion which the frontage of their lots abutting upon such county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk bears to the total frontage of all lots abutting upon such street, alley or sidewalk so improved.

Upon the filing of such petition and before work is begun, or let to contract, the county commission shall fix a time and place for hearing protests and shall require the petitioners to post notice of such hearing in at least two conspicuous places on the county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk affected, and to give notice thereof by publication of such notice as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county in which the improvement is to be made. The hearing shall be held not less than ten nor more than thirty days after the filing of such petition.

At the time and place set for hearing protests the county commission may examine witnesses and consider other evidence to show that said petition was filed in good faith; that the signatures thereto are genuine; and that the proposed improvement, paving, repaving or sewering will result in special benefits to all owners of property abutting on said county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk in an amount at least equal in value to the cost thereof. The commission shall within ten days thereafter enter a formal order stating its decision and if the petition be granted shall proceed after due advertisement, reserving the right to reject any or all bids, to let a contract for such work and materials to the lowest responsible bidder.

Any owner of property abutting upon said county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk aggrieved by such order shall have the right to review the same on the record made before the county commission by filing within ten days after the entry of such order a petition with the clerk of the circuit court assigning errors and giving bond in a penalty to be fixed by the circuit court to pay any costs or expenses incurred upon such appeal should the order of the county commission be affirmed. The circuit court shall proceed to review the matter as in other cases of appeal from the county commission.

All assessments made under this section shall be certified to the county clerk and recorded in a proper trust deed book and indexed in the name of the owner of any lot or fractional part of a lot so assessed. The assessment so made shall be a lien on the property liable therefor, and shall have priority over all other liens except those for taxes, and may be enforced by a civil action in the name of the contractor performing the work in the same manner as provided for other liens for permanent improvements. Such assessment shall be paid in not more than ten equal annual installments, bearing interest at a rate not to exceed twelve percent per annum, as follows: The first installment, together with interest on the whole assessment, shall be paid not later than one year from the date of such assessment, and a like installment with interest on the whole amount remaining unpaid each year thereafter until the principal and all interest shall have been paid in full.

The county commission may issue coupon-bearing certificates payable in not more than ten equal annual installments for the amount of such assessment and the interest thereon, to be paid by the owner of any lot or fractional part thereof, fronting on such county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk which has been improved, paved, or repaved or in which a sewer has been laid, as aforesaid, and the holder of said certificate shall have a lien having priority over all other liens except those for taxes upon the lot or part of lot fronting on such county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk, and such certificate shall likewise draw interest from the date of assessment at a rate not to exceed twelve percent per annum, and payment thereof may be enforced in the name of the holder of said certificate by proper civil action in any court having jurisdiction to enforce such lien.

Certificates authorized under this section may be issued, sold or negotiated to the contractor doing the work, or to his assignee, or to any person, firm or corporation: Provided, That the county commission in issuing such certificates shall not be held as a guarantor, or in any way liable for the payment thereof. Certificates so issued shall contain a provision to the effect that in the event of default in the payment of any one or more of said installments, when due, said default continuing for a period of sixty days, all unpaid installments shall thereupon become due and payable, and the owner of said certificates may proceed to collect the unpaid balance thereof in the manner hereinbefore provided.

In all cases where petitioners request paving or repaving, or the laying of sewers under the provisions of this section, the county commission shall let the work of grading, paving, curbing or sewering to contract to the lowest responsible bidder. In each such case the county commission shall require a bond in the penalty of the contract price guaranteeing the faithful performance of the work and each such contract shall require the contractor to repair any defects due to defective workmanship or materials discovered within one year after the completion of the work.

Upon presentation to the clerk of the county commission of the certificates evidencing the lien, duly canceled and marked paid by the holder thereof, or evidence of payment of the assessment if no certificates have been issued, said clerk shall execute and acknowledge a release of the lien which release may be recorded, as other releases in the office of the clerk of the county commission.

The owner of any lot or fractional part of a lot abutting upon such county road or subdivision road, street, alley or sidewalk so improved, paved, repaved, or sewered shall have the right to anticipate the payment of any such assessment or certificate by paying the principal amount due, with interest accrued thereon to date of payment, and also to pay the entire amount, without interest at any time, within thirty days following the date of the assessment.

Nothing in this section contained shall be construed to authorize the county commissions of the various counties to acquire any road construction, ditching or paving equipment. The county commissions are hereby authorized to rent from the state road commissioner or any other person, firm or corporation such equipment as may be necessary from time to time, to improve any county road or subdivision road used by the public but not in the state road system, street or sidewalk which petitioners do not desire to have paved in a permanent manner, and for such purpose to employ such labor as may be necessary but no expense connected therewith shall be charged to any county funds.

No county commission shall be under any duty after the paving, repaving or improvement of any county road or subdivision road used by the public but not in the state road system, street, alley or sidewalk or the laying of any sanitary sewer under the provisions of this section, to maintain or repair the same, but any such commission shall have authority upon petition duly verified, signed by at least sixty percent of the owners of property abutting upon any improvement made under this section, to maintain or repair such improvement or sewer and to assess the cost thereof against the owners of such abutting property in the same manner as the cost of the original improvement.


WVC 7-1-3b §7-1-3b. Purchase, installation and maintenance of radio mobile communication equipment and appliances for use by county sheriffs and their deputies.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to purchase, install and maintain radio mobile communication equipment and appliances for the use of the sheriff and his deputies in their respective counties and to pay therefor and for the maintenance thereof out of the county treasury.


WVC 7-1-3c §7-1-3c. Purchase, installation and maintenance of photo copying equipment, microphotographic or other miniature photographic processes, appliances and supplies.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to purchase, install and maintain photo copying equipment, microphotographic, or other miniature photographic processes, appliances and supplies designated for copying photographically or microphotographically all or any number of its deeds, documents, books, records, plats or maps, or other writing, for use by the clerks of the several county courts and to pay therefor and for the maintenances thereof out of the county treasury. The actions of the county courts in heretofore purchasing and maintaining such equipment is now ratified.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3 D §7-1-3d. Levy for, establishment and operation of fire prevention units; financial aid.
The county commission in any county may levy for and may erect, maintain and operate fire stations and fire prevention units and equipment therefor in the county: Provided, That if a county commission establishes a separate fire protection unit in any city in West Virginia that is now operating under the provisions of the state civil service act for paid fire departments, then the new unit shall be operated in accordance with the provisions of the civil service act. Any county commission may render financial aid to any one or more public fire protection facilities in operation in the county for the general benefit of the public in the prevention of fires. Any county commission may also authorize volunteer fire companies or paid fire departments to charge reasonable reimbursement fees for personnel and equipment used in performing fire-fighting services, victim rescue or cleanup of debris or hazardous materials by department personnel. The rate for any such fees to be charged to property owners or other persons responsible or liable for payment for such services must be approved by the county commission and must be reasonable: Provided, however, That no fee for any single incident or accident shall exceed five hundred dollars, except an incident or accident involving hazardous materials. The county commission shall require that any fees charged pursuant to the authority conferred by this section must be in writing and be itemized by specific services rendered and the rate for each service.


WVC 7-1-3e §7-1-3e. Acquisition of land for, and operation of, public refuse dumps and sanitary landfills.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby empowered to acquire, by purchase, right of eminent domain, lease, gift, or otherwise, land for the establishment of public refuse dumps and sanitary landfills, and to operate and maintain such dumps and fills, and to pay for such land, and the operation and maintenance of such dumps and fills, in whole or in part, either out of general funds in the county treasury, or out of special funds to be derived from fees paid by users of such facilities: Provided, That the authority granted by this section expires on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-nine.


WVC 7-1-3f §7-1-3f. Establishment and operation of garbage and refuse collection and disposal services.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby empowered to establish, operate and maintain, either directly or by contract, garbage and refuse collection and disposal services, and to pay for the establishment, operation and maintenance of such collection and disposal services, in whole or in part, either out of general funds in the county treasury, or out of special funds to be derived from fees charged to and paid by the users of such services or a combination of both such general revenue or special fund: Provided, That the power and authority hereby conferred upon county commissions shall not be exercised in territory included within the boundaries of any municipal corporation, except as provided herein. Any county commission for the purpose of implementing this section is hereby authorized to enter into such contract or contracts with any municipality or county within this state for the purposes of carrying out the powers vested in such county commissions by this section, and all said county commissions may, pursuant to such contract, exercise the authority herein granted within such contracting municipality: Provided, however, That where an area is furnished garbage and refuse collection service by an existing carrier under authority issued by the public service commission of West Virginia, the county commission may enter into contracts or agreements with such carrier to supplement such existing service, but shall not enter into any competing service without authority being granted by the public service commission.

The term "users" as used herein shall mean and include any person to whom such services are made available under the provisions of this section.

The authority granted by this section expires on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-nine.


WVC 7-1-3g §7-1-3g. Acquisition, operation, and maintenance of sewerage systems and sewage plants.
In addition to all other powers and duties not conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby empowered to acquire, by purchase, right of eminent domain, lease, gift, or otherwise, and to operate and maintain, sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants, and to pay the cost of operation and maintenance thereof out of a special fund to be derived from sewerage service fees paid by the users of such sewerage system or sewage treatment plant: Provided, however, That the power and authority hereby conferred on county courts shall not extend into territory within the boundaries of any municipal corporation, sanitary district or public service district.


WVC 7-1-3h §7-1-3h. Authority and procedure for closing unused roads, streets and travel ways; notice and hearing; circuit court review.
The county court of any county, upon the verified application of any landowner whose land abuts on any unused road, street, or other travel way designated on any map or plat of a subdivision of land or otherwise within such county but outside of incorporated towns or cities thereof, is hereby authorized to close and vacate any part or all of any such unused road, street or other designated travel way by order entered of record after hearing as hereinafter provided. Before acting to close and vacate any such road, street or travel way, the county court shall consider the application and shall fix a time and place for hearing on such application. Such hearing shall be held not less than fifteen days after the hearing date and place have been so fixed. The applicant shall cause notice of the time and place of such hearing and the purpose thereof to be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county. The notice shall be published at least fifteen days before such hearing. The applicant shall also cause to be served, at least fifteen days before such hearing, in the manner provided by law for the service of notices and process, a notice showing the time, place and purpose of such hearing, upon every owner of property, and every person holding a lien thereon, abutting on such unused road, street or other travel way. The affidavit of publication of such notice shall be filed with the county court at or before the hearing as a part of the record in the proceedings.

At the time and place fixed for the hearing, the county court shall hear any evidence relating to the use of and rights or claims in or to any such road, street or other designated travel way sought to be closed and vacated. If the county court concludes and finds upon the record and evidence in the proceedings that the use and rights of no person or persons in such road, street or other travel way will be impaired or lost by the closing and vacation thereof, the county court shall proceed to enter an order closing and vacating such road, street or other travel way and shall cause a copy of said order to be prepared and certified for entry of record in the office of the clerk of such county court. The applicant shall pay the recording fee thereon.

Any person aggrieved by the action of the county court in any such case may seek review thereof in the circuit court of the county as provided in article three of chapter fifty-eight of this code.


WVC 7-1-3i §7-1-3i. County commission may cooperate with other governmental units.
Any county commission may join together in the exercise of any of its powers, duties and responsibilities, or otherwise cooperate with any other county or counties, municipality or municipalities, the government of this state or of the United States in carrying out any lawful purpose not in conflict with the constitution of West Virginia: Provided, That the county commission of any county sharing a common border with any other state is hereby empowered to enter into reciprocal agreements with governmental subdivisions or agencies of such other state for the protection of people and property from fire and for emergency medical services and for the reciprocal use of county equipment and personnel for such purpose.


WVC 7-1-3j §7-1-3j. Authority to establish county coordinating council; powers and duties of council; duties of county clerk.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to establish a county coordinating council for the purpose of coordinating county improvement programs with state and federal programs designed for this purpose. The council hereby created shall gather necessary facts and data and formulate needed local programs. The council shall submit the foregoing facts, data and plans to the county court for its guidance. The council shall act only in an advisory capacity. The county clerk is hereby designated the secretary of the council. The clerk shall attend all meetings of the council. He shall keep a record of all proceedings and shall transmit a copy of all such proceedings to the county court. The clerk shall also perform such other reasonable duties as may be required of him by the council.


WVC 7-1-3k §7-1-3k. Authority to lease, rent or permit the use of county property.
The county commission of each county is authorized to lease, rent or to permit the use of county-owned buildings, lands and other properties or any portion thereof by nonprofit organizations. Authorized uses pursuant to this section shall include the granting of meeting places, service outlets and operational headquarters for organizations established within the county.

Each county commission is authorized to charge and collect fees for uses of county properties pursuant to this section. In addition, each county commission is empowered to promulgate rules and regulations in order to carry out the provisions of this section within the county.

The allocation of county properties for use by organizations shall be controlled either by the county commission or, optionally, by a panel which may be appointed by the commission for this purpose. Any panel appointed pursuant to this section shall consist of not less than three nor more that five members who shall serve at the will and pleasure of the commission. All decisions of a panel, if one is appointed, shall be subject to review by the county commission.

If a panel is appointed pursuant to this section, each member shall be a resident of the county in which the panel sits. A majority of the panel shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and all matters shall be decided by the majority vote of those members present at a meeting. Each panel is authorized to select from among its members one secretary, who shall keep a record of all proceedings, and one chairman. A member may be entitled to reimbursement for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of his duties.


WVC 7-1-3l §7-1-3l. Authority to establish county appraisal-assessment board; functions and duties of board; duties of assessor.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to establish a county appraisal-assessment advisory board. The purpose for which this board is created is to enable the county court, acting as the board of review and equalization, to better perform its duties in reviewing property assessments and to better inform the public with regard to assessments generally. The board is hereby authorized to review all appraisals made by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section four, article nine-a, chapter eighteen of the code and all assessments made by the assessor and to submit to the county court all pertinent data and information gathered by the appraisal-assessment advisory board. The county assessor is hereby designated the secretary of the board. The assessor shall attend all meetings of the board. He shall keep record of all proceedings and shall transmit a copy of all such proceedings to the county court. The assessor shall also perform such other reasonable duties as may be required of him by the board.


WVC 7-1-3m §7-1-3m. Authority to employ, fix compensation for and discharge personnel.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts or tribunals in lieu thereof, hereinafter referred to as county courts or courts, such courts are hereby empowered to employ, fix compensation for and discharge such clerical, stenographic, technical, professional and other personnel, including specialists and consultants, as may from time to time be necessary to aid such courts in exercising their powers or discharging their duties as provided by law and including a county administrator, to coordinate the court's activities and to do such other things as the court may direct: Provided, That such courts shall not have the power to employ any such personnel to perform powers and duties that are performed by such courts through their clerks pursuant to law.

The county courts shall, not later than March twenty-eight of each year, take up and consider the probable amount necessary to be expended for such personnel in the following fiscal year; shall determine and fix an aggregate sum to be expended during the following fiscal year for the compensation of such personnel, which shall be reasonable and proper, taking into account the amount of labor and services necessary to be performed by those who are to receive the compensation; and shall make and enter an order stating any action taken in this regard.

The county courts shall file with their clerks a statement in writing showing such action and setting forth the name of each person employed pursuant to the provisions of this section, the time for which employed and the monthly compensation. Such courts shall have authority to discharge at their will and pleasure, any such personnel by filing with their clerks a statement in writing showing such action, to be entered in, and made a part of, their order book or other daily record book. All statements required to be filed by this section shall be verified by the affidavit of a majority of the members of the county court making them, and among other things contained in the affidavit shall be the statement that the amounts shown therein were the amounts actually paid or intended to be paid to each person employed without rebates, or any agreement, understanding and expectation that any part thereof shall be repaid to any of such members making said affidavit, and that nothing has heretofore been paid or promised any of such members making said affidavit on that account, and that if any of such members making said affidavit shall thereafter receive any money, or thing of value, on account thereof, the same will be accounted for and paid to the county. Until the statements required by this section shall have been filed, no allowance or payments shall be made by the county courts for personnel.


WVC 7-1-3n §7-1-3n. Authority of certain counties as to building and housing codes; state building code.
(a) In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, county commissions are hereby authorized and empowered, by order duly entered of record, to adopt building and housing codes establishing and regulating minimum building and housing standards for the purpose of improving the health, safety and well-being of its citizens. Such codes may be adopted either for the entire county, or for any portion or portions of such county which may constitute an effective area or areas for such purposes, without the necessity of adopting such codes for any other portion of such county. Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection to the contrary, no such code shall apply to or affect any territory within the boundaries of any municipal corporation which has adopted and in effect a housing and building code, unless and until such municipal corporation so provides by ordinance, or to structures on parcels of land used primarily for agricultural purposes.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), all existing county building codes are void one year after the promulgation of a state building code by the state fire commission as provided in chapter twenty-nine, article three, section five-b of this code.

Upon the voidance of the county's existing building code, if the county commission votes to adopt a building code, it must be the state building code promulgated pursuant to chapter twenty-nine, article three, section five-b of this code.

(c) In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, county commissions are hereby authorized and empowered, by order duly entered of record, to adopt such state building code upon promulgation by the state fire commission. However, such state building code shall not apply to or affect any territory within the boundaries of any municipal corporation which has not adopted the state building code.


WVC 7-1-3o §7-1-3o. Authority to construct and maintain county transportation, parking, and other public facilities; delegation of such authority to board or commission; financing.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to construct, reconstruct, establish, acquire, improve, renovate, extend, enlarge, increase, own, equip, repair (including replacement), maintain and operate transportation terminals, county and other public facilities and motor vehicle parking facilities (including parking lots, buildings, ramps, curbline parking, meters and other facilities deemed necessary, appropriate, useful, convenient or incidental to the regulation, control and parking of motor vehicles).

The power and authority conferred upon the county courts in this section may be exercised by the county courts directly or may be delegated to commissions or boards created by the county courts for this purpose.

In order to pay for all costs and expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this section, any county court is authorized to issue general obligation bonds of the county if the issuance thereof has been authorized by the voters of such county as provided by law.


WVC 7-1-3p §7-1-3p. Authority to require permits for mobile homes or house trailers; penalty.
The county court of any county is hereby authorized and empowered to require by order entered of record that no person shall locate, place or maintain for residency purposes a mobile home or house trailer, excluding motor homes, travel trailers and camper vehicles, in such county for more than thirty days until the owner of such mobile home or house trailer shall have first obtained a permit to do so from the assessor of such county. Such permit shall be for information purposes and an application for any such permit shall be made upon such forms as may be prescribed by the assessor. A fee not exceeding two dollars, to be fixed by the county court by order entered of record, may be charged by the assessor for the issuance of any such permit. All fees so collected shall become a part of the county treasury.

Any person violating any such county court order shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars. Justices of the peace shall have concurrent jurisdiction with courts of record with criminal jurisdiction of any offense under this section.


WVC 7-1-3q §7-1-3q. County commissions on intergovernmental relations created and established; composition of commission; powers and duties of commission; executive secretary; duties of executive secretary.
There is hereby established in each county a commission on intergovernmental relations. The commission shall be composed of the members of the county court and such other members as may be designated by the county court. Members other than the county court members shall serve at the will and pleasure of a majority of the county court members.

This commission shall assemble and disseminate information concerning federal programs which provide financial assistance to the residents of their county. Such programs shall include but not be limited to,

1. Public Health Service Act, as amended. Public Law 89-97.

2. Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968, as amended.

3. Health Insurance for the aged under Public Law 89-97, as amended.

4. Supplementary medical insurance for the aged under Public Law 89-97, as amended.

5. Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968, as amended, as it pertains to interest reduction payments and rental and cooperative housing for lower income families.

6. Housing Act of 1964, as amended, by Public Law 85-560, relating to rehabilitation loans.

7. The Emergency Employment Assistance Act of 1971.

8. Job opportunity programs and on the job training under various federal acts.

9. Neighborhood improvement and development programs under various federal acts.

10. Library and other public facility improvement programs under various federal programs.

The commission shall cooperate with municipalities, other county agencies, state and federal agencies to effect the purposes of this section. Appropriate state agencies are authorized to give such technical assistance as may be requested by the commission.

The clerk of the county court of each county shall be the executive secretary to the commission and as such shall attend all meetings, keep a record of all proceedings, assemble and disseminate such information as may be required by the commission and to perform such other duties as may reasonably be required by the commission to effectuate the purposes of this section.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3 R §7-1-3r. Purposes of section; county commissions on crime, delinquency and correction created and established; composition of commission; powers and duties of commission; executive secretary; duties of executive secretary.
(a) The enactment of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe City Streets Act of 1968 and subsequent amendments thereto with millions of federal dollars available to local units of government in the fiscal year one thousand nine hundred seventy-two--one thousand nine hundred seventy-three, and the probability that this program will be continued and expanded in future years makes the establishment of a county agency to ensure that the county may make the best use of the benefits of this act.

(b) There is hereby established in each county a county commission on crime, delinquency and correction. The commission shall consist of the members of the county commission and such other members as may be designated by the county commission. Members other than the county commission members shall serve at the will and pleasure of the county commission.

(c) This commission shall collect and compile all data and other information with respect to police agencies, courts of record and justice of peace courts, prosecution of crimes, probation, jails, juvenile detention facilities and such other matters as might be concerned with the total criminal justice system.

(d) The commission shall work closely with the Governor's Committee on Crime, Delinquency and Correction established by Executive Order 7-A66 dated the first day of September, one thousand nine hundred sixty-six.

(e) The commission shall analyze the data and information herein required, shall determine federal funds available under the provisions of the state plan developed by the aforesaid Governor's Committee on Crime, Delinquency and Correction and shall make recommendations to the governing body with respect to priorities in the expenditure of funds.

(f) The commission may make recommendations with respect to steps to be taken in the county designed to improve the criminal justice system.

(g) The commission shall select one of its members to be the executive secretary to the commission and as such shall keep a record of all proceedings, shall collect and compile data and information as may be required by the commission and perform other duties as reasonably may be required by the commission to effectuate the purposes of this section.


WVC 7-1-3s §7-1-3s. Authority to govern traffic and parking; rules and regulations; penalties.
County courts are hereby authorized to promulgate rules and regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, governing (1) the movement, regulation or control of vehicular or pedestrian traffic on property owned by or leased by such county courts, or (2) the regulation or control of vehicular parking on such property. It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any such rule or regulation, if a sign or marker giving reasonable notice of such rule or regulation is conspicuously posted or present. The content of any such sign shall be sufficient if it merely gives notice of what is or is not permitted such as "no parking," "no left turn," "twenty miles per hour," etc.

It is further hereby provided that any person violating any such rule or regulation shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall, unless another penalty be otherwise prescribed, be fined not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars for each offense. Justices of the peace of the county in which the violation occurs shall have jurisdiction of any such offense, and where the violation occurs within the corporate limits of a municipality, the mayor's court or police or municipal court of such municipality shall have jurisdiction thereof, concurrent with the justices of the peace of the county in which such municipality or the major portion of the territory thereof is located.


WVC 7-1-3t §7-1-3t. Authority to make grants from general revenue funds and other funds for water and sewer systems.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to make grants from general county revenues and any other revenues of the county available for such purposes, to public service districts as defined and provided for in article thirteen-a, chapter sixteen of the code and to municipalities for the purpose of establishing or improving water and sewer systems.


WVC 7-1-3u §7-1-3u. Authority of counties and municipalities to treat streams to prevent floods.
To protect people and property from floods, counties and municipalities are hereby empowered to rechannel and dredge streams; remove accumulated debris, snags, sandbars, rocks and any other kinds of obstructions from streams; straighten stream channels; and carry out erosion and sedimentation control measures and programs.

For stream treatment to prevent floods as provided in this section, counties and municipalities are hereby further empowered to levy, within all constitutional and statutory limitations; acquire property by purchase, exercise of the right of eminent domain, lease, gift or grant; accept any and all benefits, moneys, services and assistance which may be available from the federal and state government or any private source; issue and sell bonds within the constitutional and statutory limitations prescribed by law for the issuance and sale of bonds by counties and municipalities for public purposes generally. Any such levy shall be equal and uniform throughout the county or municipality.

The power and authority granted in this section, may be exercised by any county or municipality in cooperation with each other or separately as provided in section three-i of this article. Any county or municipality which exercises any power or authority set forth in this section shall comply with all applicable provisions of federal and state laws and rules and regulations lawfully promulgated thereunder.

The term "stream" as used in this section means any watercourse, whether natural or man-made, distinguishable by banks and a bed, regardless of their size, through which water flows continually or intermittently, regardless of its volume.


WVC 7-1-3v §7-1-3v. Floodplain and mudslide area management; legislative findings; power and authority; enforcement; provisions cumulative.
(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that it is imperative that municipalities and counties in this state be fully authorized and empowered to take all action necessary to comply with the requirements of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (Public Law 91-152), as amended by the Congress of the United States through the fifteenth day of February, one thousand nine hundred seventy-five; that municipalities presently are vested with all statutory power and authority necessary in this regard; and that the purpose of this section is to authorize and empower the several counties of this state to comply with such requirements.

(b) As used in this section:

(1) "Act" means the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (Public Law 91-152), as amended by the Congress of the United States through the fifteenth day of February, one thousand nine hundred seventy-five; and

(2) "Specified area or areas" means the area or areas specified under such act as a flood plain or mudslide area or areas within which control over construction and improvements must be exercised in order to comply with such act.

(c) To the extent and only to the extent necessary to comply with the eligibility requirements of and otherwise fully and in all respects to comply with the requirements of such act, the county commission of each county is hereby authorized and empowered to (i) adopt, administer and enforce building codes for a specified area or areas within such county, which building codes may establish different requirements for different specified areas; (ii) require and issue building permits for all proposed construction or other improvements in such county: Provided, That nothing contained in this subdivision (ii) shall authorize a county commission to refuse to issue a building permit for any proposed construction or other improvement outside of a specified area or areas within such county; (iii) conduct inspections of construction and other improvements in a specified area or areas within such county and (iv) otherwise take such action and impose such requirements regarding land use and control measures in a specified area or areas within such county as shall be necessary under such act: Provided, That no such building code adopted by a county commission shall apply within nor any authority hereinabove granted exercised by a county commission within the corporate limits of any municipality which has taken appropriate action to comply with such act, unless and until such municipality so provides by ordinance. Any such building code adopted by a county commission and any other requirements imposed by a county commission under the provisions of this subsection (c) may be enforced by injunctive action in the circuit court of the county.

(d) The power and authority conferred upon county commissions in this section is supplemental to and not in derogation of any power and authority heretofore or hereafter conferred by law upon county commissions.


WVC 7-1-3w §7-1-3w. Authority to establish county beautification councils; organization; county commissions not obligated for debts of councils; powers and duties; expenditures of funds by councils; authority of county commissions to appropriate moneys.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, county commissions are hereby authorized and empowered to establish county beautification councils which shall be composed of such number of persons with such organizational requirements and limitations as the county commission creating any such council may direct. Such councils shall be deemed to be agencies of the county commissions; however, county commissions shall not be obligated for any debt or obligation which may be created by such councils. The councils are empowered to employ such persons as are necessary to accomplish the undertakings assumed by them.

Each council shall be charged with the duty of improving the aesthetic qualities of the landscape within the county, and to such intent and purpose the councils may, with the approval of the commissioner of the West Virginia department of highways, engage in the planting, cultivation and maintenance of shrubs, trees and other plants on highway property and rights-of-way at such places and under such conditions as may be established by said commissioner.

County commissions may appropriate to such councils such funds as the county commissions deem appropriate. Councils may receive and expend appropriations for the purposes herein indicated and may, likewise, receive and expend appropriations, gifts, grants or contributions from the state of West Virginia, the federal government, or any agency of either, and from any other person, corporation or entity of whatever nature.


WVC 7-1-3x §7-1-3x. County information referral service.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby authorized to establish information outlets for the dissemination of information concerning the sources of community and governmental services available to the public and to refer the members of the public to the correct source of assistance needed.


WVC 7-1-3y §7-1-3y. Authority to grant funds to nutrition programs.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby authorized and empowered to make grants from general county revenues and any other revenues of the county available for such purposes, for nutritional programs operated by nonprofit legal entities.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3 Z §7-1-3z. Authority of counties to govern business of massage.
(a) In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, county commissions, may by order duly entered of record, adopt an ordinance which provides for the licensing for the regulation of the business of massage when carried on within the county. The ordinances may be adopted either for the entire county, or for any portion or portions of the county which may constitute an effective area or areas for those purposes, without the necessity of adopting the ordinances for any other portion of the county. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, no ordinance shall apply to or affect any territory within the boundaries of any municipal corporation which has adopted and has in effect an ordinance which provides for the regulation of the business of massage, unless and until the municipal corporation provides for the regulation of the business of massage by ordinance.

(b) The ordinance may condition the issuance of a license to engage in the business of massage upon proof that a massage business meets the reasonable standards set by the ordinance, which may include, but need not be limited to, the following areas:

(1) Requirement that massage personnel be at least eighteen years of age;

(2) Sanitary conditions of the massage establishment;

(3) Hours of operation of the massage business; and

(4) Prohibition of the sale or serving of food or beverage or the conducting of nonmassage business on the premises of the massage business. In the event that the business premises in which the massage business is conducted has separate quarters used for purposes other than the massage business, the prohibition of this subsection applies only to the portion of the premises exclusively devoted to the conduct of the massage business.

(c) The ordinance may also provide that a license to engage in the business of massage may be denied upon a showing by the licensing authority of any of the following:

(1) Proof that the massage personnel or the owners or operators of a massage business have been convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of article eight, eight-a, eight-b or eight-c, chapter sixty-one of this code or proof that massage personnel or the owners or operators of a massage business have been convicted in any other state of any offense which, if committed or attempted in this state, would have been punishable as one of the offenses set forth in this subsection;

(2) Proof that the massage personnel, or the owners, or operators of a massage business have been convicted of any felony offense involving the sale of a controlled substance specified in section two hundred four, two hundred six, two hundred eight, two hundred ten or two hundred twelve, article two, chapter sixty-a of this code or proof that the massage personnel or the owners or operators of the massage business have been convicted in any other state of any offense, which if committed or attempted in this state, would have been punishable as one or more of the offenses set forth in this subsection.

(d) The ordinance may require that application to conduct the business of massage be made on a form prescribed by the licensing authority, which may require the following information:

(1) The name of the applicant;

(2) If the applicant is an unincorporated association, the names and addresses of the members of its governing board;

(3) If the applicant is a corporation, the names and addresses of its officers and directors;

(4) The place at which the applicant will conduct its operations and whether that place is owned or leased by the applicant;

(5) The name of the owner of the place at which the applicant will conduct its operation, if not the same as the applicant;

(6) The number of members of the applicant;

(7) The names of all massage personnel, owners, operators or other employees of the massage business;

(8) Any other information as the licensing authority may reasonably require which may include, but need not be limited to, the criminal records, if any, of each member of the applicant's governing board and/or its officers and directors, or any of the massage personnel, owners, operators or other employees of the massage business who have been convicted of any violation of any of the provisions set forth in subsection (c) of this section.

The ordinance may require that the application be verified by the applicant or by each member of the governing board of the applicant if an unincorporated association or, if the applicant is a corporation, by each of its officers and all members of its board of directors. The ordinance may also require that the application be accompanied by a license fee not exceeding the sum of one hundred dollars. Any license issued under the provisions of this section is effective for one year and may be renewed upon the same showing as required for the issuance of the initial license, together with the payment of fees, if any. The ordinance may require license holders to notify the licensing authority of any changes in the information required by the application within a reasonable period after the changes occurred.

(e) This section does not apply to barbers or beauticians licensed to practice, or to persons licensed to practice in any of the health professions, or to persons licensed to practice as massage therapists, under the provisions of chapter thirty of this code when engaging in the practice within the scope of his or her license.

(f) Nothing contained in this chapter precludes a county commission from prohibiting a person of one sex from engaging in the massage of a person of the other sex.


WVC 7-1-3aa §7-1-3aa. Authority of county commissions to create and fund a hazardous material accident response program.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, county commissions are hereby authorized and empowered to create a hazardous material accident response program. The program may include the establishment of a hazardous materials response team. The hazardous materials response team shall include members of the fire departments, recognized and approved by the West Virginia fire commission in the county, who are designated by the county commission. The team shall also include members of emergency medical services certified pursuant to article four-c, chapter sixteen of this code who are acting in their official capacity by providing ambulance or emergency medical services within the county and who are designated as members of the hazardous materials response team by the county commission. The team may also include other people in the community who are recognized as having expertise with hazardous materials or hazardous material incidents and who are designated by the county commission to serve on the team. The purpose of the team is to respond to hazardous material incidents. The hazardous materials response team shall function and the members shall serve at the will and pleasure of the county commission. The team shall operate in cooperation with the county office of emergency services and other approved fire departments. The commission is authorized to receive donated funds and to expend those funds and to expend its own funds for the acquisition of equipment and materials for use by and training of the members of the team. The county commission is hereby authorized to enter into agreements with other counties to combine or coordinate hazardous material response team training and for the purchase or lease and use of equipment or materials.

Any carrier, owner or generator of hazardous materials who receives the services of a county hazardous materials response team is liable for the cost of necessary services provided by a county hazardous materials response team. County commissions may bill a carrier, owner or generator of hazardous materials for any costs incurred by the team in responding to a hazardous materials incident in which the carrier, owner or generator is involved: Provided, That the carrier, owner or generator may, within thirty days of receipt of the bill, appeal in writing to the county commission to request a hearing to address any costs which may be considered extraordinary for the services of the hazardous materials response team. The carrier, owner or generator will hold payment of the costs in abeyance pending the final written decision of the county commission. Any funds received by the county commission as a result of billing carrier, owners and generators of hazardous materials shall be used by the county commission to implement the provisions of this section and to reimburse the response teams participants for response costs.

Any carrier, owner or generator involved in a hazardous materials incident who fails to pay a bill for services provided by a county hazardous materials incident team within ninety days shall be liable for treble the cost of the services.

For purposes of this section, the term "generator" means any person, corporation, partnership, association or other legal entity, by site location, whose act or process produces hazardous materials as identified or listed by the director of the division of environmental protection in regulations promulgated pursuant to section six, article nineteen, chapter twenty-two of this code, in an amount greater than twelve thousand kilograms per year.

For purposes of this section, the term "carrier" means any person engaged in the off-site transportation of hazardous materials by air, rail, highway or water.

For purposes of this section, "owner" means any person, corporation, partnership, association or other legal entity whose hazardous materials are being transported by the entity or by a carrier.

For the purposes of this section, the term "hazardous materials" means those materials which are designated as such pursuant to federal laws and regulations, the designations of which are adopted by reference as of the tenth day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-three.


WVC 7-1-3bb §7-1-3bb. Levy for, establishment and operation of sheltered workshops; financial aid.
(a) The county commission in any county is authorized without limiting any other levying authority the counties may have, to levy for and may erect, maintain and operate sheltered workshops in the county and may render financial aid to any one or more sheltered workshop facilities operating in the county.

(b) As used in this section:

(1) "Sheltered workshop" means a particular type of vocational rehabilitation facility where any manufacture or handiwork is carried on and which is operated by a public agency or by a private corporation or association, no part of the net earnings of which inures or may lawfully inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, or by a cooperative, for the primary purpose of providing remunerative employment to disabled persons (a) as an interim step in the rehabilitation process for those who cannot be readily absorbed in the competitive labor market; or (b) during such time as employment opportunities for them in the competitive labor market do not exist; or (c) for providing vocational evaluation and work adjustment services for disadvantaged persons.

(2) "Vocational rehabilitation facility" means a facility which is operated for the primary purpose of providing vocational rehabilitation services to, or gainful employment for, handicapped individuals, or, for providing evaluation and work adjustment services for disadvantaged individuals, and which provides singly or in combination one or more of the following services for handicapped individuals: (a) Comprehensive rehabilitation services which shall include, under one management, medical, psychological, social and vocational services; (b) testing, fitting or training in the use of prosthetic and orthopedic devices; (c) prevocational conditioning or recreational therapy; (d) physical and occupational therapy; (e) therapy for speech and hearing pathology; (f) psychological and social services; (g) evaluation; (h) personal and work adjustment; (i) vocational training (in combination with other rehabilitation services); (j) evaluation or control of special disabilities; and (k) extended employment for the severely handicapped who cannot be readily absorbed in the competitive labor market; but all medical and related health services must be prescribed by, or under the formal supervision of, persons licensed to practice medicine or surgery in the state.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3CC §7-1-3cc. Authority of county commissions to establish enhanced emergency telephone systems, technical and operational standards for emergency communications centers and standards for education and training of emergency communications systems personnel; standards for alarm systems; fee upon consumers of telephone service for the systems and for roadway conversion systems; authority to contract with the telephone companies for billing of fee.
(a) In addition to possessing the authority to establish an emergency telephone system pursuant to section four, article six, chapter twenty-four of this code, a county commission or the county commissions of two or more counties may, instead, establish an enhanced emergency telephone system or convert an existing system to an enhanced emergency system. The establishment of such a system shall be subject to the provisions of article six of said chapter. The county commission may adopt rules after receiving recommendations from the West Virginia Enhanced 911 Council concerning the operation of all county emergency communications centers or emergency telephone systems centers in the state, including, but not limited to, recommendations for:

(1) Minimum standards for emergency telephone systems and emergency communications centers;

(2) Minimum standards for equipment used in any center receiving telephone calls of an emergency nature and dispatching emergency service providers in response to that call and which receives 911 moneys or has basic 911 service funded through its county commission; and

(3) Minimum standards for education and training of all personnel in emergency communications centers.

(b) A county commission may impose a fee upon consumers of local exchange service within that county for an enhanced emergency telephone system and associated electronic equipment and for the conversion of all rural routes to city-type addressing as provided in section three of this article. The fee revenues may only be used solely and directly for the capital, installation, administration, operation and maintenance costs of the enhanced emergency telephone system and of the conversion to city-type addressing and including the reasonable costs associated with establishing, equipping, furnishing, operating or maintaining a county answering point. Effective on the first day of July, two thousand six, all county enhanced emergency telephone system fees that are in effect as of the first day of July, two thousand six, and as such may later be modified by action of a county commission, shall be imposed upon in-state subscribers to voice over internet protocol (VoIP) service, as VoIP service is defined by the Federal Communications Commission of the United States. A nonbusiness VoIP service subscriber shall be considered in-state if the primary residence of the subscriber is located within West Virginia. A business subscriber shall be considered in-state if the site at which the service is primarily used is located within West Virginia. The Public Service Commission may, as it deems appropriate and in accordance with the requirements of due process, issue and enforce orders, as well as adopt and enforce rules, dealing with matters concerning the imposition of county enhanced emergency telephone system fees upon VoIP service subscribers.

(c) A county commission may contract with the telephone company or companies providing local exchange service within the county for the telephone company or companies to act as the billing agent or agents of the county commission for the billing of the fee imposed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. The cost for the billing agent services may be included as a recurring maintenance cost of the enhanced emergency telephone system.

Where a county commission has contracted with a telephone company to act as its billing agent for enhanced emergency telephone system fees, all competing local exchange telephone companies with customers in that county shall bill the enhanced emergency telephone system fees to its respective customers located in that county and shall remit the fee. It may deduct its respective costs for billing in the same manner as the acting billing agent for the enhanced emergency telephone system fee.

(d) A county commission of any county with an emergency communications center or emergency telephone system may establish standards for alarm systems, including security, fire and medical alarms.

(e) The books and records of all county answering points that benefit from the imposition of the local exchange service fees shall be subject to annual examination by the state auditor's office.


WVC 7-1-3dd §7-1-3dd. Authority to establish county wage and benefits review board; duties and powers; membership.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby authorized to establish employee wage and benefits review boards.

If a county commission elects to create such a board, the board shall establish uniform:

(a) Employee salary scales with ranges of minimum and maximum figures for each type of position within the county. Compensation within and between each salary range shall be based on merit, commensurate with experience, education and demonstrated job performance;

(b) Job descriptions for each type of position, including assistants, deputies and employees not covered by a civil service system;

(c) Vacation policies to be consistently applied among different employees in the same type of work;

(d) Policies governing sick leave and vacation leave, including accumulation of leave from year to year;

(e) County-wide grievance policies, which shall be pursued to the fullest extent before any judicial remedy may be sought; and

(f) Other personnel practices which reflect sound, modern administrative practice.

In addition to the above duties of an employee benefits review board, the board shall establish procedures for receiving and reviewing comments and suggestions of county employees and of any citizen of the county regarding job descriptions, salary schedules and personnel policies developed for county assistants, deputies and employees not covered by a civil service system.

The employee benefits review board shall consist of the following members:

(1) One county commissioner selected by the county commission;

(2) County clerk;

(3) County sheriff;

(4) County assessor;

(5) Clerk of the circuit court in which the county is located;

(6) Prosecuting attorney; and

(7) Two county employees selected by the county commission, one of whom shall be a member of a county civil service system, in counties which have such systems, and one of whom shall not be covered by civil service. Each employee member shall be selected from a different county office. Neither employee member shall be an elected official.

The county commission shall appropriate sufficient funds for the board to accomplish in a reasonable and proper manner the duties specified herein.


WVC 7-1-3ee §7-1-3ee. Providing for payment of service fees at banking institutions.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this code the county commission may enter into a contract with one or more banking institutions, as defined in section two, article one, chapter thirty-one-a of this code, doing business in the county for the purpose of receiving payment of any service fee authorized in this article or elsewhere in this code.

Any such contract shall specify the manner in which the fees received shall be paid over to the county and a method for verification by the county commission of all amounts received pursuant to the contract. The contract may provide for the payment of a reasonable fee for the provision of such services by the banking institution.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3FF §7-1-3ff. Authority of county commission to regulate unsafe or unsanitary structures and refuse on private land; authority to establish an enforcement agency; county litter control officers; procedure for complaints; lien and sale of land to recover costs; entry on land to perform repairs and alterations or to satisfy lien; receipt of grants and subsidies.
(a) Plenary power and authority are hereby conferred upon every county commission to adopt ordinances regulating the repair, alteration or improvement, or the vacating and closing or removal or demolition, or any combination thereof, of any dwellings or other buildings, except for buildings utilized for farm purposes on land actually being used for farming, unfit for human habitation due to dilapidation, defects increasing the hazard of fire, accidents or other calamities, lack of ventilation, light or sanitary facilities or any other conditions prevailing in any dwelling or building, whether used for human habitation or not, which would cause the dwellings or other buildings to be unsafe, unsanitary, dangerous or detrimental to the public safety or welfare, whether the result of natural or manmade force or effect.

(b) Plenary power and authority are hereby conferred upon every county commission to adopt ordinances regulating the removal and clean up of any accumulation of refuse or debris, overgrown vegetation or toxic spillage or toxic seepage located on private lands which is determined to be unsafe, unsanitary, dangerous or detrimental to the public safety or welfare, whether the result of natural or manmade force or effect.

(c) The county commission, in formally adopting ordinances, shall designate an enforcement agency which shall consist of the county engineer (or other technically qualified county employee or consulting engineer), county health officer or his or her designee, a fire chief from a county fire company, the county litter control officer, if the commission chooses to hire one, and two members at large selected by the county commission to serve two-year terms. The county sheriff shall serve as an ex officio member of the enforcement agency and the county officer charged with enforcing the orders of the county commission under this section.

(d) In addition to the powers and duties imposed by this section, county litter control officers shall have authority to issue citations for open dumps, as prohibited by subsection (a), section ten, article fifteen, chapter twenty-two of this code, unlawful disposal of litter, as prohibited by section four, article fifteen-a, chapter twenty-two of this code, and failure to provide proof of proper disposal of solid waste, as prohibited by subsection (a), section ten, article four, chapter twenty-two-c of this code, after completing a training course offered by the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection. Nothing in this subsection supercedes the authority or duty of the Department of Environmental Protection or other law-enforcement officers to preserve law and order and enforce the litter control program.

(e) Any ordinance adopted pursuant to the provisions of this section shall provide fair and equitable rules of procedure and any other standards considered necessary to guide the enforcement agency, or its agents, in the investigation of dwelling or building conditions, accumulation of refuse or debris, overgrown vegetation or toxic spillage or toxic seepage and shall provide for fair and equitable rules of procedure for instituting and conducting hearings in the matters before the county commission. Any entrance upon premises for the purpose of making examinations shall be made in a manner as to cause the least possible inconvenience to the persons in possession.

(f). (1) Complaints authorized by this section shall be brought before the county commission. Complaints shall be initiated by citation issued by the county litter control officer or petition of the county engineer (or other technically qualified county employee or consulting engineer) on behalf of and at the direction of the enforcement agency, but only after that agency has investigated and determined that any dwelling, building, accumulation of refuse or debris, overgrown vegetation or toxic spillage or toxic seepage is unsafe, unsanitary, dangerous or detrimental to the public safety or welfare and should be repaired, altered, improved, vacated, removed, closed, cleaned or demolished.

(2) The county commission shall cause the owner or owners of the private land in question to be served with a copy of the complaint. Service shall be accomplished in the manner provided in rule four of the West Virginia Rules of Civil Procedure.

(3) The complaint shall state the findings and recommendations of the enforcement agency and that unless the owner or owners of the property file with the clerk of the county commission a written request for a hearing within ten days of receipt of the complaint, an order will be issued by the county commission implementing the recommendations of the enforcement agency.

(4) If the owner or owners of the property file a request for a hearing, the county commission shall issue an order setting this matter down for hearing within twenty days. Hearings shall be recorded by electronic device or by court reporter. The West Virginia rules of evidence do not apply to the proceedings, but each party has the right to present evidence and examine and cross-examine all witnesses.

(5) The enforcement agency has the burden of proving its allegation by a preponderance of the evidence and has the duty to go forward with the evidence.

(6) At the conclusion of the hearing the county commission shall make findings of fact, determinations and conclusions of law as to whether the dwelling or building: Is unfit for human habitation due to dilapidation; has defects that increase the hazard of fire, accidents or other calamities, lacks ventilation, light or sanitary facilities; or any other conditions prevailing in the dwelling or building, whether used for human habitation or not and whether the result of natural or manmade force or effect, which would cause such dwelling or other building to be unsafe, unsanitary, dangerous or detrimental to the public safety or welfare; or whether there is an accumulation of refuse or debris, overgrown vegetation, toxic spillage or toxic seepage on private lands which is determined to be unsafe, unsanitary, dangerous or detrimental to the public safety or welfare, whether the result of natural or manmade force or effect.

(7) The county commission has authority to order the owner or owners thereof to repair, alter, improve, vacate, remove, close, clean up or demolish the dwelling or building in question or to remove or clean up any accumulation of refuse or debris, overgrown vegetation or toxic spillage or toxic seepage within a reasonable time and to impose daily civil monetary penalties on the owner or owners who fail to obey an order.

(8) Appeals from the county commission to the circuit court shall be in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-eight of this code.

(g) Upon the failure of the owner or owners of the private land to perform the ordered duties and obligations as set forth in the order of the county commission, the county commission may advertise for and seek contractors to make the ordered repairs, alterations or improvements or the ordered demolition, removal or clean up. The county commission may enter into any contract with any contractor to accomplish the ordered repairs, alterations or improvements or the ordered demolition, removal or clean up.

(h) A civil proceeding may be brought in circuit court by the county commission against the owner or owners of the private land or other responsible party that the subject matter of the order of the county commission to subject the private land in question: (1) To a lien for the amount of the contractor's costs in making these ordered repairs, alterations or improvements or ordered demolition, removal or clean up, together with any daily civil monetary penalty imposed; (2) to order and decree the sale of the private land in question to satisfy the lien; (3) to order and decree that the contractor may enter upon the private land in question at any and all times necessary to make ordered repairs, alterations or improvements, or ordered demolition, removal or clean up; and (4) to order the payment of all costs incurred by the county with respect to the property and for reasonable attorney fees and court costs incurred in the prosecution of the action.

(i) County commissions have the power and authority to receive and accept grants, subsidies, donations and services in kind consistent with the objectives of this section.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3GG §7-1-3gg. Lease agreements for equipment or materials with option to cancel or renew.
(a) In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, county commissions are hereby authorized and empowered to enter into and execute a lease agreement to obtain equipment or material.

(b) The lease agreement may not be voided because it provides: (1) That title to the equipment or material shall vest in the county commission at or before the expiration of the leasehold term upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions stipulated in the lease agreement; (2) for application of the annual rental payments made under the lease agreement toward the purchase price of the equipment or material, although the total rental payments under the lease agreement are in excess of the cash price of the equipment or material described in the lease agreement, whether the excess is by way of interest or a time-price differential; and/or (3) that the risk of loss of the equipment or material shall be borne by the county commission.

(c) A lease agreement shall be void, unless the lease agreement provides that the county commission has the following options, during each fiscal year of the lease agreement: (1) The option to terminate the lease agreement and return the equipment or material without any further obligation on the part of the county commission; and (2) the option to continue the lease agreement for an additional rental period not to exceed one year in length.

When the lease agreement contains the provisions described in subdivisions (1), (2) and (3), subsection (b) of this section, then the following option must be included: The option to pay in advance at any time during any fiscal year the balance due under the lease agreement, with an appropriate rebate of the unearned interest or time-price differential.

(d) The funds for the initial rental payment under a lease agreement must be legally at the disposal of the county commission for expenditure in the fiscal year in which the lease agreement is executed. If the county commission elects during any subsequent fiscal year to continue the lease agreement for any additional rental period or to pay in advance the balance due, the funds for the additional rental period or the funds to be used to pay the balance in advance must be legally at the disposal of the county commission for expenditure in the fiscal year in which the county commission elects to continue the lease agreement or to pay in advance the balance due.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3HH §7-1-3hh. Authority to lease, sell or dispose of county property to the state, federal government or an instrumentality thereof.
Every county commission, building commission created pursuant to article thirty-three, chapter eight of this code and development authority created pursuant to article twelve of this chapter is authorized to sell, lease as lessor or dispose of any of its real or personal property or any interest therein or any part thereof, as authorized in article five, chapter one of this code, or to the United States of America or any agency or instrumentality thereof, or to the state or any agency or instrumentality thereof, for a public purpose for an adequate consideration, without considering alone the commercial or market value of such property.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3II §7-1-3ii. Authority to require posting of commercial and residential addresses within municipal boundaries.
In addition to all other powers now conferred by law upon county commissions, the commissions are hereby authorized to require owners, residents or occupants of factory-built homes situated in a factory-built home rental community with at least ten factory-built homes to visibly post the specific numeric portion of the address of each factory-built home on the immediate premises of the factory-built home of sufficient size to be visible from the adjoining street: Provided, That if no numeric or other specific designation of an address exists for a factory-built home subject to the authorization granted by this section, the commission has the authority to provide a numeric or other specific designation of an address for the factory-built home and require that it be posted in accordance with the authority otherwise granted by this section.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3JJ §7-1-3jj. Authority of counties to enact ordinances restricting the location of businesses offering exotic entertainment.
(a) For the purposes of this section:

(1) "Exotic entertainment" means live entertainment, dancing or other services conducted by persons while nude or seminude in a commercial setting or for profit.

(2) "Seminude" means the appearance of:

(A) The female breast below a horizontal line across the top of the areola at its highest point, including the entire lower portion of the human female breast, but does not include any portion of the cleavage of the human female breast exhibited by a dress, blouse, skirt, leotard, bathing suit or other wearing apparel provided the areola is not exposed, in whole or in part;

(B) A human bare buttock, anus, anal cleft or cleavage, pubic area, male genitals, female genitals or vulva, with less than a fully opaque covering; or

(C) A human male genital in a discernibly turgid state even if completely and opaquely covered.

(b) A county commission may, by order entered of record, adopt an ordinance that limits the areas of the county in which a business may offer "exotic entertainment". However, an ordinance enacted pursuant to this section may not affect a business offering exotic entertainment prior to the effective date of the ordinance.

(c) The ordinance is subject to the provisions of section ten, article seven, chapter eight-a of this code: Provided, That in the event of the partial or total loss of any existing business structure due to fire, flood, accident or any other unforeseen act, that business structure may be repaired or replaced and the business use of that structure may continue notwithstanding the existence of any ordinance authorized by this section. Any repair or replacement is limited to restoring or replacing the damaged or lost structure with one reasonably similar, or smaller, in size as measured in square footage, and any enlargement of the business structure subjects the structure to any existing ordinance authorized by this section.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, no ordinance enacted pursuant to the provisions of this section applies to or affects any municipal corporation that either: (1) Has adopted and has in effect an ordinance restricting the location of exotic entertainment or substantially similar businesses pursuant to the authority granted in article twelve, chapter eight of this code, or chapter eight-a of this code; or (2) adopts an ordinance to exempt itself from any county ordinance enacted pursuant to this section.

(e) Any person adversely affected by an ordinance enacted pursuant to the authority granted in subsection (b) of this section is entitled to seek direct judicial review with regard to whether the ordinance impermissibly burdens his or her right to establish a business offering exotic entertainment.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3KK §7-1-3kk. Authority to provide for the elimination of hazards to public health and safety; penalty.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, commissions are hereby authorized to enact ordinances, issue orders and take other appropriate and necessary actions for the elimination of hazards to public health and safety and to abate or cause to be abated anything which the commission determines to be a public nuisance. The ordinances may provide for a misdemeanor penalty for its violation. The ordinances may further be applicable to the county in its entirety or to any portion of the county as considered appropriate by the county commission.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3LL §7-1-3ll. Clerk of the county commission duties relating to record keeping of military discharge forms.
(a) The county commission shall order that the clerk of the county commission wherein a person discharged from the armed forces of the United States resides record, upon presentation, free of charge, the original or a properly authenticated copy of either the discharge certificate or the report of separation from active duty (Department of Defense Document DD-214), or both, and maintain the discharge certificate or report, or both, in the clerk's office in a secure manner, rendering the records unavailable to the public.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code, discharge certificates and reports of separation from active duty recorded pursuant to this section may be copied or inspected only by the following:

(1) The person of the record;

(2) The duly qualified conservator or guardian of the person of the record;

(3) The duly qualified executor or administrator of the estate of the person of the record, if deceased, or, in the event no executor or administrator has qualified, the next of kin of the deceased person;

(4) An attorney, attorney-in-fact, or other agent or representative of any of the persons described in subdivision (1), (2) or (3), subsection (b) of this section, acting pursuant to a written power of attorney or other written authorization; or

(5) A duly authorized representative of an agency or instrumentality of federal, state, or local government seeking the record in the ordinary course of performing its official duties.

(c) Under the circumstances where time is of the essence, including, but not limited to, requests for copies of records attendant to the making of funeral arrangements or arrangements for medical care, the clerk, in ascertaining whether a person seeking access to discharge certificates or reports of separation from active duty is qualified to do so pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, may rely upon the sworn statement of the requestor made in person before the clerk or his deputy.

(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, the clerk may permit access to discharge certificates or reports of separation from active duty of deceased persons for bona fide genealogical or other research purposes.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3MM §7-1-3mm. Transfer of development rights in growth counties.
(a) In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, if a county has been designated as a growth county as that term is defined in section three, article twenty of this chapter, those county commissions, upon approval by a majority of the legal votes cast at an election as provided in section three-nn of this article, are hereby authorized to, as part of a county-wide zoning ordinance, establish a program for the transfer of development rights in order to:

(1) Encourage the preservation of natural resources;

(2) Protect the historic, scenic, recreational and agricultural qualities of open lands; and

(3) Facilitate orderly growth and development in the county.

(b) The program for the transfer of development rights may provide for:

(1) The voluntary transfer of the development rights permitted on any parcel of land to another parcel of land for use in accordance with the zoning and subdivision ordinance;

(2) Restricting or prohibiting further development of the parcel from which development rights are severed; and

(3) Increasing the density or intensity of development of the parcel to which such rights are transferred.

(c) The program for the transfer of development rights shall:

(1) Designate a program for which development rights may be transferred from any parcel of land to any other parcel of land for use in accordance with the zoning and subdivision ordinance;

(2) Provide that any rights transferred under this section be for a period of ten years and may be renewed for additional ten year periods; and

(3) Any rights which expire before being used for development, revert to the original parcel of land from which the rights were first severed.

(d) The county commission may not set a price for any development rights that are proposed to be transferred or received.

(e) "Transferable development rights" means an interest in real property that constitutes the right to develop and use property under the zoning ordinance which is made severable from the parcel to which the interest is appurtenant and transferable to another parcel of land for development and use in accordance with the zoning ordinance.

(f) Transferable development rights may be transferred by deed from the owner of the parcel from which the development rights are derived and upon the transfer shall vest in the grantee and be freely alienable.

(g) The zoning ordinance may provide for:

(1) The method of transfer of development rights;

(2) Recordation of the date of each transfer;

(3) The names of the transferor and transferee;

(4) A description of the property;

(5) The granting of easements;

(6) Reasonable regulations to effect and control transfers and assure compliance with the provisions of the ordinance; and

(7) Any other information necessary to administer the program.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3NN §7-1-3nn. Election on ordinance for program for transfer of development rights; form of ballots or ballot labels; procedure.
(a) A county commission which has been designated as a growth county may submit a proposed ordinance to establish a program for the transfer of development rights pursuant to section three-mm of this article to the qualified voters residing within the county for approval or rejection at any regular primary or general election. Notice of the election shall be provided and the ballots shall be printed as set forth in subsection (b) of this section. The ordinance may be adopted if it is approved by a majority of the legal votes cast thereon in that county. If the ordinance is rejected, no election on the issue shall be held thereafter for a period of one hundred four weeks.

(b) On the election ballots shall be printed the following:

Shall the County Commission of (name of county) be authorized to adopt an ordinance to establish a program for the transfer of development rights in accordance with section three-mm, article one, chapter seven of the code of West Virginia?

/ / Yes

/ / No

(c) If a majority of the legal votes cast upon the question be for the ordinance, the provisions of the ordinance become effective upon the date the results of the election are declared. If a majority of the legal votes cast upon the question be against the ordinance, the ordinance shall not take effect.

(d) Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, an election permitted by this section may be conducted at any regular primary or general election as the county commission in its order submitting the same to a vote may designate.

(e) Notice of an election pursuant to this section shall be given by publication of the order calling for a vote on the question as a Class II-0 legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code and the publication area for the publication shall be the county in which the election is to be conducted.

(f) Any election permitted by this section shall be held at the voting precincts established for holding primary or general elections. All of the provisions of the general election laws of this state applicable to primary or general elections not inconsistent with the provisions of this section shall apply to voting and elections authorized by this section.


WVC 7 - 1 - 3OO º7-1-3oo. Authority to enter into energy-savings contracts.
(a) As used in this section:

(1) "Energy-conservation measures" means goods or services, or both, to reduce energy consumption operating costs of county facilities. They include, but are not limited to, installation of one or more of the following:

(A) Insulation of a building structure and systems within a building;

(B) Storm windows or doors, caulking or weather stripping, multiglazed windows or doors, heat-absorbing or heat-reflective glazed and coated window or door systems, or other window or door modifications that reduce energy consumption;

(C) Automatic energy control systems;

(D) Heating, ventilating or air conditioning systems, including modifications or replacements;

(E) Replacement or modification of lighting fixtures to increase energy efficiency;

(F) Energy recovery systems;

(G) Cogeneration systems that produce steam or another form of energy for use by any agency in a building or complex of buildings owned by the county; or

(H) Energy-conservation maintenance measures that provide long-term operating cost reductions of the building's present cost of operation.

(2) "Energy-savings contract" means a performance-based contract for the evaluation and recommendation of energy operations conservation measures and for implementation of one or more energy-conservation measures.

(3) "Qualified provider" means a person, firm or corporation experienced in the design, implementation and installation of energy-conservation measures.

(b) Counties are authorized to enter into performance-based contracts with qualified providers of energy-conservation measures for the purpose of significantly reducing energy operating costs of county owned buildings, subject to the requirements of this section.

(c) Before entering into a contract or before the installation of equipment, modifications or remodeling to be furnished under a contract, the qualified provider shall first issue a proposal summarizing the scope of work to be performed. A proposal must contain estimates of all costs of installation, modifications or remodeling, including the costs of design, engineering, installation, maintenance, repairs or debt service, as well as estimates of the amounts by which energy operating costs will be reduced. If the county finds, after receiving the proposal, that the proposal includes one or more energy-conservation measures, the installation of which is guaranteed to result in a net savings of a minimum of five percent of the then current energy operating costs which savings will, at a minimum, satisfy any debt service required, the county may enter into a contract with the provider pursuant to this section.

(d) An energy-savings contract must include the following:

(1) A guarantee of a specific minimum net percentage amount of at least five percent of energy operating costs each year over the term of the contract that the county will save;

(2) A statement of all costs of energy-conservation measures, including the costs of design, engineering, installation, maintenance, repairs and operations; and

(3) A provision that payments, except obligations upon termination of the contract before its expiration, are to be made over time.

(e) A county may supplement its payments with federal, state or local funds to reduce the annual cost or to lower the initial amount to be financed.

(f) Any energy-savings contract entered into for the purpose of achieving one or more energy-conservation measures, as authorized by this section, shall be considered a "public improvement" within the meaning of the provisions of articles one-c and five-a, chapter twenty-one of this code. As such, energy-savings contracts entered into pursuant to this section are subject to competitive bidding requirements and other requirements of section twenty-two, article twenty of this chapter.

(g) An energy-savings contract may extend beyond the fiscal year in which it first becomes effective: Provided, That such a contract may not exceed a fifteen-year term: Provided, however, That the long-term contract will be void unless the agreement provides that the county shall have the option during each fiscal year of the contract to terminate the agreement.

(h) Counties may enter into a "lease with an option to purchase" contract for the purchase and installation of energy-conservation measures if the term of the lease does not exceed fifteen years and the lease contract includes the provisions contained in subsection (g) of this section and meets federal tax requirements for tax-exempt municipal leasing or long-term financing.

(i) The county may include in its annual budget for each fiscal year any amounts payable under long-term energy-savings contracts during that fiscal year.


WVC 7-1-4 §7-1-4. County commission authority to enact ordinance; ordinance provisions defining terms; restricting certain activities in relation to obscene matter; and establishing penalties for violations.
(a) In addition to all other powers which county commissions now possess by law, county commissions may adopt the ordinance provided in subsection (b) of this section.

A county commission when adopting this ordinance may delete therefrom such portions of paragraph (A), subdivision (4), subsection (b) of this section that it deems appropriate.

(b) The ordinance which county commissions may adopt pursuant to the power granted them under subsection (a) of this section shall be:

Section 1. Definitions.

For purposes of this ordinance:

(1) "Knowingly" means to have knowledge of or to be aware of the content or character of obscene matter.

(2) "Matter" means any book, magazine, newspaper or other printed or written material, or any picture, drawing or photograph, motion picture, or other visual representation, or live conduct, or any recording, transcription or mechanical, chemical or electrical reproduction, or any other articles, equipment, machines or materials.

(3) "Individual" means any human being regardless of age.

(4) "Obscene" means matter which the average individual applying contemporary community standards would find (i) taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest; (ii) depicts or describes in a patently offensive way ultimate sexual acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated; and (iii) the matter, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value, and which either:

(A) Depicts or describes patently offensive representation of masturbation, excretory functions, lewd exhibition of the genitals, sodomy, fellatio, cunnilingus, bestiality, sadism, masochism; or

(B) Depicts or describes nudity or sexual acts of persons, male or female, below the age of eighteen years.

(5) "Person" means any individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation or other legal entity.

(6) "Prepare" means to produce, publish or print.

(7) "Public display" means the placing of material on or in a billboard, viewing screen, theatre, marquee, newsstand, display rack, window, showcase, display case or similar public place so that material can be purchased or viewed by individuals.

Section 1a. Injunctive relief.

The circuit court shall have jurisdiction to issue an injunction to enforce the purposes of this ordinance upon petition by the prosecuting attorney or any citizen of the county who can show a good faith and valid reason for making such application. No bond shall be required unless for good cause shown.

Section 2. Activities prohibited; penalties.

Any person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent or causes to be brought into the county of (name of county) for sale or public display, or prepares, sells or makes a public display, or in the county of (name of county) offers to prepare, sell or make a public display, or has in his possession with the intent to sell or make a public display of any obscene matter to any individual, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned in the county jail not more than thirty days or both fined and imprisoned. A person convicted of a second or subsequent offense under this ordinance is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned in the county jail not more than six months or both fined and imprisoned.

Section 3. Prosecution by presentment or indictment.

No person may be prosecuted for an offense under this ordinance except by indictment or information.

Section 4. Employees acting within scope of employment shall not be prosecuted.

No employee shall be guilty of a violation of this ordinance when such employee is a projectionist, ticket taker, usher, or when such employee prepares, sells or makes a public display of obscene matter while acting within the scope of his regular employment, unless such employee has a proprietary interest in such obscene matter or is a shareholder or officer of a corporation which has a proprietary interest in such obscene matter.

Section 5. Exceptions.

Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed so as to apply to any person exercising a right secured by the constitution or laws of this state or of these United States.


WVC 7-1-5 §7-1-5. Duties of county commissioners; payment for services other than services in court.
It shall be the duty of the county commissioners of each county to visit each quarter and inspect institutions within their county for housing and caring for the poor, to inspect the jails, to arrange for the feeding and care of the prisoners therein, to investigate the conditions of the poor within their county, not housed within such institutions; to visit detention homes for children within their counties, if any; to visit and inspect bridges and bridge approaches under their control, to provide for and have general supervision over the repair and maintenance of the county courthouse, jails, houses for the poor and other county property, so as to prevent the undue deterioration thereof; to supervise and control the maintenance and operation of airport or airports owned or operated by the county commission; to supervise and control the purchase, erection and maintenance of airport facilities; to supervise and control the purchase of furniture, fixtures and equipment and janitors' and other supplies for their county; to attend the annual meetings of county assessors and such district meetings as may be called by the state tax commissioner on matters pertaining to the work of the county assessors and the county commission as boards of review and equalization; to review and equalize the assessments made by the assessors; to inspect and review the lists of property, both real and personal, made up by the assessor and his deputies for taxable purposes, and to point out to the assessor any property, real and personal, which the said assessors of their respective counties may have overlooked or omitted to place on said tax lists; to call to the attention of the assessor all real estate or personal property belonging to churches, lodges, schools or other charitable institutions which may have been overlooked or omitted by the assessor or his deputies in making up his lists of property for entry on the land and personal property books; to supervise the general management of the fiscal affairs and business of each county; and as a further part of their duties they shall be empowered to purchase, lease, rent, control, supervise, inspect, maintain and erect public parks, playgrounds and recreational facilities, to purchase, lease or rent equipment therefor and to employ qualified recreational directors and personnel; to construct new Four-H camps on county property; to operate stone quarries and sand deposits on county-owned or leased property; to construct buildings for or aid in constructing or equipping buildings for emergency services on sites approved by the office of emergency services; to operate dog pounds for county-municipalities; to purchase, lease, rent, control, supervise, inspect, maintain and erect public markets and to purchase, rent or lease equipment therefor and to employ qualified personnel to operate such public markets; and as a further part of their duties they shall be empowered to purchase, lease, rent, control, supervise, inspect, maintain and erect county mental health clinics and engage in any program designated for the betterment of the mental and physical well-being of the residents of their county and to cooperate with any public or private agency for these purposes; to establish and participate in regional planning and development councils; to establish and participate in county commissions on intergovernmental relations as required by section three-q of this article; to establish and participate in county commissions on crime, delinquency and corrections as required by section three-r of this article; to conduct a survey of all orphaned roads within the county, which roads shall include roads or highways, not situated within a municipality, which are open to the public and which serve two or more persons, but shall exclude roads comprising or included within the state road system as defined by section two, article four, chapter seventeen of this code or comprising or included within any county road or highway system and which shall also exclude any road brought into the state road system for purposes of maintenance only by the commissioner of highways pursuant to statutory or regulatory authority; to prepare an inventory of all such orphaned roads within the county, which inventory shall be made available to any agency of the state or federal government upon request, and be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk.

Compensation shall be allowed and paid out of the county treasury, in the same manner as salaries are paid, to each county commissioner of each county (except as otherwise provided by law for the county of Ohio) for services performed for such county concerning the visiting of the poor, inspection of jails, bridges and bridge approaches and for visiting detention homes for children and for providing for and supervising the repair and maintenance of the county courthouse, jails, houses for the poor and other county property; for supervising and controlling the maintenance and operation of airport or airports owned or operated by the county commission and supervising and controlling the purchase, erection and maintenance of airport facilities; for supervising and controlling the purchase of furniture, fixtures and equipment and janitors' and other supplies for their county; for attending the annual meeting of assessors and such district meetings as may be called by the state tax commissioner on matters pertaining to the work of assessors and county commissions as boards of review and equalization; for reviewing and equalizing the assessments made by the assessors; for inspecting and reviewing the lists of property, both real and personal, made up by the assessor and his deputies for taxable purposes and for pointing out to the assessor any property, real and personal, which the said assessors of their respective counties may have overlooked or omitted to place on said tax lists; for calling to the attention of the assessor all real estate or personal property belonging to churches, lodges, schools or other charitable institutions which may have been overlooked or omitted by the assessor or his deputies in making up their lists of property for entry on the land and personal property books; for purchasing, leasing, renting, controlling, supervising, inspecting, maintaining and erecting public parks, playgrounds and recreational facilities and the purchasing, leasing or renting the equipment therefor and employing qualified recreational directors and personnel therefor; for constructing new Four-H camps on county property; operating stone quarries and sand deposits on county-owned or leased property, constructing buildings for or aiding in construction or equipping buildings for emergency services on sites approved by the office of emergency services; operating dog pounds for county-municipalities; to purchase, lease, rent, control, supervise, inspect, maintain and erect public markets, and to purchase, rent or lease equipment therefor and to employ qualified personnel to operate such public markets; for constructing fallout shelters and aiding individuals to construct fallout shelters through furnishing available information; for purchasing, leasing, renting, controlling, supervising, inspecting, maintaining or erecting county mental health clinics or engaging in programs for the betterment of the mental or physical well-being of the residents of their county; for conducting a survey of all abandoned and dilapidated buildings or structures within the county and to prepare an inventory thereof, which inventory shall be made available to any agency of state or federal government or to local governmental agencies upon request; for establishing and participating in regional planning and development councils; to conduct a survey of all orphaned roads within the county, which roads shall include roads or highways, not situated within a municipality, which are open to the public and which serve two or more persons, but shall exclude roads comprising or included within the state road system as defined by section two, article four, chapter seventeen of this code or comprising or included within any county road or highway system and which shall also exclude any road brought into the state road system for purposes of maintenance only by the commissioner of highways pursuant to statutory or regulatory authority; to prepare an inventory of all such orphaned roads within the county, which inventory shall be made available to any agency of the state or federal government upon request, and be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk; for establishing and participating in county commissions on intergovernmental relations as required by section three-q of this article; for establishing and participating in county commissions on crime, delinquency and correction as required by section three-r of this article and for supervising the general management of the fiscal affairs and business of each county, within their counties, and other business by such commissioners.


WVC 7-1-5a §7-1-5a. Excusal of commissioner from voting where conflict of interest involved.
Each county commissioner present during any county commission meeting when any question is put shall vote unless he is immediately and particularly interested therein. Before such question is put, any member having a direct personal or pecuniary interest therein should announce this fact, and request to be excused from voting. The disqualifying interest must be such as affects the member directly, and not as one of a class.


WVC 7-1-6 §7-1-6. Power to punish for contempts.
The county court of every county shall have the same power to punish for contempts as is conferred by law upon circuit courts, but the penalty imposed for such contempts shall not exceed fifty dollars for any one offense.


WVC 7-1-7 §7-1-7. Record books.
The county court of every county shall provide two record books for the use of the court, in one of which shall be entered all the proceedings of such court in relation to contested elections, all matters of probate, the appointment of appraisers of the estates of decedents and the appointment and qualification of personal representatives, guardians, committees and curators, and the settlement of their accounts, and all matters relating to apprentices; and in the other of said books shall be entered all the other proceedings of such court: Provided, however, That said court shall provide and keep such additional or different record books as may be specially required by law.


WVC 7-1-8 §7-1-8. Continuance of matters at end of session.
All matters pending before any county court and ready for its decision or action which shall not have been determined or acted upon before the end of a session, whether regular or special, shall, without any order of continuance, stand continued until the next session.


WVC 7-1-9 §7-1-9. Creation of special funds.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county courts, such courts are hereby authorized and empowered to create and establish, by proper order, special funds to be used for any purpose which such courts now or hereafter may by the provisions of chapter seven or article eleven, chapter eight of this code be authorized to accomplish.

Such courts are hereby authorized to allocate to and transfer into any special fund created pursuant to the provisions of this section, such sums raised by tax levies pursuant to the provisions of article eight, chapter eleven of this code, and such amounts of unexpended or surplus moneys in the county general fund or in any other special fund as they shall deem proper.

Expenditures from any special fund created pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be made only for the purpose for which the special fund was created and established: Provided, That in the event of a necessity or emergency the county court, by unanimous vote thereof and upon approval of the state tax commissioner, shall be empowered to transfer funds from any such special fund to the county general fund.

When the particular purpose for which any special fund created pursuant to the provisions of this section has been accomplished or completed, the county court may transfer any balance remaining therein to the general county fund.


WVC 7-1-10 §7-1-10. Special account for federal and state grants-in-aid authorized.
In addition to the special funds account authorized by the provisions of section nine of this article, each county court is hereby authorized and empowered to create and establish by proper order, a special account for the deposit of funds received from and granted by the United States of America or the state of West Virginia and shall provide for the expenditure and appropriation of such funds in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations promulgated by the governmental authority making such grants. The funds so received and held in such special account shall not be considered as revenue in determining the amount of real and personal property taxes to be levied for the regular fiscal budget of such county under the provisions of article eight, chapter eleven of this code.


WVC 7 - 1 - 11 §7-1-11. Purchasing in open market or competitive bids; debarment.
(a) County commissions may make a purchase of commodities and printing of fifteen thousand dollars or less in amount in the open market, but a purchase of and contract for commodities and printing over fifteen thousand dollars shall be based on competitive bids, except in case of emergency.

(b) The county commission of any county is authorized and empowered to promulgate rules governing the procedure of competitive bids: Provided, That a vendor who has been debarred pursuant to the provisions of sections thirty-three-a through thirty-three-f, article three, chapter five-a of this code, may not bid on or be awarded a contract under this section.

(c) As used in this section, the terms "commodities" and "printing" shall have the same meaning as those terms are defined in section one, article one, chapter five-a of this code.


WVC 7-1-12 §7-1-12. Authority for establishing county curfews; jurisdiction for violations.
In addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, such commissions are hereby authorized, by order duly entered of record, to adopt an ordinance which establishes a curfew for persons under eighteen years of age. It shall be unlawful for any person under eighteen years of age to violate any ordinance: Provided, That whenever the county ordinance enacted hereunder conflicts with that of any municipality, the municipal ordinance shall prevail.

Any magistrate court, which shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the circuit court, of a county which has enacted an enforceable curfew ordinance may assume jurisdiction of a juvenile charged with violation of such ordinance and make any disposition thereof, which could properly be made by a circuit court exercising its juvenile jurisdiction, except that magistrate courts shall have no jurisdiction to impose a sentence of confinement for the violation of such laws.


WVC 7 - 1 - 13 §7-1-13. Regulation of amateur radio antennas.
(a) Any county ordinance or order concerning the regulation or placement of amateur radio antennas must:

(1) Comply with all Federal Communications Commission regulations and its rulings and orders;

(2) Reasonably accommodate amateur radio communications; and

(3) Represent the minimum practicable regulation to accomplish the county's legitimate purpose.

(b) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit a county commission from taking action to protect or preserve historic buildings, structures, sites and districts that have been established by federal, state or local law.


WVC 7 - 1 - 14 §7-1-14. Custody and care of animals abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated; animals causing public nuisance, health risk or safety hazard; authority of county commission.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, any county commission may adopt ordinances, rules and regulations providing for the custody and care of animals that have been abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated for the protection of any such animal and to prevent it from becoming a public nuisance or risk to public health or safety or the environment.

(b) Any such ordinance, rule or regulation may require each owner to provide for each of his or her animals:

(1) Adequate food which provides sufficient quantity and nutritive value to maintain each animal in good health;

(2) Adequate water which provides easy access to clean, fresh, potable water of a drinkable temperature in sufficient volume and suitable intervals to maintain normal hydration for each animal;

(3) Adequate shelter to protect the animal from the elements and other animals;

(4) Adequate space in the primary enclosure for the particular animal depending upon its age, size, species and weight which is regularly cleaned to prevent an unsanitary accumulation of urine and feces;

(5) Adequate exercise to assure that the animal maintains normal muscle tone and mass for the age, species, size and condition of the animal; and

(6) Veterinary care when needed or to prevent suffering or disease transmission.

(c) Any such ordinance, rule or regulation may limit the number of animals owned, kept or maintained by an individual, group or organization, whether public or private based on the person's ability to provide for the animals as set forth in subsection (b) of this section.

(d) Any such ordinance, rule or regulation shall provide appropriate penalties for violations and shall authorize humane officers to take possession of any animal that is not properly cared for as required by such ordinance, rule or regulation.


WVC 7 - 1 - 15 §7-1-15. Challenge of candidate for county commission; residency.
(a) (1) Any person desiring to contest the qualifications of another person whose nomination in the primary election, nomination by petition, or nomination by appointment to fill a vacancy on the ballot, has been certified and filed pursuant to article five, chapter three of this Code, as a candidate for the office of county commission at a general election, shall file a verified petition specifically setting forth the grounds of the challenge not later than thirty days after the date of the primary election.

(2) The court may permit a petition to be filed after the thirtieth day after the primary election upon a finding that the petitioner was unable to discover the grounds for challenging the qualifications of the candidate prior to the thirtieth after the primary election despite the exercise of reasonable diligence.

(3) The petition shall be filed with the circuit court of the county in which the candidate is seeking office.

(b) The circuit court shall at the earliest possible date set the matter for hearing, but in no event shall the hearing be held later than thirty days after the filing of the petition.

(c) The matter shall be tried by the circuit judge, without a jury. After hearing the evidence, the circuit judge shall determine whether the candidate whose qualifications have been challenged is legally qualified to have his or her name placed upon the ballot in question. The circuit judge shall issue a written decision on each challenge by separately stating findings of facts, conclusions of law within ten days of the conclusion of the hearing.

(d) The burden of proof shall be upon the petitioner, who must show by a preponderance of the evidence of the record as a whole that the candidate is not qualified to be a candidate for county commission.

(e) Within five days after judgment is rendered by the circuit court, the petitioner or the candidate, or both, may file an appeal in the Supreme Court upon giving a cost bond in the sum of $300. The appeal shall be immediately docketed in the Supreme Court and shall be decided at the earliest possible date, as a preference case over all others.

(f) The procedure set forth above shall be the sole and only manner in which the qualifications of a candidate for county commission may be challenged prior to the time of his or her election. After any such person has been elected to public office, the election may be challenged as otherwise provided by law. After any person assumes an elective office, his or her qualifications to hold that office may be contested as otherwise provided by law.


WVC -2- ARTICLE 2. COUNTY AND DISTRICT BOUNDARIES; CHANGE OF COUNTY SEAT AND NAMES OF UNINCORPORATED TOWNS AND OF DISTRICTS.


WVC 7-2-1 §7-2-1. Disputed county boundary lines; jurisdiction of circuit court; review.
Whenever a doubt shall exist, or a dispute arise as to the boundary line between any two counties in this state, the county court of either of such counties may file its suit in equity against the county court of the other county involved, in the circuit court of either county, which is hereby given jurisdiction to hear and determine the matter in such suit. The case shall be proceeded in as other equity cases, and the court may order a survey made under its decree, and shall ascertain and determine the true boundary line, and enter its decree accordingly, and shall direct a certified copy thereof to be recorded in the county clerk's office of each county involved, and said line to be permanently designated by proper markers. The action of the circuit court shall be subject to review by the supreme court of appeals, as in other cases.


WVC 7-2-2 §7-2-2. Magisterial districts; boundary lines.
Each county shall be laid off by the county court into magisterial districts, not less than three nor more than ten in number, and as nearly equal as may be in territory and population. The districts as they now exist shall remain until changed by the county court. The county court may, from time to time, increase or diminish the number of such districts, and change the boundary lines thereof as necessity may require, in order to conform the same to the provisions of the constitution of the state.

Whenever the county court shall deem it advisable to change the boundary line between two or more districts, or to establish a new district out of another or two or more districts, or to consolidate two or more existing districts into one, it may make such change, establishment or consolidation, by an order entered of record. And if a survey be deemed necessary, it may employ the surveyor of lands for the county, or any other competent surveyor, who shall survey and make a plat of the several districts as the same are thus altered, on which the new lines shall be plainly delineated, noting particularly such places of notoriety or prominent objects through or by which such lines pass, and return such plat and description to the court; and the same shall be filed in the clerk's office of such court and recorded by the clerk. But before such districts shall be increased or diminished, or the boundary lines thereof changed, the court shall cause a notice of its intention to do so to be posted on the front door of the courthouse of the county, and at some public place in each district affected thereby, for at least thirty days prior to the term of court at which such action is proposed to be taken.


WVC 7-2-3 §7-2-3. Relocation of county seat.
Upon the filing of a petition signed by two fifths of the registered voters of the county, praying the relocation of the county seat to some other point in the county, the county court shall enter an order directing that the matter of such relocation shall be submitted to a vote of the people at the next general election to be held not less than sixty days from the date of such order, and shall direct that notice of such election on the relocation of the county seat shall be published in the same manner and for the same length of time as the official ballot, and notice thereof, shall be posted at least thirty days prior to such election at some public place in each of the election precincts of the county. The court shall cause a certified copy of such order to be filed with the clerk of the circuit court, who shall cause to be printed at the bottom of the official ballot, in each column thereof, the words "/ / For relocation of county seat at ........... / / Against relocation of the county seat." Election officials shall ascertain, certify and canvass the result in the same manner as for county officers. If three fifths of all the votes cast upon the question shall be in favor of such relocation, the county court shall enter an order, declaring the place receiving such three fifths the county seat from and after the entry of such order. In case of such relocation, the county court of such county shall proceed with all possible dispatch to cause the necessary buildings for the use of the county to be erected thereat, and do all things necessary to put into effect such relocation, and until that is done the courts of such county may, in case of necessity, be held at the former county seat. Such court may receive subscriptions from any person to aid in the erection of such buildings, and all subscriptions made at any time for that purpose shall be binding on the person making the same, and may be sued for and recovered in the name of the county court of the county.


WVC 7-2-4 §7-2-4. Change of name of unincorporated town or of district; petition; notice.
When the people of any town or village not incorporated, or of a district in a county, are desirous to change the name of such town, village or district, they may petition the county court, or other tribunal established in lieu thereof, of the county wherein such town, village or district is situated; and if it appear to such court or other tribunal that a majority of the actual resident voters of such town, village or district is in favor of such change, it shall cause the following described notice to be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the town, village or district, as the case may be. The notice shall be published at least thirty days prior to the sitting of such court or tribunal. The notice shall state the fact that a petition has been presented to the court or tribunal by the people of such town, village or district, praying for such change, and that unless those interested in the change appear at the next term, or such term as the court or tribunal may designate, and show cause why such change should not be made, there will be an order rendered granting such change, which notice shall be signed by the president of the court or tribunal.


WVC 7-2-5 §7-2-5. Order changing name; recordation; costs.
At the time to which the court or other tribunal has continued the petition, if such court or other tribunal is satisfied that a majority of the resident voters of such town, village or district is still in favor of such change of name and has signed the petition asking therefor, it shall enter an order granting such change, which order shall be recorded in the office of the clerk of such court or other tribunal: Provided, however, That if such town or village has a post office of the same name as the town or village, the court shall not enter such order unless the United States postal authorities shall consent to the same change in the name of the post office. The costs of such change and recording shall be paid by the petitioners. But should it appear to the court or other tribunal that a majority of the resident voters of such town, village or district is not in favor of such change, it shall dismiss the petition, and tax the costs of the proceedings against the petitioners.


WVC 7-2-6 §7-2-6. Establishment of county boundary lines; filing of maps; changes.
The boundary lines between the several counties of the state shall be established in the following manner: Topographic quadrangle maps prepared by the United States geological survey and the West Virginia geological and economic survey in conformance with prior acts of the general assembly of Virginia, acts of the Legislature of West Virginia and other applicable provisions of law, shall be filed by the state geologist with the secretary of state of West Virginia and shall thereafter constitute the official boundary lines between the said counties: Provided, however, That said boundary lines shall be located, plotted and delineated upon said maps together with any other pertinent information with reference thereto and each of said maps shall be certified as correct by the director and state geologist of the West Virginia geological and economic survey prior to such filing. Certified copies of all such maps shall be filed with the legislative auditor for use in the legislative library and a certified copy of each county map shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the county court of that county and recorded in an appropriate deed book or plat book.

All county boundary lines which are or may be established by metes and bounds (by bearings and distances between monuments) by the Legislature or pursuant to section one of this article shall constitute an official change in such boundary line or lines and the director and state geologist of the West Virginia geological and economic survey shall promptly locate, plat and delineate such change upon the applicable map or maps and certify and file such change as aforesaid.


WVC 7-2-7 §7-2-7. Establishment of tax district boundary lines.
On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred seventy-eight, the topographical quadrangle maps filed pursuant to section six of this article shall include the boundaries of the magisterial districts of the state, as such boundaries existed on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred sixty-nine, which magisterial districts shall be designated on said maps as "tax districts": Provided, That in a county in which the county court has exercised the power formerly granted it under chapter one hundred seventeen, acts of the Legislature, regular session, one thousand nine hundred seventy-two, by designating that county's magisterial districts as tax districts, the term "tax districts" shall mean the magisterial districts of that county as they existed on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred seventy-three. On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred seventy-eight, the boundary lines reflected on such maps shall constitute the official boundary lines between tax districts of the state, as defined in section one-a, article three, chapter eleven of this code.


WVC -3- ARTICLE 3. COUNTY PROPERTY.


WVC 7-3-1 §7-3-1. Conveyances or devises to county.
No words in any devise or conveyance of real estate to a county, or the county court thereof, or in any contract for the conveyance of real estate to a county or the county court thereof, expressing the purpose for which such real estate is devised, conveyed or sold, or is to be used, shall limit or impair the power of such county court to dispose thereof absolutely or use the same for another purpose, unless it be expressly declared in such instrument that whenever the said real estate shall cease to be used for the purpose, or in the manner therein specified, it shall revert to the former owner, his heirs or assigns. Every devise or conveyance of, or contract to convey, land within the limits of a county, heretofore or hereafter made, in any manner to or in trust for or for the use or benefit of such county, its people or inhabitants, shall have the same effect as if made to the county court of such county.


WVC 7-3-2 §7-3-2. Courthouse, jail and offices.
The county commission of every county, at the expense of the county, shall provide at the county seat thereof a suitable courthouse and jail, together with suitable offices for the judge of the circuit court and judges of courts of limited jurisdiction, clerks of circuit courts, courts of limited jurisdiction and of the county commission, assessor, sheriff, prosecuting attorney, county superintendent of schools, and surveyor, and all other offices as are or may be required by law: Provided, That the courthouse, including any annex or other facility housing the courts and offices herein set out (excepting all facilities that are on a twenty-four-hour basis), shall be open to the public Monday through Friday during the hours prescribed by the county commission by an order duly recorded in the order book of the commission. The county commission in such order may, in its discretion, provide that the courthouse, including any annex or other facility housing the courts and offices herein set out, be open on Saturday and prescribe the hours during which it shall be open. In no case may the county commission provide that the courthouse, including any annex or other facility housing the courts and offices herein set out, be open for business on Sundays or national or state holidays: Provided, however, That the county commission of every county having a population in excess of two hundred thousand may provide at the county seat or elsewhere in the county, as the county commission shall determine, a suitable jail or jails: Provided further, That the county commission of any county, regardless of population, may, as provided in article twenty-three, chapter eight of the code of West Virginia, contract with the county commissions of one or more other counties within this state for the erection, construction, equipment, leasing and renting of a regional correctional center for either adult or youth offenders, at a location mutually agreeable to the contracting parties and not necessarily at the county seat, which will serve each county entering into the contract. The county commission shall keep the courthouse, jail and other offices in constant and adequate repair, and supplied with the necessary heat, light, furniture, record books, and janitor service, and, except as to the office for the judge of the circuit court, with the necessary stationery and postage, and other things as shall be necessary; but all of the public records, books and papers belonging or appertaining to the county surveyor's office shall be delivered to the clerk of the county commission and retained by him in his official possession and under his control and shall constitute a part of the public records, books and papers of his office. All courthouses, jails and offices hereafter erected shall be built of stone and brick, or stone or brick, or other equally fireproof materials, and the offices shall be fireproof or be furnished with fireproof vaults or safes. The jails shall be well secured, and sufficient for the convenient accommodation of those who may be confined therein. The county commission may also provide other necessary offices and buildings, and may, by purchase or otherwise, acquire as much land as may be requisite or desirable for county purposes, and may suitably enclose, improve and embellish the lands so acquired.

Subject to the conditions hereinabove set forth with respect to the site of the courthouse, jail, and other offices, the commission may, from time to time, as may seem to it proper, provide, at the expense of the county, a new or other building or buildings to be used for the courthouse and jail, or for either, together with suitable offices, as aforesaid, and for that purpose may acquire, by purchase or otherwise, and hold any lands, or lands and buildings, which may be necessary, and may enclose, improve and embellish the same. When any new or other building or buildings shall be ready for occupancy, the county commission shall make an order declaring that, on a day to be therein named, the new or other building or buildings shall become the courthouse, or jail, or both the courthouse and jail of the county, and shall cause copies of the order to be posted at the front door of the new as well as of the old courthouse, at least twenty days before the day named in the order; and on and after the day named the new or other building or buildings shall become, respectively, the courthouse, or jail, or both the courthouse and jail of the county in all respects and for all purposes. After the change shall have been made the county commission may sell or otherwise dispose of, as may seem to it proper, the building or buildings previously used as a courthouse and jail, or either, and the land on which they are, or either is, situated, and of the interest of the county therein.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, any county commission providing and maintaining a jail on the effective date of this article shall not be required to provide and maintain a jail after a regional jail becomes available pursuant to the provisions of article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code, unless the county commission determines that such a facility is necessary: Provided, That such county commission may provide and maintain a holding facility which complies with the standards set forth for such holding facilities in legislative rules promulgated by the jail and correctional facility standards commission or its predecessor, the jail and prison standards commission.


WVC 7 - 3 - 2 A §7-3-2a. County commissions to purchase and display flags.
The county commission of every county of the state shall purchase, out of its General Revenue Fund, a United States flag and a flag of the State of West Virginia, four feet by six feet in dimensions and of regulation bunting, or of other appropriate size and quality, for its courthouse, and shall require the flags to be displayed from the courthouse, or from an appropriate nearby staff or pole, every day between the hours of sunrise and sunset, except in inclement weather. Each county commission shall also purchase a United States flag and a flag of the State of West Virginia, and require the flags to be displayed at all times in the circuit courtroom of the county. Each county and any municipality therein may purchase a POW-MIA flag to be displayed from its courthouse or other governmental building alongside the state flag and United States flag on Memorial Day, Armed Forces Day, Flag Day, Independence Day, National POW/MIA Recognition Day and Veteran's Day each year. The custodian or other person in charge of the courthouse shall display the flags as required by this section.

Any United States flag or flag of the State of West Virginia purchased out of the general revenue of the county must be manufactured in the United States.


WVC 7-3-3 §7-3-3. Sale of county or district property.
Except as may be prohibited by law or otherwise, the county commission of a county is authorized by law to sell or dispose of any property, either real or personal, belonging to the county or held by it for the use of any district thereof. The property shall be sold at public auction, at the front door of the courthouse of the county, and such sale shall be conducted by the president of the county commission, but before making any such sale, notice of the time, terms and place of sale, together with a brief description of the property to be sold, shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county: Provided, That this section shall not apply to the sale of any one item of property of less value than one thousand dollars: Provided, however, That the provisions of this section concerning sale at public auction shall not apply to a county commission selling or disposing of its property for a public use to the United States of America, its instrumentalities, agencies or political subdivisions or to the state of West Virginia, or its political subdivisions, including county boards of education, volunteer fire departments and volunteer ambulance services, for an adequate consideration without considering alone the present commercial or market value of the property: Provided further, That all real property conveyed or sold by a county commission to a volunteer fire department or volunteer ambulance service under this provision shall revert back to the county commission if the volunteer fire department or volunteer ambulance service ceases to use it for the purpose for which the real property was conveyed or sold.


WVC 7-3-3a §7-3-3a. Sale of county or district property; local option election; petition, election procedure; form of ballot; effect of such election.
The county commission of any county is authorized to call a local option election for the purpose of determining the will of the voters as to whether specific real property belonging to the county or held by it for the use of any district thereof shall be conveyed or whether the buildings and improvements thereon shall be demolished.

A petition for such local option election shall be in the form hereinafter specified and shall be signed by qualified voters residing within said county equal to at least ten percent of the persons qualified to vote within said county at the last general election. For the purpose of this article, the term "qualified voters" shall mean those actually voting at the last general election and not those registered to vote. Said petition may be in any number of counterparts and shall be sufficient if substantially in the following form:

PETITION
CONVEYANCE OF COUNTY PROPERTY
AND/OR
DEMOLITION OF COUNTY BUILDINGS
OR IMPROVEMENTS
Each of the undersigned certifies that he or she is a person residing in ______________________ County, West Virginia, and is duly qualified to vote in said county under the laws of the State, and that his or her name, address and the date of signing this petition are correctly set forth below.

The undersigned petition said county commission to call and hold a local option election upon the following question: Shall the county commission of ________________ County, West Virginia, be authorized to convey (or demolish buildings and improvements located on) the following described real property belonging to the county or held by it for the use of a district thereof: (here insert property description)

NAME ADDRESS DATE

_____________________ ____________________ ___________

_____________________ ____________________ ___________

(Each person signing must specify either his post-office address or his street number.)

Upon the filing of a petition for a local option election in accordance with the provisions of this section, the county commission shall enter an order calling a local option election and providing that the same shall be held at the same time and as a part of the next primary or general election to be held in said county. Said county commission shall give notice of such local option election by publication in two newspapers of opposite politics and of general circulation within said county. Said notice shall be given at least once each week for two successive weeks prior to the date of said election. If there is only one newspaper published in said county, publication of said notice therein shall be sufficient.

Each person qualified to vote in said county at said primary or general election shall likewise be qualified to vote at the local option election. The election officers appointed and qualified to serve as such at said primary or general election shall conduct said local option election in connection with and as a part of said primary or general election. The ballots in said local option election shall be counted and returns made by the election officers and the results certified by the commissioners of election to said county commission which shall canvass the ballots, all in accordance with the laws of the state of West Virginia relating to primary and general elections insofar as the same are applicable. The county commission shall, without delay, canvass the ballots cast at said local option election and certify the result thereof.

The ballot to be used in said local option election shall have printed thereon substantially the following:

"Shall the county commission of ________________________ County be authorized to convey (or demolish buildings and improvements located on) the following described real property belonging to the county? (insert description)

/ / YES / / NO

(Place a cross mark in the square opposite your choice.)"

If a majority of the voters voting at any such local option election vote "no" on the foregoing question, the county commission shall not thereafter be permitted to convey said real property or demolish the buildings and improvements thereon, as the case may be, unless thereafter authorized so to do.

Nothing herein shall prohibit the county commission from altering, improving and maintaining such real property or the buildings and improvements thereon in any manner whatsoever which does not demolish the building or improvements which were subject to the referendum.

The county commission of any county wherein a majority of the voters have refused permission to convey or demolish specific real property or buildings or improvements pursuant to this section may on its own motion initiate an election pursuant to this section at any primary or general election held in such county after the voters have refused such permission and may restate the description of property or action desired to be taken in such manner as the commission shall determine.


WVC 7-3-4 §7-3-4. Leasing of county lands for oil, gas or minerals.
The county court of any county may lease for oil or gas or other minerals, any lands owned in fee by it, the rentals, royalties or proceeds of any such lease to be placed to the credit of the general county fund of the county.


WVC 7-3-5 §7-3-5. County commissions authorized to acquire and convey real estate and contract for construction, etc., and rental of courthouse, jail or other public building.
The county commission of any county is hereby authorized and empowered to acquire real estate and to convey real estate and to enter into a contract, or lease, or both, with the United States government, or any federal agency authorized to make or enter into a contract, or lease, or with any bank or financial institution, or with any individual or persons for the erection, construction, equipment, leasing and renting of a courthouse, hospital, other public buildings, or jail, with an option to purchase the building and to provide for the payment of a yearly rental for the building by the commission: Provided, That any county commission may, as provided in chapter eight, article twenty-three of the code of West Virginia, also contract with one or more other county commissions within this state for the erection, construction, equipment, leasing and renting of a regional correctional center for either adult or youth offenders at a location mutually agreeable to the contracting parties and not necessarily at the county seat. The county commission of any county is also authorized to contract with the United States government, or any federal agency authorized to make or enter into a contract, or any bank or financial institution, or any individual or persons, to the end that the United States government, or any of its agencies, or agents thereunto duly authorized, or bank or financial institution or individual or persons, may for and on behalf of any county commission, build, erect, construct, equip or furnish upon the property any building, or buildings, including a hospital; and to contract with the United States government, or any federal agency, or bank, or financial institution, or individual, or persons, for the lease, or rental, of the building or buildings, with the privilege and authority of renewing any lease from year to year, for any period of years, not exceeding thirty, with the right to purchase the building, or buildings, and real estate on which the building or buildings are situated, and to apply toward the purchase price thereof any and all rentals paid to the United States government, or agency, or bank or financial institution, or individual, or persons, under the provisions of this act; and the county commission shall pay to the United States government, or any federal agency, or bank, or financial institution, or individual, or persons, the yearly rental, or rentals, for the use and occupancy of the building, or buildings, if and when they are constructed, which yearly rental, or rentals, in the aggregate, may not exceed the total amount, and the interest thereon expended by the United States government, or agency or bank or financial institution, or individual, or persons, on the project, or projects, and the said yearly rentals shall be paid out of levies laid within the constitutional debts limitations; and to do any and all other things lawfully required by the United States government, or any federal agency, or bank, or financial institution, or individual, or persons, which are necessary and proper to effectuate the purpose of this act.


WVC 7-3-6 §7-3-6. Annual levy for rentals.
The said court shall levy and collect annually an amount sufficient to pay said rental, or rentals, for that particular year for the purposes aforesaid in the manner and form as provided by law.


WVC 7-3-7 §7-3-7. Bonds for cost of real estate and public buildings.
Any county court is likewise authorized and empowered to acquire real estate for, construct, equip, furnish and maintain a courthouse, hospital or other public buildings or jail including a regional correctional center for either adult or youth offenders which is developed jointly by one or more counties, and to borrow funds from the United States government, the public works administration, or other governmental agency authorized to make loans, or any bank, or financial institution authorized by law to make loans, or any individual, or persons for the purpose of building, constructing, furnishing and equipping a courthouse, hospital, other buildings or jail, and for the purpose of acquiring real estate therefor, and shall have the right to acquire by purchase, condemnation, gift or otherwise, real estate on which to build the courthouse, hospital, other buildings or jail, including a regional correctional center for either adult or youth offenders which is developed jointly by one or more counties, within the discretion of the court. Such county court is authorized and empowered to issue bonds for the purpose of paying the cost of any real estate, building, furnishing and equipment and to pledge a sufficient amount of revenue within the constitutional limitations and within the limitations as provided by general law, to pay the principal of the bonds and the interest thereon, within a period not to exceed thirty years. Such court is further authorized and empowered to do and perform any and all acts and make all contracts necessary to effectuate the general purpose of this act, including the acquisition, by original grant, gift, condemnation, or other lawful means of real estate, and of all necessary permits, easements and other rights in real estate, and title to and possession thereof, or to make any purchase and acquisition with the money borrowed, as provided in this act.

Such county court shall have authority, and is empowered, to make contracts, agreements and covenants between it and the United States government, or the public works administration, or other governmental agency, or bank, or financial institution, or individual, or persons for the loan of funds to said county court, and securing payment thereof as they may be able to effectuate, subject only to this limitation, that the bonds issued, or given as security thereof, shall be payable out of the levies now provided for by general law and by this act; to be levied by said county court in and for the county; to acquire needed real estate, to construct, equip, furnish and maintain a courthouse, hospital, other public buildings or jail including a regional correctional center for either adult or youth offenders which is developed jointly by one or more counties, and to make and enter into contracts, and to do and perform all acts as may be necessary for the construction, equipment, operation and maintenance of the courthouse, hospital, other buildings, jail or correctional center, subject to any burdens, restrictions and encumbrances as it may be necessary to incur and bear, in securing the bonds and the real estate construction, equipment and maintenance.

Bonds issued hereunder shall be exempt from taxation by the state of West Virginia, or any county therein, or any district or municipality thereof.


WVC 7-3-7a §7-3-7a. Bonds for construction or renovation of county jail or regional correctional center.
The county commissions of the several counties are hereby authorized to issue revenue bonds for the purpose of constructing, reconstructing and renovating any jail facility used for county prisoners or a regional correctional center for either adult or youth offenders which is developed jointly by one or more counties; and for the purpose of retiring the bonds, the county commission may pledge for a period not to exceed twenty years, the funds available to the county under the provisions of section fifteen, article five of this chapter.


WVC 7-3-8 §7-3-8. Creation and enforcement of lien of bondholders.
There shall be and there is hereby created a statutory mortgage lien upon the real estate, buildings and property acquired, constructed or built from the proceeds of bonds authorized to be issued under this act, which shall exist in favor of the holder of the bonds, and each of them, and to and in favor of the holder of the interest coupons attached to the bonds, and the courthouse, hospital, other public buildings, jail or regional correctional center, and the real estate so acquired and used for and in connection therewith, shall remain subject to the statutory mortgage lien until payment in full of the principal and interest of the bonds. Any holder of bonds issued under the provisions of this act, or the holder of any coupons representing interest accrued thereon, may, either at law or in equity, enforce the statutory mortgage lien hereby created and conferred, and may, by proper suit, compel the performance of the duties of the officials of the commission as set forth in this act. If there be default in the payment of the principal of or interest upon any of the bonds, any court having jurisdiction in any proper action may appoint a receiver to administer the property on behalf of the court with power to charge and collect rents or income sufficient to provide for the payment of the bonds and interest thereon, and for the payment of the operating expenses, and to apply the income, rents or other revenue in conformity with this act and the order providing for the issuance of the bonds.


WVC 7-3-9 §7-3-9. Form and payment of bonds; use of proceeds of bonds.
Any county commission issuing revenue bonds under the provisions of this article shall thereafter, so long as any such bonds remain outstanding, operate and maintain said courthouse, hospital, other public buildings, jail or regional correctional center, to provide revenues sufficient to pay all operating costs, provide a sinking fund for, and to retire such bonds and pay the interest thereon as the same may become due. The amounts, as and when so set apart by said county commission, shall be remitted to the West Virginia municipal bond commission at least thirty days previous to the time interest or principal payments become due, to be retained and paid out by said commission consistent with the provisions of this article and with the order pursuant to which the bonds have been issued. The West Virginia municipal bond commission is hereby authorized to act as fiscal agent for the administration of such sinking fund under any order passed pursuant to the provisions of this article, and shall invest all sinking funds, as provided by general law. Revenue bonds issued under the provisions of this article are hereby declared to be and to have all the qualities of negotiable instruments. Such bonds shall bear interest at the rate or rates set by the county commission, not to exceed twelve percent per annum, payable semiannually, and shall mature at any time fixed by the county commission, in not more than thirty years from their date. Such bonds shall be sold at a price not lower than a price which, when computed upon standard tables of bond values, will show a net return of not more than thirteen percent per annum to the purchaser upon the amount paid therefor. Such bonds may be made redeemable at the option of the county commission at such price and under terms and conditions as said county commission may fix, by its order, prior to the issuance of such bonds. Revenue bonds issued hereunder shall be payable at the office of the state treasurer, or a designated bank or trust company within or without the state of West Virginia.

In case any of the officers whose signatures appear on such bonds or coupons shall cease to be such officers before the delivery of such bonds, such signatures shall, nevertheless, be valid and sufficient for all purposes the same as if they had remained in office until such delivery. The county commission shall by order entered prior to the issuance of said bonds, fix the denominations, times and places of payment of such bonds, the principal and interest of which shall be payable in lawful money of the United States of America. The proceeds of such bonds shall be used solely for the payment of the cost of land, buildings, furniture and equipment thereon, and shall be checked out by the county commission under such restrictions as are contained in the order providing for the issuance of said bonds. If the proceeds of such bonds issued for any courthouse, hospital, other public buildings, jail or regional correctional center, shall exceed the cost thereof, the surplus shall be paid into the fund herein provided for the payment of principal and interest upon such bonds. Such fund may be used for the purchase or redemption of any of the outstanding bonds payable from such fund at the market price, but at not exceeding the price at which any of such bonds shall in the same year be redeemable, as fixed by the commission in its said order, and all bonds redeemed or purchased shall forthwith be canceled, and shall not again be issued.

Prior to the preparation of definitive bonds, the county commission may, under like restrictions, issue temporary bonds, or interim certificates, with or without coupons, exchangeable for definitive bonds upon the issuance of the latter. Such bonds may be issued without any other proceedings or the happening of any other conditions or things than those proceedings, conditions and things which are specified and required by this article.


WVC 7-3-10 §7-3-10. Limitation on character of debt incurred.
Nothing in this act contained shall be so construed or interpreted as to authorize or permit any county court to incur a debt for and on behalf of said court of any kind or nature contrary to the provisions of the constitution of the state in relation to debt.


WVC 7-3-11 §7-3-11. Powers conferred are additional.
This act shall be deemed to provide an additional and alternative method for the doing of the things authorized hereby and shall be regarded as supplementary and additional to powers conferred by other laws.


WVC 7-3-12 §7-3-12. Liberally construed.
This act, being necessary for the health, welfare and public requirements of the public of the several counties, it shall be liberally construed to effectuate the purpose thereof.


WVC 7-3-13 §7-3-13. Limitation on amount of debt; increase of levies.
Notwithstanding the provisions of general law, any county court authorized by this act to issue bonds, may become indebted for the purposes in this act authorized, to any amount, including all other indebtedness, up to but not exceeding five percent of the value of the taxable property in such county as shown by the last assessment thereof for state and county purposes next prior to the authorization of such bonds, subject to the levy limitations as provided in the constitution. For the purpose of effectuating the provisions and purposes of this act and for the purpose of obtaining revenue to pay said bonds and their interest, or for the purpose of redeeming said bonds in whole or in part, such court may and is authorized to increase the levies on each class of property not to exceed fifty percent of the rates authorized by section ten, article eight, chapter sixty-seven, acts of the Legislature, second extraordinary session, one thousand nine hundred thirty-three, not to exceed three years, and may submit to the voters of the county the question of authorizing such increase, not to exceed three years, at the same time and as a part of the scheme to issue said bonds and provide for the payment thereof. Such increase of levies shall not continue for more than three years without submission to the voters, but the question of future levy increases for such purposes may be again submitted to the voters.

Upon the question of issuance of such bonds, providing for the payment thereof, the increase of said levies, at least sixty percent of the votes cast shall be in favor thereof, as provided by general law.


WVC 7-3-14 §7-3-14. Authority to acquire and operate hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities and other related facilities; financing.
The county commission of any county is hereby authorized and empowered to acquire by purchase or construction and to thereafter own, equip, furnish, operate, lease, improve and extend a public hospital, clinic, long-term care facility and other related facilities, with all appurtenances, including the necessary real estate as a site therefor. Any such county public hospital acquired pursuant thereto may include a nurses home and nurses training school. The county commission is further authorized and empowered, upon acquiring a hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility, to lease to others any or all such facilities for such rentals and upon such terms and conditions as the county commission may deem advisable. For the purpose of paying all or any part of the costs, not otherwise provided, of acquiring, completing, equipping, furnishing, improving or extending such hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility, the county commission is hereby authorized and empowered by order duly entered of record, to issue and sell the negotiable revenue bonds of such county, which shall be payable solely and only from all or such part of the net revenues from the operation of such county public hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility as may be provided by said order; and each such revenue bond so issued shall contain a recital that payment or redemption of the bond and payment of the interest thereon is secured by the revenues pledged therefor, and that such bond does not constitute an indebtedness of such county or the county commission thereof within the meaning of any constitutional or statutory limitation or provision. Such revenue bonds may bear such date or dates, may mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty-four years from their respective dates, may bear interest at such rate or rates not exceeding twelve percent per annum, may be of such denomination or denominations, may be in such form, may carry such registration privileges, may be made subject to such terms of redemption with or without premium, and may contain such other terms and covenants not inconsistent with this article as may be provided in such order. Such revenue bonds shall be exempt from taxation by the state of West Virginia and the other taxing bodies of the state. In determining the amount of revenue bonds to be issued, there may be included any expenses in connection with and incidental to the issuance and sale of bonds and for the preparation of plans, specifications, surveys and estimates, interest during the estimated construction period and for six months thereafter, and a reasonable amount for working capital and prepaid insurance. Such bonds may be sold in such manner, at such times and upon such terms as may be determined by the county commission to be for the best interests of the county: Provided, That no bonds may be sold upon terms which will result in the net interest cost of more than thirteen percent per annum computed to maturity of the bonds according to standard tables of bond values. There may be included in any such order authorizing the issuance of revenue bonds such covenants, stipulations and conditions as may be deemed necessary with respect to the expenditure of the bond proceeds, the operation and maintenance of the county public hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility, and the custody and application of the revenues from such operation. The holder of any bond or bonds may, by mandamus or other appropriate proceedings, require and compel performance of any duties imposed by law in connection with the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility, or any covenant, stipulation or condition that may have been expressed in such bond order.


WVC 7-3-14a §7-3-14a. "Hospital," "clinic" and "long-term care facility" defined.
The following terms whenever used in this article shall have the following meanings:

(a) The term "hospital" shall mean any general hospital, chronic disease hospital, mental hospital and other related facilities.

(b) The term "clinic" shall mean any community medical clinic, mental health center and other related facilities.

(c) The term "long-term care facility" shall mean any nursing home, rest home, housing facility for aged citizens and other related facilities.


WVC 7-3-15 §7-3-15. Board of trustees for hospital, clinic or long-term care facility.
The administration and management of any county public hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility acquired, equipped, furnished, improved or extended under section fourteen of this article shall be vested in a board of trustees, consisting of not less than five members appointed by the county court. Prior to the issuance of any bonds under the provisions of section fourteen of this article, the county court shall appoint two of such trustees for a term of two years, two trustees for a term of four years, and one trustee for a term of six years from the first day of the month during which appointed. Upon the expiration of such initial appointments, the term of each new appointee shall be six years, except that any person appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term. Any trustee shall be eligible for reappointment upon the expiration of his term. The trustees shall receive no compensation for their services, but shall be reimbursed for any expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. Any trustee may be removed by the county court for incompetency, neglect of duty or malfeasance in office after an opportunity to be heard at a public hearing before the county court. At the first meeting of the board of trustees, and annually thereafter, it shall organize by designating one of its members as chairman and by appointing a secretary who may, but need not, be a trustee: Provided, That the board of trustees shall designate a treasurer at its first regular meeting subsequent to the effective date of this section.

Such board of trustees shall provide for the employment of and shall fix the compensation for and remove at pleasure all professional, technical and other employees, skilled or unskilled, as it may deem necessary for the operation and maintenance of the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility; and disbursement of funds in such operation and maintenance shall be made only upon order and approval of such board. The board of trustees shall make all rules and regulations governing its meetings and the operation of the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility.


WVC 7-3-15a §7-3-15a. Transfer of moneys; treasurer for county hospitals; bonding of treasurer; approval of bank accounts; authority to invest.
The sheriff of each county shall remit to the board of trustees of any county hospital all moneys in his possession held on behalf of such county hospital, whether or not deposited in a bank or depository unless the sheriff has been designated treasurer of the county hospital as provided in this section. Such transfer of funds shall be made as of the balances on hand on the thirtieth day of June of the year in which the board of trustees of such county hospital appoints a treasurer other than the sheriff, and shall be completed no later than the first day of August of that year. Such transfer shall be adjudged complete and final upon the approval of the sheriff's official settlement for the fiscal year ending on the thirtieth day of June of the year in which the board of trustees of such county hospital appoints a treasurer other than the sheriff, and, any minor adjustment made necessary by the actually known figures shall also be made at that time. All balances in all county hospital funds at the end of each month after the thirtieth day of June of the year in which the board of trustees of county hospitals appoints a treasurer other than the sheriff, shall be transferred by the sheriff to the board of trustees of such county hospital not later than the tenth day of the following month.

The treasurer for the board shall be the fiscal officer of the board, or an employee commonly designated as the person in charge of the financial affairs of the hospital board or the county sheriff. Upon appointment this person shall be titled and referred to as treasurer of the county hospital. For the faithful performance of this duty, he shall execute a bond, to be approved by the board of trustees of such county hospital, in the penalty to be fixed by such board, not to exceed the amount of funds which it is estimated he will handle within any period of two months. The premium on such bond shall be paid by the county hospital.

The board of trustees of such county hospital may open a bank account, or accounts, as required to adequately and properly transact the business of the district in a depository, or banks, within the county. Such depositories, or banks, shall provide bond to cover the maximum amount to be deposited at any one time. On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-six, all levies and any other moneys received by the sheriff and paid to the treasurer of such county hospital shall be deposited in these accounts and all proper payments from such funds shall be made by the designated depository or bank upon order or draft presented for payment and signed by the duly authorized signatories of the board of trustees: Provided, That in determining the depository for county hospital funds a board member who has a pecuniary interest in a bank within the county shall not participated in the determination of the depository for such funds.

If it be deemed that sufficient funds are on hand in any account at any one time which may be more than are normally required for the payment of incurred expenses, such funds in the amount so deemed available may be invested by the treasurer of the county board with the state sinking fund commission, or in guaranteed certificates of deposit issued by the depository or bank, or other guaranteed investments such as treasury bills, treasury notes or certificates of deposit issued by either the United States government or a banking institution in which federal or state guarantees are applicable. Interest earned in such investments is to be credited to the fund from which the moneys were originally available.

For the purposes of this section "county hospital" means any county public hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility acquired, equipped, furnished, improved or extended under section fourteen of this article.


WVC 7-3-16 §7-3-16. Operation with bonds outstanding.
So long as any revenue bonds remain outstanding under the provisions of section fourteen of this article, the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility and all appurtenances shall be operated and maintained on a revenue-producing and self-sustaining basis; and the board of trustees shall charge, collect and account for revenues therefrom which will be sufficient to pay the interest on such bonds as the same becomes due, to create and maintain a sinking fund to pay and retire the principal at or before maturity, and to pay the costs of operating and maintaining the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility. The order authorizing such bonds shall definitely fix and determine the amount of the revenues which shall be necessary and set apart in a special fund to pay such interest and to pay and retire such principal; and all or such portion of the balance of such revenues as may be necessary shall be set apart in a special fund to pay the costs of operation and maintenance of the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility.


WVC 7-3-17 §7-3-17. Construction.
The provisions of sections fourteen, fifteen and sixteen of this article shall be construed as conferring separate and additional powers as herein set forth and shall be deemed full authority for the acquisition, improvement, extension, maintenance and operation of the hospital, clinic, long-term care facility or other related facility and for the issuance and sale of the bonds by this article authorized: Provided, That all pertinent functions, powers and duties of the state department of health shall remain in effect.


WVC 7-3-18 §7-3-18. Insuring of moneys collected by county officers.
Any county officer, who by the laws of the state of West Virginia, is required to make collections of moneys for such county, or other governmental agencies, may insure the moneys so collected against loss by burglary and robbery, with any reliable insurance company licensed to do business in this state, and the county court may pay the premium therefor out of the general fund of such county, and the insured shall be such county officer and the county court of such county.


WVC -4- ARTICLE 4. PROSECUTING ATTORNEY, REWARDS AND LEGAL ADVICE.


WVC 7-4-1 §7-4-1. Duties of prosecuting attorney; further duties upon request of attorney general.
It shall be the duty of the prosecuting attorney to attend to the criminal business of the state in the county in which he is elected and qualified, and when he has information of the violation of any penal law committed within such county, he shall institute and prosecute all necessary and proper proceedings against the offender, and may in such case issue or cause to be issued a summons for any witness he may deem material. Every public officer shall give him information of the violation of any penal law committed within his county. It shall also be the duty of the prosecuting attorney to attend to civil suits in such county in which the state, or any department, commission or board thereof, is interested, and to advise, attend to, bring, prosecute or defend, as the case may be, all matters, actions, suits and proceedings in which such county or any county board of education is interested.

It shall be the duty of the prosecuting attorney to keep his office open in the charge of a responsible person during the hours polls are open on general, primary and special county-wide election days, and the prosecuting attorney, or his assistant, if any, shall be available for the purpose of advising election officials. It shall be the further duty of the prosecuting attorney, when requested by the attorney general, to perform or to assist the attorney general in performing, in the county in which he is elected, any legal duties required to be performed by the attorney general, and which are not inconsistent with the duties of the prosecuting attorney as the legal representative of such county. It shall also be the duty of the prosecuting attorney, when requested by the attorney general, to perform or to assist the attorney general in performing, any legal duties required to be performed by the attorney general, in any county other than that in which such prosecuting attorney is elected, and for the performance of any such duties in any county other than that in which such prosecuting attorney is elected he shall be paid his actual expenses.

Upon the request of the attorney general the prosecuting attorney shall make a written report of the state and condition of the several causes in which the state is a party, pending in his county, and upon any matters referred to him by the attorney general as provided by law.


WVC 7 - 4 - 2 §7-4-2. Rewards for apprehension of persons charged with crime and expenditure of money for detection of crime; appointment of investigators of crime.

The prosecuting attorney of any county, with the approval of the county commission, or of the governor, or of the court of the county vested with authority to try criminal offenses, or of the judge thereof in vacation, may, within his discretion, offer rewards for the apprehension of persons charged with crime, or may expend money for the detection of crime. Any money expended under this section shall, when approved by the prosecuting attorney, be paid out of the county fund, in the same manner as other county expenses are paid: Provided, That the prosecuting attorneys of the several counties of the state may, with the approval of the county commissions of their respective counties, entered of record, appoint to assist them in the discharge of their official duties, trained and qualified full-time or part-time investigators of crime. Such full-time investigators shall accept no other public employment or employment in a private police or investigative capacity during the term of their appointment without prior approval of the county commission and county prosecuting attorney and shall be paid such salary and expenses as may be fixed by the county commission. Such expenses shall be itemized and sworn to by the investigator upon presentation to the county commission.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, the prosecuting attorney of any county, with the consent of the judge of the court of competent jurisdiction and the county commission, may appoint an investigator of crime who need not be a

resident of this state.


WVC 7-4-3 §7-4-3. Employment of counsel for civil matters; compensation of counsel.
The county commission of any county shall have authority to employ such legal counsel as it may deem necessary for the purpose of advising such county commission on matters of a civil nature and to conduct any litigation of a civil nature to which the county is a party. The county commission shall also have the authority to fix the compensation of any such counsel so employed, and to pay the same out of the county treasury. Any counsel so employed may be removed at the pleasure of the county commission.


WVC 7-4-4 §7-4-4. Prosecutor's advisory council; victim advocates; participation in multidisciplinary planning process.
There is hereby created the prosecutor's advisory council composed of elected prosecuting attorneys of each county of the state or a designated member of their staff. The prosecutor's advisory council shall conduct an initial meeting of all members not later than the first day of September, one thousand nine hundred ninety-four, and shall meet not less than one time each year. At the initial meeting and annually thereafter, the council shall elect from among its membership a chairman of the council who shall set the agenda for the council's meetings and shall appoint necessary committees and direct the work of the council in carrying out its duties under the provisions of this section.

The council shall provide advice, assistance, training and leadership to the offices of the various county prosecuting attorneys of this state in criminal and civil cases which involve child abuse or neglect or sexual assault or sexual abuse of children. The council shall also provide advice and assistance to the secretary of the department of health and human resources in the implementation of a multidisciplinary planning process as set forth in article five-d, chapter forty-nine of this code.

The council may seek funds and programs to provide each prosecuting attorney's office with a staff person to assist children who are crime victims to obtain services and assistance from other agencies and programs in the community. Prosecuting attorneys shall be reimbursed by their respective county commissions for necessary expenses actually incurred when attending meetings of the council.

The council may apply for and receive funds from any grant program of any agency or institution in the United States, public or private, to be used for carrying out the purposes of this section.


WVC 7-4-5 §7-4-5. Multidisciplinary investigative teams.
On or before the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, the prosecuting attorney of each county in the state shall establish a multidisciplinary investigative team, in accordance with the provisions of section three, article five-d, chapter forty-nine of this code.


WVC 7 - 4 - 6 §7-4-6. West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute.
(a) There is continued the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute, a public body whose membership shall consist of the fifty-five elected county prosecuting attorneys in the state. The Institute shall meet at least once each calendar year and the presence of twenty-eight of the fifty-five prosecutors at any meeting constitutes a quorum for the conduct of the Institute's business.

(b) There is continued the Executive Council of the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute which shall consist of seven prosecuting attorneys elected by the membership of the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute at its annual meeting and two persons appointed annually by the county commissioner's association of West Virginia. The executive council shall elect one member of the council to serve as chairman of the institute for a term of one year without compensation. The executive council shall serve as the regular executive body of the institute.

(c) There is continued the position of Executive Director of the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute to be employed by the executive council of the institute. The Executive Director of the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute shall serve at the will and pleasure of the executive council of the institute. The executive director shall be licensed to practice law in the State of West Virginia and shall devote full time to his or her official duties and may not engage in the private practice of law.

(d) The duties and responsibilities of the institute, as implemented by and through its executive council and its executive director, shall include the following:

(1) The provision for special prosecuting attorneys to pursue a criminal matter, a juvenile delinquency matter or a matter involving child abuse neglect pursuant to chapter forty-nine of this code, or in any matter wherein a special prosecutor previously appointed has failed to take any action thereon within such time as the Executive Director deems unreasonable, not to exceed three terms of court from the date on which the special prosecutor was appointed: Provided, That such replacement or original appointment may be any attorney with a license in good standing in this state in any county upon the request of a circuit court judge of that county and upon the approval of the executive council;

(2) The establishment and implementation of general and specialized training programs for prosecuting attorneys, their staffs and, where determined practical by the executive council and executive director, all statutorily authorized law-enforcement or investigative agencies of the state or its political subdivisions;

(3) The provision of materials for prosecuting attorneys and their staffs, including legal research, technical assistance and technical and professional publications;

(4) The compilation and dissemination of information on behalf of prosecuting attorneys and their staffs on current developments and changes in the law and the administration of criminal justice;

(5) The establishment and implementation of uniform reporting procedures for prosecuting attorneys and their professional staffs in order to maintain and to provide accurate and timely data and information relative to criminal prosecutorial matters;

(6) The acceptance and expenditure of grants, moneys for reimbursement of expenses, gifts and acceptance of services from any public or private source;

(7) The entering into of agreements and contracts with public or private agencies, groups, organizations or educational institutions;

(8) The identification of experts and other resources for use by prosecutors in criminal matters;

(9) The recommendation to the Legislature or the Supreme Court of Appeals of the State of West Virginia on measures required, or procedural rules to be promulgated, to make uniform the processing of juvenile cases in the fifty-five counties of the state; and

(10) The development of a written handbook for prosecutors and their assistants to use which delineates relevant information concerning the elements of various crimes in West Virginia and other information the institute considers appropriate.

(e) Each prosecuting attorney is subject to appointment by the institute to serve as a special prosecuting attorney in any county where the prosecutor for that county or his or her office has been disqualified from participating in a particular criminal case, a juvenile delinquency matter or a matter involving child abuse neglect pursuant to chapter forty-nine of this code, or in any matter wherein a special prosecutor previously appointed has failed to take any action thereon within such time as the Executive Director deems unreasonable, not to exceed three terms of court from the date on which the special prosecutor was appointed: Provided, That such replacement or original appointment may be any attorney with a license in good standing in this state. The circuit judge of any county of this state, who disqualifies the prosecutor or his or her office from participating in a particular criminal case, a juvenile delinquency matter or a matter involving child abuse or neglect pursuant to chapter forty-nine of this code in that county, shall seek the appointment by the institute of a special prosecuting attorney to substitute for the disqualified prosecutor. The executive director of the institute shall, upon written request to the institute by any circuit judge as a result of disqualification of the prosecutor or for other good cause shown, and upon approval of the executive council, appoint a prosecuting attorney to serve as a special prosecuting attorney. The special prosecuting attorney appointed shall serve without any further compensation other than that paid to him or her by his or her county, except that he or she is entitled to be reimbursed for his or her legitimate expenses associated with travel, mileage and room and board from the county to which he or she is appointed as a prosecutor. The county commission in which county he or she is special prosecutor is responsible for all expenses associated with the prosecution of the criminal action. No person who is serving as a prosecuting attorney or an assistant prosecuting attorney of any county is required to take an additional oath when appointed to serve as a special prosecuting attorney.

(f) The executive director of the institute shall maintain an appointment list that shall include the names of all fifty-five prosecuting attorneys and that shall also include the names of any assistant prosecuting attorney who wishes to serve as a special prosecuting attorney upon the same terms and conditions as set forth in this section. The executive director of the institute, with the approval of the executive council, shall appoint special prosecuting attorneys from the appointment list for any particular matter giving due consideration to the proximity of the proposed special prosecuting attorney's home county to the county requesting a special prosecutor and giving due consideration to the expertise of the special prosecuting attorney.

(g) Each county commission shall pay, on a monthly basis, a special prosecution premium to the Treasurer of the state for the funding of the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute. The monthly premiums shall be paid according to the following schedule:

MONTHLY PREMIUMS

Assessed Valuation of Property

of All Classes in the County

CategoryMinimum

MaximumPremium

A$1,500,000,000Unlimited$400

B$1,000,000,000$1,499,999,000$375

C$ 800,000,000$ 999,999,000$350

D$ 700,000,000$ 799,999,000$325

E$ 600,000,000$ 699,999,000$300

F$ 500,000,000$ 599,999,000$250

G$ 400,000,000$ 499,999,000$200

H$ 300,000,000$ 399,999,000$150

I$ 200,000,000$ 299,999,000$100

J-0-$ 199,999,000$ 50

(h) Upon receipt of a premium, grant, reimbursement or other funding source, excluding federal funds as provided in article two, chapter four of this code, the Treasurer shall deposit the funds into a special revenue fund to be known as the "West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute Fund". All costs of operating the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute shall be paid from the West Virginia Prosecuting Attorneys Institute Fund upon proper authorization by the executive council or by the executive director of the institute and subject to annual appropriation by the Legislature of the amounts contained within the fund.

(i) The institute shall annually, by the first day of the regular Legislative session, provide the Joint Committee on Government and Finance with a report setting forth the activities of the institute and suggestions for legislative action.

(j) Neither the institute nor its employees acting in their employment capacity shall engage in activities before governmental bodies which advocate positions on issues other than those issues consistent with the duties of the institute set forth in subsection (d) of this section.


WVC 7 - 4 - 6 A §7-4-6a.
Repealed.

Acts, 2009 Reg. Sess., Ch. 178.


WVC -5- ARTICLE 5. FISCAL AFFAIRS.


WVC 7-5-1 §7-5-1. Sheriff ex officio county treasurer.
The sheriff shall be ex officio county treasurer and as such treasurer shall receive, collect and disburse all moneys due such county or any district thereof, and shall also receive, collect and disburse to the treasurer of the county board of education all school money for the county, unless the sheriff is designated by the board of education as its treasurer, as provided in section six, article nine, chapter eighteen of this code. The sheriff shall keep his office at the courthouse for the county, in a suitable room or rooms provided for that purpose by the county court (county commission), in which all money and property in his possession shall be kept, unless deposited by him in a county depository, in which case an accurate daily deposit account thereof shall be kept in his office. He shall keep in his office a fair and accurate account of all receipts and disbursements by him, showing the time when, from whom, to whom and on what account received and paid, and he shall so arrange his books that the amount received and paid on account of separate and distinct funds, or specific appropriations, shall be exhibited in separate and distinct accounts, and he shall also keep separate and distinct accounts for the funds of each fiscal year.

When any money is paid to the sheriff, except for taxes, the sheriff shall give to the person paying the same duplicate receipts thereof, stating briefly the fund or account for which paid; one of which receipts such person shall forthwith deposit with the clerk of the county court (county commission), who shall, in a well-bound book to be kept by him in his office for the purpose, charge the sheriff therewith and preserve such receipt in his office.

The sheriff and his sureties on his official bond shall be held liable for all public moneys coming into his hands as ex officio treasurer from every source whether or not the same shall be deposited in a bank: Provided, That nothing in this article prohibits the payment of funds due the county treasurer by credit or check card. Allowing for the collection of funds by credit or check card shall be at the discretion of the county commission.


WVC 7-5-2 §7-5-2. Accounts by clerk of county court.
The clerk of the county court shall keep proper accounts in the books of his office to show, as far as practicable at all times, the money and claims due to and by the county, or which are to be accounted for to the said court. In such books he shall charge the officer who, according to law, is to collect the county levy with the amount thereof and credit him with all payments made by him according to law, and with his commissions or compensation, and such allowance as may be made to him by the court, for delinquents or other cause. He shall keep proper accounts on such books of all claims and securities, and judgments and fines, placed in the hands of any officer or person for collection for the use of the county. The clerk shall also keep an account of all evidences of debt, securities for money, certificates of stock, and the like belonging to the county, and placed in the hands of the sheriff.


WVC 7 - 5 - 2 A §7-5-2a. Credit cards as form of payment.

     Notwithstanding any code provision to the contrary, county officers required or authorized to collect fines, fees, taxes or other moneys provided by law may accept credit or check cards as a form of payment. County officers may set a fee to be added to each transaction equal to the charge paid by the county officers for the use of the credit or check card by the payor: Provided, That the county officer is required to obtain three bids and use the lowest qualified bid received: Provided, however, That if a county officer has obtained credit card services, another county officer may be added to that service without receiving bids for that service. The county officer shall disclose the amount of the fee to the payor prior to the transaction and no other fees for the use of a credit or check card may be imposed upon the payor. Acceptance of a credit or check card as a form of payment shall be in accordance with the rules and requirements set forth by the credit or check card provider.
WVC 7-5-3 §7-5-3. Claims against county.
Every person having a claim or demand against a county shall file with the clerk of the county court thereof an account or statement of the same, fully setting forth the items; and where the claim or demand is for services for which no rate or compensation is fixed by law or by such court, the number of days occupied in such services. The clerk shall present such account or statement to such court at its first meeting thereafter, which shall allow the whole or such part thereof as it may deem just, or disallow the whole.


WVC 7-5-4 §7-5-4. Payment of money out of county treasury; signing of orders by mechanical or electrical devices; forgery; penalty.
No money shall be paid by the sheriff out of the county treasury except upon an order signed by the president and clerk of the county court, and properly endorsed: Provided, however, That in counties having a population in excess of fifty thousand as shown by the last preceding federal census, such signatures and the signature of the sheriff authorizing the payment of such orders by a county depository may be made by means of such mechanical or electrical device as the county court may select. Such mechanical or electrical device for the making of the signatures of the president and clerk shall be safely kept in the office of the clerk of the county court so that no one shall have access thereto except the members of the county court and the clerk of the county court and such of their respective employees as may be authorized to have access thereto. Such mechanical or electrical device for the making of the signature of the sheriff shall be safely kept in the office of the sheriff so that no one shall have access thereto except the sheriff and such of his deputies as may be authorized to have access thereto.

If any person other than the persons authorized so to do shall sign the name of the president of the county court, the clerk of the county court or the sheriff by the use of any such mechanical or electrical device, or otherwise, on any warrant, order or check, or utter or attempt to employ as true such forged warrant, order or check, knowing the same to be forged, he shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than two years and not more than ten years.


WVC 7-5-5 §7-5-5. Issuance of county orders.
No order shall be drawn on the county treasurer unless authorized by a special order or appropriation of the county court, except that when any bond, note or written evidence of the debt of the county, or any installment of interest thereon, is payable, or where money is directed by law to be paid at fixed times or intervals, as in the cases of officers entitled to an annual salary payable at stated intervals, the president and clerk of such county court, without such special order or appropriation, may make and deliver to the person entitled thereto an order on the county treasurer for any sum so due and payable.


WVC 7-5-6 §7-5-6. Form of orders.
All orders on the county treasurer shall be in form or effect as follows:

No........ $.......... county............. date ............

The sheriff will pay to A.B., or order, the sum of .......... dollars and .......... cents, allowed by special appropriation passed on the .......... day of ............., 19 ....., after deducting therefrom the amount of all State, county and other taxes and levies in his hands for collection against the said A.B.

E.F., Clerk.C.D., President.

Or instead of the words "allowed by special appropriation passed on the ........... day of ............, 19 .....," there may be inserted therein, according to the fact, the words "for county bond due,""for interest due," or "for month's salary," or other words specifying a lawful cause for such order; and no such order shall be rendered invalid by a defect of form.


WVC 7-5-7 §7-5-7. Payment of legitimate uncontested invoices; interest on late payments; "Prompt Pay Act of 1995."
(a) Any properly registered and qualified vendor who supplies services or commodities to any county, or agency thereof, shall be entitled to prompt payment upon presentation to that county or agency of a legitimate uncontested invoice.

(b) (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, for purchases of services or commodities made on or after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-five, a check shall be issued in payment thereof within sixty days after a legitimate uncontested invoice is received by the county or agency receiving the services or commodities. Any check issued after such sixty days shall include interest at the current rate, as determined by the state tax commissioner under the provisions of section seventeen-a, article ten, chapter eleven of this code, which interest shall be calculated from the sixty-first day after the invoice was received by the county or agency until the date on which the check is mailed to the vendor: Provided, That this section shall not apply if payment cannot be made within the sixty-day period because of unforeseen budgetary constraints.

(2) For purposes of this subsection, an invoice shall be deemed to be received by a county, or agency thereof, on the date on which the invoice is marked as received by the county or agency, or the date of the postmark made by the United States postal service as evidenced on the envelope in which the invoice is mailed, whichever is earlier, unless the vendor can provide sufficient evidence that the invoice was received by the county or agency on an earlier date: Provided, That in the event an invoice is received by a county, or agency thereof, prior to the date on which the commodities or services covered by the invoice are delivered and accepted or fully performed and accepted, the invoice shall be deemed to be received on the date on which the commodities or services covered by the invoice were actually delivered and accepted or fully performed and accepted.

(c) The sheriff shall deduct the amount of any interest due for late payment of an invoice from any appropriate account of the agency responsible for the late payment: Provided, That if two or more agencies are responsible for the late payment, the sheriff shall deduct the amount of interest due on a pro rata basis.

(d) The county or agency initially receiving a legitimate uncontested invoice shall process the invoice for payment within ten days from its receipt. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall render the county or agency liable for payment of the interest mandated by this section when there is a failure to promptly pay a legitimate uncontested invoice: Provided, That a county agency shall not be liable for payment of interest owed by another county agency under this section.

(e) Any other county agency charged by law with processing a county agency's requisition for payment of a legitimate uncontested invoice shall either process the claim or reject it for good cause within ten days after the agency receives it. Failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall render the county agency liable for payment of the interest mandated by this section when there is a failure to promptly pay a legitimate uncontested invoice: Provided, That a county agency shall not be liable for payment of interest owed by another county agency under this section.

(f) For purposes of this section, the term "agency" means any agency, department, board, office, bureau, commission, authority or any other entity of county government.

(g) This section may be cited as the "Prompt Pay Act of 1995."


WVC 7 - 5 - 7 A §7-5-7a. Authorization for Purchase Card utilization.
Notwithstanding any other code provision to the contrary, any county or county agency may participate in a purchasing card program for local governments authorized and administered by the State Auditor as an alternative payment method.


WVC 7-5-8 §7-5-8. Demand before suit.
No suit shall be brought against a county court for any demand for a specified sum of money founded on contract, except an order on the county treasury, until such demand has been presented to such court and been disallowed by it in whole or in part. But if the court neglect or refuse to act on such demand by the close of the first session after that at which it is so presented, or of the second session after it is filed with the clerk for presentation, it shall be deemed to have been duly presented and disallowed.


WVC 7-5-9 §7-5-9. Exemption of county property from execution; enforcing payment of order or judgment.
The land, buildings, furniture and books belonging to a county, and used for county purposes, shall not be subject to execution or other process; but the county court shall issue an order on the treasury to satisfy any judgment or decree against the county, upon presentation of a copy thereof properly certified by the clerk of the court by which it was rendered. When any order on the county treasury has been presented to the sheriff without obtaining payment, or the sheriff has evaded or hindered such presentation, it shall be lawful for the person entitled to the money due on such order, judgment, or decree, to petition any court having jurisdiction, or a judge thereof in vacation, for a writ of mandamus, to be directed to the county court of such county, commanding it to provide for the payment of such money, by and out of the next county levy to be made in the county, or show sufficient cause why it should not be compelled to do so; which writ shall be returnable as the court or judge awarding the same may order. Upon such writ such proceedings shall be had as are prescribed by law in other like cases, and the court (but not the judge in vacation) may, if the case justify it, award a peremptory mandamus, directed to such court, to provide in the next county levy to be thereafter made, for what shall appear to be due to the said complainant, with interest and cost. To any judgment or order of a circuit court under this section a writ of error or supersedeas may be granted on like principles and rules as in other cases.


WVC 7-5-10 §7-5-10. County orders receivable for taxes and fees.
Every officer charged with the collection of taxes for any fiscal year and officers' fees shall receive in payment thereof, at par, any county order or draft issued in payment of any claim arising during said fiscal year for which were levied the taxes for the payment of which such draft is offered drawn on such officer pursuant to law, to the amount that such taxes are levied for the same fund against which such draft or order is drawn, if such draft be then due and payable, and if the person offering the same in payment be the person entitled thereto at the time it is so offered.

And if the amount due on such order or draft be more than the amount to be collected for the fund against which the draft is drawn from the person so offering the same in payment, the officer shall pay the balance due thereon if he have in his hands any money applicable to such payment; and if not he shall endorse thereon the amount of taxes or fees held by him against such person for which the draft is acceptable and that he has no money in his hands applicable to the payment of the balance thereof, and thereupon the holder of such order shall have the right to have issued to him new orders; one for the amount of the taxes endorsed on the original order, and the other for the remainder of such original order, and such original order shall be canceled. No such officer shall be required to accept in payment in whole or in part of any taxes for any fund, any order or draft drawn in any year preceding the fiscal year for which said taxes were levied and are being collected.


WVC 7-5-11 §7-5-11. Discounting or purchasing orders.
If any such sheriff, collector or deputy, or officer or person charged with the custody or disbursement of state, county, district or municipal taxes or other public money shall discount, or, directly or indirectly, either alone or in connection with another, purchase any draft or order made or drawn upon him, payable out of any such taxes or moneys, for a less sum than is specified therein, he shall forfeit five times the amount of such discount, or of the sum less than the amount specified in such draft or order realized by such purchaser, one half of which shall go to the person entitled to such draft or order at the time of such discount or purchase, and the other half to the state, county, district, or municipality, as the case may be.


WVC 7-5-12 §7-5-12. Refusal to pay orders.
If any such officers as hereinbefore mentioned shall fail or refuse to pay any draft or order lawfully drawn upon him, when he has, or by the use of due diligence in the collection of the taxes and moneys applicable to the payment of such draft, or order, might have had, in his hands, moneys sufficient to pay the same, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, fined not less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars, one half of which fine shall go to the person injured by such failure or refusal, and the other half to the state.


WVC 7-5-13 §7-5-13. Failure to account for taxes or moneys.
If any officer whose duty it is to collect or disburse any state, county, district or municipal taxes or moneys, shall fail to pay over and account for the same, or any part thereof, as required by law, in any year, the proper state, county, district, or municipal authority or authorities may withhold from such officer the collection of any such taxes or moneys, or the disbursement thereof, for the next succeeding year, and may appoint a collector or disbursing officer of such taxes or moneys in lieu of such officer in such manner as is or may be prescribed by law. The court, board, council, officer or officers making such appointment shall take from such collector or officer a bond with good security, in a penalty double the amount of the moneys which will probably come into his hands by virtue of his appointment, payable to the state of West Virginia, and conditioned as the law directs.


WVC 7-5-14 §7-5-14. Vacancy in office of sheriff; collection of taxes and fee bills by successor.
In all cases in which a vacancy may occur in the office of sheriff, by resignation or removal, all taxes and all fee bills remaining uncollected in the hands of such sheriff at the time of his resignation or removal shall be delivered to and collected by the person elected or appointed to fill the vacancy caused by such resignation or removal. This section shall in no case affect or impair the obligation of the bond given by the sheriff who may have resigned or been removed, nor any liability incurred by him and his official sureties prior to his resignation or removal.


WVC 7 - 5 - 15 §7-5-15. Annual statement of sheriff of fines and costs received from magistrates; payment into state treasury.
The sheriff shall annually, during the month of January, render under oath to the auditor a true statement of the account of all fines and costs collected by magistrates and transmitted to him or her and pay into the treasury of the state, the net proceeds of fines and costs as exhibited by the account, to be appropriated as directed by section 5, article XII of the constitution of this state. Failure to do this is a breach of his or her official duty. For the purposes of this section, the net proceeds of such fines and costs are the proceeds remaining after deducting therefrom: (1) The cost of auditing the accounts of magistrates by the chief inspector's office; (2) the amounts of costs and fees paid into the regional jail and correctional facility authority fund of the state treasury by the clerk in the manner provided by section four-a, article three, chapter fifty of this code; (3) until a regional facility is provided pursuant to article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code, the expenses and costs of operation and maintenance of the county jail or a regional correctional facility, other than a facility provided pursuant to article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code, operated jointly with one or more other county or counties, and of constructing, reconstructing and renovating any jail facility used for county prisoners and of periodic payments, if any, for the establishment of a jail improvement fund in the manner provided by section nine, article one of this chapter for constructing, reconstructing or renovating any jail facility used for county prisoners; and (4) after a regional facility is made available to the county pursuant to article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code, the expenses and costs of operation of the jail for the county in the form of the per day costs required to be paid into a regional jail and correctional facility authority fund pursuant to subsection (h), section ten, article twenty, chapter thirty-one of this code, the periodic payments, if any, for the establishment of a jail improvement fund in the manner provided by section nine, article one of this chapter, which shall thereafter be transmitted to the state treasurer and deposited in a regional jail and correctional facility authority fund, and the funds expended by the respective counties, if any, for expenses incurred in housing prisoners in local jail facilities used as holding facilities.


WVC 7 - 5 - 16 §7-5-16. Preparation, publication and disposition of financial statements.
(a) The county commission of every county, within ninety days after the first session held after the beginning of each fiscal year, shall prepare on a form to be prescribed by the state tax commissioner, and cause to be published a statement revealing: (1) The receipts and expenditures of the county during the previous fiscal year arranged under descriptive headings; (2) the name of each firm, corporation, and person who received more than fifty dollars from any fund during the previous fiscal year, together with the amount received and the purpose for which paid; and (3) all debts of the county, the purpose for which each debt was contracted, its due date, and to what date the interest thereon has been paid. The statement shall be published as a Class I-0 legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county: Provided, That all salaries, receipts and expenditures to all county employees by office or department may be published in the aggregate.

(b) The county commission shall transmit to any resident of the county requesting the same a copy of the published statement for the fiscal year designated, supplemented by a list of the names of each firm, corporation and person who received less than fifty dollars from any fund during such fiscal year showing the amount paid to each, the purpose for which paid and an itemization of the salaries, receipts and expenditures to all county employees by office or department otherwise published in the aggregate.

(c) If a county commission willfully fails or refuses to perform the duties hereinbefore named, every member of the commission, concurring in such failure or refusal, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty nor more than one hundred dollars; and the prosecuting attorney of any county shall, when the failure or refusal shall come to his knowledge, immediately present the evidence thereof to the grand jury if in session, and if not in session, he shall institute proper criminal proceedings before a magistrate against any offender, and cause the failure or refusal to be investigated by the next succeeding grand jury.

(d) Where in subsections (a) and (b), salaries, receipts and expenditures are published in the aggregate, the county commission shall, upon written request, provide to any resident of the county an itemized accounting of such salaries, receipts and expenditures.


WVC 7-5-17 §7-5-17. Authority of county officials or employees to become members of voluntary associations.
Any county official or employee is hereby authorized to become associated and to participate as a member in any voluntary state association or organization, in the discretion of the county court, from which benefits commensurate with the expense will be derived by the county. The county court is authorized to expend funds for such purpose and to reimburse such person or persons for the actual amount expended by him for food and lodging while in attendance at meetings of such associations, within this state, with mileage not to exceed the rate of ten cents per mile, to be computed according to the distance by the nearest practicable route for travel to and from such meeting.


WVC 7-5-17A §7-5-17a. Triennial audits by certain associations and organizations receiving county funds.
(a) Any voluntary association or other membership organization, whether nonprofit or for profit, the majority of the membership of which is comprised of counties of this state or of persons who hold elected or appointed county offices in this state, and which annually receives more than five thousand dollars in public moneys from the various counties of this state to pay the membership dues of counties or elected or appointed county officials, shall file with the secretary of tax and revenue on a triennial basis, beginning the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-seven, an audit of the receipt and disbursement of funds. The period covered by the audit shall be the previous three years or for the years since the last such audit.

(b) Any audit required by the provisions of this section shall be performed by an independent certified public accountant.

(c) Any voluntary association or membership organization subject to the provisions of this section which fails or refuses to file an audit shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars nor more than five thousand dollars.


WVC 7-5-18 §7-5-18. Membership and participation in area development corporations.
A county court is hereby authorized and empowered to become associated with and to participate as a member of any area development corporation organized as a nonstock, nonprofit corporation under the provisions of chapter thirty-one of the code for the purposes of promoting, developing and advancing the business prosperity and economic welfare of the area embraced, its citizens and its industrial complex; encouraging and assisting through loans, investments or other business transactions in locating new business and industry within such area and rehabilitating and assisting existing businesses and industries therein, stimulating and promoting the expansion of all kinds of business and industrial activity which will tend to advance, develop, maintain the economic stability and provide maximum opportunities for employment in such area; cooperating and acting in conjunction with other organizations, federal, state or local, in the promotion and advancement of industrial, commercial, agricultural and recreational developments within such area; and furnishing money and credit, land and industrial sites, technical assistance and such other aid as may be deemed requisite for the promotion, development and conduct of all types of business, agricultural and recreational activities within such area.

A county court shall likewise be authorized and empowered to contribute to the cost of the operations and projects of such area development corporation by appropriating for such purposes money from its general funds not otherwise appropriated. A county court is likewise authorized and empowered, notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, to transfer and convey to such area development corporation property of any kind heretofore acquired by the said county court for or adaptable to use in industrial and economic development, such transfers or conveyances to be without consideration or for such price and upon such terms and conditions as such county court shall deem proper.

A county court shall require as a condition of any such contribution, appropriation, transfer or conveyance that the area development corporation receiving the same shall, within thirty days after the close of the quarter, make to such county court a report containing an itemized statement of its receipts and disbursements during the preceding quarter, and make available to audit and examination by the office of the state tax commissioner of West Virginia and any other proper public official or body its books, records and accounts.


WVC 7-5-19 §7-5-19. Liability insurance for county officers and employees.
Every county shall have plenary power and authority to contract and expend public funds for the purchase of one or more policies of public liability insurance, with or without a sharing in the cost thereof by the officers, agents and employees of such county, providing the county and its officers, agents and employees insurance coverage for legal liability of said county and its officers, agents and employees for bodily injury, personal injury or damage (including, but not limited to, false arrest and false imprisonments) and property damage, and affording said county and its officers, agents and employees insurance coverage against any and all legal liability arising from, growing out of, by reason of or in any way connected with, any acts or omissions of said county, or its officers, agents or employees in the performance of their official duties. So long as the coverage aforesaid is obtained and remains in full force and effect as to the law-enforcement officers of a county, the bond specified in section five, article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code shall not be required as to such police officers.


WVC 7-5-20 §7-5-20. Group insurance programs authorized.
Every county through its county court shall have plenary power and authority to negotiate for, secure and adopt for the officers and regular employees thereof, other than provisional, temporary, emergency and intermittent employees, who are in officer or employee status with such county on and after the effective date of this section, a policy or policies of group insurance written by a carrier or carriers chartered under the laws of any state and duly licensed to do business in this state and covering life; health; hospital care; surgical or medical diagnosis, care and treatment; drugs and medicines; remedial care; other medical supplies and services; or any other combination of these; and any other policy or policies of group insurance which in the discretion of the county court bear a reasonable relationship to the foregoing coverages. The provisions and terms of any such group plan or plans of insurance shall be approved in writing by the insurance commissioner of this state as to form, rate and benefits.

The county court is hereby authorized and empowered to pay the entire premium cost, or any portion thereof of said group policy or policies. Whenever the above described officers or regular employees shall indicate in writing that they have subscribed to any of the aforesaid insurance plans on a group basis and the entire cost thereof is not paid by the county court, the county court is hereby authorized and empowered to make periodic premium deductions of the amount of the contribution each such subscribing officer or employee is required to make for such participation from the salary or wage payments due each such subscribing officer or employee as specified in a written assignment furnished to the county clerk by each such subscribing officer or employee.

When a participating officer or employee shall retire from his office or employment, he may, if he so elects and the insurance carrier or carriers agree, remain a member of the group plan by paying the entire premium for coverage involved.


WVC 7-5-21 §7-5-21. Annual and sick leave for county employees.
The county commission of any county is hereby authorized to grant county employees annual and sick leave benefits.


WVC 7-5-22 §7-5-22. County solid waste assessment fees authorized.
Each county or regional solid waste authority is hereby authorized to impose a similar solid waste assessment fee to that imposed by section eleven, article fifteen, chapter twenty-two of this code at a rate not to exceed fifty cents per ton or part thereof upon the disposal of solid waste in that county or region. All assessments due shall be applied to the reasonable costs of administration of the county's regional or county solid waste authority including the necessary and reasonable expenses of its members, and any other expenses incurred from refuse cleanup, litter control programs, or any solid waste programs deemed necessary to fulfill its duties.


WVC 7-5-23 §7-5-23. Voluntary direct deposits by county treasurer of salaries of employees to banks or other financial institutions.
Any officer or employee of a county of West Virginia may authorize that his net wages be deposited directly to his account in any bank or other financial institution within this state. The direct deposits may be authorized on a form provided by the county. Upon execution of such authorization and its receipt by the county treasurer, the direct deposits shall be made in the manner specified on the form and remitted to the designated bank or other financial institution on or before the day or days the officer or employee is due his net wages. Direct deposit authorizations may be revoked at any time thirty days prior to the date on which the direct deposit is regularly made and on a form to be provided by the county treasurer.


WVC 7 - 5 - 24 §7-5-24. Sheriff may commence civil action without paying fees and costs; fees and costs recoverable from defendants after completion of litigation.
The sheriff will not be required to pay any filing fee, cost, bond or security, as may otherwise be required of other civil litigants by provisions of this code, in any action in which the sheriff commences the action in his or her official capacity or on behalf of the county government: Provided, That where the sheriff or county government prevails in the action and any filing fees, costs, bond or security are recovered from the opposing party, the sheriff shall pay therefrom the fees, costs, bond or security to the officer who otherwise would have been entitled thereto but for the provisions of this section.


WVC -5A- ARTICLE 5A. LOANS FROM GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES TO LIQUIDATE CERTAIN INDEBTEDNESS.


WVC 7-5A-1 §7-5A-1. Loans authorized.
The several county courts of West Virginia, for and on behalf of each county thereof, are authorized and empowered to borrow not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars from the reconstruction finance corporation or other governmental agencies, for the sole purpose of liquidating indebtedness incurred by the said court prior to May first, one thousand nine hundred thirty-three, said liquidation and payment of debts to include all indebtedness chargeable to said counties. Said loans to extend over a period of twenty years.


WVC 7-5A-2 §7-5A-2. Liquidating fund of county indebtedness.
There is hereby created a special fund which shall be designated and known as a liquidating fund of county indebtedness and the money derived from said loan shall be deposited to the credit of said liquidating fund by the said county court and the same shall be disbursed in the manner herein provided.


WVC 7-5A-3 §7-5A-3. Notice requiring presentation of outstanding claims.
When the aforesaid funds have been received and properly credited as herein provided, the clerks of the said county courts shall cause notice to be published in two newspapers in general circulation in their respective counties that all outstanding claims drawn on county funds, which are due and unpaid, shall be presented to their respective county courts for liquidation and cancellation.


WVC 7-5A-4 §7-5A-4. Time for presentation of unpaid claims; payment by drafts; balance deposited in sinking fund.
All persons, firms or corporations holding any claims drawn on county funds of their county, and which are due and unpaid, shall present the same for payment and cancellation to the county court of said county within thirty days of the date of said notice, whereupon the said county court shall proceed to pay off and liquidate such claims by issuing drafts on said liquidating fund of said county for the aggregate amount of all claims held by such persons, firms or corporation, plus interest that may have accrued thereon, and such cancelled claims shall be filed by the county clerk: Provided, That no check, draft or order drawn on said fund, shall be paid or honored by any bank or depository until the same has been countersigned by the prosecuting attorney of said county.

If any balance remains in said fund after the aforesaid thirty days have expired, then the county courts of the several counties shall deposit the same to the credit of the sinking fund as hereinafter provided and created.


WVC 7-5A-5 §7-5A-5. Creation of sinking fund; loan may be repaid after five years.
The said county courts shall set apart a sufficient amount from the taxes, levied and collected annually, to create a sinking fund for the repayment of the aforesaid loan on the basis of five percent of the principal plus the interest thereon annually. Any county court, after a period of five years from the date of said loan, if it has sufficient funds on hand, may pay off and discharge the whole amount of the money so borrowed.


WVC -6- ARTICLE 6. COUNTY DEPOSITORIES.


WVC 7-6-1 §7-6-1. Designation of depositories.
On or before the thirtieth day of June, of each year, the county commission of every county shall, by order of record, designate all of the banking institutions, as defined in section two, article one, chapter thirty-one-a of this code, situated in the county and duly incorporated under the laws of any state, or organized under the laws of the United States, as depositories of public moneys: Provided, That in any county where no such banking institutions exist, or where such banking institutions fail, refuse or neglect to comply with all the provisions and conditions of this article, the county commission shall designate some qualified banking institution in some other county of this state convenient to the county seat. Risk and expense of making deposits in county depositories located outside of the county seat shall be borne by the banking institution in which the deposits are made. When any banking institution, designated by the county commission as provided by this section, has complied with all of the requirements and provisions of this article, the commission shall declare it a county depository.


WVC 7 - 6 - 2 §7-6-2. Bond of depositories.
No designation is binding on any county, nor shall any public money be deposited thereunder, until the banking institution designated executes a bond with good and sufficient sureties, to be accepted and approved by the county commission, payable to the State of West Virginia, in a sum as the county commission shall direct, and which may not be less than the maximum sum that is deposited in the depository at any one time. The bond shall be executed by at least four resident freeholders as sureties owning in the aggregate unencumbered real estate having an assessed valuation thereon equal to the penalty of the bond, or by a fidelity or indemnity company authorized to do business within the State, satisfactory to, and acceptable by the county commission, and having not less than six hundred thousand dollars capital; and the bond shall be conditioned for the receipt, safekeeping and payment over of all money which may be deposited in or come under the custody of the banking institution designated a county depository under the provisions hereof, together with the interest thereon at the rate specified by this article; and the bond shall be further conditioned for the faithful performance, by the banking institution so designated, of all the duties imposed by this article upon a depository of public moneys: Provided, That the clerk of the county commission shall keep a record of each surety on all personal bonds given as hereinbefore provided and the clerk shall notify the county commission of every recorded conveyance of real estate made by any surety on said personal bond.

An action shall lie on the bond at the instance of the county commission, or the sheriff, for the recovery of any money deposited in the depository, upon failure or default of the depository to fully and faithfully account for and pay over any and all public moneys deposited by the sheriff and of all interests earned and accrued thereon as required by this article. A bond may not be accepted by the county commission until it has been submitted to the prosecuting attorney, and certified by him or her to be in due and legal form, and conformable to the provisions of this article, which certificate shall be endorsed thereon: Provided, That the county commission may, in lieu of the bond provided hereinbefore, accept as security for money deposited as aforesaid, interest-bearing securities of the United States, or of a state, county, district or municipal corporation, or of the federal land banks, or endorsed county and district warrants of the county in which the depository is located, or letters of credit of the federal land banks, or federal home loan banks, or any other letters of credit approved by the treasurer; the face value of which securities may not be less than the sum hereinbefore specified as the amount to be named in the bond in lieu of which the securities are accepted; or the county commission may accept the securities as partial security to the extent of their face value for the money so deposited, and require bond for the remainder of the full amount hereinbefore specified, to be named in the bond, and in the bond so required, the acceptance of securities as partial security, and the extent thereof, shall be set forth: Provided, however, That a banking institution is not required to provide a bond or security in lieu of bond if the deposits accepted are placed in certificates of deposit meeting the following requirements: (1) The funds are invested through a designated state depository selected by the county; (2) the selected depository arranges for the deposit of the funds in certificates of deposit in one or more banks or savings and loan associations wherever located in the United States, for the account of the county; (3) the full amount of principal and accrued interest of each certificate of deposit is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; (4) the selected depository acts as custodian for the county with respect to such certificates of deposit issued for the county's account; and (5) at the same time that the county's funds are deposited and the certificates of deposit are issued, the selected depository receives an amount of deposits from customers of other financial institutions wherever located in the United States equal to or greater than the amount of the funds invested by the county through the selected depository. The hypothecation of the securities shall be by proper legal transfer as collateral security to protect and indemnify by trust any and all loss in case of any default on the part of the banking institution in its capacity as depository as aforesaid. All the securities shall be delivered to or deposited for the account of the county commission, and withdrawal or substitution thereof may be permitted from time to time upon approval by the county commission by order of record, but the collateral security shall be released only by order of record of the county commission when satisfied that full and faithful accounting and payment of all the moneys has been made under the provisions hereof. In the event actual possession of the hypothecated securities are delivered to the county commission, it shall make ample provision for the safekeeping thereof and the interest thereon when paid shall be turned over to the banking institution, so long as it is not in default as aforesaid. The county commission may permit the deposit under proper receipt of the securities with one or more banking institutions within or without the State of West Virginia and may contract with any institution for safekeeping and exchange of any hypothecated securities, and may prescribe the rules for handling and protecting the same.


WVC 7-6-3 §7-6-3. Additional security; failure of depository to comply with article; removal of moneys; cessation of business.
The banking institutions designated in the manner hereinbefore provided shall, upon the acceptance by the county court of the bond and/or upon the hypothecation of the securities, as provided for hereinbefore, be the depositories of public moneys, and remain such for one year, but the county court, at any time it deems the same necessary, may require additional security from a depository in such sum as the court shall by order designate; and if a depository refuse or neglect, for the period prescribed by the court, to give such additional security, or to comply with the provisions of this article, the court may order the removal of the public moneys therefrom to some other depository and if no other county depository is available at the time, then to some reliable banking institution to be the depository thereof temporarily. Such removal, and all other removals, ordered by the county court under the provisions of this article, shall be made by order of record and upon the check of the county treasurer, countersigned by the county clerk, after notice to such depository. In the event any county depository shall cease to do business or shall suspend business, its rights as a depository shall cease, and the funds on deposit with it shall be transferred to the other depositories of the county, but in the event there is no other approved depository in the county, and pending the designation and approval of another depository, the county treasurer shall deposit public funds coming into his hands, in some reliable banking institution, designated by the county court as a temporary depository, until a depository is designated and approved in the manner herein prescribed. If the money, in case of such removal, be deposited in a banking institution, designated as a temporary depository, such banking institution shall, before the receipt by it of any such money, enter into a bond or hypothecate securities as required by this article; and the county court shall at once proceed to designate a new depository under this article.


WVC 7-6-4 §7-6-4. Deposit and disbursement of moneys by sheriff.
The sheriff, upon receipt of a certified copy of the order of the county court, showing that a depository has been designated and bond accepted in compliance with the provisions of this article, and naming the depository or depositories, shall deposit therein to the credit of the county treasurer all public money in his possession, except such as may be necessary to meet current demands; and, thereafter, he shall make daily deposits in the public depositories of all public money received by him, except as hereinafter provided, the deposit of such money to be made as early as practicable after the receipt or collection thereof, and such money shall be payable by the depository only on an order issued by the county court, after such order has been endorsed by the county treasurer directing payment by the depository. If at any time the cash in the hands of the sheriff is not sufficient to meet current demands, he is authorized to withdraw sufficient cash from the depository to meet such current demands, such withdrawals to be made by check drawn by the sheriff and countersigned by the county clerk. Such current demands shall not be anticipated more than a week in advance. All moneys due the sheriff are to be drawn from the depository on an order issued by the sheriff. At the end of each month the president and clerk of the county court shall sign proper orders on the sheriff, in his favor, to pay him the moneys due him. All moneys belonging to the state, or any municipality, or board of education, shall be disbursed from the depository on a check drawn by the sheriff, payable to the auditor of the state of West Virginia, or to the treasurer of the municipality or to the treasurer of the county board of education, unless the sheriff is designated as the treasurer, as provided in section six, article nine, chapter eighteen of this code.


WVC 7-6-5 §7-6-5. Interest on deposits.
The county treasurer is authorized to establish with such depositories two accounts, one to be designated "demand deposit account" and the other to be designated "time deposit account." When it appears to any of the various fiscal bodies of the county that funds on deposit in its demand deposit account exceed the current requirements or demands, or that funds should be deposited in the time deposit account, and that a transfer or deposit of such funds or a portion thereof to or in the time deposit account would earn interest thereon, the treasurer shall, with the approval in writing of each fiscal body whose funds are involved, transfer or deposit such funds or a portion of such funds to said time deposit account.

The depositories shall pay interest on public funds deposited therein in time deposit accounts at a rate of interest equal to but not more than that paid by such depositories on private funds deposited in similar time deposit accounts. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as requiring the transfer or deposit of any portion of public funds to time deposit accounts and such shall not be done except at the direction of a fiscal body. When interest is credited to any such time deposit account, the depository shall report in writing the amount thereof to the clerk of the county court and the treasurer, each separately, before noon of the next business day. All of such interest shall be allocated by the treasurer to each fiscal body whose funds were on deposit in such time deposit account, such allocation to be made on the basis of the amount of funds of each fiscal body in such time deposit account and the length of time each body's funds were in such account. Within ten days after receipt of the depository's report showing that interest has been credited to such time deposit account, the treasurer shall make the foregoing allocation of interest and report the same to each of the fiscal bodies whose funds are involved.


WVC 7-6-5a §7-6-5a. County treasurer authorized to make funds available to state board of investments; allocation of income.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this code, when it appears to any of the various fiscal bodies of the county that funds on deposit in its demand deposit account exceed the current requirements or demands, and it further be determined by the county treasurer that the available interest rate offered by an acceptable depository in such treasurer's county be less than the interest rate, net of administrative fees referred to in article six, chapter twelve of this code, offered it through the state board of investments, the county treasurer may, with the approval in writing of each fiscal body whose funds are involved, make such funds available to the state board of investments for investment in accordance with the provisions of said article six, chapter twelve of the code.

Any income earned on such investment shall be allocated by such treasurer to the fiscal body whose funds were made available, such allocation to be made in accordance with the accounting and allocation principles established by the board of investments.


WVC 7-6-6 §7-6-6. Monthly statement of amount of deposits.
On the first business day of each month a county depository under the provisions of this article shall furnish to the clerk of the county court a written statement, showing the amount on deposit to the credit of the county treasurer at the close of each day of the preceding month, which statement shall be filed and kept in the office of the clerk of the county court, as part of the public records.


WVC 7-6-7 §7-6-7. Account of deposits and disbursements.
The treasurer shall keep an account with each depository showing each deposit and disbursement. The depository upon payment of any order or draft drawn by authority of the county court or board of education on the treasurer, and indorsed by him for payment, or upon payment of any check drawn by the treasurer for the purposes herein authorized, shall cancel the same, showing clearly the payment thereof and the date of payment. The orders or drafts and checks so paid shall be delivered by the depository to the treasurer upon his demand, and the orders or drafts shall be by him preserved for settlement with the county court, and the checks shall be filed and preserved as part of the records of his office.


WVC 7-6-8 §7-6-8. Meaning of "public moneys."
The term "public moneys," as used in this article, shall include all money which by law the sheriff in his capacity as such, and as treasurer of the county and districts, is authorized to collect, receive and disburse for public purposes, including state, county, districts, school districts, independent school districts and municipalities.


WVC 7-6-9 §7-6-9. Liability of sheriff for violation of depository law.
If any sheriff shall willfully fail, refuse or neglect to comply with the requirements and provisions of this article, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not exceeding five hundred dollars, or confined in the county jail not exceeding six months, or both, and shall forfeit his office. When the sheriff shall have fully complied with all the provisions of this article, he shall not be held personally liable on account of any loss that the county or any district may sustain by reason of the default or failure of any such depository that has given bond approved by the county court.


WVC 7 - 7 - ARTICLE 7. COMPENSATION OF ELECTED COUNTY OFFICIALS.


WVC 7 - 7 - 1 §7-7-1. Legislative findings and purpose.

     (a) The Legislature finds that it has, since January 1, 2007, consistently and annually imposed upon the county commissioners, sheriffs, county and circuit clerks, assessors and prosecuting attorneys in each county new and additional duties by the enactment of new provisions and amendments to this code. The new and additional duties imposed upon the aforesaid county officials by these enactments are such that they would justify the increases in compensation as provided in section four of this article, without violating the provisions of section thirty-eight, article VI of the Constitution of West Virginia.

     (b) The Legislature further finds that there are, from time to time, additional duties imposed upon all county officials through the acts of the Congress of the United States and that such acts constitute new and additional duties for county officials and, as such, justify the increases in compensation as provided by section four of this article, without violating the provisions of section thirty-eight, article VI of the Constitution of West Virginia.

     (c) The Legislature further finds that there is a direct correlation between the total assessed property valuations of a county on which the salary levels of the county commissioners, sheriffs, county and circuit clerks, assessors and prosecuting attorneys are based, and the new and additional duties that each of these officials is required to perform as they serve the best interests of their respective counties. Inasmuch as the reappraisal of the property valuations in each county has now been accomplished, the Legislature finds that a change in classification of counties by virtue of increased property valuations will occur on an infrequent basis. However, it is the further finding of the Legislature that when such change in classification of counties does occur, that new and additional programs, economic developments, requirements of public safety and the need for new services provided by county officials all increase, that the same constitute new and additional duties for county officials as their respective counties reach greater heights of economic development, as exemplified by the substantial increases in property valuations and, as such, justify the increases in compensation provided in section four of this article, without violating the provisions of section thirty-eight, article VI of the Constitution of West Virginia.

     (d) The Legislature further finds and declares that the amendments enacted to this article are intended to modify the provisions of this article so as to cause the same to be in full compliance with the provisions of the Constitution of West Virginia and to be in full compliance with the decisions of the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia.
WVC 7 - 7 - 2 §7-7-2. Establishment of county in-service training programs; further additional duties for prosecuting attorney in any county in excess of two hundred thousand.
     (a) There is hereby established county in-service training programs as hereinafter set forth.

     (b) The Attorney General is hereby authorized and directed to establish such in-service training programs as in his or her opinion will do most to assist the prosecuting attorneys in the performance of their duties. The Attorney General is authorized to accept any federal aid which may be made available or any financial assistance which may be available from any private nonprofit organization for the purposes of this section. The prosecuting attorney in any county having a population in excess of two hundred thousand shall also discharge the additional duties imposed upon him or her by the provisions of section thirteen-a, article five, chapter forty-nine of this code.

     (c) The State Auditor is hereby authorized and directed to establish such in-service training programs for county commissioners, county clerks, sheriffs and their assistants and employees as in his or her opinion will do most to modernize and improve the services of their respective offices. The State Auditor in conjunction with the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals is authorized and directed to establish such in-service training programs for circuit clerks and their assistants and employees. The State Tax Commissioner is authorized and directed to establish such in-service training programs for assessors and their assistants and employees. The State Tax Commissioner, State Auditor and the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals are authorized to accept any federal aid which may be made available or any financial assistance which may be available from any private nonprofit organization for the purpose of this article.

     (d) Each of the county officials mentioned in this section, and, at is or her option, one or more of his or her assistants, deputies and employees, shall participate in the programs established under this section.

     (e) The county commission is authorized and directed to expend funds for the purpose of reimbursing such officials and employees for the actual amount expended by them for food, lodging and registration while in attendance at authorized training for the purpose of this section.
WVC 7 - 7 - 3 §7-7-3. Classification of counties for purpose of determining compensation of elected county officials.
     (a) Effective July 1, 1996, and thereafter, for the purpose of determining the compensation of elected county officials, the counties of the State of West Virginia will be grouped into ten classes based on their assessed valuation of property, all classes. These ten classes and the minimum and maximum valuation of property, all classes, established to determine the classification of each county are as follows:

                  Minimum Assessed     Maximum Assessed

                  Valuation of Property Valuation of Property

Class  All Classes               All Classes

Class I   $ 2,000,000,000                         No Limit

Class II  $ 1,500,000,000                  $ 1,999,999,999

Class III $ 1,000,000,000                  $ 1,499,999,999

Class IV  $ 700,000,000                    $ 999,999,999

Class V   $ 600,000,000                    $ 699,999,999

Class VI  $ 500,000,000                    $ 599,999,999

Class VII $ 400,000,000                    $ 499,999,999

Class VIII                    $ 300,000,000        $ 399,999,999

Class IX  $ 200,000,000                    $ 299,999,999

Class X   $-0-                    $ 199,999,999

     (b) The assessed valuation of property, all classes, that shall be used as the base to determine the class of a county shall be the assessed valuation of property, all classes, of the county as certified by the county assessor, State Auditor and county clerk prior to March 29, 1996.

     (c) Prior to March 29, 1998, and each second year thereafter, the county commission of each county, shall determine if the assessed valuation of property, all classes, of the county, as certified by the county assessor, State Auditor and county clerk is within the minimum and maximum limits of a class above or below the class in which the county then is. If the county commission so determines, it shall record the new classification of the county with the State Auditor and State Tax Commissioner and record its action on its county commission record.

     (d) The classification of each county shall be subject to review by State Auditor. He or she shall determine if the classification of each county is correct based on the final assessed valuation of property, all classes, certified to him or her by the county assessor, State Auditor and county clerk. If he or she finds that a county is incorrectly classified, he or she shall notify the county commission of that county promptly of his or her finding and in any case shall notify the county prior to June 30 of that current fiscal year. Any county commission so notified shall correct its classification immediately and make any necessary corrections in the salaries of its elected county officials for the next fiscal year.

     (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of this article, whenever any other provision of this code refers to classifications of counties for purposes of imposing any right, duty or responsibility, the classification system set forth in subsection (a) of this section shall be utilized for determining the classification of a particular county.
WVC 7 - 7 - 4 §7-7-4. Compensation of elected county officials and county commissioners for each class of county; effective date.

  (1) The increased salaries to be paid to the county commissioners and the other elected county officials described in this section on and after July 1, 2014, are set out in subsections (5) and (7) of this section. Every county commissioner and elected county official in each county, whose term of office commenced prior to or on or after July 1, 2014, shall receive the same annual salary by virtue of legislative findings of extra duties as set forth in section one of this article.

  (2) Before the increased salaries, as set out in subsections (5) and (7) of this section, are paid to the county commissioners and the elected county officials, the following requirements must be met:

  (A) The Auditor has certified that the fiscal condition of the county, considering costs, revenues, liabilities and significant trends of the same; maintenance standards; and the commitment to the provision of county services has sufficiently improved over the previous fiscal years so that there exists an amount sufficient for the payment of the increase in the salaries set out in subsections (5) and (7) of this section and the related employment taxes: Provided, That the Auditor may not provide the certification for the payment of the increase in the salaries where any proposed annual county budget contains anticipated receipts which are unreasonably greater or lesser than that of the previous year. For purposes of this subsection, the term "receipts" does not include unencumbered fund balance or federal or state grants: Provided, however, That the Auditor shall not be held liable for relying upon information and data provided by a county commission in assessing the county's fiscal condition or a proposed annual county budget; and

  (B) Each county commissioner or other elected official described in this section in office on the effective date of the increased salaries provided by this section who desires to receive the increased salary shall have prior to that date filed in the office of the clerk of the county commission his or her written request for the salary increase. The salary for the person who holds the office of county commissioner or other elected official described in this section who fails to file the written request as required by this paragraph shall be the salary for that office in effect immediately prior to the effective date of the increased salaries provided by this section until the person vacates the office or his or her term of office expires, whichever first occurs.

  Any request for a salary increase shall use the following language:

  I, [name of office holder], the duly elected [name of office] in and for the County of [name of county], West Virginia, do hereby request a salary increase pursuant to W. Va. Code §7-7-4, as amended. This salary increase is effective July 1, 2014.

  [Signature of office holder]

  [Date]

  (3) If the Auditor has failed to certify that there is an amount sufficient for the payment of the increase in the salaries and the related employment taxes pursuant to this section, then the salaries of that county's elected officials and commissioners shall remain at the level in effect at the time certification was sought.

     (4) In any county having a tribunal in lieu of a county commission, the county commissioners of that county may be paid less than the minimum salary limits of the county commission for that particular class of the county.

     (5) Prior to July 1, 2014:

        COUNTY COMMISSIONERS

                      Class I$36,960

                      Class II$36,300

                      Class III$35,640

                      Class IV$34,980

                      Class V$34,320

                      Class VI$28,380

Class VII$27,720

                    Class VIII$25,080

                      Class IX$24,420

                      Class X$19,800

  After June 30, 2014:

                              COUNTY COMMISSIONERS

                      Class I                     $41,395

                      Class II                    $40,656

                      Class III                   $39,917

                      Class IV                    $39,178

                      Class V                     $38,438

                      Class VI                    $31,786

                      Class VII                   $31,046

                      Class VIII                  $28,090

                      Class IX                    $27,350

                      Class X                     $22,176

  (6) For the purpose of determining the salaries to be paid to the elected county officials of each county, the salaries for each county office by class, set out in subdivision (7) of this subsection, are established and shall be used by each county commission in determining the salaries of each of their county officials other than salaries of members of the county commission.

  (7) Prior to July 1, 2014:

             OTHER ELECTED OFFICIALS

                         CountyCircuit   Prosecuting

     SheriffClerkClerk  AssessorAttorney

Class I$44,880   $55,440   $55,440   $44,880$ 96,600

Class II$44,220$54,780   $54,780   $44,220    $ 94,400

Class III$43,890$53,460$53,460   $43,890    $ 92,200

Class IV$43,560$53,154   $53,154   $43,560    $ 90,000

Class V$43,230$52,800   $52,800   $43,230    $ 87,800

Class VI$42,900$49,500   $49,500   $42,900    $ 59,400

Class VII$42,570$48,840   $48,840   $42,570    $ 56,760

Class VIII$42,240$48,180   $48,180   $42,240    $ 54,120

Class IX$41,910$47,520   $47,520   $41,910    $ 50,160

Class X$38,280$42,240   $42,240   $38,280    $ 46,200

  After June 30, 2014:

                                         OTHER ELECTED OFFICIALS

                         CountyCircuit   Prosecuting

     SheriffClerk        Clerk  AssessorAttorney

Class I                $50,266   $62,093   $62,093   $50,266    $108,192

Class II               $49,526   $61,354   $61,354   $49,526    $105,728

Class III              $49,157   $59,875   $59,875   $49,157    $103,264

Class IV               $48,787   $59,532   $59,532   $48,787    $100,800

Class V                $48,418   $59,136   $59,136   $48,418    $98,336

Class VI               $48,048   $55,440   $55,440   $48,048    $66,528

Class VII              $47,678   $54,701   $54,701   $47,678    $63,571

Class VIII             $47,309   $53,962   $53,962   $47,309    $60,614

Class IX               $46,939   $53,222   $53,222   $46,939    $56,179

Class X                $42,874   $47,309   $47,309   $42,874    $51,744

  (8) Any county clerk, circuit clerk, county assessor, prosecuting attorney or sheriff of a Class I through Class V county, inclusive, any assessor or any sheriff of a Class VI through Class IX county, inclusive, shall devote full time to his or her public duties to the exclusion of any other employment: Provided, That any public official whose term of office begins when his or her county's classification imposes no restriction on his or her outside activities may not be restricted on his or her outside activities during the remainder of the term for which he or she is elected.
WVC 7 - 7 - 4 A §7-7-4a. Authorizing the option of full-time status for part-time prosecuting attorneys.
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section four of this article to the contrary, on or before the first day of January, two thousand nine, a county may not have a part-time prosecutor. The county commissions of counties in Class VI through X shall then compensate all prosecuting attorneys that have changed to full-time by virtue of this section at the same rate of compensation established for a prosecuting attorney in a Class V county: Provided, That, upon mutual agreement of the prosecuting attorney and the county commission, the prosecuting attorney may choose to remain a part-time prosecuting attorney.

(b) If, after the first day of January, two thousand nine, during the course of a term of office, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, any prosecutor who becomes full-time or chooses to remain part-time who believes that the responsibilities of his or her office either no longer requires a full-time position or believes that the duties of the part-time position have become full-time, may, by mutual agreement with the county commission, either return to part-time status or change to full-time status: Provided, That, if the decision to change to full-time or part-time status is made during an election year, the decision must be by mutual agreement between the county commission and the prosecutor-elect: Provided, however, That any prosecutor who returns to part-time status shall, thereafter, be compensated at the rate of compensation set forth in section four of this article for a prosecuting attorney of his or her class county and any prosecutor that changes to full-time status shall, thereafter, be compensated at the same rate of compensation established for a prosecuting attorney in a Class V county.

(c) If, after the first day of January, two thousand nine, any prosecutor or prosecutor-elect desires to change to full-time status and the county commission objects to such change due to an alleged financial condition of the county, then either party may request the State Auditor's office to examine the county's financial condition and certify whether or not there are sufficient funds to support a full-time position. The State Auditor shall then, within ninety days of such request, certify whether or not there are sufficient funds available to support a full-time prosecutor in the county. If the State Auditor certifies that there are sufficient funds available, then the prosecutor or prosecutor elect must be changed to full-time status and be compensated at the same rate of pay as a prosecutor in a Class V county.

(d) Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit a part-time prosecuting attorney from remaining part-time with the mutual agreement of the county commission.


WVC 7-7-5 §7-7-5.
Repealed.

Acts, 1996 Reg. Sess., Ch. 96.


WVC 7-7-5 §7-7-6.
Repealed.

Acts, 1996 Reg. Sess., Ch. 96.


WVC 7-7-6a §7-7-6a. Assessors; additional compensation; additional duties.
In addition to the salary or compensation provided elsewhere in this article, the county commission of each county shall pay to the assessor, on an annual basis, on and after July one, one thousand nine hundred seventy-seven, additional compensation in accordance with the provisions of this section and section six-b of this article for such additional duties required of him by this section.

To receive such additional compensation, the following duties are hereby imposed upon every assessor of this state:

(1) He shall annually complete a sales ratio analysis in a manner prescribed by the state tax commissioner.

(2) He shall present to the tax commissioner a list of real property transfers of the prior assessment year by December first annually.

(3) He shall on or before December first of each year supply a list of new construction and improvements exceeding one thousand dollars of the previous assessment year on forms prescribed by the state tax commissioner.

(4) He shall on or before December first of each year supply a list of new businesses added to the assessment rolls and businesses that have discontinued operations in the previous assessment year and been removed from the assessment rolls.

(5) He shall provide assistance to the tax commissioner to disseminate information with respect to the taxation, classification and valuation of nonutility and public utility property to the end that all property shall be more equally and uniformly assessed throughout the state.

(6) He shall annually assist the tax commissioner in determining the current use of such real property in his county as the tax commissioner may require to accomplish a uniform appraisal and assessment of real property.

The duties hereinbefore listed must be substantially completed by the assessor no later than the first day of November of each year, and each assessor shall certify to the tax commissioner that he has substantially completed such duties in accordance with requirements of the tax commissioner. If at this time there has been substantial completion of the above duties to the satisfaction of the tax commissioner, the tax commissioner shall, but no later than the fifteenth day of November of each year, certify to the county commission that the assessor has substantially performed these duties, and is entitled to the remuneration provided for in section six-b of this article.


WVC 7-7-6B §7-7-6b. Additional compensation of assessors according to county classification.
For the purpose of determining the additional compensation to be paid to the county assessor of each county for the additional duties provided by section six-a of this article, the following compensations for each county assessor by class, as provided in section three of this article, are hereby established and shall be used by each county commission in determining the compensation of each county assessor; for assessors in Class I - V counties, inclusive, fifteen thousand dollars; for assessors in Class VI and VII counties, ten thousand dollars; for assessors in Class VIII and IX counties, nine thousand dollars; for assessors in Class X counties, six thousand five hundred dollars.

Notwithstanding this section or any other section of the code to the contrary, in no event shall the additional compensation paid to the county assessors for performance of additional duties as provided in section six-a of this article be less than the additional compensation such county assessors received on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred seventy-six.


WVC 7-7-6c §7-7-6c. Additional compensation of assessor.
The county commission of each county shall allow the assessor a reasonable compensation, not exceeding ten percent of his salary, as provided by section four of this article, for such work as may be required of him under article one, chapter nineteen of this code, by the commissioner of agriculture, and no county commission shall allow pay to assessor for performance of duties herein prescribed until such assessor has received a certificate that his reports are completed and satisfactory to said commissioner.


WVC 7-7-6d §7-7-6d. Collection of head tax on dogs; duties of assessor and sheriff; registration of dogs; disposition of head tax; taxes on dogs not collected by assessor.
It shall be the duty of the county assessor and his deputies of each county within the state, at the time they are making assessment of the personal property within such county, to assess and collect a head tax of one dollar on each male or spayed female dog and of two dollars on each unspayed female dog; and in addition to the above, the assessor and his deputies shall have the further duty of collecting any such head tax on dogs as may be levied by the ordinances of each and every municipality within the county. In the event that the owner, keeper, or person having in his possession or allowing to remain on any premises under his control any dog above the age of six months, shall refuse or fail to pay such tax, when the same is assessed or within fifteen days thereafter, to the assessor or deputy assessor, then such assessor or deputy assessor shall certify such tax to the county dog warden; if there be no county dog warden he shall certify such tax to the county sheriff, who shall take charge of the dog for which the tax is delinquent and impound the same for a period of fifteen days, for which service he shall be allowed a fee of one dollar and fifty cents to be charged against such delinquent taxpayer in addition to the taxes herein provided for. In case the tax and impounding charge herein provided for shall not have been paid within the period of fifteen days, then the sheriff may sell the impounded dog and deduct the impounding charge and the delinquent tax from the amount received therefor, and return the balance, if any, to the delinquent taxpayer. Should the sheriff fail to sell the dog so impounded within the time specified herein, he shall kill such dog and dispose of its body.

At the same time as the head tax is assessed, the assessor and his deputies shall, on the forms prescribed under section four, article twenty, chapter nineteen of this code, take down the age, sex, color, character of hair (long or short) and breed (if known) and the name and address of the owner, keeper or harborer thereof. When the head tax, and extra charges, if any, are paid, the officer to whom payment is made shall issue a certificate of registration and a registration tag for such dog.

In addition to the assessment and registration above provided for, whenever a dog either is acquired or becomes six months of age after the assessment of the personal property of the owner, keeper or harborer thereof, the said owner, keeper or harborer of said dog shall, within ten days after the acquisition or maturation, register the said dog with the assessor, and pay the head tax thereon unless the prior owner, keeper or harborer paid the head tax.

All certificates of registration and registration tags issued pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be issued for the fiscal year and shall be valid from the date on which issued until the thirtieth day of June of that fiscal year, or until reissued by the assessor or his deputy in the regular performance of his duties, but in no case shall previous registration tags be valid after September thirtieth of the next ensuing fiscal year.

The assessor collecting the head tax on dogs shall be allowed a commission of ten percent upon all such taxes collected by him and shall turn in to the county treasurer ninety percent of such taxes so collected, as are levied by this section; and the assessor shall turn over to the treasurer or other proper officer of each and every municipality within the county ninety percent of such taxes levied by the ordinances of such municipality. All such dog taxes, except those belonging to municipalities, shall be accredited to the dog and kennel fund provided for in section ten, article twenty, chapter nineteen of this code. Such dog taxes as are collected for and turned over to municipalities shall be deposited by the proper officer of such municipality to such fund and shall be expended in such manner as the law of such municipality may provide. All taxes on dogs not collected by the assessor shall be collected by the regular tax collecting officer of the county and placed to the credit of the dog and kennel fund.


WVC 7 - 7 - 6 E §7-7-6e. Collection of head tax on sheep and goats; duties of county assessors and Commissioner of Agriculture; deposit of tax collections; creation of special revenue fund; purposes.
After the thirtieth day of June, two thousand five, it shall be the duty of the county assessor and his or her deputies of each county within the state, at the time they are making assessments of the personal property within such county, to assess and collect an assessment of one dollar on all breeding age sheep and one dollar on all breeding age goats.

The assessor collecting the assessment on breeding age sheep and goats shall be allowed a commission of ten percent upon all such taxes collected and shall send the Commissioner of Agriculture ninety percent of such taxes so collected, who shall deposit the same in a special account in the State Treasury to be known as the "Integrated Predation Management Fund." Expenditures from the Fund shall be for the purposes set forth in this section and are not authorized from collections but are to be made only in accordance with appropriation by the Legislature and in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twelve of this code and upon the fulfillment of the provisions set forth in article two, chapter eleven-b of this code: Provided, That for the fiscal year ending the thirtieth day of June, two thousand six, expenditures are authorized from collections rather than pursuant to an appropriation by the Legislature.

The money in the Fund shall be used by the Commissioner solely to enter into a cooperative service agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and Wildlife Services (WS) to expand the Coyote Control Program statewide.

Any person who does not pay this assessment is not eligible for the services provided by this cooperative agreement.


WVC 7 - 7 - 7 §7-7-7. County assistants, deputies and employees; their number and compensation; county budget.
  (a) The county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor and prosecuting attorney, by and with the advice and consent of the county commission, may appoint and employ, to assist them in the discharge of their official duties for and during their respective terms of office, assistants, deputies and employees. The county clerk may designate one or more of his or her assistants as responsible for all probate matters.

  (b) The county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor and prosecuting attorney shall, prior to March 2 of each year, file with the county commission a detailed request for appropriations for anticipated or expected expenditures for their respective offices, including the compensation for their assistants, deputies and employees, for the ensuing fiscal year.

  (c) The county commission shall, prior to March 29 of each year by order fix the total amount of money to be expended by the county for the ensuing fiscal year, which amount shall include the compensation of county assistants, deputies and employees. Each county commission shall enter its order upon its county commission record.

  (d) The county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor and prosecuting attorney shall then fix the compensation of their assistants, deputies and employees based on the total amount of money designated for expenditure by their respective offices by the county commission and the amount expended shall not exceed the total expenditure designated by the county commission for each office.

  (e) The county officials, in fixing the individual compensation of their assistants, deputies and employees and the county commission in fixing the total amount of money to be expended by the county, shall give due consideration to the duties, responsibilities and work required of the assistants, deputies and employees and their compensation shall be reasonable and proper.

  (f) After the county commission has fixed the total amount of money to be expended by the county for the ensuing fiscal year and after each county official has fixed the compensation of each of his or her assistants, deputies and employees, as provided in this section, each county official shall file prior to June 30, with the clerk of the county commission, a budget statement for the ensuing fiscal year setting forth the name, or the position designation if then vacant, of each of his or her assistants, deputies and employees, the period of time for which each is employed, or to be employed if the position is then vacant, and his or her monthly or semimonthly compensation.

  (g) All budget statements required to be filed by this section shall be verified by an affidavit by the county official making them. Among other things contained in the affidavit shall be the statement that the amounts shown in the budget statement are the amounts actually paid or intended to be paid to the assistants, deputies and employees without rebate, and without any agreement, understanding or expectation that any part thereof shall be repaid to him or her, and that, prior to the time the affidavit is made, nothing has been paid or promised him or her on that account, and that if he or she shall thereafter receive any money, or thing of value, on account thereof, he or she will account for and pay the same to the county. Until the statements required by this section have been filed, no allowance or payments shall be made to any county official or their assistants, deputies and employees.

  (h) Each county official named in this section shall have the authority to discharge any of his or her assistants, deputies or employees by filing with the clerk of the county commission a discharge statement specifying the discharge action: Provided, That no deputy sheriff appointed pursuant to the provisions of article fourteen, chapter seven of this code, shall be discharged contrary to the provisions of that article.
WVC 7 - 7 - 7 A §7-7-7a. Limit of budget expenditures.
(a) No county clerk, circuit clerk, joint clerk of the county commission and circuit court, if any, sheriff, county assessor or prosecuting attorney may, without the approval of the county commission, spend or obligate, before the end of the calendar year, more than fifty percent of the funds allocated for his or her office in the fiscal year budget, in any fiscal year where the person holding the office is leaving office due to either resignation or the results of an election.

(b) As used in subsection (a) of this section, "spend or obligate" includes, but is not limited to, increasing employee salaries to a level that would create a deficit in the budget if paid during the remainder of the fiscal year in addition to other anticipated expenditures.


WVC 7-7-8 §7-7-8. Assistant prosecuting attorneys; appointment and compensation; when court may appoint attorney to prosecute.
The prosecuting attorney of each county may, in accordance with and limited by the provisions of section seven of this article, appoint practicing attorneys to assist him in the discharge of his official duties during his term of office. Any attorney so appointed shall be classified as an assistant prosecuting attorney and shall take the same oath and may perform the same duties as his principal. Each assistant shall serve at the will and pleasure of his principal and may be removed from office by the circuit court of the county in which he is appointed for any cause for which his principal might be removed.

If, in any case, the prosecuting attorney and his assistants are unable to act, or if in the opinion of the court it would be improper for him or his assistants to act, the court shall appoint some competent practicing attorney to act in that case. The court shall certify to the county commission the performance of that service when completed and recommend to the county commission a reasonable compensation for the attorney for his service, and the compensation, when allowed by the county commission, shall be paid out of the county treasury. No provision of this section shall be construed to prohibit the employment by any person of a practicing attorney to assist in the prosecution of any person or corporation charged with a crime.

The compensation to be paid to an assistant prosecuting attorney shall include compensation provided by law for any services he renders as attorney for any administrative board or officer of his county.


WVC 7 - 7 - 9 §7-7-9. Procedure for payment of compensation.
     (a) The compensation of the county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor, prosecuting attorney, and their assistants, deputies and employees shall be paid monthly or semimonthly by the county court, which compensation shall be paid out of the county treasury in the manner prescribed by law.

     (b) The county commission, after the filing of the budget statement specified in section seven of this article, may, by order of record, authorize and order a draft on the county treasurer, payable out of the general county fund, to be drawn in favor of the county official, assistant, deputy or employee named in this statement, in payment of the compensation to which the person is entitled.

     (c) The draft shall not be issued to the county official, assistant, deputy or employee until the proper county official has filed a detailed monthly or semimonthly statement with the county treasurer and has filed with the county clerk a duplicate copy of the monthly or semimonthly statement, together with a receipt from the county treasurer, showing that the person to be paid has paid into the county treasury all moneys belonging to the county that have been collected by him or her during that pay period as shown by the monthly or semimonthly statement.

     (d) When the order for the draft has been entered of record, the president and clerk of the county court shall be authorized to issue and approve by their signature the draft.
WVC 7 - 7 - 10 §7-7-10.
Repealed.

Acts, 2004 Reg. Sess., Ch. 57.
WVC 7 - 7 - 11 §7-7-11. Illegal orders for compensation.
     If any clerk shall issue and deliver a draft to any county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor, prosecuting attorney, or any of their assistants, deputies or employees, in payment of their compensation, without all the applicable requirements of this article being complied with, the draft so issued and delivered shall be illegal and invalid. The clerk and the sureties on his or her bond shall be liable to the county commission of his or her county for the payment thereof.
WVC 7 - 7 - 12 §7-7-12. Sharing compensation prohibited.
     No county official shall receive or be paid, directly or indirectly, any part of the compensation of any assistant, deputy or employee, or any fee or reward for appointing him or her to his or her position. No member of a county commission shall receive or be paid, directly or indirectly, any part of the compensation of any other county officer named in this article, or of any county assistant, deputy or employee. If any county commissioner or county official violates the provisions of this section, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $500, or imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year, or both fined and imprisoned. Any county commissioner or county official so convicted shall forfeit his or her office.
WVC 7-7-12a §7-7-12a.
Repealed.

Acts, 1971 Reg. Sess., Ch. 23.


WVC 7 - 7 - 13 §7-7-13. Allowance for expenses of sheriff.
     (a) The county commission of every county shall allow the actual and necessary expenses incurred by the sheriff in the discharge of his or her duties including, but not limited to, those incurred in arresting, pursuing or transporting persons accused or convicted of crimes and offenses; in the cost of law-enforcement and safety equipment; in conveying or transporting a prisoner from and to jail to participate in court proceedings; and in conveying or transferring any person to or from any state institution where he or she may be committed from his or her county, where the sheriff is authorized to convey or transfer the person: Provided, That the law-enforcement agency that places a person under arrest shall be responsible for the person's initial transportation to a regional or county jail, except where there is a preexisting agreement between the county and the political body the other law- enforcement agency serves. Any person transported to the regional jail as provided for by the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction for the offense causing his or her incarceration, pay the reasonable costs of the transportation. The money is to be collected by the court of conviction at the current mileage reimbursement rate. The county commission shall allow the actual and necessary expenses incurred in serving summonses, notices or other official papers in connection with the sheriff's office.

     (b) Every sheriff shall file monthly, under oath, an accurate account of all the actual and necessary expenses incurred by him or her, his or her deputies, assistants and employees in the performance and discharge of their official duties supported by verified accounts before reimbursement thereof shall be allowed by the county commission. Reimbursement, properly allowed, shall be made from the general county fund.
WVC 7 - 7 - 14 §7-7-14. Training of sheriffs and deputies; payment of expenses thereof by county commission.
                                            The county commission of each county is authorized, at its discretion, to expend from the general county fund, upon request and requisition by the sheriff of the county, the necessary and proper travel expenses and tuition expenses for the training of the sheriff and his or her deputies of the county in the performance of their duties, as sheriff and deputy.
WVC 7 - 7 - 14 A §7-7-14a. Personal body armor to be provided to deputy sheriffs; standards; payment of expenses thereof by county commission.

                                            (a) (1) The sheriff of each county shall provide an item of personal body armor commonly known as a ballistic resistant vest to each of his or her deputy sheriffs, subject to the following:

                                            (A) Each of his or her deputy sheriffs who is so employed on July 1, 2013 and who holds a valid law enforcement certification issued under article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code on that date, shall receive the vest on or within a reasonable time after July 1, 2013;

                                            (B) Each of his or her deputy sheriffs who is so employed on July 1, 2013 and who is certifiable under the provisions of section five, article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code on that date, but who subsequently meets the requirements for certification under that section,shall receive the vest on or within a reasonable time after the date he or she is issued a valid law enforcement certification;

                                            (C) Each of his or her deputy sheriffs who is so employed on a conditional basis on July 1, 2013 and who is not certified or certifiable under the provisions of section five, article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code on that date, but who subsequently meets the requirements for certification under that section, shall receive the vest on or within a reasonable time after the date he or she is issued a valid law enforcement certification;

                                            (D) Each of his or her deputy sheriffs who is so employed after July 1, 2013 and who holds a valid law enforcement certification issued under article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code on the date of his or her employment, shall receive the vest on or within a reasonable time after July 1, 2013; or

                                            (E) Each of his or her deputy sheriffs who is so employed after July 1, 2013, and who is certifiable as described in paragraph (B) of this subdivision on the date of employment, or who is not certified or certifiable on the date of employment as described in paragraph (C) of this subdivision on the date of conditional employment, but who subsequently meets the requirements for certification under section five, article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of this code, shall receive the vest on or within a reasonable time after the date he or she is issued a valid law enforcement certification.

                                            (2) (A) A ballistic resistant vest or other personal body armor provided under this section or otherwise shall meet the minimum performance standards for the ballistic resistance of personal body armor established by Standards and Testing Program sponsored by the Office of Science and Technology of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice on the date the personal body armor is provided.

                                            (B) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, no body armor model determined to be unsuitable by the National Institute of Justice may be provided to any deputy sheriff under the provisions of this section.

                                            (3) A sheriff is not required to provide a ballistic resistant vest or other model of personal body armor under this section to a deputy sheriff where:

                                            (A) The sheriff had provided personal body armor meeting the standards established by this section prior to the date upon which the sheriff would otherwise be required to provide it under this section; or

                                            (B) The deputy sheriff owns personal body armor meeting the standards established by this section on the date upon which the sheriff would otherwise be required to provide personal body armor under this section and and elects in writing to decline acceptance of the personal body armor that would be provided under this section.

                                            (b) The county commission of each county shall expend from the general county fund, upon request and requisition by the sheriff of the county, the necessary and proper expenses of providing the personal body armor described in subsection (a) of this section.

                                            (c) No provision of this section may be construed to prevent a county commission, in its discretion, from expending such funds as may be necessary and proper to provide additional ballistic resistant vests, ballistic resistance jackets or other models of personal body armor equipment for the use of the sheriff and his or her deputies, nor to in any manner limit a sheriff from incurring actual and necessary expenses in the discharge of his or her duties for any purpose specified under section thirteen of this article.

                                            (d) Each county commission and sheriff is encouraged to seek available federal and other lawful funds or assistance to defray the expenses incurred under this section.
WVC 7 - 7 - 15 §7-7-15. Allowance for expenses of prosecuting attorney.
     In addition to his or her compensation, the prosecuting attorney and his or her assistants shall be reimbursed for actual traveling expenses within the state in the performance of their official duties, and when out of the state for the purpose of taking depositions in cases in which other counsel is not employed by the court under section one, article three, chapter sixty-two of this code, which expenses shall be duly itemized and verified, and shall, if found correct, be allowed by the county commission and be paid monthly out of the general county fund.
WVC 7 - 7 - 16 §7-7-16. Mileage allowance for county officials and employees.
     (a) The county commission of each county shall allow to each county official and to their deputies, assistants and employees, when they are required to drive their personally owned vehicles in the actual performance and discharge of their official duties, reimbursement at a uniform rate for all individuals as approved by the county commission.

     (b) Every county official shall file monthly, under oath, a full and accurate account of all the actual mileage driven by him or her, his or her deputies, assistants and employees, in the performance and discharge of their official duties supported by verified accounts before reimbursement thereof shall be allowed by the county commission. Reimbursement, properly allowed, shall be made from the general county fund.
WVC 7-7-16a §7-7-16a. Public carriage.
The sheriff of each county and his deputies who are engaged in law-enforcement activities may, in the discretion of the sheriff, use publicly provided carriage to travel from his residence to his workplace and return. Any other county official or employee may, or may not, in the discretion of the county commission, be furnished with the use of publicly provided carriage to travel from his residence to his workplace and return: Provided, That such usage is subject to the supervision of said sheriff or commission and is directly connected with and required by the nature and in the performance of such sheriff's, deputy's, county official or employee's duties and responsibilities.


WVC 7 - 7 - 17 §7-7-17.
Repealed.

Acts, 2008 Reg. Sess., Ch 32.


WVC 7-7-18 §7-7-18.
Repealed.

Acts, 1975 Reg. Sess., Ch. 126.


WVC 7-7-19 §7-7-19. Compliance with Economic Stabilization Act of 1970.
Nothing herein contained shall be construed to permit the compensation of the judge of any statutory court, officer or employee to be in excess of the amount (taking into consideration the compensation he now receives as supplemental compensation from any county, county court, or other political subdivision) which can be paid under the rules and regulations of the pay board established by the president of the United States by virtue of the authority vested in him by the Economic Stabilization Act of 1970, as from time to time amended; nor shall this section be construed to permit the annual salary of such judge, officer or employee to be reduced to a sum below that which he was being paid by the state of West Virginia and any county, county court, or other political subdivision on June thirty, one thousand nine hundred seventy-two.


WVC 7 - 7 - 20 §7-7-20. Penalties.
     If any county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor or prosecuting attorney fail to file the detailed request for appropriations or the budget statement as provided in section seven of this article or fail to file the monthly or semimonthly statement as provided in section nine of this article or fail to file the statement of expenditures as provided for in section seventeen of this article, or if any county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor, prosecuting attorney, their assistants, deputies or employees, fail to comply with any of the requirements provided in this article, he or she shall, except where another penalty is prescribed, be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $100, or confined in jail not less than thirty days nor more than six months, or both fined and confined.
WVC 7-7-21 §7-7-21. Severability.
If any provision of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the article, and to this end the provisions of this article are declared to be severable.


WVC 7-7-22 §7-7-22. Direct deposit of county officials' and employees' compensation into designated accounts in financial institutions.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, a county commission, board of education, or governing body of a municipal corporation may, upon the written request of any of their respective employees, deposit that employee's compensation directly into a demand or time account in a bank, credit union or savings and loan institution. The written request shall specifically identify the employee, the financial institution, the type of account and the account number.


WVC 7 - 7 - 23 §7-7-23. Awarding service pistol upon retirement.
(a) Upon the retirement of a deputy from the sheriff's department, the county commission shall authorize the sheriff to award to the retiring deputy his or her service pistol upon determining:

(1) That the retiring deputy is retiring honorably with at least twenty years of service; or

(2) The retiring deputy is retiring with less than twenty years of service based upon a determination that the deputy is totally physically disabled.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a sheriff shall not award his or her service pistol to any retiring deputy medically determined to be mentally incapacitated or to constitute a danger to self or others.


WVC 7 - 7 - 4 A §7-7-4a. Authorizing the option of full-time status for part-time prosecuting attorneys.
     (a) On or before the first day of January, two thousand nine, a county may not have a part-time prosecutor. The county commissions of counties in Class VI through X shall then compensate all prosecuting attorneys that have changed to full-time by virtue of this section at the same rate of compensation established for a prosecuting attorney in a Class V county: Provided, That, upon mutual agreement of the prosecuting attorney and the county commission, the prosecuting attorney may choose to remain a part- time prosecuting attorney.

     (b) If, after the first day of January, two thousand nine, during the course of a term of office, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, any prosecutor who becomes full-time or chooses to remain part-time who believes that the responsibilities of his or her office either no longer requires a full-time position or believes that the duties of the part-time position have become full-time, may, by mutual agreement with the county commission, either return to part-time status or change to full-time status: Provided, That, if the decision to change to full-time or part-time status is made during an election year, the decision must be by mutual agreement between the county commission and the prosecutor- elect: Provided, however, That any prosecutor who returns to part- time status shall, thereafter, be compensated at the rate of compensation set forth in section four of this article for a prosecuting attorney of his or her class county and any prosecutor that changes to full-time status shall, thereafter, be compensated at the same rate of compensation established for a prosecuting attorney in a Class V county.

     (c) If, after the first day of January, two thousand nine, any prosecutor or prosecutor-elect desires to change to full-time status and the county commission objects to such change due to an alleged financial condition of the county, then either party may request the State Auditor's office to examine the county's financial condition and certify whether or not there are sufficient funds to support a full-time position. The State Auditor shall then, within ninety days of such request, certify whether or not there are sufficient funds available to support a full-time prosecutor in the county. If the State Auditor certifies that there are sufficient funds available, then the prosecutor or prosecutor elect must be changed to full-time status and be compensated at the same rate of pay as a prosecutor in a Class V county.

     (d) Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit a part-time prosecuting attorney from remaining part-time with the mutual agreement of the county commission.
WVC 7 - 7 - 6 B §7-7-6b. Additional compensation of assessors according to county classification.
     For the purpose of determining the additional compensation to be paid to the county assessor of each county for the additional duties provided by section six-a of this article, the following compensations for each county assessor by class, as provided in section three of this article, are hereby established and shall be used by each county commission in determining the compensation of each county assessor; for assessors in Class I - V counties, inclusive, $15,000; for assessors in Class VI and VII counties, $10,000; for assessors in Class VIII and IX counties, $9,000; for assessors in Class X counties, $6,500.
WVC 7 - 7 - 6 D §7-7-6d. Collection of head tax on dogs; duties of assessor and sheriff; registration of dogs; disposition of head tax; taxes on dogs not collected by assessor.
     (a) It shall be the duty of the county assessor and the assessor's deputies of each county within the state, at the time they are making assessment of the personal property within such county, to assess and collect a head tax of $1 on each male or spayed female dog and of $2 on each unspayed female dog; and in addition to the above, the assessor and the assessor's deputies shall have the further duty of collecting any such head tax on dogs as may be levied by the ordinances of each and every municipality within the county. In the event that the owner, keeper, or person having in his or her possession or allowing to remain on any premises under his or her control any dog above the age of six months, shall refuse or fail to pay such tax, when the same is assessed or within fifteen days thereafter, to the assessor or deputy assessor, then such assessor or deputy assessor shall certify such tax to the county dog warden; if there be no county dog warden he or she shall certify such tax to the county sheriff, who shall take charge of the dog for which the tax is delinquent and impound the same for a period of fifteen days, for which service he or she shall be allowed a fee of $1.50 to be charged against such delinquent taxpayer in addition to the taxes herein provided for. In case the tax and impounding charge herein provided for shall not have been paid within the period of fifteen days, then the sheriff may sell the impounded dog and deduct the impounding charge and the delinquent tax from the amount received therefor, and return the balance, if any, to the delinquent taxpayer. Should the sheriff fail to sell the dog so impounded within the time specified herein, he or she shall turn the animal over to the local humane society or similar organization.

     (b) At the same time as the head tax is assessed, the assessor and the assessor's deputies shall, on the forms prescribed under section four, article twenty, chapter nineteen of this code, take down the age, sex, color, character of hair (long or short) and breed (if known) and the name and address of the owner, keeper or harborer thereof. When the head tax, and extra charges, if any, are paid, the officer to whom payment is made shall issue a certificate of registration and a registration tag for such dog.

     (c) In addition to the assessment and registration above provided for, whenever a dog either is acquired or becomes six months of age after the assessment of the personal property of the owner, keeper or harborer thereof, the said owner, keeper or harborer of said dog shall, within ten days after the acquisition or maturation, register the said dog with the assessor, and pay the head tax thereon unless the prior owner, keeper or harborer paid the head tax.

     (d) All certificates of registration and registration tags issued pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be issued for the fiscal year and shall be valid from the date on which issued until June 30 of that fiscal year, or until reissued by the assessor or the assessor's deputy in the regular performance of his or her duties, but in no case shall previous registration tags be valid after September 30 of the next ensuing fiscal year.

     (e) The assessor collecting the head tax on dogs shall be allowed a commission of ten percent upon all such taxes collected by the assessor and shall turn in to the county treasurer ninety percent of such taxes so collected, as are levied by this section; and the assessor shall turn over to the treasurer or other proper officer of each and every municipality within the county ninety percent of such taxes levied by the ordinances of such municipality. All such dog taxes, except those belonging to municipalities, shall be accredited to the dog and kennel fund provided for in section ten, article twenty, chapter nineteen of this code. Such dog taxes as are collected for and turned over to municipalities shall be deposited by the proper officer of such municipality to such fund and shall be expended in such manner as the law of such municipality may provide. All taxes on dogs not collected by the assessor shall be collected by the regular tax collecting officer of the county and placed to the credit of the dog and kennel fund.
WVC 7 - 7 - 7 A §7-7-7a. Limit of budget expenditures.
     (a) No county clerk, circuit clerk, sheriff, county assessor or prosecuting attorney may, without the approval of the county commission, spend or obligate, before the end of the calendar year, more than fifty percent of the funds allocated for his or her office in the fiscal year budget, in any fiscal year where the person holding the office is leaving office due to either resignation or the results of an election.

     (b) As used in subsection (a) of this section, "spend or obligate" includes, but is not limited to, increasing employee salaries to a level that would create a deficit in the budget if paid during the remainder of the fiscal year in addition to other anticipated expenditures.
WVC 7 - 7 - 16 A §7-7-16a. Motor vehicles owned by the county.
     The sheriff of each county and his or her deputies who are engaged in law-enforcement activities may, in the discretion of the sheriff, use a motor vehicle owned by the county to travel from his or her residence to his or her workplace and return. Any other county official or employee may, or may not, in the discretion of the county commission, be furnished with the use of a motor vehicle owned by the county to travel from his or her residence to his or her workplace and return: Provided, That such usage is subject to the supervision of said sheriff or commission and is directly connected with and required by the nature and in the performance of such sheriff's, deputy's, county official or employee's duties and responsibilities.
WVC -8- ARTICLE 8. JAIL AND JAILER.


WVC 7-8-1 §7-8-1. Jail to be provided; temporary jail; compensation by county for use of city jail.
The jail of the county shall be the jail provided by the county court as required by law. When a county is without a sufficient jail, or its jail is to be removed, rebuilt or repaired, the circuit court, or the judge thereof in vacation, may adopt the jail of another county as its jail until a sufficient jail is obtained by building or repairing. And persons committed, or to be committed, to the jail of the first-mentioned county, at or after such adoption, and before a sufficient jail is so obtained, shall be conveyed to the jail so adopted. The jail of any county in which the supreme court of appeals may sit may be used as a jail for said court.

The county court of each county, or tribunal created in lieu thereof, shall have authority to provide for and pay to any city, town or village in this state in which no county jail or other place of imprisonment is owned by the county, not more than one dollar fifty cents for the first day and not more than one dollar for each subsequent day that any person charged with a criminal offense may be temporarily held in the jail or lockup belonging to such city, town or village: Provided, That the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to any person imprisoned for a violation of the ordinances of any city, town or village: Provided further, That in no case shall such payment be made for a period of more than five days for the detention of any one person held under any charge or charges at any one time. No such payment shall be made unless the amount of such charge is certified by the justice or other authority under whose jurisdiction such person is detained in the same manner as other costs in criminal cases are now required by law to be certified. The payment provided for in this section shall be made, in cases of persons charged with felonies or misdemeanors, in the manner and from the proper fund, according to the character of the offense charged, as provided by law for the payment of other costs payable by the county courts in criminal cases.


WVC 7-8-2 §7-8-2. Sheriff to be keeper of jail; appointment of jailer; care of jail; authorizing county commissions and municipalities to seek reimbursement of medical care and certain clothing provided by county jails.
(a) The sheriff of every county shall be the keeper of the jail thereof, but he may, with the assent of the county commission, appoint a jailer of the said county, and may take from him a bond with security conditioned for the faithful performance of his duties. The jailer may be a deputy sheriff and shall take an oath of office like other officers. He shall keep the jail in a clean, sanitary and healthful condition. When any prisoner is sick the jailer shall see that he has adequate medical and dental attention and nursing, and so far as possible keep him separate from other prisoners. Any such medical and nursing care as the jailer may be required to furnish shall be paid for by the county commission. A failure on the part of the jailer to perform any of the duties herein required with respect to any prisoner in his jail shall be a contempt of any court of record under whose commitment such prisoner is confined, and shall be punished as other contempts of such court. The jailer or his agents are authorized to inquire of every prisoner at any time whether he has medical insurance or is covered by a public medical benefit, to further inquire of the prisoner sufficient information to enable the county commission to seek reimbursement of health care costs as provided by this section and to take an assignment of the right to reimbursement from said third parties.

(b) The county commission is hereby authorized to seek reimbursement from every person who receives medical, dental, hospital or eye care or any type of nursing care while incarcerated in the jail at the rate at which the care is generally available in the community for those persons not incarcerated, from their private health care insurers, if any, to the extent of the coverage in effect, from any public agency then providing medical benefits to the person incarcerated to the extent that said public agency would have reimbursed the cost of the care rendered if the person receiving the care was not then incarcerated so long as said reimbursement is not inconsistent with the lawful provisions of the agency's benefit program, or from persons who are liable pursuant to section twenty-two, article three, chapter forty-eight of this code: Provided, That no reimbursement for care shall be required when any medical, dental, hospital or eye care or any type of nursing care has been rendered for injuries or illnesses sustained as a result of an act by another prisoner, injuries or illnesses sustained where an act or omission by the jailer or any deputy sheriff has been a contributing factor, or injuries or illnesses resulting from fire or other catastrophic hazard, all without fault on the part of the prisoner: Provided, however, That no reimbursement for the care received from the person receiving the care or from the person made liable for the care by section twenty-two, article three, chapter forty-eight of this code shall be sought unless that person is able to pay without undue hardship considering the financial resources of the person, the ability to pay of the person and the nature of the burden that reimbursement will impose: Provided further, That the determination of undue hardship by the commission does not preclude the commission from subsequently ordering reimbursement should the person's financial circumstances change: And provided further, That whenever the county commission seeks reimbursement from a municipality for medical, dental, hospital, eye or nursing care authorized by this subsection then the municipality shall also be hereby authorized to seek reimbursement as provided for in this subsection for counties under the same conditions.

(c) The county commission is hereby authorized to seek reimbursement from every prisoner for the costs of any shoes and clothing furnished by the jailer and retained by the prisoner after his release from incarceration: Provided, That no reimbursement for the goods authorized by this subsection shall be sought unless the former prisoner is able to pay without undue hardship, considering the financial resources of the person, said persons ability to pay and the nature of the burden that reimbursement will impose: Provided, however, That the determination of undue hardship by the county commission does not preclude the county commission from subsequently ordering repayment should the financial circumstances of such person change: Provided further, That whenever the county commission seeks reimbursement from a municipality for the goods then the municipality shall also be hereby authorized to seek reimbursement for the goods authorized by this subsection as provided for in this subsection for counties under the same conditions.

(d) Subject to any statutes of limitation, if reimbursement pursuant to this section was sought at or within a reasonable time after the release from incarceration of the person receiving the goods or care and if the reimbursement authorized by this section has not been received within one year the county commission or municipality, as the case may be, may prosecute a civil action against any liable person and against any insurer or agency the assignment of whose obligation to pay for care was obtained by the jailer. Any funds paid to or collected by the county commission or municipality pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be deposited to its general fund.


WVC 7-8-2a §7-8-2a. Feeding and care of prisoners; purchase of food and supplies; contract for feeding of prisoners; records; inspection by health officer; payment of costs.
(a) On and after the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred forty-nine, the county commission of each county shall provide wholesome and sufficient food and clean and sufficient bedding for all prisoners confined in the county jail, and shall furnish the soaps, disinfectants and other supplies needed by the jailer in the performance of his duties.

(b) The county commission may require the jailer to act as its agent for the purpose of purchasing, preparing and serving food for prisoners. If, however, the jailer is not named as such agent, he may be required to make available to the county commission for use in the preparation and serving of food for prisoners, the services of prisoners, to the number requested by the county commission. The county commission may employ a cook and such other employees as may be necessary in the performance of duties required of it by this article.

(c) The county commission may provide for the feeding of prisoners on a contract basis with any other county, state or municipal governmental agency which at the time of entering into said contract is required or authorized to provide food services for other purposes.

(d) The county commission may provide for the feeding of prisoners on a contract basis with any private provider upon competitive bidding procedures. Solicitation of competitive bids shall be accomplished by publication of a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code. The publication area for such legal advertisement shall be the county in which the affected jail is situate.

(e) All purchases of food, bedding and other supplies shall whenever practicable be made at wholesale. Invoices or itemized statements of account from each vendor of food, bedding and other supplies shall be obtained, and payment of such statements or invoices may not be authorized by the county commission unless and until the county commission has ascertained that the merchandise has been received and that the terms of the purchase have been complied with on the part of the vendor.

(f) The county commission shall keep or cause to be kept a daily record showing the total number of prisoners confined in the jail of the county, the number of prisoners admitted, the number released and the time of each such admittance and of each such release. Such record shall show such information separately as to the prisoners of the county, of each municipality and of the United States. The county commission shall also keep or cause to be kept such other accounts and records as will enable it to show the per capita daily cost of the feeding and care of prisoners in each calendar month.

(g) The county commission shall require to be kept a daily record of food served prisoners and, in all counties having a county health officer, said health officer shall, at least once a month, inspect such lists and make such recommendations and suggestions as he may deem proper regarding daily diets and foods regardless of how the feeding services are provided.

(h) The sheriff, the jailer or any entity contracting with the county commission to provide food services for prisoners shall be subject to inspection and regulation by the department of health in the same manner as any commercial food service.

(i) All actual costs incurred by the county commission for salaries, for the purchase of food, bedding and other supplies or for services shall be paid out of the same funds as payments to sheriffs of fees for the feeding and care of prisoners were made immediately prior to the effective date of this section. In counties having thirty thousand population or less, the sheriff, or the jailer duly appointed as provided in section two, article eight, chapter seven of this code, shall, if so directed by the county commission, furnish each prisoner with wholesome and sufficient food.


WVC 7 - 8 - 3 §7-8-3.
Repealed.

Acts, 2005 Reg. Sess., Ch. 146.


WVC 7-8-4 §7-8-4. Jailer to attend court; prisoners to be received in jail.
The jailer shall attend the sessions of court, be amenable to its authority, and obey its orders. He shall receive into his jail all persons committed by the order of such court or a judge thereof, or justice of any district in the county, or under process issuing from such court, and all persons committed by any lawful authority.


WVC 7-8-5 §7-8-5. Keeper of temporary jail.
The keeper of any jail adopted or designated as provided in section one of this article shall, as to the persons so conveyed thereto, be the jailer of the county from which such persons were so conveyed, until he shall, by proper authority, be ordered to discharge such persons, or deliver them over to the sheriff of the county from which they were so conveyed.


WVC 7-8-6 §7-8-6. Guard for prisoners.
When ordered by a court to do so, or when in his opinion it is necessary for the safekeeping of a prisoner, under charge of or sentence for crime, the jailer shall summon a sufficient guard, and the circuit court or other court of record having jurisdiction of criminal cases, in the county in which the jail is, may allow therefor so much as it deems proper, not exceeding two and one-half dollars a day for each man. The court, before certifying any allowance, shall inquire into the condition of the jail. If it appear that such guard was necessary because of the insecurity of the jail, it shall order the allowance to be certified to the county court and it shall be chargeable to the county; but if otherwise, and the guard was necessary, the allowance shall be certified for payment out of the treasury.


WVC 7-8-7 §7-8-7. Jail physician; clothing for indigent prisoners.
The county court for every county may appoint a physician to attend all persons confined in jail as lunatics, or persons charged with felony or misdemeanor, and such physician shall furnish all medicines and drugs for, and give proper attention to, all such persons at a stipulated, fixed and exclusive annual allowance. The appointment of such physician shall be made in open court. The court, or president thereof in vacation, shall cause notice of the days during court when sealed bids will be received to be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty- nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county. The bids shall be opened only in court, on the day specified in the notice, if the court then be in session, and, if not, on the first day of the session thereafter, and the appointment awarded to the lowest responsible bidder; and such court shall have the right to reject any or all bids. The person receiving the appointment shall give bond with sufficient surety, to be approved by the court, for the faithful performance of the trust and agreement. The court shall have power to vacate the appointment for failure or neglect of duty; but such vacation shall in no manner affect the liability on the bond. All of the proceedings shall be entered in the order book of the court. The county court may also, after examination, when a person in its jail charged with or convicted of an offense is unable to provide himself with sufficient clothing, direct the jailer to provide him clothing, and allow therefor not exceeding twenty dollars in one year. Allowances under this section, on being certified by the court, shall be paid out of the county treasury.


WVC 7-8-8 §7-8-8. Federal prisoners.
The jail of any county may be used for the confinement of persons committed thereto under the laws of the United States. The jailer thereof shall receive, keep and discharge such persons pursuant to the commitment, as provided in the laws of the United States. For a failure of duty as to any such prisoner, the jailer shall be liable to the United States, or to the creditor at whose suit the prisoner is in custody, in like manner as in case of a prisoner committed under the authority of the state. No person arrested on civil process shall, under this section, be committed to any other jail than that of the county within which such person may reside or be found.

The United States or the creditor, as the case may be, shall be responsible to the county court for payment of the costs for the maintenance of any person confined in a county jail as provided in this section.


WVC 7-8-9 §7-8-9. Prisoners under civil process.
The party at whose suit any person is confined in jail under civil process shall be responsible to the county court for the maintenance of such person during such confinement, and payment therefor shall be due monthly. Upon failure of such party to make payment when due, the jailer may discharge the prisoner when ordered to do so by the county court unless the prisoner is held under other process, but the county court shall have the right to sue for the amount due as for other money due on contract. The jailer may require a bond payable to the county court as security for the payment of such maintenance before receiving a person on civil process. Any party who shall have paid for such maintenance of such prisoner may, upon motion before the circuit court of such county, or by action before any justice having jurisdiction, obtain judgment against the person who was so confined, or his personal representative, for the amount so paid, with interest thereon, from the time of such payment.

All provisions of this section which were in effect immediately prior to the passage of this act shall continue in full force and effect until the thirty-first day of December, one thousand nine hundred forty-eight.


WVC 7-8-10 §7-8-10. Persons privileged from arrest under civil process.
In addition to the privilege of voters and members of the Legislature from arrest, as prescribed by the third section of article IV, and the seventeenth section of article VI of the constitution, the following persons shall also be privileged from arrest under civil process, except for an escape, to wit: A judge, grand juror, or witness, required by lawful authority to attend at any court or place, during such attendance, and while going to and returning from such court or place; officers and men, while going to, attending, and returning from any muster or court-martial which they are lawfully required to attend; persons attending funerals and ministers of the gospel while engaged in performing religious service in a place where a congregation is assembled and while going to and returning from such place, but such privilege shall only be on the days of such attendance.


WVC 7-8-11 §7-8-11. Deduction from sentence for good conduct.
Every prisoner sentenced to the county jail for a term exceeding six months who, in the judgment of the sheriff, shall faithfully comply with all rules and regulations of said county jail during his term of confinement shall be entitled to a deduction of five days from each month of his sentence.


WVC 7 - 8 - 12 §7-8-12. Establishment, operation and maintenance of county work farms.
The county commission of every county is authorized to establish, operate and maintain a county work farm to be operated in connection with the county jail and to be used for the confinement of prisoners assigned thereto as hereinafter provided. The county commission is authorized to purchase land and other property in connection with the establishment of a work farm and to construct buildings, fences and other facilities and to acquire any personal property necessary to maintain and operate the work farm. The cost of the farm shall be paid out of the general county fund or out of any other funds available to the county commission for that purpose.

The county commission is authorized to make needed improvements and repairs for the proper upkeep of the work farm and provide for the necessary food, medical treatment and safekeeping of the prisoners. The work farm shall be operated in conjunction with the county jail. The sheriff of the county shall be responsible for and have the same control of the prisoners assigned to the work farm as he or she has over the prisoners confined in the county jail and shall make any rules necessary for the care and treatment of prisoners assigned thereto, and shall take proper care for their discipline, diet, clothing and safety. He or she shall also determine the type and amount of labor each prisoner performs, and shall perform all other duties with regard to the prisoners confined at the work farm as he or she is required to perform with regard to prisoners in the county jail. He or she may assign deputies, correctional officers or home incarceration supervisors as guards as may be necessary to supervise and insure the safekeeping of the prisoners. Prisoners committed to the work farm shall be required to perform those duties and labor as are reasonably permitted by their physical and mental condition. Provision shall be made for truck and vegetable gardens to be tended by the prisoners, and for the raising of fruit, hogs, poultry and other farm products as can be economically and profitably produced. All food products produced on the work farm shall be used first for feeding prisoners at the work farm or county jail, and any surplus may be used at any other county institution.

The county commission shall employ a superintendent for the county work farm, whose duty will be to supervise the work done and to care for and maintain the property and equipment used in connection therewith and who shall serve until his or her successor is employed as hereinafter provided. The superintendent shall also keep an accurate record of the number of prisoners confined at the county work farm and an accurate record of the cost of operating the work farm and shall make a report thereof to the county commission as the court may require, but at least twice each year. He or she shall also keep a record of the farm products produced on the farm and of the disposition of the products. The superintendent and his or her assistants shall be employed by the county commission on the written recommendation of the sheriff: Provided, That the county commission may not employ any superintendent or assistant superintendent unless it is satisfied that he or she possesses the high character, appropriate ability and energy suitable for that employment.

The judge of the circuit court or other court having jurisdiction for the trial of felony cases in the county may, upon his or her own motion or upon application of any prisoner confined in the county jail either in term time or in vacation, transfer any prisoner confined in the county jail except those under conviction for a felony to the work farm or transfer any prisoner confined at the work farm to the county jail. Proper order shall be entered in the order book of the court of the action. In sentencing any person to the county jail the judge may stipulate in the order of sentence whether the person shall be confined in the county jail or confined at the work farm. This provision, however, may not be construed to give authority to magistrates, judges of police courts or mayors of municipalities to sentence persons to the work farm or to transfer persons from the county jail to the work farm.

Any inmate of the work farm who escapes therefrom shall be punished under the same provisions of law as if he or she had escaped from the county jail.


WVC 7 - 8 - 13 §7-8-13.
Repealed.

Acts, 2007 Reg. Sess., Ch. 54.


WVC 7 - 8 - 14 §7-8-14. Reimbursement for costs of incarceration.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision to the code to the contrary and in addition to any fine, cost assessment or fee authorized or required to be imposed upon a person by virtue of his or her conviction of a criminal provision of this code, or a lawfully enacted ordinance of a political subdivision of this state, a person so convicted and incarcerated in a regional jail by virtue of said conviction may be assessed the costs of up to thirty days of his or her incarceration.

(b) Prior to any person being required to pay the cost of his or her incarceration pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a hearing shall be held before the sentencing court to determine his or her ability to pay. The court may not sentence a defendant to pay his or her costs of incarceration unless he or she is or in the foreseeable future will be able to pay them. In determining the amount and method of payment of costs, the court shall take account of the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden that payment of costs will impose.

(c) A defendant who has been sentenced to pay costs and who is not in willful default in the payment of the costs may at any time petition the sentencing court for remission of the payment of costs or of any unpaid portion of the costs. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardship on the defendant or the defendant's family or dependents, the court may excuse payment of all or part of the amount due in costs, or modify the method of payment.


WVC -9- ARTICLE 9. COUNTY AND CITY WORKHOUSES.


WVC 7-9-1 §7-9-1. Establishment.
The commissioners of any county may unite with any city, located in said county, in the erection, management and maintenance of a workhouse for the joint use of such county and city; and the commissioners are authorized to levy and collect the necessary funds therefor from the taxable property of the county: Provided, That the commissioners shall not collect and expend a greater amount than shall be collected and expended by such city for the same purpose: Provided further, That the question of erecting such workhouse shall first be submitted to a vote of the people of the city and county desiring the same, and shall be ratified by three fifths of all votes for and against the question, at an election to be held for that purpose: And provided further, That the aggregate of all indebtedness including the amount for such workhouse shall not exceed five per cent of the assessed valuation of the real estate of the city and county erecting the same.


WVC 7-9-2 §7-9-2. Board of directors.
The direction, management and control of any such joint workhouse, and the maintenance and care of the convicts therein, shall be vested in a board of five directors, who shall be called "the board of joint city and county workhouse directors," and such directors shall be freehold electors of such county, and shall serve without compensation, and not more than three members of the board of joint city and county workhouse directors shall be of the same political party faith.


WVC 7-9-3 §7-9-3. Appointment of directors.
The directors shall be appointed by the mayor, and the county court or other tribunal acting in lieu thereof, of such city and county having such joint workhouse, with the approval of the council of such city and county commissioners, and shall hold their office for five years, except that at the first appointment one director shall be appointed for one year, one for two years, and one for three years, one for four years, and one for five years, and thereafter one shall be appointed annually, but all appointments shall be made in conformity with section two.


WVC 7-9-4 §7-9-4. Officers.
The board of such joint city and county workhouse directors shall elect annually, at its first regular meeting in May, one of its members as president and at the same meeting appoint a secretary and clerk, who shall make a complete record of all its proceedings, and the board may appoint such other officers as may be necessary, and fix the compensation of all officers for their services.


WVC 7-9-5 §7-9-5. Contracts.
Contracts may be made by or on behalf of the board, but it shall be essential to the validity of every such contract that the same shall be assented to at a regular meeting by a majority of all members, and a minute thereof entered on the journal of its proceedings.


WVC 7-9-6 §7-9-6. Employees.
The board shall have power to appoint a superintendent, deputy superintendent, and such subordinate officers, guards and employees as may be necessary, fix their compensation and prescribe their duties, and to make all such regulations for their management and government as it may deem expedient.


WVC 7-9-7 §7-9-7. Regulations.
The board shall have power to make, establish and enforce rules and regulations for its own government, and the government and control of the institution, its officers and inmates, and make contracts for supplies and the labor of its inmates either within the corporate limits of such municipality or within the limits of the county in which such workhouse is located, as the board shall direct.


WVC 7-9-8 §7-9-8. Records.
The books of the institution shall be so kept as to clearly exhibit the time, state and condition of the inmates, the number received and discharged, by what court and for what cause committed, the length of the time of commitment of each person, the number of days' labor performed by each convict, and the nature and value of such labor to such institution, and the relative costs and expenses incurred by the institution in managing and taking care of each convict, and the number employed in each branch of industry carried on, and the receipts from and expenditures for and on account of each department of business.


WVC 7-9-9 §7-9-9. Quarterly financial statements.
The board shall cause quarterly statements to be made, specifying minutely all receipts and expenditures, from whom and for what purpose received, and to whom and for what purpose paid, with proper voucher for each item, and submit such statement properly certified to the council of such city and the commissioners of such county, for their examination and approval.


WVC 7-9-10 §7-9-10. Accounts and reports.
The accounts of the institutions shall be annually closed and balanced on the first Monday of January in each year. And full reports of the preceding year shall then be made and submitted to the city council and county commissioners, which shall be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county; and the city council and county commissioners, or either of such bodies, may require such other reports and exhibits of the condition and management of such institution as they may deem proper.


WVC 7-9-11 §7-9-11. Superintendent.
The superintendent of such workhouse shall have the control and management of its affairs, subject to the laws of the state and the ordinance of the corporation and the rules and regulations adopted by the board for its government. And it shall be his duty to obey all written orders and instructions of the board not inconsistent with the laws, rules and regulations relating to the government of the institution.


WVC 7-9-12 §7-9-12. Inspection and supervision.
The superintendent shall be responsible for the manner in which the institution is managed and conducted, shall reside at the same, devote his time and attention to the proper business thereof, and visit and examine into the condition of every department thereof, and of each person confined therein, daily, or as often as good order or necessity may require, and he shall exercise a general supervision and direction in regard to all matters of discipline, police regulation and business of the institution.


WVC 7-9-13 §7-9-13. Deputy superintendent.
In the absence or inability of the superintendent, the deputy superintendent of the institution shall, so far as relates to the discipline thereof, perform the duties of the superintendent.


WVC 7-9-14 §7-9-14. Removal of officers.
The board, for misconduct or willful neglect of duty, and upon sufficient proof thereof, may remove any officer or employee of the institution, except the superintendent thereof, who shall be removed for cause and in the manner provided for the removal of city officers; and any employee of the superintendent may be discharged at his discretion, but no officer shall be removed by the board until he has had an opportunity to be heard in his defense.


WVC 7-9-15 §7-9-15. Costs of maintenance.
The costs of maintaining such joint city and county workhouse, over and above the proceeds arising from the sale of the products thereof, shall be borne by such city and county jointly, and such expenses shall be paid quarterly by such city and county out of the respective treasuries thereof, upon the certificate of such secretary of such joint city and county workhouse, on the approval of the council of such city and the commissioners of such county. And the county court of any county having such joint city and county workhouse is hereby authorized and required to levy upon all the real and personal property, outside of the corporate limits of such city, such sum as may be necessary, and the city council of such city is hereby authorized and required to levy upon all the real and personal property, inside of the corporate limits of such city, such sum as may be necessary for the maintenance aforesaid; and the board of such joint city and county workhouse directors, the city council of such city, and the county commissioners of such county, in ascertaining and determining at the end of each quarter the amount to be paid to such board to meet any deficiency in the products of such joint workhouse to maintain the same, shall take into account and be governed by the number of convicts furnished by such city and county, the number of days' labor performed by the convicts from each, the value of such labor, and the relative costs and expenses of taking care of, managing and disciplining the convicts of each, and give to such city and county each full credit for the value of the products of such workhouse produced by the labor, skill and diligence of the convicts from each, and charge to the account of each (city and county) the cost to such institution of working, managing, maintaining, taking care of, and disciplining its convicts, and make assessments upon such city and county for the maintenance of such institution accordingly.


WVC 7-9-16 §7-9-16. Commitments.
When a person over sixteen years of age is convicted of an offense, under the law of the state or an ordinance of a municipal corporation, and the tribunal before which the conviction is had is directed by law to commit the offender to the county jail, or corporation prison, the court, mayor or justice of the peace, as the case may be, shall sentence the offender to the workhouse, if there is such house in the county: Provided, That when a commitment is made from a city, village or township in the county, other than in the municipality containing such workhouse, the council of such city or village, or the trustees of such township, shall transmit with the mittimus a sum of money equal to forty cents per day for the time of such commitment, to be placed in the hands of the superintendent of such workhouse, for the care and maintenance of such prisoner.


WVC 7-9-17 §7-9-17. Inmates from other counties and cities.
Any city and county or county having or that may hereafter erect a joint city and county workhouse, or county workhouse, may receive as inmates of such joint city and county workhouse, or county workhouse, persons sentenced thereto as provided by law, from counties and municipal corporations having no workhouse, upon such terms and for such length of time as may be agreed upon by the commissioners of such county or the council of such municipal corporation, and the board of such joint city and county workhouse directors, or county workhouse directors: Provided, That such convicts so received shall, in all respects, be and remain under control of the directors of such workhouse, and subject to the rules, regulations and discipline of such workhouse the same as other convicts therein detained.


WVC 7-9-18 §7-9-18. Inmates from cities.
The commissioners of any county, or the council of any municipal corporation, wherein there is no workhouse, may agree with the council of any municipal corporation or other authority having control of the workhouse of any other city, or with the directors of any district or joint city and county workhouse, or county workhouse, upon terms and conditions upon which persons convicted of misdemeanors or of the violation of any ordinance of such municipal corporation by any court or magistrate of such county or municipal corporation, having no workhouse, may be received into such workhouse under sentence of such court or magistrate; and the county commissioners of such county, and the council of any such municipal corporation, are authorized to pay the expenses incurred under such agreement out of the general fund of such county, or of the municipal corporation, upon the certificate of the proper officer of such workhouse; and the sheriff or other officer transporting any person to such workhouse shall have the following fees therefor: Six cents per mile for himself, going and returning, and five cents per mile for transporting such convict, and five cents per mile going and coming for the service of each guard, to be allowed as in penitentiary cases; the number of miles to be computed by the usual route of travel, to be paid in state cases out of the general fund of the county, on the allowance of the county commissioners, and in cases for the violation of the ordinances of any municipal corporation by such municipal corporation on the order of the council thereof.


WVC 7-9-19 §7-9-19. Sentence to workhouse.
When any person has been convicted of a misdemeanor or of the violation of any ordinance of a municipal corporation, by any court or magistrate of the state, or of such municipal corporation, in a county or municipal corporation having no workhouse, and the commissioners of such county or council of such municipal corporation have made provisions as allowed by law for receiving persons so convicted into the workhouse of a city in any other county or district, or a joint city and county workhouse, or county workhouse in this state, it shall be competent for such court or magistrate, in its discretion, where imprisonment in the county or municipal jail may by law or ordinance be imposed in punishment of such offense, to sentence such person to such workhouse for a period not exceeding the maximum period of confinement in the county or municipal jail allowed by statute or ordinance for such offense; and in all such cases such court or magistrate may further order that such person stand committed to such workhouse until the costs of prosecution are paid, or he be discharged, as herein provided; and in all cases where a fine may be imposed in whole or in part punishment of an offense, or for violation of an ordinance of any municipal corporation, and such court or magistrate could order that such person stand committed to the jail of the county or municipal corporation until such fine and costs of prosecution are paid, such court or magistrate may order that such person stand committed to such workhouse until such fine and costs of prosecution are paid, or until he be discharged therefrom by allowing a credit of sixty cents per day on such fine and costs for each day of confinement in such workhouse, or be otherwise legally discharged.


WVC 7-9-20 §7-9-20. Procedure after sentence.
When a person is sentenced to such workhouse by the circuit or criminal courts, the clerk thereof shall make and deliver to the sheriff a certified copy of the docket and journal entries, showing the crime charged and the sentence of the court, which shall be delivered by the sheriff to the proper officer in charge of such workhouse, which shall be his warrant for detaining such person in custody therein. In case of such convictions by any court or magistrate, such court or magistrate shall make a certified transcript of the docket in such case, which shall in like manner be delivered to the marshal or constable or sheriff by such court or magistrate, which shall be delivered by such officer to the proper officer in charge of such workhouse, which shall be his warrant for detaining such person in custody therein. In all cases of sentences to a workhouse, the person so sentenced may be confined in the jail of the county or corporation prison for such period as may be reasonably necessary for the officer to procure the papers and make arrangements to transport him to such workhouse.


WVC 7-9-21 §7-9-21. Payment of fine.
When a person is committed to such workhouse under sentence that he stand committed to such workhouse until the fine and costs of prosecution assessed against him are paid, as provided in section eighteen, such person may pay in money, in whole or in part, to the board of workhouse directors, such fine and costs assessed against him, and such board shall receive and turn the same, quarterly, into the treasury of the county from which such person was committed: Provided, That such person was so committed for the violation of any law of the state; and when any person so committed for the violation of an ordinance of a municipal corporation shall make such payment to such board, it shall be its duty to receive and quarterly turn the same into the treasury of the municipal corporation from which such person was committed.


WVC 7-9-22 §7-9-22. Enlargement of buildings.
The board of joint city and county workshop directors, or county workhouse directors, may enlarge or improve the buildings, shops or grounds from any surplus that may arise from the income of such workhouse, or from the levy from such maintenance made by such county and city, or county; but no levy for maintenance shall be made when it has not been necessary to use more than one half of the avails of the levy for the year preceding; and any surplus arising from the carrying on of such joint workhouse shall be returned to the general fund of such city and county in the proportion that such surplus may have been produced by the labor of the convicts of each, and any surplus arising from the carrying on of such county workhouse shall be returned to the general fund of the county.


WVC 7-9-23 §7-9-23. Fees of officers.
In all cases of sentence and commitment to such joint city and county workhouse all officers shall be paid the same fees therefor allowed by law for similar services in other cases; such fees, in cases of misdemeanor, shall be paid out of the county treasury of the county from which such commitment was made, and when such sentence is for violation of an ordinance, such fees shall be paid out of the treasury of the municipal corporation from which commitment was made: Provided, That such fees shall only be paid out of the costs paid by convicted persons sentenced under the provisions of this article.


WVC 7-9-24 §7-9-24. Parole.
The foregoing board of joint city and county workhouse directors shall have power to establish rules and regulations under which, and specify the conditions on which, any prisoner may be allowed to go upon parole outside of the buildings and inclosures, but to remain while on parole in the legal custody and under the control of the board and subject at any time to be taken back within the inclosure of said institution; and full power to enforce such rules and regulations and conditions, and to retake and reimprison any convict so upon parole, is hereby conferred upon such board, whose written order, certified by its secretary, shall be a sufficient warrant, for all officers named therein, to authorize such officer to return to actual custody any conditionally released or paroled prisoner; and it is hereby made the duty of all officers to execute such order the same as ordinary criminal process; and the board may employ or authorize any person or persons to see that the conditions of such paroles are not violated, and in case of such violation to return any such prisoner so violating such parole to said workhouse, and the time between the violation of the conditions of such parole or conditional release (by whatever name), as entered by order of the board in the record of its meetings, and the reimprisonment or return of such prisoner shall not be counted as any part or portion of time served under any sentence; and any prisoner at large upon such parole who fails to return to the custody of said workhouse as may be specified as one of the conditions of his parole, or commits a fresh crime and is convicted thereof, shall be, on the order of such board, treated as an escaped prisoner and subject to the penalties concerning escapes from prison.


WVC -10- ARTICLE 10. HUMANE OFFICERS.


WVC 7-10-1 §7-10-1. Deputy sheriffs as humane officers.
The sheriff of each county of this state shall annually designate, by a record made in the office of the clerk of the county commission, one of his or her deputies to act as humane officer of the county; or, if the county commission and sheriff agree, the county dog warden may be designated to act as the humane officer or as an additional humane officer; any person designated to act as a humane officer and all peace officers designated by law as a humane officer or an additional humane officer shall investigate all complaints made to him or her of cruel or inhumane treatment of animals within the county and he or she shall personally see that the law relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals is enforced. The wilful failure of such designee to investigate any complaint made to him or her and to take proper measures in such case or to perform his or her duty in any other respect may constitute good cause for removal from employment.


WVC 7 - 10 - 2 §7-10-2. Duty of humane officers; reporting requirement when abuse or neglect of individuals suspected; prohibition against interference with humane officers; penalties.
(a) It is the duty of humane officers to prevent the perpetration or continuance of any act of cruelty upon any animal and to investigate and, upon probable cause, to cause the arrest and assist in the prosecution of any person engaging in such cruel and forbidden practices. Upon reasonable cause, and as provided by law, such officers have the right to access and inspection of records and property as may be reasonably necessary to any investigation.

(b) Whenever a humane officer, pursuant to an investigation of animal cruelty, forms a reasonable suspicion that a minor child, or incapacitated or elderly person, is the victim of abuse or neglect or has a suspicion of domestic violence, he or she shall report the suspicion and the grounds therefor. In the event of suspected child abuse or neglect, the humane officer shall report to the local child protective services agency of the Department of Health and Human Resources in accordance with the provisions of section five, article six-a, chapter forty-nine of this code. In the event of suspected abuse or neglect of an incapacitated or elderly person, he or she shall report to the department's local adult protective services agency in accordance with the provisions of section eleven, article six, chapter nine of this code. In the event of suspected domestic violence, he or she shall report to the State Police in accordance with the provisions of article twenty-seven, chapter forty-eight of this code.

(c) Any person who interferes with, obstructs or resists any humane officer in the discharge of his or her duty is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars or confined in jail not more than thirty days, or both fined and confined. Any penalties imposed for a violation of this subsection shall be imposed in addition to any penalties the person incurs for cruel or inhumane treatment of any animal.


WVC 7-10-3 §7-10-3. Cruel treatment of animal drawing or in vehicle; custody and care thereof by humane officers.
When any person arrested is, at the time of such arrest, in charge of any vehicle drawn by or containing any animal cruelly treated, such officer shall take charge of such animal and of such vehicle and its contents, and of the animal or animals drawing the same, and shall, if the person in charge thereof be not the owner, give notice of such seizure to the owner, and provide for them until their owner shall take charge of the same; and if the person in charge of or driving such animals be the owner thereof, the same shall not be returned to him until he has been tried for the offense and acquitted, or if convicted, until he shall give bond in the penalty of five hundred dollars with approved security before the tribunal trying the case conditioned not to again cruelly treat such animals; and the officer shall have a lien upon such animals and the vehicle and its contents for the expenses of such care and provision, or such expenses or any part thereof remaining unpaid may be recovered by such humane officer in a civil action.


WVC 7 - 10 - 4 §7-10-4. Custody and care of animals abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated; hearing; bonds; liability for costs; liens; exclusions.
(a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (h) of this section, a humane officer shall take possession of any animal, including birds or wildlife in captivity, known or believed to be abandoned, neglected, deprived of necessary sustenance, shelter, medical care or reasonable protection from fatal freezing or heat exhaustion or cruelly treated or used as defined in sections nineteen and nineteen-a, article eight, chapter sixty-one of this code.

(b) The owner or persons in possession, if his or her identity and residence are known, of any animal seized pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be provided written notice of the seizure, his or her liability for the cost and care of the animal seized as provided in this section and the right to request a hearing in writing before a magistrate in the county where the animal was seized. The magistrate court shall schedule any hearing requested within ten working days of the receipt of the request. The failure of an owner or person in possession to request a hearing within five working days of the seizure is prima facie evidence of the abandonment of the animal. At the hearing, if requested, the magistrate shall determine by a preponderance of the evidence if the animal was abandoned, neglected or deprived of necessary sustenance, shelter, medical care or reasonable protection from fatal freezing or heat exhaustion or otherwise treated or used cruelly as set forth in this section.

(c) (1) If a hearing is requested and the magistrate finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the owner did abandon, neglect or cruelly treat the animal, or if no hearing is requested and the magistrate finds by a preponderance of the evidence, based upon the affidavit of the humane officer, that the owner did abandon, neglect or cruelly treat the animal, the magistrate shall enter an order awarding custody of the animal to any humane officer for further disposition in accordance with reasonable practices for the humane treatment of animals. After hearing the evidence, if the magistrate is not convinced the animal was neglected or cruelly treated, he or she may dismiss the action and order the animal be returned to the owner. If the magistrate finds in favor of the humane officer, the owner of the animal shall post a bond with the court in an amount sufficient to provide for the reasonable costs of care, medical treatment and provisions for the animal for at least thirty days. The bond shall be filed with the court within five days following the court's finding against the owner. At the end of the time for which expenses are covered by the original bond if the animal remains in the care of the humane officer and the owner desires to prevent disposition of the animal by the humane officer, the owner shall post an additional bond with the court within five days of the expiration of the original bond. During this period the humane officer is authorized to place the animal in a safe private home or other safe private setting in lieu of retaining the animal in an animal shelter. The person whose animal is seized is liable for all costs of the care of the seized animal.

(2) If a bond has been posted in accordance with subdivision (1) of this subsection, the custodial animal care agency may draw from the bond the actual reasonable costs incurred by the agency in providing care, medical treatment and provisions to the impounded animal from the date of the initial impoundment to the date of the final disposition of the animal.

(d) Any person whose animal is seized and against whom the magistrate enters a finding pursuant to this section is liable during any period it remains in the possession of the humane officer for the reasonable costs of care, medical treatment and provisions for the animal not covered by the posting of the bond as provided in subdivision (1), subsection (c) of this section. The magistrate shall require the person liable for these costs to post bond to provide for the maintenance of the seized animal. This expense, if any, becomes a lien on the animal and must be discharged before the animal is released to the owner. Upon dismissal or withdrawal of the complaint, any unused portion of posted bonds shall be returned to the owner. Upon a finding in favor of the humane officer, all interest in the impounded animal shall transfer to the humane officer for disposition in accordance with reasonable practices for the humane treatment of animals. Any additional expense above the value of the animal may be recovered by the humane officer or custodial agency.

(e) After the humane officer takes possession of the animal pursuant to a finding by a magistrate that the animal has been abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated and a licensed veterinarian determines that the animal should be humanely destroyed to end its suffering, the veterinarian may order the animal to be humanely destroyed and neither the humane officer, animal euthanasia technician nor the veterinarian is subject to any civil or criminal liability as a result of the action.

(f) (1) The term "humanely destroyed" as used in this section means:

(A) Humane euthanasia of an animal by hypodermic injection by a licensed veterinarian or by an animal euthanasia technician certified in accordance with the provisions of article ten-a, chapter thirty of this code; or

(B) Any other humane euthanasia procedure approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the Humane Society of the United States or the American Humane Association.

(2) The term "humanely destroyed" does not include euthanizing an animal by means of a gas chamber: Provided, That any county which has a gas chamber in operation as of the effective date of this section may continue to operate the gas chamber subject to the following: (1) The gas chamber shall be operated by an animal euthanasia technician certified pursuant to article ten-a, chapter thirty of this code; and (2) the gas chamber shall have been manufactured and installed by a person who regularly manufactures and installs gas chambers. The Board of Veterinary Medicine shall promulgate emergency rules regarding the inspection of gas chambers, pursuant to section fifteen, article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.

(g) In case of an emergency in which an animal cannot be humanely destroyed in an expeditious manner, an animal may be destroyed by shooting if:

(1) The shooting is performed by someone trained in the use of firearms with a weapon and ammunition of suitable caliber and other characteristics designed to produce instantaneous death by a single shot; and

(2) Maximum precaution is taken to minimize the animal's suffering and to protect other persons and animals.

(h) The provisions of this section do not apply to farm livestock, as defined in subsection (d), section two, article ten-b, chapter nineteen of this code; poultry, gaming fowl or wildlife kept in private or licensed game farms if kept and maintained according to usual and accepted standards of livestock; poultry, gaming fowl, wildlife or game farm production and management; nor to the humane use of animals or activities regulated under and in conformity with the provisions of 7 U.S.C. §2131, et seq., and the regulations promulgated thereunder.

(i) All persons or entities in the state performing euthanasia under this article shall register with the Board of Veterinary Medicine by December 31, 2009, in a manner to be prescribed by the board. The Board of Veterinary Medicine shall promulgate emergency rules relating to the registration of those performing animal euthanasia, pursuant to section fifteen, article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.


WVC 7-10-4a §7-10-4a. Reporting of animals abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated; enforcement.
(a) It is the duty of any licensed veterinarian and the right of any other person to report to a humane officer any animal found, reasonably known or believed to be abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated as set forth in this article, and such veterinarian or other person may not be subject to any civil or criminal liability as a result of such reporting.

(b) Any person who, with force, assaults, resists, or impedes any other person engaged in the reporting of abandoned, neglected or cruelly treated animals as provided for in this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred fifty nor more than one thousand dollars, or confined in the county jail not more than one year, or both so fined and confined.


WVC 7 - 10 - 5 §7-10-5. Destruction of animals.
Any humane officer or animal shelter lawfully may humanely destroy or cause to be humanely destroyed any animal in a manner consistent with the provisions of section four of this article when, in the judgment of the humane officer or director or supervisor of an animal shelter and upon the written certificate of a regularly licensed veterinary surgeon, the animal appears to be injured, disabled or diseased past recovery or the animal is unclaimed.


WVC -11- ARTICLE 11. COUNTY PARKS AND RECREATION COMMISSIONS.


WVC 7-11-1 §7-11-1. County courts authorized to create a county parks and recreation commission.
The county court of any county is hereby authorized and empowered, by order entered of record, to create a county parks and recreation commission for the purpose of establishing, improving, developing, administering, operating and maintaining a county public parks and recreation system or public recreational facilities.


WVC 7-11-2 §7-11-2. Commission a body corporate; perpetual existence; name; power and authority; authority of county commission; indebtedness of commission; agreements; tax exemption.
Any parks and recreation commission created by a county court pursuant to the authority of this article shall be a public corporate body with perpetual existence and a corporate seal. It shall be known as the (name of county) county parks and recreation commission. Any board of park and recreation commissioners heretofore created under the former provisions of this article shall hereafter be known as the (name of county) county parks and recreation commission, and such commission shall succeed to all of the properties, interest and assets of any such board of park and recreation commissioners. The commission shall have the power and authority to receive and control any gift, federal grant, other grant, donation and bequest or devise; to exercise the right of eminent domain if an order of the county court authorizing exercise of the right as to any proposed acquisition is first made and entered; to take and hold title to any real or personal property, whether such property be located wholly within or partly within and partly without the county; to receive all operating and capital funds appropriated by the county court to the commission; to receive all income and other funds, whether in cash or check, received by the county court and derived from properties and facilities devoted to park and recreational uses and under the control of said commission; to receive all receipts from income producing park and recreational properties and facilities under the control of the commission; to deposit, invest, manage and disburse, all such funds, income or receipts, including the interest or income earned thereon or therefrom; to borrow money and execute and deliver negotiable notes, mortgage bonds, other bonds, debentures and other evidences of indebtedness therefor, and give such security therefor as shall be requisite, including giving a mortgage or deed of trust on the properties or facilities under the control of the commission or assigning or pledging the gross or net revenues therefrom; to raise funds by the issuance and sale of revenue bonds in the manner provided by the applicable provisions of article sixteen, chapter eight of this code, it being hereby expressly provided that for the purpose of the issuance and sale of revenue bonds, the commission is a "governing body" as that term is used in said article sixteen; to establish, charge and collect reasonable fees and charges for services or for the use of any part of the properties or facilities under its control, or for both services and such use; to sue and be sued; to contract and be contracted with; to obtain one or more insurance policies affording coverage for loss of or damage to the properties and facilities under its control and affording public liability coverage for the legal liability of the commission, its officers, agents and employees; to adopt bylaws governing the operation of the commission and specifying the powers and duties of its officers; and to do any and all things which may be necessary or convenient to carry out and effectuate the purposes and provisions of this article.

Any such county court is hereby empowered and authorized to transfer to any such commission all such funds or income, as provided for in the preceding paragraph of this section, and such county court may require a blanket surety bond covering those individuals authorized to sign checks on behalf of the commission in a penal sum not in excess of twenty-five thousand dollars.

The commission may incur any proper indebtedness and issue any obligations and give any security therefor which it may deem necessary and advisable in connection with carrying out any of its purposes. No indebtedness or obligation incurred by the commission shall give any right against the county or any member of the county court or any member of the commission. No indebtedness of any nature of the commission shall constitute an indebtedness of the county or the county court or be a charge against any property of the county. The rights of creditors of the commission shall be solely against the commission as a corporate body and shall be satisfied only out of property held by it in its corporate capacity.

Without in any way limiting the generality of any of the other provisions of this article, the commission may, in connection with obtaining moneys or property for its purposes, enter into any agreement with any person, including the federal government, or any department, agency or subdivision thereof, containing such provisions, covenants, terms and conditions as the commission may deem advisable.

The commission shall be exempt from the payment of any taxes or fees to the state or any subdivision thereof or any municipality or to any officer or employee of the state or of any subdivision thereof or of any municipality. The property of the commission shall be exempt from all municipal and county taxes. Bonds, notes, debentures and other evidences of indebtedness of the commission are declared to be issued for a public purpose and to be public instrumentalities, and, together with interest and income thereon, shall be exempt from taxation.


WVC 7-11-2a §7-11-2a. Authority to lease property for educational instruction in fire prevention and protection.
In addition to the powers and duties set forth in this article, any county parks and recreation commission organized pursuant to the provision of this article is hereby empowered and authorized: (1) To sell and convey any real estate owned by it which is not contiguous to any tract of land which forms a part of a park owned or operated by the commission: Provided, That such real estate shall be sold at public auction for a fair and adequate consideration. The public auction shall be held at a place designated by the commission, but before making any such sale, notices of the time, terms and place of sale, together with a brief description of the property to be sold, shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of the code of West Virginia, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county wherein the commission is located,

And,

(2) To lease any of its real estate or any part thereof or any of its personal property or any part thereof or any interest in any of the foregoing to any governmental entity or nonprofit corporation for the purpose of establishing a fire prevention and protection or fire-fighting school or educational institution. Every such lease shall be for a term not to exceed forty years and shall be authorized by a resolution of the commission, which resolution shall specify the terms and conditions to be contained in such lease: Provided, That before any such resolution is adopted, a public hearing on such proposed lease shall be held by the commission after notice of the date, time, place and purpose of such public hearing has been published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of the code of West Virginia, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county wherein the commission is located.


WVC 7-11-3 §7-11-3. Number of members; quorum; qualifications; appointment; term; disqualifications.
The commission shall consist of eleven members, a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Each member of said commission shall be a bona fide resident of the county and shall own real estate within such county. The term of the commission members shall be for three years and until their successors have been appointed and have qualified: Provided, That the county court in appointing the members of the first commission shall appoint three members for a term of one year; four members for a term of two years and four members for a term of three years. The order of the county court shall fix the date on which the term of such commission members shall begin. The members of any board of park and recreation commissioners heretofore created under the former provisions of this article shall continue in office as members of the parks and recreation commission of such county until their terms expire and their successors have been appointed and have qualified. Any member of the commission who shall cease to be a bona fide resident of the county or a freeholder thereof, shall thereby be disqualified as a member of said commission and his office shall become vacant. When a vacancy occurs on said commission by reason of death, resignation, change of residence from the county, failure to remain a freeholder of the county, or expiration of term, the county court shall appoint a successor or successors to fill out the unexpired term of the member of the commission whose term has been vacated.


WVC 7-11-4 §7-11-4. Oath of members; officers; location of office; personnel.
After appointment, the members of the commission shall qualify by taking and filing with the clerk of the county court the oath prescribed by law for public officials; one of the members of said commission shall be elected as president, another as vice president, and a secretary shall be elected who need not be a member of the commission. Said commission shall maintain an office at any place it may designate in the county and have control of the management and operation of all properties and facilities which shall be operated in connection with the public parks and recreation system of such county and shall have power to employ or appoint such persons as, in its opinion, may be necessary for the construction, establishment, improvement, development, administration, operation and maintenance of the properties and facilities under its control, subject, however, to the limits of available funds.


WVC 7-11-5 §7-11-5. General powers of commission; rules and regulations; misdemeanor offenses; park police authorized.
The commission shall have the necessary powers and authority to manage and control all public parks and recreational properties and facilities owned by the county or commission and used as a part of such public parks and recreation system, including the right to promulgate rules and regulations concerning the management and control of such parks and recreational properties and facilities and to enforce any such rules and regulations so promulgated.

The commission shall also have plenary power and authority to prepare and submit to the county court for adoption rules and regulations regulating the use of any parks and recreational properties and facilities under the control of the commission and prohibiting any type of use of or activities in connection with any such properties or facilities, and any such rules and regulations, if so adopted, shall be duly entered of record in the order book of the county court. The violation of any such rule and regulation so adopted by the county court shall constitute a misdemeanor, and any person convicted of any such violation shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in jail for a period not exceeding thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Justices of the peace of the county shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the circuit court and other courts of record (having criminal jurisdiction) of any misdemeanor offenses arising under this article. The violation of any such rule and regulation which also constitutes the violation of any state law or municipal ordinance may be prosecuted and punished as a violation of such state law or municipal ordinance rather than under the provisions of this section. To enforce any such rules and regulations, to protect and preserve all properties and facilities under the control of the commission and to preserve law and order in connection therewith, the commission shall have plenary power and authority to provide in its bylaws procedures for the appointment, supervision and discharge of one or more park police officers. Whenever any such appointment is made, a copy of the order of appointment shall be filed by the commission with the county court.

In any area under the jurisdiction and control of the commission, or in connection with any properties or facilities under the jurisdiction and control of the commission, or in pursuit of one or more individuals therefrom, any park police officer so appointed shall have all of the power and authority which a regularly appointed deputy sheriff of such county has in enforcing the criminal laws of the state. Notwithstanding any provisions of this code to the contrary, park police officers appointed as aforesaid shall not be required to obtain a state license to carry a weapon, as required by the provisions of section two, article seven, chapter sixty-one of this code. When any such commission has purchased one or more policies of public liability insurance providing the commission and its officers, agents and employees insurance coverage for legal liability of said commission and its officers, agents and employees for bodily injury, personal injury or damage (including, but not limited to, false arrest and false imprisonment) and property damage, and affording said commission and its officers, agents and employees insurance coverage against any and all legal liability arising from, growing out of, by reason of or in any way connected with, any acts or omissions of said commission, or its officers, agents or employees in the performance of their official duties, and so long as the coverage aforesaid remains in full force and effect as to such park police officers, then the bond specified in section five, article seven of said chapter sixty-one shall not be required as to such park police officers.


WVC 7-11-6 §7-11-6. Severability.
If any provision of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the article, and to this end the provisions of this article are declared to be severable.


WVC -11A- ARTICLE 11A. MUSEUM COMMISSIONS.


WVC 7-11A-1 §7-11A-1. County commission or municipality may establish museum commission; cooperation; appointments.
Any county commission by order entered of record and any municipality by ordinance or any county and municipality by joint agreement may, if it or they so desire, establish a museum commission hereinafter, in this article referred to as the commission, to consist of not less than five nor more than ten appointees to be appointed by the county court or the mayor, as the case may be, and in the case of cooperative efforts between counties and municipalities, hereby authorized, each authority is to have equal appointive power.


WVC 7-11A-2 §7-11A-2. Provisions of order or ordinance creating commission.
In any such order or ordinance, the governing body shall include provisions specifying (1) the terms of the members of such commission; (2) a method of filling vacancies; (3) whether the members of the commission are to be reimbursed for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of their duties; (4) the officers of the commission to be elected from the membership thereof; (5) requirements as to meetings of the commission; (6) requirements as to a quorum of the commission; (7) requirements as to voting by members of the commission; and (8) such other matters as may be deemed necessary or desirable for the proper functioning of the commission.


WVC 7-11A-3 §7-11A-3. Commission empowered to employ personnel and charge admission fees.

Any such commission may also be authorized and empowered by any such ordinance or order to employ, within the limits of funds available therefor, such employees, assistants, technical personnel and consultants as are necessary to discharge the duties and responsibilities of the commission which such duties shall be contained in the order or ordinance establishing the commission. Any such commission may, in its discretion, charge admission fees.

Any such commission shall have the right and power to exercise eminent domain, with the approval of the county commission wherein the power of eminent domain is sought to be exercised, for the purpose of preserving historical and archeological points of interest in their respective jurisdictions.


WVC 7-11A-4 §7-11A-4. County commission or municipality may contribute money to commission; commission may receive gifts, etc.
Any municipality or county establishing any such commission shall have plenary power and authority to appropriate and contribute funds to such commission for expenditure by the commission for the purposes of this article and any expenditure and contribution of county commission or municipal funds shall be under this article. Any such commission may receive gifts, grants, donations, bequests or devises from sources other than public funds.


WVC 7-11A-5 §7-11A-5. County, city and state agencies shall assist commission.
Upon the request of any such commission, all agencies of the city, county and state shall assist such commission in the discharge of its duties and functions.


WVC 7-11A-6 §7-11A-6. Commission must cooperate and coordinate activities with state agencies.
Every such commission shall cooperate and coordinate its activities with the West Virginia department of archives and history, the West Virginia historical society and the West Virginia antiquities commission.


WVC 7-11B- ARTICLE 11B. WEST VIRGINIA TAX INCREMENT FINANCING ACT.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 1 §7-11B-1. Short title.
This article may be known and cited as "The West Virginia Tax Increment Financing Act".


WVC 7 - 11 B- 2 §7-11B-2. Findings and legislative purpose.
(a) It is found and declared to be the policy of this state to promote and facilitate the orderly development and economic stability of its communities. County commissions need the ability to raise revenue to finance capital improvements and facilities that are designed to encourage economic growth and development in geographic areas characterized by high levels of unemployment, stagnant employment, slow income growth, contaminated property or inadequate infrastructure. The construction of necessary capital improvements in accordance with local economic development plans will encourage investing in job-producing private development and expand the public tax base.

(b) It is also found and declared that capital improvements or facilities in any area that result in the increase in the value of property located in the area or encourage increased employment within the area will serve a public purpose for each taxing unit possessing the authority to impose ad valorem taxes in the area.

(c) It is the purpose of this article:

(1) To encourage local levying bodies to cooperate in the allocation of future tax revenues that are used to finance capital improvements and facilities designed to encourage private development in selected areas; and

(2) To assist local governments that have a competitive disadvantage in their ability to attract business, private investment or commercial development due to their location; to encourage remediation of contaminated property; to prevent or arrest the decay of selected areas due to the inability of existing financing methods to provide capital improvements and facilities; and to encourage private investment designed to promote and facilitate the orderly development or redevelopment of selected areas.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 3 §7-11B-3. Definitions.

     (a) General. -- When used in this article, words and phrases defined in this section have the meanings ascribed to them in this section unless a different meaning is clearly required either by the context in which the word or phrase is used or by specific definition in this article.

     (b) Words and phrases defined. --

     (1) "Agency" includes a municipality, a county or municipal development agency established pursuant to authority granted in section one, article twelve of this chapter, a port authority, an airport authority or any other entity created by this state or an agency or instrumentality of this state that engages in economic development activity.

     (2) "Base assessed value" means the taxable assessed value of all real and tangible personal property, excluding personal motor vehicles, having a tax situs within a development or redevelopment district as shown upon the landbooks and personal property books of the assessor on July 1 of the calendar year preceding the effective date of the order or ordinance creating and establishing the development or redevelopment district: Provided, That for any development or redevelopment district approved after the effective date of the amendments to this section enacted during the regular session of the Legislature in 2014, personal trailers, personal boats, personal campers, personal motor homes, personal ATVs and personal motorcycles having a tax situs within a development or redevelopment district are excluded from the base assessed value.

     (3) "Blighted area" means an area within the boundaries of a development or redevelopment district located within the territorial limits of a municipality or county in which the structures, buildings or improvements, by reason of dilapidation, deterioration, age or obsolescence, inadequate provision for access, ventilation, light, air, sanitation, open spaces, high density of population and overcrowding or the existence of conditions which endanger life or property, are detrimental to the public health, safety, morals or welfare. "Blighted area" includes any area which, by reason of the presence of a substantial number of substandard, slum, deteriorated or deteriorating structures, predominance of defective or inadequate street layout, faulty lot layout in relation to size, adequacy, accessibility or usefulness, unsanitary or unsafe conditions, deterioration of site or other improvements, diversity of ownership, defective or unusual conditions of title or the existence of conditions which endanger life or property by fire and other causes, or any combination of such factors, substantially impairs or arrests the sound growth of a municipality, retards the provision of housing accommodations or constitutes an economic or social liability and is a menace to the public health, safety, morals or welfare in its present condition and use, or any area which is predominantly open and which because of lack of accessibility, obsolete platting, diversity of ownership, deterioration of structures or of site improvements, or otherwise, substantially impairs or arrests the sound growth of the community.

     (4) "Conservation area" means any improved area within the boundaries of a development or redevelopment district located within the territorial limits of a municipality or county in which fifty percent or more of the structures in the area have an age of thirty-five years or more. A conservation area is not yet a blighted area but is detrimental to the public health, safety, morals or welfare and may become a blighted area because of any one or more of the following factors: Dilapidation; obsolescence; deterioration; illegal use of individual structures; presence of structures below minimum code standards; abandonment; excessive vacancies; overcrowding of structures and community facilities; lack of ventilation, light or sanitary facilities; inadequate utilities; excessive land coverage; deleterious land use or layout; depreciation of physical maintenance; and lack of community planning. A conservation area shall meet at least three of the factors provided in this subdivision.

     (5) "County commission" means the governing body of a county of this state and, for purposes of this article only, includes the governing body of a Class I or II municipality in this state.

     (6) "Current assessed value" means the annual taxable assessed value of all real and tangible personal property, excluding personal motor vehicles, having a tax situs within a development or redevelopment district as shown upon the landbook and personal property records of the assessor: Provided, That for any development or redevelopment district approved after the effective date of the amendments to this section enacted during the regular session of the Legislature in 2014, personal trailers, personal boats, personal campers, personal motor homes, personal ATVs and personal motorcycles having a tax situs within a development or redevelopment district are excluded from the current assessed value.

     (7) "Development office" means the West Virginia Development Office created in section one, article two, chapter five-b of this code.

     (8) "Development project" or "redevelopment project" means a project undertaken in a development or redevelopment district for eliminating or preventing the development or spread of slums or deteriorated, deteriorating or blighted areas, for discouraging the loss of commerce, industry or employment, for increasing employment or for any combination thereof in accordance with a tax increment financing plan. A development or redevelopment project may include one or more of the following:

     (A) The acquisition of land and improvements, if any, within the development or redevelopment district and clearance of the land so acquired; or

     (B) The development, redevelopment, revitalization or conservation of the project area whenever necessary to provide land for needed public facilities, public housing or industrial or commercial development or revitalization, to eliminate unhealthful, unsanitary or unsafe conditions, to lessen density, mitigate or eliminate traffic congestion, reduce traffic hazards, eliminate obsolete or other uses detrimental to public welfare or otherwise remove or prevent the spread of blight or deterioration;

     (C) The financial or other assistance in the relocation of persons and organizations displaced as a result of carrying out the development or redevelopment project and other improvements necessary for carrying out the project plan, together with those site improvements that are necessary for the preparation of any sites and making any land or improvements acquired in the project area available, by sale or lease, for public housing or for development, redevelopment or rehabilitation by private enterprise for commercial or industrial uses in accordance with the plan;

     (D) The construction of capital improvements within a development or redevelopment district designed to increase or enhance the development of commerce, industry or housing within the development project area; or

     (E) Any other projects the county commission or the agency deems appropriate to carry out the purposes of this article.

     (9) "Development or redevelopment district" means an area proposed by one or more agencies as a development or redevelopment district which may include one or more counties, one or more municipalities or any combination thereof, that has been approved by the county commission of each county in which the project area is located if the project is located outside the corporate limits of a municipality, or by the governing body of a municipality if the project area is located within a municipality, or by both the county commission and the governing body of the municipality when the development or redevelopment district is located both within and without a municipality.

     (10) "Economic development area" means any area or portion of an area within the boundaries of a development or redevelopment district located within the territorial limits of a municipality or county that does not meet the requirements of subdivisions (3) and (4) of this subsection and for which the county commission finds that development or redevelopment will not be solely used for development of commercial businesses that will unfairly compete in the local economy and that development or redevelopment is in the public interest because it will:

     (A) Discourage commerce, industry or manufacturing from moving their operations to another state;

     (B) Result in increased employment in the municipality or county, whichever is applicable; or

     (C) Result in preservation or enhancement of the tax base of the county or municipality.

     (11) "Governing body of a municipality" means the city council of a Class I or Class II municipality in this state.

     (12) "Incremental value", for any development or redevelopment district, means the difference between the base assessed value and the current assessed value. The incremental value will be positive if the current value exceeds the base value and the incremental value will be negative if the current value is less than the base assessed value.

     (13) "Includes" and "including", when used in a definition contained in this article, shall not exclude other things otherwise within the meaning of the term being defined.

     (14) "Local levying body" means the county board of education and the county commission and includes the governing body of a municipality when the development or redevelopment district is located, in whole or in part, within the boundaries of the municipality.

     (15) "Obligations" or "tax increment financing obligations" means bonds, loans, debentures, notes, special certificates or other evidences of indebtedness issued by a county commission or municipality pursuant to this article to carry out a development or redevelopment project or to refund outstanding obligations under this article.

     (16) "Order" means an order of the county commission adopted in conformity with the provisions of this article and as provided in this chapter.

     (17) "Ordinance" means a law adopted by the governing body of a municipality in conformity with the provisions of this article and as provided in chapter eight of this code.

     (18) "Payment in lieu of taxes" means those estimated revenues from real property and tangible personal property having a tax situs in the area selected for a development or redevelopment project which revenues, according to the development or redevelopment project or plan, are to be used for a private use, which levying bodies would have received had a county or municipality not adopted one or more tax increment financing plans and which would result from levies made after the date of adoption of a tax increment financing plan during the time the current assessed value of all taxable real and tangible personal property in the area selected for the development or redevelopment project exceeds the total base assessed value of all taxable real and tangible personal property in the development or redevelopment district until the designation is terminated as provided in this article.

     (19) "Person" means any natural person, and any corporation, association, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company or other entity, regardless of its form, structure or nature, other than a government agency or instrumentality.

     (20) "Private project" means any project that is subject to ad valorem property taxation in this state or to a payment in lieu of tax agreement that is undertaken by a project developer in accordance with a tax increment financing plan in a development or redevelopment district.

     (21) "Project" means any capital improvement, facility or both, as specifically set forth and defined in the project plan, requiring an investment of capital including, but not limited to, extensions, additions or improvements to existing facilities, including water or wastewater facilities, and the remediation of contaminated property as provided for in article twenty-two, chapter twenty-two of this code, but does not include performance of any governmental service by a county or municipal government.

     (22) "Project area" means an area within the boundaries of a development or redevelopment district in which a development or redevelopment project is undertaken as specifically set forth and defined in the project plan.

     (23) "Project costs" means expenditures made in preparation of the development or redevelopment project plan and made, or estimated to be made, or monetary obligations incurred, or estimated to be incurred, by the county commission which are listed in the project plan as capital improvements within a development or redevelopment district, plus any costs incidental thereto. "Project costs" include, but are not limited to:

     (A) Capital costs, including, but not limited to, the actual costs of the construction of public works or improvements, capital improvements and facilities, new buildings, structures and fixtures, the demolition, alteration, remodeling, repair or reconstruction of existing buildings, structures and fixtures, environmental remediation, parking and landscaping, the acquisition of equipment and site clearing, grading and preparation;

     (B) Financing costs, including, but not limited to, an interest paid to holders of evidences of indebtedness issued to pay for project costs, all costs of issuance and any redemption premiums, credit enhancement or other related costs;

     (C) Real property assembly costs, meaning any deficit incurred resulting from the sale or lease as lessor by the county commission of real or personal property having a tax situs within a development or redevelopment district for consideration that is less than its cost to the county commission;

     (D) Professional service costs including, but not limited to, those costs incurred for architectural planning, engineering and legal advice and services;

     (E) Imputed administrative costs including, but not limited to, reasonable charges for time spent by county employees or municipal employees in connection with the implementation of a project plan;

     (F) Relocation costs including, but not limited to, those relocation payments made following condemnation and job training and retraining;

     (G) Organizational costs including, but not limited to, the costs of conducting environmental impact and other studies and the costs of informing the public with respect to the creation of a development or redevelopment district and the implementation of project plans;

     (H) Payments made, in the discretion of the county commission or the governing body of a municipality, which are found to be necessary or convenient to creation of development or redevelopment districts or the implementation of project plans; and

     (I) That portion of costs related to the construction of environmental protection devices, storm or sanitary sewer lines, water lines, amenities or streets or the rebuilding or expansion of streets, or the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion of which is necessitated by the project plan for a development or redevelopment district, whether or not the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion is within the area or on land contiguous thereto.

     (24) "Project developer" means any person who engages in the development of projects in the state.

     (25) "Project plan" means the plan for a development or redevelopment project that is adopted by a county commission or governing body of a municipality in conformity with the requirements of this article and this chapter or chapter eight of this code.

     (26) "Real property" means all lands, including improvements and fixtures on them and property of any nature appurtenant to them or used in connection with them and every estate, interest and right, legal or equitable, in them, including terms of years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage or otherwise, and indebtedness secured by the liens.

     (27) "Redevelopment area" means an area designated by a county commission or the governing body of a municipality in respect to which the commission or governing body has made a finding that there exist conditions which cause the area to be classified as a blighted area, a conservation area, an economic development area or a combination thereof, which area includes only those parcels of real property directly and substantially benefitted by the proposed redevelopment project located within the development or redevelopment district or land contiguous thereto.

     (28) "Redevelopment plan" means the comprehensive program under this article of a county or municipality for redevelopment intended by the payment of redevelopment costs to reduce or eliminate those conditions, the existence of which qualified the redevelopment area as a blighted area, conservation area, economic development area or combination thereof, and to thereby enhance the tax bases of the levying bodies which extend into the redevelopment area. Each redevelopment plan shall conform to the requirements of this article.

     (29) "Tax increment" means the amount of regular levy property taxes attributable to the amount by which the current assessed value of real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in a development or redevelopment district exceeds the base assessed value of the property.

     (30) "Tax increment financing fund" means a separate fund for a development or redevelopment district established by the county commission or governing body of the municipality into which all tax increment revenues and other pledged revenues are deposited and from which projected project costs, debt service and other expenditures authorized by this article are paid.

     (31) "This code" means the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended by the Legislature.

     (32) "Total ad valorem property tax regular levy rate" means the aggregate levy rate of all levying bodies on all taxable property having a tax situs within a development or redevelopment district in a tax year but does not include excess levies, levies for general obligation bonded indebtedness or any other levies that are not regular levies.
WVC 7 - 11 B- 4 §7-11B-4. Powers generally.
In addition to any other powers conferred by law, a county commission or governing body of a Class I or II municipality may exercise any powers necessary and convenient to carry out the purpose of this article, including the power to:

(1) Create development and redevelopment areas or districts and to define the boundaries of those areas or districts;

(2) Cause project plans to be prepared, to approve the project plans, and to implement the provisions and effectuate the purposes of the project plans;

(3) Establish tax increment financing funds for each development or redevelopment district;

(4) Issue tax increment financing obligations and pledge tax increments and other revenues for repayment of the obligations;

(5) Deposit moneys into the tax increment financing fund for any development or redevelopment district;

(6) Enter into any contracts or agreements, including, but not limited to, agreements with project developers, consultants, professionals, financing institutions, trustees and bondholders determined by the county commission to be necessary or convenient to implement the provisions and effectuate the purposes of project plans;

(7) Receive from the federal government or the state loans and grants for, or in aid of, a development or redevelopment project and to receive contributions from any other source to defray project costs;

(8) Exercise the right of eminent domain to condemn property for the purposes of implementing the project plan. The rules and procedures set forth in chapter fifty-four of this code shall govern all condemnation proceedings authorized in this article;

(9) Make relocation payments to those persons, businesses, or organizations that are displaced as a result of carrying out the development or redevelopment project;

(10) Clear and improve property acquired by the county commission pursuant to the project plan and construct public facilities on it or contract for the construction, development, redevelopment, rehabilitation, remodeling, alteration or repair of the property;

(11) Cause parks, playgrounds or water, sewer or drainage facilities or any other public improvements, including, but not limited to, fire stations, community centers and other public buildings, which the county commission is otherwise authorized to undertake to be laid out, constructed or furnished in connection with the development or redevelopment project. When the public improvement of the county commission is to be located, in whole or in part, within the corporate limits of a municipality, the county commission shall consult with the mayor and the governing body of the municipality regarding the public improvement and shall pay for the cost of the public improvement from the tax increment financing fund;

(12) Lay out and construct, alter, relocate, change the grade of, make specific repairs upon or discontinue public ways and construct sidewalks in, or adjacent to, the project area: Provided, That when the public way or sidewalk is located within a municipality, the governing body of the municipality shall consent to the same and if the public way is a state road, the consent of the commissioner of highways shall be necessary;

(13) Cause private ways, sidewalks, ways for vehicular travel, playgrounds or water, sewer or drainage facilities and similar improvements to be constructed within the project area for the particular use of the development or redevelopment district or those dwelling or working in it;

(14) Construct any capital improvements of a public nature;

(15) Construct capital improvements to be leased or sold to private entities in connection with the goals of the development or redevelopment project;

(16) Cause capital improvements owned by one or more private entities to be constructed within the development or redevelopment district;

(17) Designate one or more official or employee of the county commission to make decisions and handle the affairs of development and redevelopment project areas or districts created by the county commission pursuant to this article;

(18) Adopt orders, ordinances or bylaws or repeal or modify such ordinances or bylaws or establish exceptions to existing ordinances and bylaws regulating the design, construction and use of buildings within the development or redevelopment district created by a county commission or governing body of a municipality under this article;

(19) Enter orders, adopt bylaws or repeal or modify such orders or bylaws or establish exceptions to existing orders and bylaws regulating the design, construction and use of buildings within the development or redevelopment district created by a county commission or governing body of a municipality under this article;

(20) Sell, mortgage, lease, transfer or dispose of any property or interest therein, by contract or auction, acquired by it pursuant to the project plan for development, redevelopment or rehabilitation in accordance with the project plan;

(21) Expend project revenues as provided in this article; and

(22) Do all things necessary or convenient to carry out the powers granted in this article.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 5 §7-11B-5. Powers supplemental.
The powers conferred by this article are in addition and supplemental to the powers conferred upon county commissions and municipalities by the Legislature relating to the issuance of industrial and commercial development bonds and refunding bonds.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 6 §7-11B-6. Application for development or redevelopment plan.
(a) An agency or a project developer may apply to a county commission or the governing body of a municipality for adoption of a development or redevelopment project plan. The application shall state the project's economic impact, viability, estimated revenues and potential for job creation and such other information as the county commission or the governing body of the municipality may require.

(b) Copies of the application shall be made available to the public in the county clerk's office or the municipal recorder's office when the application is filed with the governing body of a municipality.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 7 §7-11B-7. Creation of a development or redevelopment or district.
(a) County commissions and the governing bodies of Class I and II municipalities, upon their own initiative or upon application of an agency or a developer, may propose creation of a development or redevelopment district and designate the boundaries of the district: Provided, That a district may not include noncontiguous land.

(b) The county commission or municipality proposing creation of a development or redevelopment district shall then hold a public hearing at which interested parties are afforded a reasonable opportunity to express their views on the proposed creation of a development or redevelopment district and its proposed boundaries.

(1) Notice of the hearing shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in accordance with section two, article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code.

(2) The notice shall include the time, place and purpose of the public hearing, describe in sufficient detail the tax increment financing plan, the proposed boundaries of the development or redevelopment district and, when a development or redevelopment project plan is being proposed, the proposed tax increment financing obligations to be issued to finance the development or redevelopment project costs.

(3) Prior to the first day of publication, a copy of the notice shall be sent by first-class mail to the director of the development office and to the chief executive officer of all other local levying bodies having the power to levy taxes on real and tangible personal property located within the proposed development or redevelopment district.

(4) All parties who appear at the hearing shall be afforded an opportunity to express their views on the proposal to create the development or redevelopment district and, if applicable, the development or redevelopment project plan and proposed tax increment financing obligations.

(c) After the public hearing, the county commission, or the governing body of the municipality, shall finalize the boundaries of the development or redevelopment district, the development or redevelopment project plan, or both, and submit the same to the director of the development office for his or her review and approval. The director, within sixty days after receipt of the application, shall approve the application as submitted, reject the application or return the application to the county commission or governing body of the municipality for further development or review in accordance with instructions of the director of the development office. A development or redevelopment district or development or redevelopment project plan may not be adopted by the county commission or the governing body of a municipality until after it has been approved by the executive director of the development office.

(d) Upon approval of the application by the development office, the county commission may enter an order and the governing body of the municipality proposing the district or development or redevelopment project plan may adopt an ordinance, that:

(1) Describes the boundaries of a development or redevelopment district sufficiently to identify with ordinary and reasonable certainty the territory included in the district, which boundaries shall create a contiguous district;

(2) Creates the development or redevelopment district as of a date provided in the order or ordinance;

(3) Assigns a name to the development or redevelopment district for identification purposes.

(A) The name may include a geographic or other designation, shall identify the county or municipality authorizing the district and shall be assigned a number, beginning with the number one.

(B) Each subsequently created district in the county or municipality shall be assigned the next consecutive number;

(4) Contains findings that the real property within the development or redevelopment district will be benefitted by eliminating or preventing the development or spread of slums or blighted, deteriorated or deteriorating areas, discouraging the loss of commerce, industry or employment, increasing employment or any combination thereof;

(5) Approves the development or redevelopment project plan, if applicable;

(6) Establishes a tax increment financing fund as a separate fund into which all tax increment revenues and other revenues designated by the county commission, or governing body of the municipality, for the benefit of the development or redevelopment district shall be deposited, and from which all project costs shall be paid, which may be assigned to and held by a trustee for the benefit of bondholders if tax increment financing obligations are issued by the county commission or the governing body of the municipality; and

(7) Provides that ad valorem property taxes on real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in the development or redevelopment district shall be assessed, collected and allocated in the following manner, commencing upon the date of adoption of such order or ordinance and continuing for so long as any tax increment financing obligations are payable from the tax increment financing fund, hereinafter authorized, are outstanding and unpaid:

(A) For each tax year, the county assessor shall record in the land and personal property books both the base assessed value and the current assessed value of the real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in the development or redevelopment district;

(B) Ad valorem taxes collected from regular levies upon real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in the district that are attributable to the lower of the base assessed value or the current assessed value of real and tangible personal property located in the development project area shall be allocated to the levying bodies in the same manner as applicable to the tax year in which the development or redevelopment project plan is adopted by order of the county commission or by ordinance adopted by the governing body of the municipality;

(C) The tax increment with respect to real and tangible personal property in the development or redevelopment district shall be allocated and paid into the tax increment financing fund and shall be used to pay the principal of and interest on tax increment financing obligations issued to finance the costs of the development or redevelopment projects in the development or redevelopment district. Any levying body having a development or redevelopment district within its taxing jurisdiction shall not receive any portion of the annual tax increment except as otherwise provided in this article; and

(D) In no event shall the tax increment include any taxes collected from excess levies, levies for general obligation bonded indebtedness or any levies other than the regular levies provided for in article eight, chapter eleven of this code.

(e) Proceeds from tax increment financing obligations issued under this article may only be used to pay for costs of development and redevelopment projects to foster economic development in the development or redevelopment district or land contiguous thereto.

(f) Notwithstanding subsection (e) of this section, a county commission may not enter an order approving a development or redevelopment project plan unless the county commission expressly finds and states in the order that the development or redevelopment project is not reasonably expected to occur without the use of tax increment financing.

(g) Notwithstanding subsection (e) of this section, the governing body of a municipality may not adopt an ordinance approving a development or redevelopment project plan unless the governing body expressly finds and states in the ordinance that the development or redevelopment project is not reasonably expected to occur without the use of tax increment financing.

(h) No county commission shall establish a development or redevelopment district any portion of which is within the boundaries of a Class I, II, III or IV municipality without the formal consent of the governing body of such municipality.

(i) A tax increment financing plan that has been approved by a county commission or the governing body of a municipality may be amended by following the procedures set forth in this article for adoption of a new development or redevelopment project plan.

(j) The county commission may modify the boundaries of the development or redevelopment district, from time to time, by entry of an order modifying the order creating the development or redevelopment district.

(k) The governing body of a municipality may modify the boundaries of the development or redevelopment district, from time to time, by amending the ordinance establishing the boundaries of the district.

(l) Before a county commission or the governing body of a municipality may amend such an order or ordinance, the county commission or municipality shall give the public notice, hold a public hearing and obtain the approval of the director of the development office, following the procedures for establishing a new development or redevelopment district. In the event any tax increment financing obligations are outstanding with respect to the development or redevelopment district, any change in the boundaries shall not reduce the amount of tax increment available to secure the outstanding tax increment financing obligations.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 8 §7-11B-8. Project plan - approval.
(a) The county commission or municipality creating the district shall cause the preparation of a project plan for each development or redevelopment district and the project plan shall be adopted by order of the county commission, or ordinance adopted by the governing body of the municipality, after it is approved by the executive director of the development office. This process shall conform to the procedures set forth in this section.

(b) Each project plan shall include:

(1) A statement listing the kind, number and location of all proposed public works or other improvements within the district and on land outside but contiguous to the district;

(2) A cost-benefit analysis showing the economic impact of the plan on each levying body that is at least partially within the boundaries of the development or redevelopment district. This analysis shall show the impact on the economy if the project is not built and is built pursuant to the development or redevelopment plan under consideration. The cost-benefit analysis shall include a fiscal impact study on every affected levying body and sufficient information from the developer for the agency, if any proposing the plan, the county commission be asked to approve the project and the development office to evaluate whether the project as proposed is financially feasible;

(3) An economic feasibility study;

(4) A detailed list of estimated project costs;

(5) A description of the methods of financing all estimated project costs, including the issuance of tax increment obligations and the time when the costs or monetary obligations related thereto are to be incurred;

(6) A certification by the county assessor of the base assessed value of real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in a development or redevelopment district: Provided, That if such certification is made during the months of January or February of each year, the county assessor may certify an estimated base assessed value of real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in a development or redevelopment district: Provided, however, That prior to issuance of tax increment obligations, the county assessor shall certify a final base assessed value for the estimated base assessed value permitted by this section;

(7) The type and amount of any other revenues that are expected to be deposited to the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district;

(8) A map showing existing uses and conditions of real property in the development or redevelopment district;

(9) A map of proposed improvements and uses in the district;

(10) Proposed changes of zoning ordinances, if any;

(11) Appropriate cross-references to any master plan, map, building codes and municipal ordinances or county commission orders affected by the project plan;

(12) A list of estimated nonproject costs;

(13) A statement of the proposed method for the relocation of any persons, businesses or organizations to be displaced;

(14) A certificate from the executive director of the workers' compensation commission, the commissioner of the bureau of employment programs and the state tax commissioner that the project developer is in good standing with the workers' compensation commission, the bureau of employment programs and the state tax division; and

(15) A certificate from the sheriff of the county or counties in which the development or redevelopment district is located that the project developer is not delinquent on payment of any real and personal property taxes in such county.

(c) If the project plan is to include tax increment financing, the tax increment financing portion of the plan shall set forth:

(1) The amount of indebtedness to be incurred pursuant to this article;

(2) An estimate of the tax increment to be generated as a result of the project;

(3) The method for calculating the tax increment, which shall be in conformance with the provisions of this article, together with any provision for adjustment of the method of calculation;

(4) Any other revenues, such as payment in lieu of tax revenues, to be used to secure the tax increment financing; and

(5) Any other provisions as may be deemed necessary in order to carry out any tax increment financing to be used for the development or redevelopment project.

(d) If less than all of the tax increment is to be used to fund a development or redevelopment project or to pay project costs or retire tax increment financing, the project plan shall set forth the portion of the tax increment to be deposited in the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district and provide for the distribution of the remaining portion of the tax increment to the levying bodies in whose jurisdiction the district lies.

(e) The county commission or governing body of the municipality that established the tax increment financing fund shall hold a public hearing at which interested parties shall be afforded a reasonable opportunity to express their views on the proposed project plan being considered by the county commission or the governing body of the municipality.

(1) Notice of the hearing shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in accordance with section two, article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code.

(2) Prior to this publication, a copy of the notice shall be sent by first-class mail to the chief executive officer of all other levying bodies having the power to levy taxes on property located within the proposed development or redevelopment district.

(f) Approval by the county commission or the governing body of a municipality of an initial development or redevelopment project plan must be within one year after the date of the county assessor's certification required by subdivision (6), subsection (b) of this section: Provided, That additional development or redevelopment project plans may be approved by the county commission or the governing body of a municipality in subsequent years, so long as the development or redevelopment district continues to exist. The approval shall be by order of the county commission or ordinance of the municipality, which shall contain a finding that the plan is economically feasible.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 9 §7-11B-9. Project plan - amendment.
(a) The county commission may by order, or the governing body of a municipality by ordinance, adopt an amendment to a project plan.

(b) Adoption of an amendment to a project plan shall be preceded by a public hearing held by the county commission, or governing body of the municipality, at which interested parties shall be afforded a reasonable opportunity to express their views on the amendment.

(1) Notice of the hearing shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in accordance with section two, article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code.

(2) Prior to publication, a copy of the notice shall be sent by first-class mail to the chief executive officer of all other local levying bodies having the power to levy taxes on property within the development or redevelopment district.

(3) Copies of the proposed plan amendments shall be made available to the public at the county clerk's office or municipal clerk's office at least fifteen days prior to the hearing.

(c) One or more existing development or redevelopment districts may be combined pursuant to lawfully adopted amendments to the original plans for each district: Provided, That the county commission, or governing body of the municipality, finds that the combination of the districts will not impair the security for any tax increment financing obligations previously issued pursuant to this article.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 10 §7-11B-10. Termination of development or redevelopment district.
(a) No development or redevelopment district may be in existence for a period longer than thirty years and no tax increment financing obligations may have a final maturity date later than the termination date of the area or district.

(b) The county commission or governing body of the municipality creating the development or redevelopment district may set a shorter period for the existence of the district. In this event, no tax increment financing obligations may have a final maturity date later than the termination date of the district.

(c) Upon termination of the district, no further ad valorem tax revenues shall be distributed to the tax increment financing fund of the district.

(d) The county commission shall adopt, upon the expiration of the time periods set forth in this section, an order terminating the development or redevelopment district created by the county commission: Provided, That no district shall be terminated so long as bonds with respect to the district remain outstanding.

(e) The governing body of the county commission shall repeal, upon the expiration of the time periods set forth in this section, the ordinance establishing the development or redevelopment district: Provided, That no district shall be terminated so long as bonds with respect to the district remain outstanding.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 11 §7-11B-11. Costs of formation of development or redevelopment district.

(a) The county commission, or the governing body of a municipality, may pay, but shall have no obligation to pay, the costs of preparing the project plan or forming the development or redevelopment district created by them.

(b) If the county commission, or the governing body of the municipality, elects not to incur those costs, they shall be made project costs of the district and reimbursed from bond proceeds or other financing or may be paid by developers, property owners or other persons interested in the success of the development or redevelopment project.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 12 §7-11B-12. Overlapping districts prohibited,
The boundaries of any development and redevelopment districts shall not overlap with any other development or redevelopment district.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 13 §7-11B-13. Conflicts of interest; required disclosures and abstention.
(a) If any member of the governing body of an agency applying for a development or redevelopment district or a development or redevelopment project plan, a member of the county commission considering the application or a member of the governing body of a municipality considering the application owns or controls an interest, direct or indirect, in any property included in the development or redevelopment district, or proposed development or redevelopment district, he or she shall refrain from any further official involvement in regard to such application shall abstain from voting on any matter pertaining to such application, and shall abstain from communicating with other members concerning any matter pertaining to such application.

(b) With respect to development or redevelopment projects, the provisions of subsection (a), section fifteen, article ten, chapter sixty-one of this code do not apply to any person who, or person whose spouse, is a salaried employee of a project developer under a contract subject to the provisions of said subsection if the employee, his or her spouse or child:

(1) Is not a party to the contract;

(2) Is not an owner, a shareholder, a director or an officer of a private entity under the contract;

(3) Receives no commission, bonus or other direct remuneration or thing of value by virtue of the contract;

(4) Does not participate in the deliberations or awarding of the contract; and

(5) Does not approve, vote for or otherwise authorize the payment of public funds, including, but not limited to, tax increment revenues, pursuant to or as a result of the contract.

(c) Additionally, no member of the county commission or governing body of a municipality considering a development or redevelopment district or project plan, no member of the governing body of an agency proposing a development or redevelopment district or project plan, or any employee of the county, municipality or agency shall acquire any interest, direct or indirect, in any property in a development or redevelopment district or project area, or a proposed development or redevelopment district or project area, during the period of time between when the individual first obtains personal knowledge of the development or redevelopment district or project plan and the completion of the public hearing regarding the development or redevelopment district or project plan or on a date which the county commission or governing body of a municipality publicly announces that the development or redevelopment district or project plan is no longer under consideration.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 14 §7-11B-14. Projects financed by tax increment financing considered to be public improvements subject to prevailing wage, local labor preference and competitive bid requirements.
(a) Any project acquired, constructed, or financed, in whole or in part, by a county commission or municipality under this article shall be considered to be a "public improvement" within the meaning of the provisions of articles one-c and five-a, chapter twenty-one of this code.

(b) The county commission or municipality shall, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, solicit or require solicitation of competitive bids and require the payment of prevailing wage rates as provided in article five-a, chapter twenty-one of this code and compliance with article one-c of said chapter for every project or infrastructure project funded pursuant to this article exceeding twenty-five thousand dollars in total cost.

(c) Following the solicitation of the bids, the construction contract shall be awarded to the lowest qualified responsible bidder, who shall furnish a sufficient performance and payment bond: Provided, That the county commission, municipality or other person soliciting the bids may reject all bids and solicit new bids on the project.

(d) No officer or employee of this state or of any public agency, public authority, public corporation, or other public entity, and no person acting or purporting to act on behalf of such officer or employee or public entity shall require that any performance bond, payment bond, or bid bond required or permitted by this section be obtained from any particular surety company, agent, broker or producer.

(e) This section does not:

(1) Apply to work performed on construction projects not exceeding a total cost of fifty thousand dollars by regular full-time employees of the county commission or the municipality: Provided, That no more than fifty thousand dollars shall be expended on an individual project in a single location in a twelve-month period;

(2) Prevent students enrolled in vocational educational schools from being used in construction or repair projects when such use is a part of the students' training program;

(3) Apply to emergency repairs to building components and systems: Provided, That the term "emergency repairs" means repairs that, if not made immediately, will seriously impair the use of the building components and systems or cause danger to those persons using the building components and systems; or

(4) Apply to any situation where the county commission or municipality comes to an agreement with volunteers, or a volunteer group, by which the governmental body will provide construction or repair materials, architectural, engineering, technical or any other professional services and the volunteers will provide the necessary labor without charge to, or liability upon, the governmental body: Provided, That the total cost of the construction or repair projects does not exceed fifty thousand dollars.

(f) The provisions of subsection (b) of this section apply to privately owned projects or infrastructure projects constructed on lands not owned by the county commission, a municipality or a government agency or instrumentality when the owner or the owner's agent or person financing the owner's project receives money from the tax increment financing fund for the owner's project.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 15 §7-11B-15. Reports by county commissions and municipalities, contents, and publication; procedure to determine progress of project; reports by development office, content of reports; rule-making authority; development office to provide manual and assistance.
(a) Each year, the county commission, or its designee, and the governing body of a municipality, or its designee, that has approved a development or redevelopment project plan shall prepare a report giving the status of each plan and each development and redevelopment project included in the plan and file it with the executive director of the development office by the first day of October each year. The report shall include the following information:

(1) The aggregate amount and the amount by source of revenue in the tax increment financing fund;

(2) The amount and purpose of expenditures from the tax increment financing fund;

(3) The amount of any pledge of revenues, including principal and interest on any outstanding tax increment financing indebtedness;

(4) The base assessed value of the development or redevelopment project or the development or redevelopment district, as appropriate;

(5) The assessed value for the current tax year of the development or redevelopment project property or of the taxable property having a tax situs in the development or redevelopment district, as appropriate;

(6) The assessed value added to base assessed value of the development or redevelopment project or the taxable property having a tax situs in the development or redevelopment district, as the case may be;

(7) Payments made in lieu of taxes received and expended;

(8) Reports on contracts made incidental to the implementation and furtherance of a development or redevelopment plan or project;

(9) A copy of any development or redevelopment plan, which shall include the required findings and cost-benefit analysis;

(10) The cost of any property acquired, disposed of, rehabilitated, reconstructed, repaired or remodeled;

(11) The number of parcels of land acquired by or through initiation of eminent domain proceedings;

(12) The number and types of jobs projected by the project developer to be created, if any, and the estimated annualized wages and benefits paid or to be paid to persons filling those jobs;

(13) The number, type and duration of the jobs created, if any, and the annualized wages and benefits paid;

(14) The amount of disbursements from the tax increment financing fund during the most recently completed fiscal year, in the aggregate and in such detail as the executive director of the development office may require;

(15) An annual statement showing payments made in lieu of taxes received and expended during the fiscal year;

(16) The status of the development or redevelopment plan and projects therein;

(17) The amount of outstanding tax increment financing obligations; and

(18) Any additional information the county commission or the municipality preparing the report deems necessary or that the executive director of the development office may by procedural rule require.

(b) Data contained in the report required by subsection (a) of this section shall be deemed a public record as defined in article one, chapter twenty-nine-b of this code.

(1) The county commission's annual report shall be published on its web site, if it has a web site. If the county does not have a web site, the annual report shall be published on the web site of the development office.

(2) The municipality's annual report shall be published on its web site, if it has a web site. If the municipality does not have a web site, the annual report shall be published on the web site of the development office.

(c) After the close of the fiscal year, but on or before the first day of October each year, the county commission and the governing body of a municipality that approved a development or redevelopment plan shall publish in a newspaper of general circulation in the county or municipality, as appropriate, an annual statement showing for each development or redevelopment project or plan for which tax increment financing obligations have been issued:

(1) A summary of receipts and disbursements, by major category, of moneys in the tax increment financing fund during that fiscal year;

(2) A summary of the status of the development or redevelopment plan and each project therein;

(3) The amount of tax increment financing principal outstanding as of the close of the fiscal year; and

(4) Any additional information the county commission or municipality deems necessary or appropriate to publish.

(d) Five years after the establishment of a development or redevelopment plan, and every five years thereafter, the county commission or municipality that approved the plan shall hold a public hearing regarding that development or redevelopment plan and the projects created or to be created in the development or redevelopment district pursuant to this article.

(1) The purpose of the public hearing is to determine if the development or redevelopment plan and the proposed project or projects are making satisfactory progress under the proposed time schedule contained within the approved plans for completion of the projects.

(2) Notice of this public hearing shall be given in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, or in the municipality for a municipal plan, once each week for four successive weeks immediately prior to the hearing.

(3) Public hearings on development and redevelopment plans and projects may be held as part of a regular or special meeting of the county commission, or governing body of the municipality, that adopted the plan.

(e) The executive director of the development office shall submit a report to the governor, the speaker of the House of Delegates and the president of the Senate no later than February first of each year. The report shall contain a summary of all information received by the executive director pursuant to this section.

(f) For the purpose of facilitating and coordinating the reports required by this section, the executive director of the development office may promulgate procedural rules in the manner provided in article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code to ensure compliance with this section.

(g) The executive director of the development office shall provide information and technical assistance, as requested by a county commission or the governing body of a municipality, on the requirements of this article. The information and technical assistance shall be provided in the form of a manual, written in an easy-to-follow manner, and through consultations with staff of the development office.

(h) By the first day of October each year, each agency that proposed a development or redevelopment plan that was approved by a county commission, or the governing body of a municipality, and each county commission, or governing body of a municipality, that approved a development or redevelopment plan that was not proposed by an agency shall report to the executive director of the development office the name, address, phone number and primary line of business of any business that relocates to the development or redevelopment district during the immediately preceding fiscal year of the state. The executive director shall compile and report the same to the governor, the speaker of the House of Delegates and the president of the Senate by the first day of February of the next calendar year.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 16 §7-11B-16. Valuation of real property.
(a) Upon and after the effective date of the creation of a development or redevelopment district, the county assessor of the county in which the district is located shall transmit to the county clerk a certified statement of the base assessed value, total ad valorem regular levy rate, total general obligation bond debt service ad valorem rate and total excess levy rate applicable for the development or redevelopment district.

(1) The assessor shall undertake, upon request of the county commission, or the governing body of the municipality, creating the development or redevelopment district, an investigation, examination and inspection of the taxable real and tangible personal property having a tax situs in the district and shall reaffirm or revalue the base value for assessment of the property in accordance with the findings of the investigation, examination and inspection.

(2) The county assessor shall determine, according to his or her best judgment from all sources available to him or her, the full aggregate assessed value of the taxable property in the district, which aggregate assessed valuation, upon certification thereof by the assessor to the clerk, constitutes the base value of the development or redevelopment district.

(b) The county assessor shall give notice annually to the designated finance officer of each levying body having the power to levy taxes on property within each district of the current value and the incremental value of the property in the development or redevelopment district.

(c) The assessor shall also determine the tax increment by applying the applicable ad valorem regular levy rates to the incremental value.

(d) The notice shall also explain that the entire amount of the tax increment allocable to property within the development or redevelopment district will be paid to the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district until it is terminated.

(e) The assessor shall identify upon the landbooks those parcels of property that are within each existing development or redevelopment district, specifying on landbooks the name of each district.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 17 §7-11B-17. Division of ad valorem real property tax revenue.
(a) For so long as the development or redevelopment district exists, the county sheriff shall divide the ad valorem tax revenue collected, with respect to taxable property in the district, as follows:

(1) The assessor shall determine for each tax year:

(A) The amount of ad valorem property tax revenue that should be generated by multiplying the assessed value of the property for the then current tax year by the aggregate of applicable levy rates for the tax year;

(B) The amount of ad valorem tax revenue that should be generated by multiplying the base assessed value of the property by the applicable regular ad valorem levy rates for the tax year;

(C) The amount of ad valorem tax revenue that should be generated by multiplying the assessed value of the property for the current tax year by the applicable levy rates for general obligation bond debt service for the tax year;

(D) The amount of ad valorem property tax revenue that should be generated by multiplying the assessed value of the property for the current tax year by the applicable excess levy rates for the tax year; and

(E) The amount of ad valorem property tax revenue that should be generated by multiplying the incremental value by the applicable regular levy rates for the tax year.

(2) The sheriff shall determine from the calculations set forth in subdivision (1) of this subsection the percentage share of total ad valorem revenue for each levying body according to paragraphs (B) through (D), inclusive, of said subdivision by dividing each of such amounts by the total ad valorem revenue figure determined by the calculation in paragraph (A) of said subdivision; and

(3) On each date on which ad valorem tax revenue is to be distributed to the levying bodies, such revenue shall be distributed by:

(A) Applying the percentage share determined according to paragraph (B), subdivision (1) of this subsection to the revenues received and distributing such share to the levying bodies entitled to such distribution pursuant to current law;

(B) Applying the percentage share determined according to paragraph (C), subdivision (1) of this subsection to the revenues received and distributing such share to the levying bodies entitled to such distribution by reason of having general obligation bonds outstanding;

(C) Applying the percentage share determined according to paragraph (D), subdivision (1) of this subsection to the revenues received and distributing such share to the levying bodies entitled to such distribution by reason of having excess levies in effect for the tax year; and

(D) Applying the percentage share determined according to paragraph (E), subdivision (1) of this subsection to the revenues received and distributing such share to the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district.

(b) In each year for which there is a positive tax increment, the county sheriff shall remit to the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district that portion of the ad valorem property taxes collected that consists of the tax increment.

(c) Any additional moneys appropriated to the development or redevelopment district pursuant to an appropriation by the county commission that created the district and any additional moneys dedicated to the fund from other sources shall be deposited to the tax increment financing fund for the development or redevelopment district by the sheriff.

(d) Any funds deposited into the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district may be used to pay project costs, principal and interest on bonds and the cost of any other improvements in the development or redevelopment district deemed proper by the county commission.

(e) Unless otherwise directed pursuant to any agreement with the holders of tax increment financing obligations, moneys in the tax increment financing fund may be temporarily invested in the same manner as other funds of the county commission, or the municipality, that established the fund.

(f) If less than all of the tax increment is to be used for project costs or pledged to secure tax increment financing as provided in the plan for the development or redevelopment district, the sheriff shall account for that fact in distributing the ad valorem property tax revenues.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 18 §7-11B-18. Payments in lieu of taxes and other revenues.
(a) The county commission or municipality that created the development or redevelopment district shall deposit in the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district all payments in lieu of taxes received pursuant to any agreement entered into on or subsequent to the date of creation of a development or redevelopment district on tax exempt property located within the development or redevelopment district.

(b) The lessee of property that is exempt from property taxes because it is owned by this state, a political subdivision of this state or an agency or instrumentality thereof, which is the lessee of any facilities financed, in whole or in part, with tax increment financing obligations, shall execute a payment in lieu of tax agreement that shall remain in effect until the tax increment financing obligations are paid, during which period of time the lessee agrees to pay to the county sheriff an amount equal to the amount of ad valorem property taxes that would have been levied against the assessed value of the property were it owned by the lessee rather than a tax exempt entity. The portion of the payment in lieu of taxes attributable to the incremental value shall be deposited in the tax increment financing fund. The remaining portion of the in lieu payment shall be distributed among the levying bodies as follows:

(1) The portion of the in lieu tax payment attributable to the base value of the property shall be distributed to the levying bodies in the same manner as taxes attributable to the base value of other property in the district are distributed; and

(2) The portions of the in lieu tax payment attributable to levies for bonded indebtedness and excess levies shall be distributed in the same manner as those levies on other property in the district are distributed.

(c) Other revenues to be derived from the development or redevelopment district may also be deposited in the tax increment financing fund at the direction of the county commission.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 19 §7-11B-19. Tax increment obligations generally.
(a) Tax increment obligations may be issued by a county commission, or the governing body of the municipality, to pay project costs for projects included in the development or redevelopment plan approved by the development office and adopted by the county commission, or the governing body of the municipality, that are located in a development or redevelopment district or on land not in the district that is contiguous to the district and which contain infrastructure or other facilities which serve the district.

(1) Tax increment financing obligations may be issued for project costs, as defined in section three of this article, which may include interest prior to and during the acquisition, construction and equipping of a project and for a reasonable time thereafter, with such reserves as may be required by any agreement securing the obligations and all other expenses incidental to planning, carrying out and financing the project.

(2) The proceeds of tax increment financing obligations may also be used to reimburse the costs of any interim financing or cash expenditures entered on behalf of projects in the development or redevelopment district.

(b) Tax increment financing obligations issued under this article shall be payable solely from the tax increment or other revenues deposited to the credit of the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district.

(c) Under no event shall tax increment financing obligations be secured or be deemed to be secured by the full faith and credit of the county commission or the municipality issuing the tax increment financing obligations.

(d) Every tax increment financing bond, note or other obligation issued under this article shall recite on its face that it is a special obligation payable solely from the tax increment and other revenues pledged for its repayment.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 20 §7-11B-20. Tax increment financing obligations -- authority to issue.
For the purpose of paying project costs, or for the purpose of refunding notes issued under this article for the purpose of paying project costs, the county commission or municipality creating the development or redevelopment district may issue tax increment financing obligations payable out of tax increments and other revenues deposited to the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 21 §7-11B-21. Tax increment financing obligations -- authorizing resolution.
(a) Issuance of tax increment financing obligations shall be authorized by order of the county commission, or resolution of the municipality, that created the development or redevelopment district.

(b) The order, or resolution, shall state the name of the development or redevelopment district, the amount of tax increment financing obligations authorized, the type of obligation authorized and the interest rate or rates to be borne by the bonds, notes or other tax increment financing obligations.

(c) The order or ordinance may prescribe the terms, form and content of the tax increment financing obligations and other particulars or information the county commission, or governing body of the municipality, issuing the obligations deems useful or it may include by reference the terms and conditions set forth in a trust indenture or other document securing the development or redevelopment project tax increment financing obligations.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 22 §7-11B-22. Tax increment financing obligations -- terms, conditions.
(a) Tax increment financing obligations may not be issued in an amount exceeding the estimated aggregate project costs, including all costs of issuance of the tax increment financing obligations.

(b) Tax increment financing obligations shall not be included in the computation of the constitutional debt limitation of the county commission or municipality issuing the tax increment financing obligations.

(c) Tax increment financing obligations shall mature over a period not exceeding thirty years from the date of entry of the county commission's order, or the effective date of the municipal ordinance, creating the development or redevelopment district and approving the development or redevelopment plan, or a period terminating with the date of termination of the development or redevelopment district, whichever period terminates earlier.

(d) Tax increment financing obligations may contain a provision authorizing their redemption, in whole or in part, at stipulated prices, at the option of the county commission or municipality issuing the obligations, and, if so, the obligations shall provide the method of selecting the tax increment financing obligations to be redeemed.

(e) The principal and interest on tax increment financing obligations may be payable at any place set forth in the resolution, trust indenture or other document governing the obligations.

(f) Bonds or notes shall be issued in registered form.

(g) Bonds or notes may be issued in any denomination.

(h) Each tax increment financing obligation issued under this article is declared to be a negotiable instrument.

(i) The tax increment financing obligations may be sold at public or private sale.

(j) Insofar as they are consistent with subsections (a), (b) and (c) of this section, the procedures for issuance, form, contents, execution, negotiation and registration of county and municipal industrial or commercial revenue bonds set forth in article two-c, chapter thirteen of this code are incorporated by reference herein.

(k) The bonds may be refunded or refinanced and refunding bonds may be issued in any principal amount: Provided, That the last maturity of the refunding bonds shall not be later than the last maturity of the bonds being refunded.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 23 §7-11B-23. Tax increment financing obligations -- security -- marketability.
To increase the security and marketability of tax increment financing obligations, the county commission or municipality issuing the obligations may:

(1) Create a lien for the benefit of the holders of the obligations upon any capital improvements, facilities or both financed by the obligations; or

(2) Make such covenants and do any and all such actions, not inconsistent with the constitution of this state, which may be necessary, convenient or desirable in order to additionally secure the obligations or which tend to make the obligations more marketable according to the best judgment of the county commission or municipality issuing the tax increment financing obligations.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 24 §7-11B-24. Tax increment financing obligations -- special fund for repayment.
(a) Tax increment financing obligations issued by a county commission or municipality are payable out of the tax increment financing fund created for each development and redevelopment district created under this article.

(b) The county commission or municipality issuing the tax increment financing obligations shall irrevocably pledge all or part of the tax increment financing fund to the payment of the obligations. The tax increment financing fund, or the designated part thereof, may thereafter be used only for the payment of the obligations and their interest until they have been fully paid.

(c) A holder of the tax increment financing obligations shall have a lien against the tax increment financing fund for payment of the obligations and interest on them and may bring suit to enforce the lien.

(d) A county commission or municipality may issue and secure additional bonds payable out of the tax increment fund created for each development or redevelopment district created under this article, which bonds may rank on a parity with, or be subordinate or superior to, other bonds issued by the county commission or municipality from each such tax increment fund.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 25 §7-11B-25. Tax increment financing obligations - Tax exemption.
Tax increment financing obligations issued under this article, together with the interest and income therefrom, shall be exempt from all state income taxes, whether imposed on individuals, corporations or other persons, from state business franchise taxes and from ad valorem property taxes.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 26 §7-11B-26. Excess funds.
(a) Moneys received in the tax increment financing fund of the development or redevelopment district in excess of amounts needed to pay project costs and debt service may be used by the county commission or municipality that created the development or redevelopment district for other projects within the district or distributed to the levying bodies as provided in this article.

(b) Upon termination of the district, all amounts in the tax increment financing fund of the district shall be paid over to the levying bodies in the same proportion that ad valorem property taxes on the base value was paid over to those levying bodies for the tax year in which the district is terminated.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 27 §7-11B-27. Computation of local share for support of public schools when tax increment financing is used.
For purposes of any computation made in accordance with the provisions of section eleven, article nine-a, chapter eighteen of this code, for a county in which there is tax increment financing in effect pursuant to this article, the assessed value shall be the current assessed value minus the amount of assessed value used to determine the tax increment amount, minus any other adjustments allowed by section eleven of said article.


WVC 7 - 11 B- 28 §7-11B-28. Effective date.
Notwithstanding the effective date of this act of the Legislature, this article shall not become operational and shall have no force and effect until the day the people ratify an amendment to the constitution of this state authorizing tax increment financing secured by ad valorem property taxes.


WVC -12- ARTICLE 12. COUNTY AND MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITIES.


WVC 7-12-1 §7-12-1. Establishment authorized; name; exceptions.
Except as hereinafter provided, the governing body of every municipality and the county commission of every county is hereby authorized to create and establish a public agency to be known as a development authority. The name of the authority shall contain the words "development authority," together with the designation of the municipality or the county within which such authority is intended to operate. Nothing in this article contained, however, shall be construed as permitting the governing body of any municipality or county commission of any county in which there exists, on the date on which this article becomes effective, one or more public development authorities, corporations or commissions, organized and existing pursuant to an act or acts of the Legislature, either local or general, and performing substantially the same or similar functions as the development authorities herein authorized, to create and establish such a development authority until such time as all such other public development authorities, corporations and commissions cease operations in such municipality or county: Provided, That nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the creation and establishment of a municipal development authority when a county or regional development authority exists, and any municipal development authority shall have the exclusive right to exercise its powers granted pursuant to this article within the boundaries of the municipality.


WVC 7-12-2 §7-12-2. Purposes.
The purposes for which the authority is created are to promote, develop and advance the business prosperity and economic welfare of the municipality or county for which it is created, its citizens and its industrial complex; to encourage and assist through loans, investments or other business transactions in the locating of new business and industry within the municipality or county and to rehabilitate and assist existing businesses and industries therein; to stimulate and promote the expansion of all kinds of business and industrial activity which will tend to advance business and industrial development and maintain the economic stability of the municipality or county, provide maximum opportunities for employment, encourage thrift, and improve the standard of living of the citizens of the county; to cooperate and act in conjunction with other organizations, federal, state or local, in the promotion and advancement of industrial, commercial, agricultural, and recreational developments within the municipality or county; and to furnish money and credit, land and industrial sites, technical assistance and such other aid as may be deemed requisite to approved and deserving applicants for the promotion, development and conduct of all kinds of business activity within the municipality or county.


WVC 7 - 12 - 3 §7-12-3. Management and control of county authority vested in board; appointment and terms of members; vacancies; removal of members.
The management and control of a county authority, its property, operations, business and affairs shall be lodged in a board of not fewer than twelve nor more than twenty-one persons who shall be appointed by the county commission and be known as members of the authority. The county commission shall appoint one member to represent the county commission on the board and, for each municipality located within the county, the county commission shall appoint one member to represent the municipality. The city and town council of each municipality located within the county shall submit to the county commission the names of three persons, one of whom the county commission shall appoint to be the municipality's representative on the board. Other members of the board shall be appointed by the county commission and shall include representatives of business, industry and labor. The members of the authority first appointed shall serve respectively for terms of one year, two years and three years, divided equally or as nearly equal as possible between these terms. Thereafter, members shall be appointed for terms of three years each. A member may be reappointed for such additional term or terms as the county commission may deem proper. If a member resigns, is removed or for any other reason his membership terminates during his term of office, a successor shall be appointed by the county commission to fill out the remainder of his term. Members in office at the expiration of their respective terms shall continue to serve until their successors have been appointed and have qualified. The county commission may at any time remove any member of the board by an order duly entered of record and may appoint a successor member for any member so removed.

Other persons, firms, unincorporated associations, and corporations, who reside, maintain offices, or have economic interests, as the case may be, in the county, shall be eligible to participate in and request the county commission to appoint members to the development authority as the said authority shall by its bylaws provide.


WVC 7-12-3a §7-12-3a. Management and control of municipal authority vested in board; appointment and terms of members; vacancies; removal of members.
The management and control of a municipal authority, its property, operations, business and affairs shall be lodged in a board of not fewer than twelve nor more than twenty-one persons who shall be appointed by the governing body and be known as members of the authority. One member of the authority shall also be a member of the governing body appointed to represent it on the board. Other members shall be appointed by the governing body and shall include representatives of business, industry and labor. The members of the authority first appointed shall serve respectively for terms of one year, two years and three years, divided equally or as nearly equal as possible between these terms. Thereafter, members shall be appointed for terms of three years each. A member may be reappointed for such additional term or terms as the appointing agency may deem proper. If a member resigns, is removed or for any other reason his membership terminates during his term of office, a successor shall be appointed by the appointing agency to fill out the remainder of his term. Members in office at the expiration of their respective terms shall continue to serve until their successors have been appointed and have qualified. The appointing agency may at any time remove its appointed member of the authority by an order duly entered of record or by other action appropriate for such appointing agency and may appoint a successor member for any member so removed.

In addition to the appointing agencies hereinbefore named, such other persons, firms, unincorporated associations, and corporations, who reside, maintain offices, or have economic interests, as the case may be, in the municipality, are eligible to participate in and request the governing body to appoint members to the development authority as the said authority by its bylaws provides.


WVC 7-12-4 §7-12-4. Qualifications of members.
(a) In addition to the appointing agencies as provided for in section three of this article, such other persons, firms, unincorporated associations and corporations, which reside or maintain offices in the county of the development authority, are eligible to participate in and request the governing body to appoint members to the development authority as the said authority by its bylaws provides. Members can also be drawn from citizens of a county contiguous to the county in which the county development authority is located regardless of their state of residence.

(b) Any person employed by, owning an interest in, or otherwise associated with a public utility company as defined in section two, article one, chapter twenty-four of this code or bank as defined in section two, article one, chapter thirty-one-a of this code may serve as a board member and shall not be disqualified from serving as a board member because of conflict of interest as defined in section fifteen, article ten, chapter sixty-one of this code and shall not be subject to prosecution under the provisions of said section when the violation is created solely as a result of his or her relationship with the bank or public utility. This member must recuse himself or herself from board participation regarding the conflicting issue as provided for in section five of this article.


WVC 7-12-5 §7-12-5. Compensation of members; expenses; recusal of member from voting where conflict of interest involved.
(a) No member of the authority shall receive any compensation, whether in formal salary, per diem allowance or otherwise, in connection with his or her services as such member. Each member shall, however, be entitled to reimbursement by the authority for any necessary expenditures in connection with the performance of his or her general duties as such member.

(b) Whenever a person associated with a public utility or bank as set out in section four of this article has a conflict of interest between the board and that public utility or bank, then he or she must recuse himself or herself from any vote, discussion or other activity associated with the board or its members that creates the conflict of interest.


WVC 7-12-6 §7-12-6. Authority to be a public corporation.
The authority and the members thereof shall constitute and be a public corporation under the name provided for in section one, and as such shall have perpetual succession, may contract and be contracted with, sue and be sued, plead and be pleaded, and have and use a common seal.


WVC 7 - 12 - 7 §7-12-7. Powers generally.
(a) The development authority is hereby given power and authority as follows: (1) To make and adopt all necessary bylaws and rules for its organization and operations not inconsistent with laws; (2) to elect its own officers, to appoint committees and to employ and fix compensation for personnel necessary for its operation; (3) to enter into contracts with any person, agency, governmental department, firm or corporation, including both public and private corporations, and generally to do any and all things necessary or convenient for the purpose of promoting, developing and advancing the business prosperity and economic welfare of the county in which it is intended to operate, its citizens and industrial complex, including, without limiting any of the foregoing, the construction of any building or structure for lease to the federal government or any of its agencies or departments, and in connection therewith to prepare and submit bids and negotiate with the federal government or such agencies or departments in accordance with plans and specifications and in the manner and on the terms and conditions and subject to any requirements, regulations, rules and laws of the United States of America for the construction of said buildings or structures and the leasing thereof to the federal government or such agencies or departments; (4) to amend or supplement any contracts or leases or to enter into new, additional or further contracts or leases upon such terms and conditions, for such consideration and for such term of duration, with or without option of renewal, as may be agreed upon by the authority and such person, agency, governmental department, firm or corporation; (5) unless otherwise provided for in, and subject to the provisions of, such contracts, or leases, to operate, repair, manage and maintain such buildings and structures and provide adequate insurance of all types and in connection with the primary use thereof and incidental thereto to provide such services, such as barber shops, newsstands, drugstores and restaurants, and to effectuate such incidental purposes, grant leases, permits, concessions or other authorizations to any person or persons, upon such terms and conditions, for such consideration and for such term of duration as may be agreed upon by the authority and such person, agency, governmental department, firm or corporation; (6) to delegate any authority given to it by law to any of its officers, committees, agents or employees; (7) to apply for, receive and use grants-in-aid, donations and contributions from any source or sources and to accept and use bequests, devises, gifts and donations from any person, firm or corporation; (8) to acquire real property by gift, purchase or construction, or in any other lawful manner, and hold title thereto in its own name and to sell, lease or otherwise dispose of all or part of such real property which it may own, either by contract or at public auction, upon the approval by the board of directors of the development authority; (9) to purchase or otherwise acquire, own, hold, sell, lease and dispose of all or part of any personal property which it may own, either by contract or at public auction; (10) pursuant to a determination by the board that there exists a continuing need for programs to alleviate and prevent unemployment within the county in which the authority is intended to operate or aid in the rehabilitation of areas in said county which are underdeveloped, decaying or otherwise economically depressed and that moneys or funds of the authority are necessary therefor, to borrow money and execute and deliver the authority's negotiable notes, mortgage bonds, other bonds, debentures and other evidences of indebtedness therefor, on such terms as the authority shall determine and give such security therefor as shall be requisite, including giving a mortgage or deed of trust on its real or personal property and facilities in connection with the issuance of mortgage bonds; (11) to raise funds by the issuance and sale of revenue bonds in the manner provided by the applicable provisions of article sixteen, chapter eight of this code, it being hereby expressly provided that a development authority created under this article is a "governing body" within the definition of that term as used in said article sixteen, chapter eight of this code; and (12) to expend its funds in the execution of the powers and authority herein given, which expenditures, by the means authorized herein, are hereby determined and declared as a matter of legislative finding to be for a public purpose and use, in the public interest, and for the general welfare of the people of West Virginia, to alleviate and prevent economic deterioration and to relieve the existing critical condition of unemployment existing within the state.

(b) The amendment of this section enacted in the year one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight is intended to clarify the intent of the Legislature as to the manner in which an authority may sell, lease or otherwise dispose of real and personal property owned by an authority and shall be retroactive to the date of the prior enactment of this section.

(c) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, any development authority participating in the Appalachian Region Interstate Compact pursuant to chapter seven-a of this code may agree to a revenue and economic growth-sharing arrangement with respect to tax revenues and other income and revenues generated by any facility owned by an authority. Any development authority or member locality may be located in any jurisdiction participating in the Appalachian Region Interstate Compact or a similar agreement for interstate cooperation for economic and workforce development authorized by law. The obligations of the parties to any such agreement shall not be debt within the meaning of section eight, article X of the Constitution of West Virginia. Any such agreement shall be approved by a majority vote of the governing bodies of the member localities reaching such an agreement but does not require any other approval.

(d) "Member localities" means the counties, municipalities or combination thereof which are members of an authority.


WVC 7-12-7a §7-12-7a. Findings respecting necessity for exercise of right of eminent domain; authorization to exercise right of eminent domain.
(a) It is hereby found and determined by the Legislature that in fulfilling their prescribed purposes and exercising their powers, including the purpose of promoting, developing and advancing the business prosperity and economic welfare of the county for which created by acquiring lands and other real property to be furnished by lease, sale or other disposition as industrial sites, county development authorities are performing essential public purposes; that the performance of such essential public purposes are frequently impeded, unduly delayed, or wholly frustrated by imperfections in the title to essential land and other real properties, by lost heirs or widely scattered owners of undivided interests in essential lands and other real properties and by owners of relatively small but essential parcels of a proposed land development site who refuse to sell their land or other real property to the county; and, that the exercise by county development authorities of the right of eminent domain within the limitations herein provided is therefore necessary and appropriate to achieve the said public purposes of county development authorities.

(b) Any county development authority heretofore or hereafter created by a county commission pursuant to the authority of this article is hereby authorized and empowered to exercise the right of eminent domain if an order of such county commission authorizing exercise of the right of eminent domain as to any proposed acquisition is first made and entered and at least three fourths of the entire tract has either been purchased, optioned, or is under contract to be purchased: Provided, That prior to the issuance of the order by the county commission, it shall hold a public hearing on the public necessity of the exercise of eminent domain and shall cause a Class II legal advertisement to be published in accordance with the provisions of section two, article three, chapter fifty-nine, prior to the hearing: Provided, however, That a separate hearing must be held and a separate order promulgated for each parcel over which the authority wishes to exercise the power of eminent domain: Provided further, That the right of eminent domain shall not be exercised to acquire real property which exceeds one fourth of any land development site proposed by the county development authority, and the aforesaid order of a county commission shall specifically state the anticipated size of the entire site with respect to which the exercise by a county development authority of the right of eminent domain is authorized.


WVC 7-12-8 §7-12-8. Incurring indebtedness; rights of creditors.
The authority may incur any proper indebtedness and issue any obligations and give any security therefor which it may deem necessary or advisable in connection with carrying out its purposes as hereinbefore mentioned. No statutory limitation with respect to the nature, or amount, interest rate or duration of indebtedness which may be incurred by municipalities or other public bodies shall apply to indebtedness of the authority. No indebtedness of any nature of the authority shall constitute an indebtedness of the governing body of the municipality or county commission of the municipality or county in which the commission is intended to operate or any municipality situated therein, or a charge against any property of said county commission, municipalities, or other appointing agencies. The rights of creditors of the authority shall be solely against the authority as a corporate body and shall be satisfied only out of property held by it in its corporate capacity.


WVC 7-12-9 §7-12-9. Agreements in connection with obtaining funds.
The authority may, in connection with obtaining funds for its purposes, enter into any agreement with any person, firm or corporation, including the federal government; or any agency or subdivision thereof, containing such provisions, covenants, terms and conditions as the authority may deem advisable.


WVC 7 - 12 - 9 A §7-12-9a. Joint undertakings by county development authorities.
(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the citizens of the state would benefit from coordinated economic development efforts and that to encourage cooperation and coordination, county economic development authorities should share in the tax revenues derived from joint programs regardless of the county in which they are located.

(b) Any three or more county development authorities may contract to share expenses for and revenues derived from joint economic development projects within their respective geographic territories. Notwithstanding any other section of the code to the contrary, county development authorities may contract to distribute on a pro rata basis proceeds derived from joint economic development projects.

(c) Each county development authority participating in a joint economic development project contract must contribute at least fifteen thousand dollars in cash to the project.

(d) In the event that a county development authority desires to withdraw from participation, then the remaining participants may jointly choose a successor. No withdrawing county development authority shall be entitled to the return of any money or property advanced to the project, unless specifically provided for in the contract.

(e) In the event that a joint economic development project is terminated, all funds, property and other assets shall be returned to the county development authorities in the same proportion as contributions of funds, property and other assets were made by the county development authorities.

(f) A grant, which may not exceed one hundred thousand dollars, may be made by the West Virginia development office to any county economic development authority which enters into such contracts.


WVC 7 - 12 - 9 B §7-12-9b. Joint development entities.
(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the citizens of this state would benefit from coordinated economic development efforts and that to encourage cooperation and coordination, county governing bodies, municipal governing bodies and county and municipal development authorities should be authorized to organize and jointly own all of the partnership, ownership and membership interests in a partnership, corporation or limited liability company for the sole purpose of undertaking jointly through their joint ownership of or membership in the partnership, corporation or limited liability company any project or projects that an authority established pursuant to this article would be permitted to undertake.

(b) Any combination of two or more county governing bodies, municipal governing bodies, municipal development authorities or county development authorities may jointly form and hold all of the partnership, ownership or membership interests in a partnership, corporation or limited liability company, the sole purpose of which is to develop and own one or more joint economic development projects (for purposes of this section, a "joint development entity"). No person or entity other than a county governing body, municipal governing body, municipal development authority or county development authority may own any ownership or membership interest in a joint development entity. Any existing partnership, corporation or limited liability company is a joint development entity on and after the effective date of this section if: (i) It was organized for the purposes described in this subsection prior to the effective date of this section; and (ii) the partnership, ownership or membership interests in it meet the requirements of this subsection on and after the effective date of this section.

(c) To the extent consistent with and not prohibited by or in conflict with the restrictions and limitations on, or the rights and attributes of, a joint development entity set forth in this section, the applicable general law governing partnerships, corporations or limited liability companies govern the organization, existence, duration, powers, governance and dissolution of a joint development entity and the rights and responsibilities of the partners, owners or members of a joint development entity.

(d) A joint development entity is a public corporation and a political subdivision and instrumentality of its partners, owners or members and has the powers, rights and privileges of an authority set forth in sections seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve and fourteen of this article in addition to those granted to partnerships, corporations and limited liability companies under applicable general law.

(e) For West Virginia tax purposes, a joint development entity is a political subdivision of the State of West Virginia and is exempt from all state and local taxation and all real and personal property owned by a joint development entity, or which the joint development entity may acquire to be leased, sold or otherwise disposed of, is exempt from taxation by the state or any county, municipality or other levying body as public property.


WVC 7-12-10 §7-12-10. Property, bonds and obligations of authority exempt from taxation.
The authority shall be exempt from the payment of any taxes or fees to the state or any subdivision thereof or to any officer or employee of the state or other subdivision thereof. The property of the authority shall be exempt from all local and municipal taxes. Bonds, notes, debentures and other evidence of indebtedness of the authority are declared to be issued for a public purpose and to be public instrumentalities, and shall be exempt from taxes.


WVC 7-12-11 §7-12-11. Participation and appropriations authorized; transfers and conveyances of property.
The governing body of a municipality and county commission are hereby authorized and empowered to appoint members of the said authority and the county commission and any municipality therein, or any one or more of them, jointly and severally, are hereby authorized and empowered to contribute by appropriation from their respective general funds not otherwise appropriated to the cost of the operation and projects of the authority.

The county commission of the county or municipal corporations therein are hereby authorized and empowered to transfer and convey to the said authority property of any kind acquired by said county commission or municipal corporation for or adaptable to use in industrial, economic and recreational development, such transfers or conveyances to be without consideration or for such price and upon such terms and conditions as the said county commission or municipal corporation deems proper.


WVC 7-12-12 §7-12-12. Contributions by county commissions, municipalities and others; funds and accounts; reports; audit and examination of books, records and accounts.
Contributions may be made to the authority from time to time by the county commission of the county or any municipal corporation therein, and by any persons, firms or corporations which shall desire to do so. All such funds and all other funds received by the authority shall be deposited in such bank or banks as the authority may direct and shall be withdrawn therefrom in such manner as the authority may direct. The authority shall keep strict account of all its receipts and expenditures and shall each quarter make a quarterly report to the county commission and municipalities containing an itemized statement of its receipts and disbursements during the preceding quarter. Within sixty days after the end of each fiscal year, the authority shall make an annual report containing an itemized statement of its receipts and disbursements for the preceding year, and such annual report shall be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county in which the development authority is located. The books, records and accounts of the authority shall be subject to audit and examination by the office of the state tax commissioner of West Virginia and by any other proper public official or body in the manner provided by law.


WVC 7-12-13 §7-12-13. Sale or lease of property; reversion of assets upon dissolution.
In the event the board of the authority shall so determine, the authority may lease or sell all of its property and equipment, either by contract or at public auction, on such terms and conditions as the authority may fix and determine. Upon the dissolution of the authority, all of its assets and property shall revert to and become the property of the county or municipality for which said authority was created.

The amendment of this section in the year one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight, is intended to clarify the intent of the Legislature as to the manner in which an authority may sell, lease or otherwise dispose of real and personal property owned by an authority, and shall be retroactive to the date of the prior enactment of this section.


WVC 7-12-14 §7-12-14. Employees to be covered by workers' compensation.
All employees of the authority eligible thereto are deemed to be within the Workers' Compensation Act of West Virginia, and premiums on their compensation shall be paid by the authority as required by law.


WVC 7-12-15 §7-12-15. Liberal construction of article.
It is the purpose of this article to provide for promotion, development and advancement of the business prosperity and economic welfare of the municipality or county, its citizens and its industrial complex, and this article shall be liberally construed as giving to the authority full and complete power reasonably required to give effect to the purposes hereof.


WVC 7-12-16 §7-12-16. Provisions severable.
The several sections and provisions of this article are severable, and if any section or provisions hereof shall be held unconstitutional, all the remaining sections and provisions of this article shall nevertheless remain valid.


WVC -12A- ARTICLE 12A. MAINTENANCE ASSOCIATIONS.


WVC 7-12A-1 §7-12A-1. Definitions.
In this article the following terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them:

(1) "Expressway" means a road that serves major intrastate and interstate travel, including federal interstate routes.

(2) "Feeder" means a road that serves community to community travel or collects and feeds traffic to the higher systems or both.

(3) "Maintenance association" means an association established pursuant to the requirements of this article.

(4) "Maintenance association member" means any person owning residential property that fronts on either side of a road which is designated by a maintenance association document.

(5) "Maintenance association documents" means documents approved by the county commission as meeting the requirements of this article and filed with the clerk of the county commission.

(6) "Park and forest road" means a road that serves travel within state parks, state forests and public hunting and fishing areas.

(7) "Public roads" means all roads and bridges under the control of the county commission or the governing body of a municipality.

(8) "State local service road" means localized arterial and spur roads which provide land access and socioeconomic benefits to abutting properties.

(9) "State road" means and includes all roads classified and prescribed as either expressway, trunkline, feeder, park and forest or state local service" roads.

(10) "State road system" means roads that are functionally classified into five categories as follows: (1) Expressway; (2) trunkline; (3) feeder; (4) state local service; and (5) park and forest.

(11) "Trunkline" means a road that serves major city to city travel.


WVC 7-12A-2 §7-12A-2. Purpose of the maintenance association.
Maintenance associations may be established in any county outside an incorporated area to protect the health, safety and welfare of persons and the general public located within the designated maintenance association area. The maintenance association shall be created with the objective of establishing and maintaining improvements for the area designated in a petition filed pursuant to section three of this article, which may include constructing and maintaining shared streets, drainage facilities, sidewalks, water and sewer systems, signs, street lights and other improvements necessary for the protection of health, safety and welfare of the general public: Provided, That such improvements made to the state road system shall be made only as specified and approved by the commissioner of highways.


WVC 7-12A-3 §7-12A-3. Petition to establish maintenance association.
(a) A petition in writing may be made to the county commission that duly verifies that sixty percent of the persons owning property on both sides of any orphan road, subdivision road, state road or public road in any unincorporated area request the approval of the formation of a maintenance association. The petition shall be accompanied by the proposed maintenance association's recordable documents that establish the association.

(b) Upon the filing of such petition and the proposed maintenance association documents, the county commission shall fix a time and place for hearing protests and shall require the petitioners to post notice of such hearing in at least two conspicuous places on the state road, public road, orphan road or subdivision road of the area affected, and to give notice thereof by publication of such notice as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code. The publication area for such publication shall be the county in which the maintenance association shall be located. The hearing shall be held not less than ten nor more than thirty days after the filing of such petition.

(c) At the time and place set for hearing protests, the county commission may examine witnesses and consider other evidence to show that:

(1) Said petition was filed in good faith;

(2) The signatures on the petition are genuine;

(3) The maintenance association document addresses the maintenance association purpose; and

(4) The proposed maintenance association will result in special benefits to all owners of residential property abutting on said orphan road, subdivision road, state road or public road.

The commission shall within ten days thereafter enter a formal order stating its decision.

(d) Any owner of residential property abutting upon said orphan road, subdivision road, state road or public road aggrieved by such order shall have the right to review the order on the record made before the county commission by filing a petition with the clerk of the circuit court within ten days after the entry of such order. The owner shall give bond in an amount to be fixed by the circuit court sufficient to pay costs or expenses incurred by the court and the maintenance association upon appeal if the order of the county commission is affirmed. The circuit court shall proceed to review the matter as in other appeals from the county commission.


WVC 7-12A-4 §7-12A-4. Contents of maintenance association document; approval of recording of maintenance association documents.
(a) The maintenance association document shall include language for:

(1) Conduct of business;

(2) Fee structure;

(3) Enforcement; and

(4) Voting requirements: Provided, That each affected property owner shall be accorded one vote per property.

(b) After a maintenance association has been approved by the county commission, a certified copy of the approved maintenance association documents shall be filed with the clerk of the county commission.


WVC 7-12A-5 §7-12A-5. Powers of maintenance associations.
A maintenance association formed pursuant to this article may have power and authority to:

(a) Assess fees for essential services, and

(b) Institute suits for the collection of such fees, attorneys fees and court costs.


WVC 7-12A-6 §7-12A-6. Assessment and collection of fees; notice.
(a) A maintenance association which furnishes essential services, including, but not limited to, construction and maintenance of shared streets, drainage facilities, sidewalks, water and sewer systems, signs and other improvements necessary for the health, safety and welfare of the general public, may have authority to impose reasonable fees and charges on persons owning lots abutting the frontage of both sides of roads listed in the maintenance association document.

(b) Any new fee or fee increase assessed under this section shall not be collectable unless notice of the proposed fee or increase is sent by certified mail to each person owning property listed in the maintenance association document. If thirty percent of the members, by signed petition, protest the assessment to the association within fifteen days of the mailing, the fee shall not become effective until it is ratified by sixty percent of the members.

(c) All fees assessed under this section are declared to be debts owing to the maintenance association for which the debtor shall be personally liable. The maintenance association, or an individual designated to act for it, may enforce this liability by appropriate civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction. After being reduced to judgment and filed with the clerk of the county commission, such liability shall be a lien on property owned by the maintenance association member and designated in the maintenance association document.


WVC -13- ARTICLE 13. ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY PROGRAMS.


WVC 7-13-1 §7-13-1. Community action program organizations.
In order to stimulate the communities of West Virginia in mobilizing their resources and developing programs to effect a permanent decrease in the incidence of poverty and economic disadvantage, which is hereby declared to be a public purpose, it shall be the responsibility of the governor to encourage and promote the creation and operation of community action programs consistent with the provisions of Title II and other titles of the federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-452).


WVC 7-13-2 §7-13-2. Recognition.
In furtherance of this objective, the governor is authorized to extend official recognition to duly constituted community action program organizations which comply, or are in the process of complying, with regulations as established by the federal office of economic opportunity or its delegate agencies.

Such official recognition shall be established by the governor notifying the president, chairman, administrator, or other chief executive officer of a community action program organization, in writing, of his acceptance of that body as an officially recognized community action program organization.


WVC 7-13-3 §7-13-3.
Repealed.

Acts, 1986 Reg. Sess., Ch. 153.


WVC 7-13-4 §7-13-4. Eligibility.
In determining whether a community action program organization shall be eligible for official recognition and participation under the provisions of Title II, and other titles of the federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, the governor shall direct his staff to report on the eligibility and composition of any such organization, or shall request the advice of the governor's economic opportunity advisory committee.


WVC 7-13-5 §7-13-5. Area encompassed in program.
Community action programs shall encompass a county or multicounty unit, or regional or subregional unit comprising all or parts of counties. However, only one community action program organization shall be recognized in any single county, except under unusual circumstances, which the governor may determine. In any county where more than one community action program organization is recognized each organization must be given such official recognition, in writing, by the governor.


WVC 7-13-6 §7-13-6. Membership and participation in community action program organizations.
A county court, county board of education, or municipal government is hereby authorized and empowered to become associated with a community action program organization, and to participate in the development and implementation of component projects conceived and placed into operation by community action program organizations.

In so doing, a county court, county board of education, or municipal government may extend, without compensation, the use of its buildings, equipment, machinery, public lands, personnel, technical and other services, and other resources for the benefit of a community action program organization; may provide money, and real and other property, tangible or intangible, to a recognized community action program organization in the furtherance of the objectives of the federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964; and may cooperate and act in conjunction with other county courts, county boards of education, municipal governments, public bodies, and all agencies of federal, state and local governments in the promotion and advancement of the projects, in operation or in evolutionary stages, under the jurisdiction of a recognized community action program organization: Provided, That any such contribution, whether in cash or in kind, in goods or in services fairly evaluated, should, in all practical instances, constitute the whole or a portion of the matching share required by the federal office of economic opportunity from the community action program organization in the orderly implementation and conduct of community action programs.


WVC 7-13-6a §7-13-6a. Community action agencies.
A county court, a county board of education or a municipal government is hereby authorized and empowered to become a community action program organization or agency pursuant to Title II of the "Federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964," as amended. If any one of the foregoing governmental agencies shall be designated under said Title II as a community action program organization or agency, it shall have the power and authority to conduct, operate and manage a community action program in conformity with the requirements of the federal Economic Opportunity Act; to apply for, receive and disburse all federal funds made available to it for the purpose of carrying out its duties under the federal Economic Opportunity Act; and to receive grants and gifts from private or local public sources and disburse the same. Whenever a county court, county board of education or municipal government is acting as a community action program organization or agency, such county court, county board of education or municipal government may establish a governing board to administer such community action program, such governing board to be selected in compliance with the provisions of the federal Economic Opportunity Act and such rules and regulations as may be adopted by such county court, county board of education or municipal government, the promulgation of which is hereby authorized; may transfer any of the funds, grants and gifts referred to above to such governing board, if such transfer is in conformity with the provisions of the federal Economic Opportunity Act; and may delegate to such governing board all authority necessary and convenient to enable it to perform and carry out its duties.


WVC 7-13-7 §7-13-7. Status of community action program organizations.
In order to be a community action program organization under the provisions of this article, such organization must be a public governmental agency or a nonprofit corporation qualified to do business in West Virginia, other than a political party, and must be recognized by the governor, in accordance with the provisions of section two of this article, for the public purpose declared in section one of this article.

In no instance shall the state, any agency thereof, or a county court, county board of education, or municipal government provide or extend, under the provisions of this article, money, and real and other property, tangible or intangible, or financial assistance to other than a community action program organization recognized by the governor in accordance with the provisions of section two of this article.


WVC 7-13-8 §7-13-8. Contributions by county courts, county boards of education and municipal governments.
A county court, county board of education, or municipal government shall be authorized and empowered to contribute to the costs of duly recognized community action program organizations by appropriating for such purposes money from its general funds not otherwise appropriated. A county court, county board of education, or municipal government likewise is authorized and empowered to transfer and convey to a duly recognized community action program organization property, equipment and machinery, and other goods: Provided, That such transfer will further the conduct and implementation of component projects of a community action program.

A county court, county board of education, or municipal government is authorized and empowered to accept, use and dispose of gifts of property, real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible, and to convey or otherwise transfer the same to a recognized community action program organization: Provided, however, That such transfer will further the conduct and implementation of component projects of a community action program.

A county court, county board of education, or municipal government is authorized and empowered to enter into and perform such contracts, leases, cooperative arrangements, or other transactions as may assist in the performance of component projects of a community action program: Provided further, That no county court, county board of education, or municipal government shall enter into any such contract, lease or cooperative arrangement unless it is requested to assist in such manner through notification, in writing, by the chairman, president, administrator or other chief executive officer of a recognized community action program organization.


WVC 7-13-9 §7-13-9. Account]ability of funds.
As a condition to participation in community action program organization activities, as specified in section eight, a county court, county board of education, or municipal government may require a community action program organization to render an accounting, at such intervals as the county court, county board of education, or municipal government may designate, of the use of money, property, goods, and services made available to the community action program organization by the county court, county board of education, or municipal government, and to make available at quarterly intervals an itemized statement of receipts and disbursements, and its books, records and accounts, during the preceding quarter, for audit and examination by the office of the state tax commissioner of West Virginia and any other proper public body or official.


WVC 7-13-10 §7-13-10. Employees covered by workers' compensation.
All employees of a community action program organization eligible thereto shall be considered to be within the workers' compensation act of West Virginia and premiums on their compensation shall be paid by the organization as required by law.


WVC 7-13-11 §7-13-11. Volunteers in Service to America.
Federal enlistees in Volunteers in Service to America, hereinafter referred to as VISTA, as authorized under Title VI of the federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, may be assigned to the department of mental health, department of agriculture, department of natural resources and other agencies of the state government.

Notwithstanding any other provision of state law, while serving in such capacity, VISTA enlistees may, upon the presentation of authenticated statements of expenses incurred solely in the line of their assigned duties for and on behalf of the state of West Virginia, be reimbursed by the state for such expenses, including mileage, fares for public transportation, and meals and lodging when detailed to duty away from their assigned station: Provided, That this section is in no way designed to supply regular subsistence allowances to VISTA enlistees, as provided in federal regulations allowing for their maintenance and subsistence during the term of their enlistment.

VISTA enlistees, except for the reimbursement of expenses as provided in this section, shall in no way be considered to be employees of the state. They shall not be eligible for participation in the public employees retirement system of the state of West Virginia or to receive any other benefits from the state whatever.


WVC 7-13-12 §7-13-12. Severability.
If any provision of this article, or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of this article, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.


WVC 7-13-13 §7-13-13. Liberal construction of article.
This article is enacted to assist with the reduction and elimination of the incidence and causes of poverty in West Virginia, hereinbefore declared to be a public purpose, and this article shall be liberally construed so as to give community action program organizations the full and complete power required to give maximum aid toward the accomplishment of such public purpose.


WVC 7-13-14 §7-13-14. Amendment of federal act.
The amendment of the federal Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-452), or any section thereof, shall not be construed as negating any authority conferred by the provisions of this article.


WVC -14- ARTICLE 14. CIVIL SERVICE FOR DEPUTY SHERIFFS.


WVC 7-14-1 §7-14-1. Appointments and promotions of deputy sheriffs.
Notwithstanding the provisions of article three, chapter six, and article seven, chapter seven of this code, all appointments and promotions of full-time deputy sheriffs shall be made only according to qualifications and fitness to be ascertained by examinations, which, so far as practicable, shall be competitive, as hereinafter provided. On and after the effective date of this article, no person except the chief deputy shall be appointed, promoted, reinstated, removed, discharged, suspended or reduced in rank or pay as a full-time deputy sheriff, as defined in said section two, of any county in the state of West Virginia subject to the provisions hereof, in any manner or by any means other than those prescribed in this article.


WVC 7-14-2 §7-14-2. Definitions; population.
(a) For the purpose of this article:

(1) "Appointing officer" or "appointing sheriff" shall mean the sheriff of the county in which the appointment of a deputy sheriff shall be made pursuant to this article; and

(2) "Deputy sheriffs" or "deputies" shall mean persons appointed by a sheriff as his deputies whose primary duties as such deputies are within the scope of active, general law enforcement and as such are authorized to carry deadly weapons, patrol the highways, perform police functions, make arrests or safeguard prisoners. This definition shall not be construed to include any person or persons whose sole duties shall be the service of civil process and subpoenas as provided in section fourteen, article one, chapter fifty of this code, but such exclusion shall not preclude the service of civil process or subpoenas by deputy sheriffs covered by the provisions of this article.

(b) For the purpose of this article, population shall be determined by reference to the last preceding census taken under the authority of the United States or of the Legislature of West Virginia.


WVC 7-14-3 §7-14-3. Civil service commission.

     There shall be a civil service commission in each county and the state. Each such civil service commission shall consist of three commissioners, one of whom shall be appointed by the bar association of such county, one of whom shall be appointed by the deputy sheriff's association of such county, and one of whom shall be appointed by the county commission of such county. In the event the bar association or deputy sheriff's association fails to make an appointment within the time prescribed in this section therefor, then such appointment shall be made by the county commission. The persons appointed commissioners shall be qualified voters of the county for which they are appointed, and at least two of the commissioners shall be persons in full sympathy with the purposes of this article. Not more than two of the commissioners, at any one time, shall be members of the same political party. The commissioners in each county shall be appointed as follows: Within sixty days from the effective date of this article, the authorities having the power to appoint members to the civil service commission shall appoint the three commissioners, the first to be appointed by the bar association of the county shall serve for six years from the date of appointment, the second to be appointed by the deputy sheriff's association of the county shall serve for four years from the date of appointment, and the third to be appointed by the county commission of the county shall serve for a term of two years from the date of appointment. All subsequent appointments shall be made for terms of four years. In the event that any commissioner of the civil service commission ceases to be a member thereof by virtue of death, final removal or other cause, a new commissioner shall be appointed to fill the unexpired term of that commissioner within ten days after said ex-commissioner ceased to be a member of the commission. Such appointment shall be made by the authority who appointed the commissioner who is no longer a member of the commission. Each year the three members of the commission shall, together, elect one of their number to act as president of the commission for a term of one year. The county commission may at any time remove a commissioner for good cause, which shall be stated in writing and made a part of the records of the commission. Once the county commission has removed any commissioner, such county commission shall within ten days thereafter file in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the county a petition setting forth in full the reason for the removal and praying for the confirmation of the circuit court of the action of the county commission in removing the said commissioner. A copy of the petition shall be served upon the commissioner so removed simultaneously with its filing in the office of the clerk of the circuit court and has precedence on the docket of the circuit court and shall be heard by the court as soon as practicable upon the request of the removed commissioner. All rights hereby vested in the circuit court may be exercised by the judge thereof in vacation. In the event that no term of the circuit court is being held at the time of the filing of the petition, and the judge thereof cannot be reached in the county wherein the petition was filed, the petition shall be heard at the next succeeding term of the circuit court, whether regular or special, and the commissioner so removed shall remain removed until a hearing is had upon the petition of the county commission. The circuit court, or the judge thereof in vacation, shall hear and decide the issues presented by the petition. The county commission or commissioner, as the case may be, against whom the decisions of the circuit court or judge thereof in vacation is rendered has the right to petition the supreme court of appeals for a review of the decision of the circuit court or the judge thereof in vacation as in other civil cases. In the event that the county commission fails to file its petition in the office of the clerk of the circuit court, as hereinbefore provided, within ten days after the removal of the commissioner, such commissioner immediately resumes his position as a member of the civil service commission.

     Any resident of the county has the right at any time to file charges against and seek the removal of any member of the civil service commission. The charges shall be filed in the form of a petition in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the county. A copy of the petition shall be served upon the commissioner sought to be removed. The petition shall be matured for hearing and heard as a civil action by the circuit court of the county for which the commissioner serves as a member of the civil service commission or by the judge thereof in vacation. The party against whom the decision of the circuit court or judge thereof in vacation is rendered has the right to petition the supreme court of appeals for a review of the decision of the circuit court or judge thereof in vacation as in other civil cases.

     No commissioner may hold any other office (other than the office of notary public) under the United States, this state or any municipality, county or other political subdivision thereof; nor may any commissioner serve on any political party committee or take any active part in the management of any political campaign.


WVC 7-14-4 §7-14-4. Clerk of the commission.
The clerk of the county court shall be ex officio clerk of the civil service commission and shall supply to the commission all necessary clerical and stenographic services for the work of the civil service commission.


WVC 7-14-5 §7-14-5. Office and supplies for commission; appropriations required.
It shall be the duty of the county court of every such county to cause suitable and convenient rooms and accommodations to be assigned and provided, furnished, heated and lighted for carrying on the work and examinations of the civil service commission. The civil service commission may order from the proper authorities the necessary stationery, postage stamps, official seal and other articles to be supplied, and the necessary printing to be done, for its official use. It shall be the duty of the county court and other county officials of every such county to aid the civil service commission in all proper ways in carrying out the provisions of this article, and to allow the reasonable use of public buildings, and to heat and light the same, for holding examinations and investigations and in all proper ways to facilitate the same.

The county court of each such county is hereby required to appropriate sufficient funds for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this article.


WVC 7-14-6 §7-14-6. Powers and duties of commission.
The civil service commission in each such county shall:

(1) Prescribe and enforce rules and regulations for carrying into effect the provisions of this article. All rules and regulations so prescribed may, from time to time, be added to, amended or rescinded.

(2) Keep minutes of its own proceedings and records of its examinations and other official actions. All recommendations of applicants for the position of deputy sheriff received by the commission or by the sheriff shall be kept and preserved for a period of ten years, and all such records, recommendations of former employees excepted, and all written causes of removal, filed with the commission, shall, subject to reasonable rule and regulation, be open to public inspection.

(3) Make investigations, either sitting as a body or through a single commissioner, concerning all matters touching the enforcement and effect of the provisions of this article and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder or concerning the action of any examiner or subordinate of the commission or any person in the public service with respect to the execution of this article; and, in the course of such investigations, each commissioner shall have the power to administer oaths and affirmations and to take testimony.

(4) Have power to subpoena and require the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and papers pertinent to the investigations and inquiries herein authorized, and examine them and such public records as it shall require, in relation to any matter which it has the authority to investigate. The fee of such witnesses for attendance and travel shall be the same as for witnesses before the circuit courts of this state and shall be paid from the appropriation for the incidental expenses of the commission. All officers in the public service and their deputies, clerks, subordinates and employees shall attend and testify when required to do so by the commission. Any disobedience to, or neglect of, any subpoena issued by the commissioners, or any one of them, to any person, shall be held a contempt of court, and shall be punished by the circuit court of the county in which the civil service commission is located, or the judge thereof in vacation, as if such subpoena had been issued by the court. The judge of the circuit court shall, upon the application of any one commissioner, in any such case, cause the process of that court to issue to compel any person or persons, disobeying or neglecting any such subpoena to appear and to give testimony and produce evidence before the commissioners, or any one of them, and shall have power to punish any such contempt.

(5) Prepare a position classification and promotion plan.

(6) Make an annual report to the county court and sheriff showing its own actions, its rules and regulations, including all exceptions thereto in force, and the practical effects thereof, and any suggestions it may have for the more effectual accomplishment of the purposes of this article. Such report shall be available for public inspection five days after it shall have been delivered to the county court and sheriff.


WVC 7-14-7 §7-14-7. Rules and regulations of commission; notice and distribution thereof; probationary period for appointees.
The civil service commission in each such county shall make rules and regulations providing for both competitive and medical examinations for the position of deputy sheriff in each such county subject to the provisions of this article, for appointments to the position of deputy sheriff and for promotions and for such other matters as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this article. Any such commission has the power and authority to require by rules and regulations a physical fitness examination as part of its competitive examination or as a part of its medical examination. Due notice of the contents of all rules and regulations and of any modifications thereof shall be given, by mail, in due season to the appointing officer; and said rules and regulations and any modifications thereof shall also be printed for public distribution. All original appointments on and after the effective date of this article to any position of deputy sheriff in any county subject to the provisions of this article shall be for a probationary period of twelve months: Provided, That at any time during the probationary period the probationer may be discharged for just cause, in the manner provided in section seventeen of this article. If, at the close of this probationary period, the conduct or capacity of the probationer has not been satisfactory to the appointing sheriff, the probationer shall be notified, in writing, that he will not receive absolute appointment, whereupon his employment shall cease; otherwise, his retention in the position of deputy sheriff beyond the probationary term shall be equivalent to his absolute appointment.


WVC 7-14-8 §7-14-8. Form of application; age requirements; exceptions.
The civil service commission in each such county shall require persons applying for admission to any competitive examination provided for under this article or under the rules and regulations of the commission to file in its office, within a reasonable time prior to the proposed competitive examination, a formal application in which the applicant shall state under oath or affirmation:

(1) His full name, residence and post-office address;

(2) His United States citizenship, age and the place and date of his birth;

(3) His health and his physical capacity for the position of deputy sheriff;

(4) His business, employments and residences for at least three previous years; and

(5) Such other information as may reasonably be required, relative to the applicant's qualifications and fitness for the position of deputy sheriff.

Blank forms for such applications shall be furnished by the commission, without charge, to all persons requesting the same. The commission may require, in connection with the application, such certificates of citizens, physicians or others, having pertinent knowledge concerning the applicant, as the good of the service may require.

No application for original appointment shall be received on and after the effective date of this article, if the person applying is less than eighteen years of age or more than forty-five years of age at the date of his application: Provided, That in the event any applicant formerly served as a deputy sheriff for a period of more than six months in the county to which he makes application, and resigned as a deputy sheriff at a time when there were no charges of misconduct or other misfeasance pending against him, within a period of two years next preceding the date of his application, and at the time of his application resides within the county in which he seeks appointment by reinstatement, then such applicant shall be eligible for appointment by reinstatement in the discretion of the civil service commission, even though such applicant shall be over the age of forty-five years, provided he is not sixty-five years of age or over, and such applicant, providing his former term of service as a deputy sheriff so justifies, may be reappointed by reinstatement without a competitive examination, but such applicant shall undergo a medical examination; and if such applicant shall be so appointed by reinstatement as aforesaid, he shall be the lowest in rank in the sheriff's office next above the probationers of the office.


WVC 7-14-9 §7-14-9. Character and notice of competitive examinations; qualifications of applicants; competitive examinations to be prescribed by state civil service commission; press representatives; posting eligible list; medical examinations; exceptions as to and training of deputies serving on effective date of article.
All competitive examinations for appointments or promotions to all positions of deputy sheriff shall be practical in their character, and shall relate to such matters, and include such inquiries, as will fairly and fully test the comparative merit and fitness of the person or persons examined to discharge the duties of the position sought by him or them. The state civil service commission shall prepare and prescribe, from time to time, the competitive examination to be given by the civil service commission of each such county. All competitive examinations shall be open to all applicants who have fulfilled the preliminary requirements specified in other sections of this article.

Adequate public notice of the date, time and place of every competitive examination held under the provisions of this article, together with information as to the position to be filled, shall be given at least two weeks prior to such competitive examination. The commission shall adopt reasonable rules and regulations for permitting the presence of representatives of the press at any such competitive examination. The commission shall post, in a public place at its office, the eligible list, containing the names and grades of those who have passed such competitive examinations for positions as deputy sheriffs, under this article, and shall indicate thereon such appointments as may be made from said list.

All applicants for appointment or promotion to any position as a deputy sheriff in any such county who have passed the competitive examination specified above shall, before being appointed or promoted, undergo a medical examination which shall be conducted under the supervision of a board composed of two doctors of medicine appointed for such purpose by the sheriff of the county. Such board must certify that an applicant is free from any bodily or mental defects, deformity or diseases which might incapacitate him from the performance of the duties of the position desired and is physically fit to perform such duties before said applicant shall be appointed or promoted to any position. Notwithstanding the first sentence of this paragraph, in the event the commission deems it expedient, the medical examination may be given prior to the competitive examination, and if the medical examination is not passed as aforesaid, the applicant shall not be admitted to the competitive examination.

All deputies who are employed as deputies on the effective date of this article shall be considered to have been appointed under the provisions of this article, without regard to their age, provided they are not on said date sixty-five years of age or older, and without competitive examination or medical examination, and shall hold their positions in accordance therewith for one year from the effective date of this article. The civil service commission shall, however, establish or prescribe a training program for deputies who are employed as such on the effective date of this article, giving due consideration to available training personnel and programs. Such deputies must complete such training program and must score a minimum of sixty points on a written examination in which one hundred points would be the highest possible score. The examination shall be given in accordance with rules and regulations to be promulgated by the civil service commission of the county. A deputy failing to qualify under the provisions of this paragraph may be continued in his position at the discretion of the sheriff but in no event for a period of more than one year. Such person may be reexamined at the discretion of the civil service commission of the county and may qualify as provided in this paragraph.


WVC 7-14-10 §7-14-10. Refusal to examine or certify; review thereof.
The commission may refuse to examine an applicant, or after examination to certify as eligible one, who is found to lack any of the established preliminary requirements for the examination or position of deputy sheriff for which he applies; or who is physically so disabled as to be rendered unfit for the performance of the duties of the position of deputy sheriff desired; or who is addicted to the habitual use of intoxicating liquors or drugs; or who has been convicted of a felony; or who has been guilty of infamous or notoriously disgraceful conduct; or who has been dismissed from public service for delinquency or misconduct; or who has made a false statement of any material fact, or practiced or attempted to practice any deception or fraud in his application, in any such examination, or in securing his eligibility; or who refuses to comply with the rules and regulations of the commission.

If any applicant feels aggrieved by the action of the commission in refusing to examine him, or after examination in refusing to certify him as eligible, the commission shall, at the request of such applicant, appoint a date, time and place for a public hearing, at which time the applicant may appear, by himself or by counsel or in person and with counsel, and the commission shall then review its refusal to make such examination or certification, and testimony shall be taken. The commission shall subpoena, at the expense of the applicant, any competent witnesses requested by him. After such review, the commission shall file in its records the testimony taken and shall again make a decision, which decision shall be final and not subject to judicial review, but under no circumstances shall the provisions of this article be construed, in the case of a refusal to examine an applicant for promotion or to certify an applicant as eligible for promotion, as depriving such applicant of his right to seek a writ of mandamus, if the application for such writ is made within twenty days from the date of the decision (made after hearing as aforesaid) refusing to examine or to certify him as eligible for promotion.


WVC 7-14-11 §7-14-11. Appointments from eligible list.
On and after the effective date of this article, every position of deputy sheriff, unless filled by promotion, reinstatement or reduction, shall be filled only in the manner specified in this section. The appointing sheriff shall notify the civil service commission of any vacancy in a position of deputy sheriff which he desires to fill, and shall request the certification of eligibles. The commission shall forthwith certify, from the eligible list, the names of the three persons thereon who received the highest averages at preceding competitive examinations held under the provisions of this article within a period of three years next preceding the date of the prospective appointment. The appointing sheriff shall, thereupon, with sole reference to the relative merit and fitness of the candidates, make an appointment from the three names so certified: Provided, That should he make objection to the commission to one or more of these persons for any of the reasons stated in section ten of this article, and should such objection be sustained by the commission after a public hearing along the lines of the hearing provided for in said section ten, if any such hearing is requested, the commission shall thereupon strike the name of that person from the eligible list, and certify the next highest name for each person so stricken. As each subsequent vacancy occurs, in the same or another position, precisely the same procedure shall be followed: Provided, however, That after any name has been three times rejected for the same or another position in favor of a name or names below it on the same list, the name shall be stricken from the list. When there are a number of positions of the same kind to be filled at the same time, each appointment shall, nevertheless, be made separately and in accordance with the foregoing provisions. When an appointment is made under the provisions of this section, it shall be, in the first instance, for the probationary period of six months, as provided in section seven of this article.


WVC 7-14-12 §7-14-12. Noncompetitive examination for filling vacancy; provisional appointment.
Whenever there are urgent reasons for filling a vacancy in any position of deputy sheriff and there is no list of persons eligible for appointment after a competitive examination, the appointing sheriff may nominate a person to the civil service commission for noncompetitive examination; and if such nominee shall be certified by the commission as qualified, after such noncompetitive examination and a medical examination, he may be appointed provisionally to fill such vacancy until a selection and appointment can be made after competitive examination in the manner prescribed in section eleven of this article; but the provisional appointment shall not continue for a longer period than three months, nor shall successive provisional appointments be made to the same position, under the provisions of this section.


WVC 7-14-13 §7-14-13. Vacancies filled by promotions; eligibility for promotion; rights of chief deputy.
Vacancies in positions of deputy sheriff shall be filled, so far as practicable, by promotion from among persons holding positions in the next lower grade. Promotions shall be based upon merit and fitness, to be ascertained by competitive examinations to be provided by the civil service commission, and upon the superior qualifications of the persons promoted, as shown by their previous service and experience: Provided, That, except for the chief deputy or jailer, no person shall be eligible for promotion from the lower grade to the next higher grade until such person shall have completed at least two years' service in the next lower grade: Provided, however, That notwithstanding the provisions of section one of this article, any person occupying the office of chief deputy or any deputy sheriff occupying the office of jailer pursuant to the provisions of section two, article eight of this chapter in any such county on the effective date of this article, or thereafter appointed to such office, shall, except as hereinafter provided in this section, be and shall continue to be entitled to all of the rights and benefits of the provisions of this article, except that he or she may be removed from such office of chief deputy or jailer without cause and the time spent by such person in the office of such chief deputy or jailer shall be added to the time, if any, served by such person during the entire time he or she was a deputy sheriff of such county prior to his or her appointment as chief deputy or jailer, and shall in all cases of removal, except for removal for just cause, retain the regular rank within said sheriff's office which he or she held, if any, at the time of his or her appointment to the office of chief deputy or jailer or which he or she has attained, if any, during his or her term of service as chief deputy or jailer. The provisions of this section shall be construed to apply and to inure to the benefit of all persons who have ever been subject to the provisions of this article. The commission shall have the power to determine in each instance whether an increase in salary constitutes a promotion.


WVC 7-14-14 §7-14-14. No inquiry shall be made concerning political or religious opinions or affiliations of applicants, etc.
No question in any form of application or in or during any examination shall be so framed as to elicit information concerning the political or religious opinions or affiliations of any applicant; nor shall inquiry be made concerning such opinions or affiliations; and all disclosures thereof shall be discountenanced. No discrimination shall be exercised, threatened, or promised by any person in the sheriff's office against, or in favor of, an applicant, eligible or deputy in the office of any sheriff of any county subject to the provisions of this article because of his political or religious opinions or affiliations.


WVC 7 - 14 - 15 §7-14-15. Political activities of members prohibited; exceptions.
(a) A deputy sheriff covered by the provisions of this article

may not:

(1) Solicit any assessment, subscription or contribution for any political party, committee or candidate from any person who is a member or employee of the county sheriff's department by which they are employed;

(2) Use any official authority or influence, including, but not limited to, the wearing by a deputy sheriff of his or her uniform, for the purpose of interfering with or affecting the nomination, election or defeat of any candidate or the passage or defeat of any ballot issue: Provided, That this subdivision shall not be construed to prohibit any deputy sheriff from casting his or her vote at any election while wearing his or her uniform;

(3) Coerce or command anyone to pay, lend or contribute anything of value to a party, committee, organization, agency or person for the nomination, election or defeat of a ballot issue; or

(4) Be a candidate for or hold any other public office in the county in which he or she is employed: Provided, That any deputy sheriff that is subject to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. §1501, et seq., may not be a candidate for elective office.

(b) Other types of partisan or nonpartisan political activities not inconsistent with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section are permissible political activities for deputy sheriffs.

(c) No person may be appointed or promoted to or demoted or dismissed from any position held by a deputy sheriff or in any way favored or discriminated against because of his or her engagement in any political activities authorized by the provisions of this section. Any elected or appointed official who violates the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by the penalties contained in section twenty-six, article fifteen, chapter eight of this code.

(d) Any deputy sheriff violating the provisions of this section shall have his appointment vacated and he shall be removed, in accordance with the pertinent provisions of this section.

(e) Any three residents of the county may file their written petition with the civil service commission thereof setting out therein the grounds upon which a deputy sheriff of such county should be removed for a violation of subsection (a) of this section. Notice of the filing of such petition shall be given by the commission to the accused deputy, which notice shall require him to file a written answer to the charges set out in the petition within thirty days of the date of such notice. The petition and answer thereto, if any, shall be entered upon the records of the civil service commission. If the answer is not filed within the time stated, or any extension thereof for cause which in the discretion of the civil service commission may be granted, an order shall be entered by the commission declaring the appointment of the deputy vacated. If such answer is filed within the time stated, or any extension thereof for cause which in the discretion of the civil service commission may be granted, the accused deputy may demand within such period a public hearing on the charges, or the civil service commission may, in its discretion and without demand therefor, set a date and time for a public hearing on the charges, which hearing shall be within thirty days of the filing of said answer, subject, however, to any continuances which may in the discretion of the civil service commission be granted. A written record of all testimony taken at such hearing shall be kept and preserved by the civil service commission, which record shall be sealed and not be open to public inspection if no appeal be taken from the action of the commission. The commission at the conclusion of the hearing, or as soon thereafter as possible, shall enter an order sustaining, in whole or in part, the charges made or shall dismiss the charges as unfounded. In the event the charges are sustained in whole or in part, the order shall also declare the appointment of such deputy to be vacated and thereupon the sheriff shall immediately remove the deputy from his office and from the payroll of the county. Notice of the action of the commission shall be given by registered letter to the county court and the sheriff. If the sheriff fails to immediately comply with the order of the commission, he shall be punished for contempt, upon application of the commission to the circuit court of the county.

(f) An appeal from the ruling of the commission may be had in the same manner and within the same time as specified in section seventeen of this article for an appeal from a ruling of a commission after hearing held in accordance with the provisions of said section.


WVC 7-14-15a §7-14-15a. Additional part-time police work permitted.
Deputy sheriffs shall be allowed to engage in police work for pay in addition to their regular work as a deputy sheriff. However, they may not engage in such police work for any party engaged in or involved in any labor trouble or dispute between employer and employee.

The deputy sheriffs civil service commission shall prescribe and enforce rules and regulations fixing the terms and conditions under which deputy sheriffs may engage in police work in addition to their normal duties as deputy sheriffs. These rules and regulations must prohibit discrimination, as far as practicable, between deputy sheriffs with regard to the allocation of additional police work. No sheriff may have a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in any outside employment. A deputy sheriff performing additional police work shall wear an identifying armband to indicate special duty.


WVC 7-14-16 §7-14-16. Training and retraining programs for all deputies required.
(a) The civil service commission of any such county shall establish or prescribe a training program which every deputy first appointed a deputy of such county on or after the effective date of this article, must satisfactorily complete during his probationary period.

(b) The civil service commission of any such county shall also establish or prescribe retraining programs which every deputy, whether first appointed such deputy before or after the effective date of this article, must satisfactorily complete from time to time after the effective date of this article, in order to continue as a deputy sheriff of such county or to be eligible for promotion. Any training or retraining program established or prescribed by the civil service commission of any such county shall meet the minimum standards prescribed by the governor's committee on crime, delinquency and correction established by Executive Order 7-A66, dated September one, one thousand nine hundred sixty-six.


WVC 7-14-17 §7-14-17. Removal, discharge, suspension or reduction in rank or pay; hearing; attorney fees; appeal; reduction in force; mandatory retirement age.
(a) No deputy sheriff of any county subject to the provisions of this article may be removed, discharged, suspended or reduced in rank or pay except for just cause, which may not be religious or political, except as provided in section fifteen of this article; and no such deputy may be removed, discharged, suspended or reduced in rank or pay except as provided in this article and in no event until the deputy has been furnished with a written statement of the reasons for the action. In every case of such removal, discharge, suspension or reduction, a copy of the statement of reasons therefor and of the written answer thereto, if the deputy desires to file such written answer, shall be furnished to the civil service commission and entered upon its records. If the deputy demands it, the civil service commission shall grant a public hearing, which hearing shall be held within a period of ten days from the filing of the charges in writing or the written answer thereto, whichever shall last occur. At the hearing, the burden shall be upon the sheriff to justify his or her action, and in the event the sheriff fails to justify the action before the commission, then the deputy shall be reinstated with full pay, forthwith and without any additional order, for the entire period during which the deputy may have been prevented from performing his or her usual employment, and no charges may be officially recorded against the deputy's record. The deputy, if reinstated or exonerated, shall, if represented by legal counsel, be awarded reasonable attorney fees to be determined by the commission and paid by the sheriff from county funds. A written record of all testimony taken at the hearing shall be kept and preserved by the civil service commission, which record shall be sealed and not be open to public inspection unless an appeal is taken from the action of the commission.

(b) In the event the civil service commission sustains the action of the sheriff, the deputy has an immediate right of appeal to the circuit court of the county. In the event that the commission reinstates the deputy, the sheriff has an immediate right of appeal to the circuit court. In the event either the sheriff or the deputy objects to the amount of the attorney fees awarded to the deputy, the objecting party has an immediate right of appeal to the circuit court. Any appeal must be taken within ninety days from the date of entry by the civil service commission of its final order. Upon an appeal being taken and docketed with the clerk of the circuit court of the county, the circuit court shall proceed to hear the appeal upon the original record made before the commission and no additional proof may be permitted to be introduced. The circuit court's decision is final, but the deputy or sheriff, as the case may be, against whom the decision of the circuit court is rendered has the right to petition the supreme court of appeals for a review of the circuit court's decision as in other civil cases. The deputy or sheriff also has the right, where appropriate, to seek, in lieu of an appeal, a writ of mandamus. The deputy, if reinstated or exonerated by the circuit court or by the supreme court of appeals, shall, if represented by legal counsel, be awarded reasonable attorney fees as approved by the court and the fees shall be paid by the sheriff from county funds.

(c) The removing sheriff and the deputy shall at all times, both before the civil service commission and upon appeal, be given the right to employ counsel to represent them.

(d) If for reasons of economy or other reasons it is deemed necessary by any appointing sheriff to reduce the number of his or her deputies, the sheriff shall follow the procedure set forth in this subsection. The reduction in the numbers of the deputy sheriffs of the county shall be effected by suspending the last person or persons, including probationers, who have been appointed as deputies. The removal shall be accomplished by suspending the number desired in the inverse order of their appointment: Provided, That in the event the number of deputies is increased in numbers to the strength existing prior to the reduction of deputies, the deputies suspended under the terms of this subsection shall be reinstated in the inverse order of their suspension before any new appointments of deputy sheriffs in the county are made.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, no deputy sheriff in any county subject to the provisions of this article may serve as a deputy sheriff in any county subject to the provisions of this article after attaining the age of sixty-five years.


WVC 7-14-17a §7-14-17a. Vacations for deputy sheriffs.
The county commission of each county shall allow the sheriff's deputies in its employ, vacation time accrued in the following manner: For deputies with less than five years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of one and one-quarter days for each calendar month of service; for deputies with five to ten years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of one and one-half days for each calendar month of service; for deputies with ten to fifteen years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of one and three-quarter days for each calendar month of service; for deputies with fifteen or more years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of two days for each calendar month of service.

Each deputy sheriff shall only receive vacation time for each month in which he shall have worked one hour more than one half the normal working hours in a given month as prescribed by the sheriff.

No more than thirty days of accrued vacation time may be carried forward from one calendar year to the next.


WVC 7-14-17b §7-14-17b. Sick leave for deputy sheriffs.
(a) The county commission of each county shall allow the sheriff's deputies sick leave with pay to be computed as follows: Full-time deputies are entitled to one and one-half days sick leave for each calendar month worked, or greater part thereof; part-time deputies are entitled to sick leave at the same rate and in the same proportion that hours actually worked bears to hours regularly scheduled for full-time deputies.

(b) Sick leave may be granted only when illness on the part of or injury to the deputy incapacitates him or her for duty: Provided, That the sheriff of the county in which the deputy is employed has the authority to require the deputy to produce a statement from an attending physician for each day of sick leave beyond two days. This statement shall include dates of treatment and also state that the deputy was unable to work. In the absence of the physician's statement, if required, annual leave shall be charged for the entire period.

(c) In the event of illness, a full-time deputy may take without limit emergency sick leave without pay after all accrued sick leave, annual leave and compensatory time available to the full-time deputy has been exhausted.


WVC 7 - 14 - 17 C §7-14-17c. Salary increment.
Every deputy sheriff with one year or more of service shall receive an annual salary increase in the sum of five dollars per month for each year of service. Any incremental salary increase in effect prior to the effective date of this section that is more favorable to the deputy sheriffs entitled to such increase shall remain in full force and effect to the exclusion of the provisions of this section.


WVC 7-14-17D §7-14-17d. Right to receive complete standard uniform; and right to acquire badge.
A deputy sheriff, upon honorable retirement, shall be authorized to maintain at his or her own cost a complete standard uniform from the law-enforcement agency of which he or she was a member, and shall be issued an identification card indicating his or her honorable retirement from the law-enforcement agency. The uniform may be worn by the officer in retirement only on the following occasions: Police Officer's Memorial Day, Law Enforcement Appreciation Day, at the funeral of a law-enforcement officer or during any other police ceremony. The honorably retired officer is authorized to acquire a badge of the law-enforcement agency from which he or she is retired with the word "retired" placed on it.


WVC 7 - 14 - 17 E §7-14-17e. Deputy sheriffs who are required to work during holidays; how compensated.
From the effective date of this section, if any deputy sheriff is required to work during a legal holiday as specified in section one, article two, chapter two of this code, or if a legal holiday falls on the deputy sheriff's regular scheduled day off, the sheriff shall decide either that, the deputy sheriff shall be allowed equal time off at a time approved by the sheriff under whom the deputy sheriff serves, or in the alternative, shall be paid at a rate not less than one and one-half times the deputy sheriff's regular rate of pay.


WVC 7-14-18 §7-14-18. Offenses and penalties.
Any person who makes an appointment or promotion to any position, or selects a person for employment, contrary to the provisions of this article, or wilfully refuses or neglects otherwise to comply with, or to conform to, any of the provisions of this article, or violates any of such provisions, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

Any commissioner or examiner, or any other person, who shall wilfully, by himself or in cooperation with one or more persons, defeat, deceive or obstruct any person with respect to his right of examination or registration according to this article, or to any rules and regulations prescribed pursuant thereto, or who shall wilfully or corruptly, falsely mark, grade, estimate or report upon such examination or proper standing of any person so examined, registered, or certified, pursuant to the provisions of this article, or aid in so doing, or who shall wilfully or corruptly furnish to any person any special or secret information, for the purpose of either improving or injuring the prospects or chances of appointment or promotion to any position of any person so examined, registered or certified, or to be so examined, registered, or certified; or who shall impersonate any other person, or permit or aid in any manner any other person to impersonate him, in connection with any examination or registration, or application or request to be examined or registered, shall, for each offense, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

Any person convicted of any such misdemeanor offense shall be fined not less than fifty nor more than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year, or both fined and imprisoned, in the discretion of the court.


WVC 7-14-19 §7-14-19.
Repealed.

Acts, 1991 Reg. Sess., Ch. 44.


WVC 7-14-19a §7-14-19a. Additional police work for deputy sheriffs in noncivil service counties.
The sheriff of any county with a population of less than twelve thousand five hundred which has not adopted civil service for deputy sheriffs pursuant to the provisions of section nineteen, article fourteen, chapter seven, may allow his deputy sheriffs to do additional police work in addition to their normal duties as a deputy sheriff. However, they may not be allowed to engage in such police work for any party engaged in or involved in any labor trouble or dispute between employer and employee. Before such sheriff shall be allowed to grant such additional police work to his deputy sheriffs, he must prepare a plan setting forth the terms and conditions under which his deputy sheriffs may engage in additional police work. Such terms and conditions must prohibit discrimination between deputies with regard to the allocation of additional police work. Such plans shall be submitted to the county commission of such county and shall be subject to the approval of said county commission. No sheriff may have a direct or indirect pecuniary interest in any outside employment. A deputy sheriff performing additional police work shall wear an identifying armband to indicate special duty.


WVC 7-14-20 §7-14-20. Inconsistent acts repealed; once established civil service remains mandatory.
All acts and parts of acts of the Legislature, whether general, special or local, in relation to deputy sheriffs inconsistent with the provisions of this article are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.


WVC 7-14-21 §7-14-21. Severability.
If any provision of this article or its application to any person or circumstance is held unconstitutional or invalid, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this article, and to this end the provisions of this article are hereby declared to be severable.


WVC -14A- ARTICLE 14A. DEPUTY SHERIFFS' TORT LIABILITY.


WVC 7-14A-1 §7-14A-1. Short title.
This article may be cited and referred to as the "West Virginia Deputy Sheriffs' Tort Liability Act."


WVC 7-14A-2 §7-14A-2. Definitions.
For the purpose of this article and as used in this article:

(a) "Deputy sheriffs" or "deputies" shall have the same meaning as those terms are given in subdivision (2), subsection (a), section two, article fourteen of this chapter, and shall, when used in this article, be limited, except when specifically authorized or when the context in which used clearly requires a broader or different application and meaning, to those deputy sheriffs serving under civil service protection pursuant to the provisions of article fourteen of this chapter.

(b) "County commissions" shall mean the county commission, or tribunal in lieu thereof, in counties wherein a civil service system for deputy sheriffs is required to be in effect or wherein such system is put into effect pursuant to article fourteen of this chapter.

(c) "Professional liability insurance" means an insuring agreement wherein the insurer agrees, subject to policy agreements, exclusions, conditions and limits, to pay all sums which the insured deputy sheriff shall or may become legally obligated to pay as damages because of bodily injury (including death) or property damages sustained by others and caused by an occurrence and arising out of such deputy sheriff's occupancy, maintenance or use of official operations or conduct in the performance of official duties.


WVC 7-14A-3 §7-14A-3. County commission to purchase professional liability insurance; limits; additional insurance authorized; contribution from deputies.
Effective the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred seventy-eight, the county commission of each county wherein the provisions of this article are applicable, shall purchase a professional liability insurance policy covering all deputy sheriffs subject to this article, which policy shall provide for minimum coverage of fifty thousand dollars for each person injured or damaged in each occurrence and one hundred thousand dollars total coverage for each occurrence. Every such policy shall be written on an occurrence basis only. Such policy shall be paid for out of the county general revenue fund. The county commission may purchase additional coverage and, as to such additional coverage, may pay all or any part of the premiums as it and its sole discretion deems appropriate or, as to such additional coverage may require contributions in whole or in part from the sheriff and from the deputy sheriffs required to be covered by such insurance. Such additional insurance may not be purchased and the premiums in whole or in part paid by such deputies except with the consent of the majority of the deputies to be covered thereby.


WVC 7-14A-4 §7-14A-4. Liability of sheriff, county and county commission limited.
Any other provision of this code or rule of law to the contrary notwithstanding, on and after the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred seventy-eight, no sheriff shall be held jointly or severally liable on his official bond or otherwise for any act or conduct of any deputies subject to the provisions of this article committed on or after such date, except in cases where such deputy is acting in the presence of and under the direct, immediate and personal supervision of such sheriff, nor shall the county commission of a county nor the county itself be held so liable, and the liability of such sheriff, county or county commission in such cases shall be no greater than would be the liability of the superintendent of the department of public safety, or such department or the state of West Virginia under the same or substantially similar circumstances.


WVC -14B- ARTICLE 14B. CIVIL SERVICE FOR CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS.


WVC 7-14B-1 §7-14B-1. Appointments and promotions of correctional officers.
Notwithstanding the provisions of article three, chapter six, and article seven, chapter seven of this code, all appointments and promotions of full-time correctional officers, as defined in section two of this article, in the offices of sheriffs of counties of twenty-five thousand population or more, shall be made only according to qualifications and fitness to be ascertained by examinations, which, so far as practicable, shall be competitive, as hereinafter provided. On and after the effective date of this article, no person except a correctional officer appointed as jailer pursuant to the provisions of section two, article eight of this chapter shall be appointed, promoted, reinstated, removed, discharged, suspended or reduced in rank or pay as a full-time correctional officer, as defined in said section two, of any county in the state of West Virginia subject to the provisions hereof, in any manner or by any means other than those prescribed in this article.


WVC 7-14B-2 §7-14B-2. Definitions; population.
(a) For the purpose of this article:

(1) "Appointing officer" or "appointing sheriff" shall mean the sheriff of the county in which the appointment of a correctional officer shall be made pursuant to this article; and

(2) "Correctional officer" shall mean persons appointed by a sheriff whose sole duties as such correctional officer are within the scope of active operation and management of the county jail.

(b) For the purpose of this article, population shall be determined by reference to the last preceding census taken under the authority of the United States or of the Legislature of West Virginia.


WVC 7-14B-3 §7-14B-3. Civil service commission.

     There shall be a civil service commission in each county having a population of twenty-five thousand or more. Each such civil service commission shall consist of five commissioners, two of whom shall be appointed by the bar association of such county, one of whom shall be appointed by the correctional officer association of such county, and two of whom shall be appointed by the county commission of such county. In the event the bar association or correctional officer association shall fail to make an appointment within the time prescribed in this section therefor, then such appointment shall be made by the county commission. The persons appointed commissioners shall be qualified voters of the county for which they are appointed, and at least three of the commissioners shall be persons in full sympathy with the purposes of this article. Not more than three of the commissioners, at any one time, shall be members of the same political party. The commissioners in each county shall be appointed as follows: Within sixty days from the effective date of this article, the authorities having the power to appoint members to the civil service commission shall appoint the five commissioners, the first two to be appointed by the bar association of the county shall serve for six years from the date of his appointment, the one to be appointed by the correctional officer association of the county shall serve for four years from the date of his appointment, and the two to be appointed by the county commission of the county shall serve for a term of two years from the date of his appointment. All subsequent appointments shall be made for terms of six years. In the event that any commissioner of the civil service commission shall cease to be a member thereof by virtue of death, final removal or other cause, a new commissioner shall be appointed to fill the unexpired term of that commissioner within ten days after said ex-commissioner shall have ceased to be a member of the commission. Such appointment shall be made by the authority who appointed the commissioner who is no longer a member of the commission. Each year the members of the commission shall, together, elect one of their number to act as president of the commission for a term of one year. The county commission may at any time remove a commissioner for good cause, which shall be stated in writing and made a part of the records of the commission: Provided, That once the county commission has removed any commissioner, such county commission shall within ten days thereafter file in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the county a petition setting forth in full the reason for the removal and praying for the confirmation of the circuit court of the action of the county commission in removing the said commissioner. A copy of the petition shall be served upon the commissioner so removed simultaneously with its filing in the office of the clerk of the circuit court and shall have precedence on the docket of the circuit court and shall be heard by the court as soon as practicable upon the request of the removed commissioner. All rights hereby vested in the circuit court may be exercised by the judge thereof in vacation. In the event that no term of the circuit court is being held at the time of the filing of the petition, and the judge thereof cannot be reached in the county wherein the petition was filed, the petition shall be heard at the next succeeding term of the circuit court, whether regular or special, and the commissioner so removed shall remain removed until a hearing is had upon the petition of the county commission. The circuit court, or the judge thereof in vacation, shall hear and decide the issues presented by the petition. The county commission or commissioner, as the case may be, against whom the decision of the circuit court or judge thereof in vacation shall be rendered shall have the right to petition the supreme court of appeals for a review of the decision of the circuit court or the judge thereof in vacation as in other civil cases. In the event that the county commission shall fail to file its petition in the office of the clerk of the circuit court, as hereinbefore provided, within ten days after the removal of the commissioner, such commissioner shall immediately resume his position as a member of the civil service commission.

     Any resident of the county shall have the right at any time to file charges against and seek the removal of any member of the civil service commission. The charges shall be filed in the form of a petition in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of the county. A copy of the petition shall be served upon the commissioner sought to be removed. The petition shall be matured for hearing and heard as a civil action by the circuit court of the county for which the commissioner serves as a member of the civil service commission or by the judge thereof in vacation. The party against whom the decision of the circuit court or judge thereof in vacation shall be rendered shall have the right to petition the supreme court of appeals for a review of the decision of the circuit court or judge thereof in vacation as in other civil cases.

     No commissioner shall hold any other office (other than the office of notary public) under the United States, this state, or any municipality, county or other political subdivision thereof; nor shall any commissioner serve on any political party committee or take any active part in the management of any political campaign.


WVC 7-14B-4 §7-14B-4. Clerk of commission.
The clerk of the county commission shall be ex officio clerk of the civil service commission and shall supply to the commission all necessary clerical and stenographic services for the work of the civil service commission.


WVC 7-14B-5 §7-14B-5. Office and supplies for commission; appropriations required.
It shall be the duty of the county commission of every such county to cause suitable and convenient rooms and accommodations to be assigned and provided, furnished, heated and lighted for carrying on the work and examinations of the civil service commission. The civil service commission may order from the proper authorities the necessary stationery, postage stamps, official seal and other articles to be supplied, and the necessary printing to be done, for its official use. It shall be the duty of the county commission and other county officials of every such county to aid the civil service commission in all proper ways in carrying out the provisions of this article, and to allow the reasonable use of public buildings, and to heat and light the same, for holding examinations and investigations and in all proper ways to facilitate the same.

The county commission of each such county is hereby required to appropriate sufficient funds for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this article.


WVC 7-14B-6 §7-14B-6. Powers and duties of commission.
The civil service commission in each such county shall:

(1) Promulgate and enforce rules and regulations for carrying into effect the provisions of this article. All rules and regulations so prescribed may, from time to time, be added to, amended or rescinded.

(2) Keep minutes of its own proceedings and records of its examinations and other official actions. All recommendations of applicants for the position of correctional officer received by the commission or by the sheriff shall be kept and preserved for a period of ten years, and all such records, recommendations of former employees excepted, and all written causes of removal, filed with the commission, shall, subject to reasonable rule and regulation, be open to public inspection.

(3) Make investigations, either sitting as a body or through a single commissioner, concerning all matters touching the enforcement and effect of the provisions of this article and the rules and regulations promulgated hereunder or concerning the action of any examiner or subordinate of the commission or any person in the public service with respect to the execution of this article; and, in the course of such investigations, each commissioner shall have the power to administer oaths and affirmations and to take testimony.

(4) Have power to subpoena and require the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and papers pertinent to the investigations and inquiries herein authorized, and examine them and such public records as it shall require in relation to any matter which it has the authority to investigate. The fee of such witness for attendance and travel shall be the same as for witnesses before the circuit courts of this state and shall be paid from the appropriation for the incidental expenses of the commission. All officers in the public service and their deputies, clerks, subordinates and employees shall attend and testify when required to do so by the commission. Any disobedience to, or neglect of, any subpoena issued by the commissioners, or any one of them, to any person, shall be held a contempt of court, and shall be punished by the circuit court of the county in which the civil service commission is located, or the judge thereof in vacation, as if such subpoena has been issued by the court. The judge of the circuit court shall, upon the application of any one commissioner, in any such case, cause the process of that court to issue to compel any person or persons disobeying or neglecting any such subpoena to appear and to give testimony and produce evidence before the commissioner, or any one of them, and shall have the power to punish any such contempt.

(5) Prepare a position classification and promotion plan.

(6) Make an annual report to the county commission and sheriff showing its own actions, its rules and regulations, including all exceptions thereto in force, and the practical effects thereof, and any suggestions it may have for the more effectual accomplishment of the purposes of this article. Such report shall be available for public inspection five days after it shall have been delivered to the county commission and sheriff.


WVC 7-14B-7 §7-14B-7. Rules and regulations of commission; notice and distribution thereof; probationary period for appointees.
The civil service commission in each such county shall promulgate rules and regulations providing for both competitive and medical examinations for the position of correctional officer in each such county subject to the provisions of this article, for appointments to the position of correctional officer and for promotions and for such other matters as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this article. Any such commission shall have the power and authority to require by rules and regulations a physical fitness examination as part of its competitive examination or as a part of its medical examination. Due notice of the contents of all rules and regulations and of any modifications thereof shall be given, by mail, in due season to the appointing officer, and said rules and regulations and any modifications thereof shall also be printed for public distribution. All original appointments on and after the effective date of this article to any position of correctional officer in any county subject to the provisions of this article shall be for a probationary period of one year: Provided, That at any time during the probationary period the probationer may be discharged for just cause in the manner provided in section seventeen of this article. If, at the close of this probationary period, the conduct or capacity of the probationer has not been satisfactory to the appointing sheriff, the probationer shall be notified, in writing, that he will not receive absolute appointment, whereupon his employment shall cease; otherwise, his retention in the position of correctional officer beyond the probationary term shall be equivalent to his absolute appointment.


WVC 7-14B-8 §7-14B-8. Form of application; age requirements; exceptions.
The civil service commission in each such county shall require persons applying for admission to any competitive examination provided for under this article or under the rules and regulations of the commission to file in its office, within a reasonable time prior to the proposed competitive examination a formal application in which the applicant shall state under oath or affirmation:

(1) His full name, residence and post-office address;

(2) His United States citizenship, age and the place and date of his birth;

(3) His health and his physical capacity for the position of correctional officer;

(4) His business, employments and residences for at least three previous years; and

(5) Such other information as may reasonably be required, relative to the applicant's qualifications and fitness for the position of correctional officer.

Blank forms for such applications shall be furnished by the commission, without charge, to all persons requesting the same. The commission may require, in connection with the application, such certificates of citizens, physicians or others, having pertinent knowledge concerning the applicant, as the good of the service may require.

No application for original appointment shall be received on and after the effective date of this article, if the person applying is less than eighteen years of age at the date of his application: Provided, That in the event any applicant formerly served as a correctional officer for a period of more than one year in the county to which he makes application, and resigned as a correctional officer at a time when there were no charges of misconduct or other misfeasance pending against him, within a period of two years preceding the date of his application, and at the time of his application resides within the county in which he seeks appointment by reinstatement, then such applicant shall be eligible for appointment by reinstatement in the discretion of the civil service commission provided he is not sixty-five years of age or over, and such applicant, providing his former term of service as a correctional officer so justifies, may be reappointed by reinstatement without a competitive examination, but such applicant shall undergo a medical examination; and if such applicant shall be so appointed by reinstatement as aforesaid, he shall be the lowest in rank in the jail next above the probationers of the office.


WVC 7-14B-9 §7-14B-9. Character and notice of competitive examinations; qualifications of applicants; competitive examinations to be prescribed by state civil service commission; press representatives; posting eligible list; medical examinations; exceptions as to and training of correctional officers serving on effective date of article.
All competitive examinations for appointments or promotions to all positions of correctional officer shall be practical in their character, and shall relate to such matters, and include such inquiries, as will fairly and fully test the comparative merit and fitness of the person or persons examined to discharge the duties of the position sought by him or them. The state civil service commission shall prepare and prescribe, from time to time, the competitive examination to be given by the civil service commission of each such county. All competitive examinations shall be open to all applicants who have fulfilled the preliminary requirements specified in other sections of this article.

Adequate public notice of the date, time and place of every competitive examination held under the provisions of this article, together with information as to the position to be filled, shall be given at least two weeks prior to such competitive examination. The civil service commission in each county shall adopt reasonable rules and regulations for permitting the presence of representatives of the press at any such competitive examinations. Such commission shall post, in a public place at its office, the eligible list, containing the names and grades of those who have passed such competitive examinations for positions as correctional officer, under this article, and shall indicate thereon such appointments as may be made from said list.

All applicants for appointment or promotion to any position as a correctional officer in any such county who have passed the competitive examination specified above shall, before being appointed or promoted, undergo a medical examination which shall be conducted under the supervision of a board composed of two doctors of medicine appointed for such purpose by the sheriff of the county. Such board must certify that an applicant is free from any bodily or mental defects, deformity or diseases which might incapacitate him from the performance of the duties of the position desired and is physically fit to perform such duties before said applicant shall be appointed or promoted to any position. Notwithstanding the first sentence of this paragraph, in the event the commission deems it expedient, the medical examination may be given prior to the competitive examination, and if the medical examination is not passed as aforesaid, the applicant shall not be admitted to the competitive examination.

All correctional officers who are employed as correctional officers on the effective date of this article, shall be considered to have been appointed under the provisions of this article without regard to their age, and without competitive examination or medical examination, and shall hold their positions in accordance therewith for one year from the effective date of this article. The civil service commission shall, however, establish or prescribe a training program for correctional officers who are employed as such on the effective date of this article, giving due consideration to available training personnel and programs. Such correctional officers shall complete a two-hundred-hour basic correctional officer's training course as certified by the West Virginia department of corrections within a twelve-month period following appointment.

However, persons who have (1) completed a basic correctional officers training course or equivalent within the past three years prior to appointment or (2) who have been employed as a correctional officer in a jail for three years out of the last five years prior to appointment may be certified as correctional officers without basic training if in the judgment of the commission such persons are otherwise qualified. A correctional officer failing to qualify under the provisions of this paragraph may be continued in his position at the discretion of the sheriff but in no event for a period of more than one year. Such person may be reexamined at the discretion of the civil service commission of the county and may qualify as provided in this paragraph.


WVC 7-14B-10 §7-14B-10. Refusal to examine or certify; review thereof.
The commission may refuse to examine an applicant, or after examination to certify as eligible one, who is found to lack any of the established preliminary requirements for the examination or position of correctional officer for which he applies; or who is physically so disabled as to be rendered unfit for the performance of the duties of the position of correctional officer desired; or who is addicted to the habitual use of intoxicating liquors or drugs; or who has been convicted of a felony; or who has been guilty of infamous or notoriously disgraceful conduct; or who has been dismissed from public service for delinquency or misconduct; or who has made a false statement of any material fact, or practiced or attempted to practice any deception or fraud in his application, in any such examination, or in securing his eligibility; or who refuses to comply with the rules and regulations of the commission.

If any applicant feels aggrieved by the action of the commission in refusing to examine him, or after examination in refusing to certify him as eligible, the commission shall, at the request of such applicant, appoint a date, time and place for a public hearing, at which time the applicant may appear, by himself or by counsel or in person and with counsel, and the commission shall then review its refusal to make such examination or certification, and testimony shall be taken. The commission shall subpoena, at the expense of the applicant, any competent witnesses requested by him. After such review, the commission shall file in its records the testimony taken and shall make a decision, which decision shall be final and not subject to judicial review, but under no circumstances shall the provisions of this article be construed, in the case of a refusal to examine an applicant for promotion or to certify an applicant as eligible for promotion, as depriving such applicant of his right to seek a writ of mandamus, if the application for such writ is made within twenty days from the date of the decision (made after hearing as aforesaid) refusing to examine or to certify him as eligible for promotion.


WVC 7-14B-11 §7-14B-11. Appointments from eligible list.
On and after the effective date of this article, every position of correctional officer, unless filled by promotion, reinstatement or reduction, shall be filled only in the manner specified in this section. The appointing sheriff shall notify the civil service commission of any vacancy in a position of correctional officer which he desires to fill, and shall request the certification of eligibles. The commission shall forthwith certify, from the eligible list, the names of the three persons thereon who received the highest averages at preceding competitive examinations held under the provisions of this article within a period of three years next preceding the date of the prospective appointment. The appointing sheriff shall, thereupon, with sole reference to the relative merit and fitness of the candidates, make an appointment from the three names so certified: Provided, That should he make objection to the commission to one or more of these persons for any of the reasons stated in section ten of this article, and should such objection be sustained by the commission after a public hearing along the lines of the hearing provided for in said section ten, if any such hearing is requested, the commission shall thereupon strike the name of that person from the eligible list, and certify the next highest name for each person so stricken. As each subsequent vacancy occurs, in the same or another position, precisely the same procedure shall be followed: Provided, however, That after any name has been three times rejected for the same or another position in favor of a name or names below it on the same list, the name shall be stricken from the list. When there are a number of positions of the same kind to be filled at the same time, each appointment shall, nevertheless, be made separately and in accordance with the foregoing provisions. When an appointment is made under the provisions of this section, it shall be, in the first instance, for the probationary period of twelve months, as provided in section seven of this article.


WVC 7-14B-12 §7-14B-12. Noncompetitive examination for filling vacancy; provisional appointment.
Whenever there are urgent reasons for filling a vacancy in any position of correctional officer and there is no list of persons eligible for appointment after a competitive examination, the appointing sheriff may nominate a person to the civil service commission for noncompetitive examination; and if such nominee shall be certified by the commission as qualified, after such noncompetitive examination and a medical examination, he may be appointed provisionally to fill such vacancy until a selection and appointment can be made after competitive examination in the manner prescribed in section eleven of this article; but the provisional appointment shall not continue for a longer period than three months, nor shall successive provisional appointments be made to the same position, under the provisions of this section.


WVC 7-14B-13 §7-14B-13. Vacancies filled by promotions; eligibility for promotion.
Vacancies in positions of correctional officer shall be filled, so far as practicable, by promotion from among persons holding positions in the next lower grade. Promotions shall be based upon merit and fitness, to be ascertained by competitive examinations to be provided by the civil service commission, and upon the superior qualifications of the persons promoted, as shown by their previous service and experience: Provided, That, except for a correctional officer appointed jailer pursuant to the provisions of section two, article eight of this chapter, no person shall be eligible for promotion from the lower grade to the next higher grade until such person shall have completed at least two years' service in the next lower grade: Provided, however, That notwithstanding the provisions of section one of this article, any correctional officer occupying the office of jailer pursuant to the provisions of section two, article eight of this chapter in any such county on the effective date of this article, or thereafter appointed to such office, shall, except as hereinafter provided in this section, be and shall continue to be entitled to all of the rights and benefits of the provisions of this article, except that he or she may be removed from such office of jailer without cause and the time spent by such person in the office of such jailer shall be added to the time, if any, served by such person during the entire time he or she was a correctional officer of such county prior to his or her appointment as jailer, and shall in all cases of removal, except for removal for just cause, retain the regular rank within said sheriff's office which he or she held, if any, at the time of his or her appointment to the office of jailer or which he or she has attained, if any, during his or her term of service as jailer. The provisions of this section shall be construed to apply and to inure to the benefit of all persons who have ever been subject to the provisions of this article. The commission shall have the power to determine in each instance whether an increase in salary constitutes a promotion.


WVC 7-14B-14 §7-14B-14. No inquiry shall be made concerning political or religious opinions or affiliations of applicants, etc.
No question in any form of application or in or during any examination shall be so framed as to elicit information concerning the political or religious opinions or affiliations of any applicant; nor shall inquiry be made concerning such opinions or affiliations; and all disclosures thereof shall be discountenanced. No discrimination shall be exercised, threatened, or promised by any person in the sheriff's office against, or in favor of, an applicant, eligible or correctional officer in the office of any sheriff of any county subject to the provisions of this article because of his political or religious opinions or affiliations.


WVC 7-14B-15 §7-14B-15. Political activity of correctional officers prohibited; petition for vacating appointment; action on petition; appeal.
(a) On and after the effective date of this article, no correctional officer covered by the provisions of this article shall engage in any political activity of any kind, character or nature whatsoever, except to cast his vote at any election or shall act as an election official in any municipal, county or state election. Any correctional officer violating the provisions of this section shall have his appointment vacated and he shall be removed, in accordance with the pertinent provisions of this section.

(b) Any three residents of the county may file their written petition with the civil service commission thereof setting out therein the grounds upon which a correctional officer of such county should be removed for a violation of subsection (a) of this section. Notice of the filing of such petition shall be given by the commission to the accused correctional officer, which notice shall require him to file a written answer to the charges set out in the petition within thirty days of the date of such notice. The petition and answer thereto, if any, shall be entered upon the records of the civil service commission. If the answer is not filed within the time stated, or any extension thereof for cause which in the discretion of the civil service commission may be granted, an order shall be entered by the commission declaring the appointment of the correctional officer vacated. If such answer is filed within the time stated, or any extension thereof for cause which in the discretion of the civil service commission may be granted, the accused correctional officer may demand within such period a public hearing on the charges, or the civil service commission may, in its discretion and without demand therefor, set a date and time for a public hearing on the charges which hearing shall be within thirty days of the filing of said answer, subject, however, to any continuances which may in the discretion of the civil service commission be granted. A written record of all testimony taken at such hearing shall be kept and preserved by the civil service commission, which record shall be sealed and not be open to public inspection if no appeal be taken from the action of the commission. The commission at the conclusion of the hearing, or as soon thereafter as possible, shall enter an order sustaining in whole or in part the charges made, or shall dismiss the charges as unfounded. In the event that charges are sustained in whole or in part, the order shall also declare the appointment of such correctional officer to be vacated and thereupon the sheriff shall immediately remove the correctional officer from his office and from the payroll of the county. Notice of the action of the commission shall be given by registered letter to the county commission and the sheriff. If the sheriff fails to immediately comply with the order of the commission, he shall be punished for contempt, upon application of the commission to the circuit court of the county.

(c) An appeal from the ruling of the commission may be had in the same manner and within the same time as specified in section seventeen of this article for an appeal from a ruling of a commission after hearing held in accordance with the provisions of said section seventeen.


WVC 7-14B-16 §7-14B-16. Training and retraining programs for all correctional officers required.
(a) The civil service commission of any such county shall establish or prescribe a training program which every correctional officer first appointed a correctional officer of such county on or after the effective date of this article must satisfactorily complete during his probationary period.

(b) The civil service commission of any such county shall also establish or prescribe retraining programs of at least sixteen hours which every correctional officer, whether such correctional officer was first appointed before or after the effective date of this article, must satisfactorily complete annually after the effective date of this article, in order to continue as a correctional officer of such county.


WVC 7-14B-17 §7-14B-17. Removal, discharge, suspension or reduction in rank or pay; appeal; reduction in force; mandatory retirement age.
(a) No correctional officer of any county subject to the provisions of this article, may be removed, discharged, suspended or reduced in rank or pay except for just cause, which may not be religious or political, except as provided in section fifteen of this article; and no such correctional officer may be removed, discharged, suspended or reduced in rank or pay except as provided in this article and in no event until the correctional officer has been furnished with a written statement of the reasons for the action. In every case of such removal, discharge, suspension or reduction, a copy of the statement of reasons therefor and of the written answer thereto, if the correctional officer desires to file such written answer, shall be furnished to the civil service commission and entered upon its records. If the correctional officer demands it, the civil service commission shall grant him a public hearing, which hearing shall be held within a period of ten days from the filing of the charges in writing or the written answer thereto, whichever shall last occur. At the hearing, the burden shall be upon the sheriff to justify his or her action, and in the event the sheriff fails to justify the action before the commission, then the correctional officer shall be reinstated with full pay, forthwith and without any additional order, for the entire period during which the officer may have been prevented from performing his or her usual employment, and no charges may be officially recorded against the officer's record. The correctional officer, if reinstated or exonerated, shall, if represented by legal counsel, be awarded reasonable attorney fees to be determined by the commission and paid by the sheriff from county funds. A written record of all testimony taken at the hearing shall be kept and preserved by the civil service commission, which record shall be sealed and not be open to public inspection, unless an appeal is taken from the action of the commission.

(b) In the event the civil service commission sustains the action of the sheriff, the correctional officer has an immediate right of appeal to the circuit court of the county. In the event that the commission reinstates the correctional officer, the sheriff has an immediate right of appeal to the circuit court. In the event either the sheriff or the correctional officer objects to the amount of the attorneys fees awarded to the correctional officer, the objecting party has an immediate right of appeal to the circuit court. Any appeal must be taken within ninety days from the date of entry by the civil service commission of its final order. Upon an appeal being taken and docketed with the clerk of the circuit court of the county, the circuit court shall proceed to hear the appeal upon the original record made before the commission and no additional proof may be permitted to be introduced. The circuit court's decision is final, but the correctional officer or sheriff, as the case may be, against whom the decision of the circuit court is rendered has the right to petition the supreme court of appeals for a review of the circuit court's decision as in other civil cases. The correctional officer or sheriff also has the right, where appropriate, to seek in lieu of an appeal, a writ of mandamus. The correctional officer, if reinstated or exonerated by the circuit court or the supreme court of appeals, shall, if represented by legal counsel, be awarded reasonable attorney fees as approved by the court and the fees shall be paid by the sheriff from county funds.

(c) The removing sheriff and the correctional officer shall at all times, both before the civil service commission and upon appeal, be given the right to employ counsel to represent them.

(d) If for reasons of economy or other reasons it is deemed necessary by any appointing sheriff to reduce the number of his or her correctional officers, the sheriff shall follow the procedure set forth in this subsection. The reduction in the numbers of the correctional officers of the county shall be effected by suspending the last person or persons, including probationers, who have been appointed as correctional officers: Provided, That in the event the number of correctional officers is increased in numbers to the strength existing prior to the reduction of correctional officers, the correctional officers suspended under the terms of this subsection shall be reinstated in the inverse order of their suspension before any new appointments of correctional officers in the county are made.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, no correctional officer in any county subject to the provisions of this article may serve as a correctional officer in any county subject to the provisions of this article after attaining the age of sixty-five years.


WVC 7-14B-18 §7-14B-18. Vacations for correctional officers.
The county commission of each county shall allow the correctional officer in its employ vacation time accrued in the following manner: For correctional officers with less than five years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of one and one-quarter days for each calendar month of service; for correctional officers with five to ten years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of one and one-half days for each calendar month of service; for correctional officers with ten to fifteen years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of one and three-quarters days for each calendar month of service; and for correctional officers with fifteen or more years of service, vacation time shall be accrued at the rate of two days for each calendar month of service.

Each correctional officer shall only receive vacation time for each month in which he shall have worked one hour more than one half the normal working hours in a given month as prescribed by the sheriff.

Accrued vacation time may be carried forward from one calendar year to the next, in accordance with county policy.


WVC 7-14B-18a §7-14B-18a. Correctional officers who are required to work during holidays; how compensated.
From the effective date of this section, if any correctional officer is required to work during a legal holiday as is specified in section one, article two, chapter two of this code, or if a legal holiday falls on the member's regular scheduled day off, he or she shall be allowed equal time off at such time as may be approved by the sheriff under whom he or she serves, or in the alternative, shall be paid at a rate not less than one and one-half times his or her regular rate of pay.


WVC 7-14B-19 §7-14B-19. Sick leave.
(a) The county commission of each county shall allow the correctional officer sick leave with pay to be computed as follows: Correctional officers shall be entitled to one and one-half days sick leave for each calendar month worked, or greater part thereof.

(b) Sick leave shall be granted only when illness on the part of or injury to the correctional officer incapacitates him for duty: Provided, That the sheriff of the county in which the correctional officer is employed shall have the authority to require the correctional officer to produce a statement from an attending physician for each day of sick leave beyond two days. This statement shall include dates of treatment and also state that the correctional officer was unable to work. In the absence of the required physician's statement, annual leave shall be charged for the entire period.

(c) Correctional officers may accumulate yearly sick leave in accordance with policy to be established by the county commission.

(d) In the event of illness, a correctional officer may take emergency sick leave without pay after all accrued sick leave, annual leave and compensatory time available to such full-time correctional officer has been exhausted: Provided, That the total number of days sick leave and emergency sick leave used during such illness shall not exceed the total number of days of sick leave which may be accumulated under the provisions of subsection (c) of this section by any correctional officer with the same number of years of service.


WVC 7-14B-20 §7-14B-20. Offenses and penalties.
Any person who makes an appointment or promotion to any position, or selects a person for employment, contrary to the provisions of this article, or willfully refuses or neglects otherwise to comply with, or to conform to, any of the provisions of this article, or violates any of such provisions, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

Any commissioner or examiner, or any other person, who shall willfully, by himself or in cooperation with one or more persons, defeat, deceive or obstruct any person with respect to his right of examination or registration according to this article, or to any rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, or who shall willfully or corruptly, falsely mark, grade, estimate or report upon such examination or proper standing of any person so examined, registered, or certified, pursuant to the provisions of this article, or aid in so doing, or who shall willfully or corruptly furnish to any person any special or secret information, for the purpose of either improving or injuring the prospects or chances of appointment or promotion to any position of any person so examined, registered or certified, or to be so examined, registered or certified; or who shall impersonate any other person, or permit or aid in any manner any other person to impersonate him, in connection with any examination or registration, or application or request to be examined or registered, shall, for each offense, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

Any person convicted of any such misdemeanor offense shall be fined not less than fifty nor more than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year, or both fined and imprisoned, in the discretion of the court.


WVC 7-14B-21 §7-14B-21. County commission of counties with a population of less than twenty-five thousand may place correctional officers under civil service; protest and election with respect thereto.
The county commission of any county having a population of less than twenty-five thousand may by order entered of record provide that the provisions of this article providing civil service for correctional officers shall apply to such county on and after the effective date of this article. A copy of such order, together with a notice advising the qualified voters of such county of their right to protest the placing of correctional officers of such county under civil service, shall be published as a Class II-0 legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty- nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county.

In the event fifteen percent of the qualified voters of such county protest such order, by petition duly signed by them in their own handwriting (which petition may be signed in any number of counterparts) and filed with the county clerk of such county within sixty days after publication of such copy and notice, such order shall not become effective unless and until it is ratified by a majority of the legal votes cast with respect to the question of civil service coverage for the correctional officers of such county by the qualified voters of such county at a regular or special election. Any such election shall be conducted and superintended and the results thereof ascertained as provided by law for regular or special elections, as the case may be.

Whenever the correctional officers of any county are placed under civil service pursuant to the provisions of this section, such civil service system for the correctional officers of such county shall thereupon become mandatory and all of the provisions of this article shall apply to the correctional officers of such county with like effect as if said county had a population of twenty-five thousand or more.


WVC 7-14B-22 §7-14B-22. Inconsistent acts repealed; once established civil service remains mandatory.
All acts and parts of acts of the Legislature, whether general, special or local, in relation to correctional officers inconsistent with the provisions of this article shall be, and the same are, hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency.

Any civil service system for correctional officers in any county with a population of twenty-five thousand or more shall remain mandatory and shall be governed by the provisions of this article even if the population of such county shall at any time decrease below twenty-five thousand.


WVC 7-14B-23 §7-14B-23. Severability.
If any provision of this article or its application to any person or circumstance is held unconstitutional or invalid, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this article, and to this end the provisions of this article are hereby declared to be severable.


WVC 7-14C- ARTICLE 14C. DEPUTY SHERIFFS; PROCEDURE FOR INVESTIGATION.


WVC 7-14C-1 §7-14C-1. Definitions.
Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, as used in this article:

(1) "Deputy sheriff" means any person appointed by a sheriff as his or her deputy whose primary duties as deputy are within the scope of active, general law enforcement and as such is authorized to carry deadly weapons, patrol the highways, perform police functions, make arrests or safeguard prisoners. This definition may not be construed to include any person or persons whose sole duties are the service of civil process and subpoenas as provided in section fourteen, article one, chapter fifty of this code, but the exclusion does not preclude the service of civil process or subpoenas by deputy sheriffs covered by the provisions of this code.

(2) "Under investigation" or "under interrogation" means any situation in which any deputy sheriff becomes the focus of inquiry regarding any matter which may result in punitive action.

(3) "Punitive action" means any action which may lead to dismissal, demotion, suspension, reduction in salary, written reprimand or transfer for purposes of punishment.

(4) "Hearing board" means a board which is authorized by the sheriff to hold a hearing on a complaint against a deputy sheriff and which consists of three members, all to be selected from deputy sheriffs within that agency, or law-enforcement officers or firefighters of another agency with the approval of the sheriff and who have had no part in the investigation or interrogation of the deputy sheriff under investigation. One of the members of the board shall be appointed by the sheriff, one shall be appointed by the deputy sheriff's association and these two members of the board shall, by mutual agreement, appoint the third member of the board: Provided, That if the first two members of the board fail to agree upon the appointment of the third member of the board within five days, they shall submit to the sheriff's civil service commission a list of four qualified candidates from which list the commission shall appoint the third member of the board: Provided, however, That in the event one or more members of the board cannot be appointed as otherwise provided in this section, then the chief judge of the circuit court of the county shall appoint a sufficient number of citizens of the county as may be necessary to constitute the board. At least one member of the hearing board shall be of the same rank as the deputy sheriff against whom the complaint has been filed.

(5) "Hearing" means any meeting in the course of an investigatory proceeding, other than an interrogation at which no testimony is taken under oath, conducted by a hearing board for the purpose of taking or inducing testimony or receiving evidence.


WVC 17-14C-2 §7-14C-2. Investigation and interrogation of a deputy sheriff.
When any deputy sheriff is under investigation and subjected to interrogation by his or her commanding officer, or any other member of the department, which could lead to punitive action, the interrogation shall be conducted under the following conditions:

(a) The interrogation shall be conducted at a reasonable hour, preferably at a time when the deputy sheriff is on duty, or during his or her normal working hours, unless the seriousness of the investigation requires otherwise. If the interrogation does occur during the off-duty time of the deputy sheriff being interrogated at any place other than his or her residence, the deputy sheriff shall be compensated for that off-duty time in accordance with regular department procedure. If the interrogation of the deputy sheriff occurs during his or her regular duty hours, the deputy sheriff may not be released from employment for any work missed due to interrogation.

(b) Any deputy sheriff under investigation shall be informed of the nature of the investigation prior to any interrogation. The deputy sheriff shall also be informed of the name, rank and command of the officer in charge of the interrogation, the interrogating officers and all other persons to be present during the interrogation. No more than three interrogators at one time may question the deputy sheriff under investigation.

(c) No deputy sheriff under interrogation may be subjected to offensive language or threatened with punitive action. No promise of reward may be made as an inducement to answering questions.

(d) The complete interrogation of any deputy sheriff shall be recorded, whether written, taped or transcribed. Upon request of the deputy sheriff under investigation or his or her counsel, and upon advance payment of the reasonable cost thereof, a copy of the record shall be made available to the deputy sheriff not less than ten days prior to any hearing.

(e) Upon the filing of a formal written statement of charges or whenever an interrogation focuses on matters which are likely to result in punitive action against any deputy sheriff, then that deputy sheriff shall have the right to be represented by counsel who may be present at all times during the interrogation.

Nothing herein prohibits the immediate temporary suspension from duty, pending an investigation, of any deputy sheriff who reports for duty under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance which would prevent the deputy from performing his or her duties as defined in chapter sixty-a of this code, or under the influence of an apparent mental or emotional disorder.


WVC 7-14C-3 §7-14C-3. Hearing.
(a) If the investigation or interrogation of a deputy sheriff results in the recommendation of some punitive action, then, before taking punitive action the sheriff shall give notice to the deputy sheriff that he or she is entitled to a hearing on the issues by a hearing board. The notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the issues involved and be delivered to the deputy sheriff not less than ten days prior to the hearing. An official record, including testimony and exhibits, shall be kept of the hearing.

(b) The hearing shall be conducted by the hearing board of the deputy sheriff except that in the event the recommended punitive action is discharge, suspension or reduction in rank or pay, and the action has been taken, the hearing shall be pursuant to the provisions of section seventeen, article fourteen of this chapter, if applicable. Both the sheriff and the deputy sheriff shall be given ample opportunity to present evidence and argument with respect to the issues involved.

(c) With respect to the subject of any investigation or hearing conducted pursuant to this section, the hearing board may subpoena witnesses and administer oaths or affirmations and examine any individual under oath and may require and compel the production of records, books, papers, contracts and other documents.

(d) Any decision, order or action taken as a result of the hearing shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by findings of fact. The findings shall consist of a concise statement upon each issue in the case. A copy of the decision or order and accompanying findings and conclusions, along with written recommendations for action, shall be delivered or mailed promptly to the deputy sheriff or to his or her attorney of record.


WVC 7-14C-4 §7-14C-4. Right to refuse to disclose personal finances; exceptions.
For the purposes of job assignment or other personnel action, a sheriff may not require or request a deputy sheriff to disclose any item if his or her property, income, assets, sources of income, debts or personal or domestic expenditures unless such information is obtained through proper legal procedures or is necessary for the employing agency to ascertain the desirability of assigning the deputy sheriff to a specialized unit in which there is a strong possibility that bribes or other improper inducements might be offered.


WVC 7-14C-5 §7-14C-5. Appeal.
Any deputy sheriff adversely affected by any decision, order or action taken as a result of a hearing as herein provided has the right to appeal the decision, order or action to the deputy sheriff's civil service commission, in the manner provided for in section fifteen, article fourteen of this chapter.

The sheriff may also appeal the decision of the hearing board if he or she believes the department would be adversely affected by the order or action of the hearing board.

The order or action of the hearing board is binding upon all involved parties unless overturned in the appeal process by the deputy sheriff's civil service commission or the circuit court of the county wherein the affected parties reside.


WVC 7 - 14 D- ARTICLE 14D. DEPUTY SHERIFF RETIREMENT SYSTEM ACT.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 1 §7-14D-1. Short title.
This article is known and may be cited as the "West Virginia Deputy Sheriff Retirement System Act."


WVC 7 - 14 D- 2 §7-14D-2. Definitions.

     As used in this article, unless a federal law or regulation or the context clearly requires a different meaning:

     (a) "Accrued benefit" means on behalf of any member two and one-quarter percent of the member's final average salary multiplied by the member's years of credited service. A member's accrued benefit may not exceed the limits of Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code and is subject to the provisions of section nine-a of this article.

     (b) "Accumulated contributions" means the sum of all amounts deducted from the compensation of a member, or paid on his or her behalf pursuant to article ten-c, chapter five of this code, either pursuant to section seven of this article or section twenty-nine, article ten, chapter five of this code as a result of covered employment together with regular interest on the deducted amounts.

     (c) "Active member" means a member who is active and contributing to the plan.

     (d) "Active military duty" means full-time active duty with any branch of the armed forces of the United States, including service with the National Guard or reserve military forces when the member has been called to active full-time duty and has received no compensation during the period of that duty from any board or employer other than the armed forces.

     (e) "Actuarial equivalent" means a benefit of equal value computed upon the basis of the mortality table and interest rates as set and adopted by the retirement board in accordance with the provisions of this article: Provided, That when used in the context of compliance with the federal maximum benefit requirements of Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code, "actuarial equivalent" shall be computed using the mortality tables and interest rates required to comply with those requirements.

     (f) "Annual compensation" means the wages paid to the member during covered employment within the meaning of Section 3401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, but determined without regard to any rules that limit the remuneration included in wages based upon the nature or location of employment or services performed during the plan year plus amounts excluded under Section 414(h)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code and less reimbursements or other expense allowances, cash or noncash fringe benefits or both, deferred compensation and welfare benefits. Annual compensation for determining benefits during any determination period may not exceed the maximum compensation allowed as adjusted for cost of living in accordance with section seven, article ten-d, chapter five of this code and Section 401(a)(17) of the Internal Revenue Code.

     (g) "Annual leave service" means accrued annual leave.

     (h) "Annuity starting date" means the first day of the first calendar month following receipt of the retirement application by the board or the required beginning date, if earlier: Provided, That the member has ceased covered employment and reached early or normal retirement age.

     (i) "Base salary" means a member's cash compensation exclusive of overtime from covered employment during the last twelve months of employment. Until a member has worked twelve months, annualized base salary is used as base salary.

     (j) "Board" means the Consolidated Public Retirement Board created pursuant to article ten-d, chapter five of this code.

     (k) "County commission" has the meaning ascribed to it in section one, article one, chapter seven of this code.

     (l) "Covered employment" means either: (1) Employment as a deputy sheriff and the active performance of the duties required of a deputy sheriff; or (2) the period of time which active duties are not performed but disability benefits are received under section fourteen or fifteen of this article; or (3) concurrent employment by a deputy sheriff in a job or jobs in addition to his or her employment as a deputy sheriff where the secondary employment requires the deputy sheriff to be a member of another retirement system which is administered by the Consolidated Public Retirement Board pursuant to article ten-d, chapter five of this code: Provided, That the deputy sheriff contributes to the fund created in section six of this article the amount specified as the deputy sheriff's contribution in section seven of this article.

     (m) "Credited service" means the sum of a member's years of service, active military duty, disability service and annual leave service.

     (n) "Deputy sheriff" means an individual employed as a county law-enforcement deputy sheriff in this state and as defined by section two, article fourteen of this chapter.

     (o) "Dependent child" means either:

     (1) An unmarried person under age eighteen who is:

     (A) A natural child of the member;

     (B) A legally adopted child of the member;

     (C) A child who at the time of the member's death was living with the member while the member was an adopting parent during any period of probation; or

     (D) A stepchild of the member residing in the member's household at the time of the member's death; or

     (2) Any unmarried child under age twenty-three:

     (A) Who is enrolled as a full-time student in an accredited college or university;

     (B) Who was claimed as a dependent by the member for federal income tax purposes at the time of the member's death; and

     (C) Whose relationship with the member is described in subparagraph (A), (B) or (C), paragraph (1) of this subdivision.

     (p) "Dependent parent" means the father or mother of the member who was claimed as a dependent by the member for federal income tax purposes at the time of the member's death.

     (q) "Disability service" means service credit received by a member, expressed in whole years, fractions thereof or both, equal to one half of the whole years, fractions thereof or both, during which time a member receives disability benefits under section fourteen or fifteen of this article.

     (r) "Early retirement age" means age forty or over and completion of twenty years of service.

     (s) "Employer error" means an omission, misrepresentation, or violation of relevant provisions of the West Virginia Code or of the West Virginia Code of State Regulations or the relevant provisions of both the West Virginia Code and of the West Virginia Code of State Regulations by the participating public employer that has resulted in an underpayment or overpayment of contributions required. A deliberate act contrary to the provisions of this section by a participating public employer does not constitute employer error.

     (t) "Effective date" means July 1, 1998.

     (u) "Final average salary" means the average of the highest annual compensation received for covered employment by the member during any five consecutive plan years within the member's last ten years of service. If the member did not have annual compensation for the five full plan years preceding the member's attainment of normal retirement age and during that period the member received disability benefits under section fourteen or fifteen of this article then "final average salary" means the average of the monthly salary determined paid to the member during that period as determined under section seventeen of this article multiplied by twelve.

     (v) "Fund" means the West Virginia Deputy Sheriff Retirement Fund created pursuant to section six of this article.

     (w) "Hour of service" means:

     (1) Each hour for which a member is paid or entitled to payment for covered employment during which time active duties are performed. These hours shall be credited to the member for the plan year in which the duties are performed; and

     (2) Each hour for which a member is paid or entitled to payment for covered employment during a plan year but where no duties are performed due to vacation, holiday, illness, incapacity including disability, layoff, jury duty, military duty, leave of absence or any combination thereof and without regard to whether the employment relationship has terminated. Hours under this paragraph shall be calculated and credited pursuant to West Virginia Division of Labor rules. A member will not be credited with any hours of service for any period of time he or she is receiving benefits under section fourteen or fifteen of this article; and

     (3) Each hour for which back pay is either awarded or agreed to be paid by the employing county commission, irrespective of mitigation of damages. The same hours of service shall not be credited both under this paragraph and paragraph (1) or (2) of this subdivision. Hours under this paragraph shall be credited to the member for the plan year or years to which the award or agreement pertains rather than the plan year in which the award, agreement or payment is made.

     (x) "Member" means a person first hired as a deputy sheriff after the effective date of this article, as defined in subsection (t) of this section, or a deputy sheriff first hired prior to the effective date and who elects to become a member pursuant to section five or seventeen of this article. A member shall remain a member until the benefits to which he or she is entitled under this article are paid or forfeited or until cessation of membership pursuant to section five of this article.

     (y) "Monthly salary" means the portion of a member's annual compensation which is paid to him or her per month.

     (z) "Normal form" means a monthly annuity which is one twelfth of the amount of the member's accrued benefit which is payable for the member's life. If the member dies before the sum of the payments he or she receives equals his or her accumulated contributions on the annuity starting date, the named beneficiary shall receive in one lump sum the difference between the accumulated contributions at the annuity starting date and the total of the retirement income payments made to the member.

     (aa) "Normal retirement age" means the first to occur of the following: (1) Attainment of age fifty years and the completion of twenty or more years of service; (2) while still in covered employment, attainment of at least age fifty years and when the sum of current age plus years of service equals or exceeds seventy years; (3) while still in covered employment, attainment of at least age sixty years and completion of five years of service; or (4) attainment of age sixty-two years and completion of five or more years of service.

     (bb) "Partially disabled" means a member's inability to engage in the duties of deputy sheriff by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or that has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve months. A member may be determined partially disabled for the purposes of this article and maintain the ability to engage in other gainful employment which exists within the state but which ability would not enable him or her to earn an amount at least equal to two thirds of the average annual compensation earned by all active members of this plan during the plan year ending as of the most recent June 30, as of which plan data has been assembled and used for the actuarial valuation of the plan.

     (cc) "Public Employees Retirement System" means the West Virginia Public Employees Retirement System created by article ten, chapter five of this code.

     (dd) "Plan" means the West Virginia Deputy Sheriff Death, Disability and Retirement Plan established by this article.

     (ee) "Plan year" means the twelve-month period commencing on July 1 of any designated year and ending the following June 30.

     (ff) "Qualified public safety employee" means any employee of a participating state or political subdivision who provides police protection, fire-fighting services or emergency medical services for any area within the jurisdiction of the state or political subdivision, or such other meaning given to the term by Section 72(t)(10)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code or by Treasury Regulation §1.401(a)-1(b)(2)(v) as they may be amended from time to time.

     (gg) "Regular interest" means the rate or rates of interest per annum, compounded annually, as the board adopts in accordance with the provisions of this article.

     (hh) "Required beginning date" means April 1 of the calendar year following the later of: (i) The calendar year in which the member attains age seventy and one-half; or (ii) the calendar year in which he or she retires or otherwise separates from covered employment.

     (ii) "Retire" or "retirement" means a member's withdrawal from the employ of a participating public employer and the commencement of an annuity by the plan.

     (jj) "Retirement income payments" means the annual retirement income payments payable under the plan.

     (kk) "Spouse" means the person to whom the member is legally married on the annuity starting date.

     (ll) "Surviving spouse" means the person to whom the member was legally married at the time of the member's death and who survived the member.

     (mm) "Totally disabled" means a member's inability to engage in substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determined physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or that has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve months. For purposes of this subdivision:

     (1) A member is totally disabled only if his or her physical or mental impairment or impairments are so severe that he or she is not only unable to perform his or her previous work as a deputy sheriff but also cannot, considering his or her age, education and work experience, engage in any other kind of substantial gainful employment which exists in the state regardless of whether: (A) The work exists in the immediate area in which the member lives; (B) a specific job vacancy exists; or (C) the member would be hired if he or she applied for work.

     (2) "Physical or mental impairment" is an impairment that results from an anatomical, physiological or psychological abnormality that is demonstrated by medically accepted clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques. A member's receipt of Social Security disability benefits creates a rebuttable presumption that the member is totally disabled for purposes of this plan. Substantial gainful employment rebuts the presumption of total disability.

     (nn) "Year of service". -- A member shall, except in his or her first and last years of covered employment, be credited with year of service credit based upon the hours of service performed as covered employment and credited to the member during the plan year based upon the following schedule:

Hours of Service Years of Service Credited

Less than 500 0

500 to 999 1/3

1,000 to 1,499 2/3

1,500 or more 1

     During a member's first and last years of covered employment, the member shall be credited with one twelfth of a year of service for each month during the plan year in which the member is credited with an hour of service. A member is not entitled to credit for years of service for any time period during which he or she received disability payments under section fourteen or fifteen of this article. Except as specifically excluded, years of service include covered employment prior to the effective date. Years of service which are credited to a member prior to his or her receipt of accumulated contributions upon termination of employment pursuant to section thirteen of this article or section thirty, article ten, chapter five of this code, shall be disregarded for all purposes under this plan unless the member repays the accumulated contributions with interest pursuant to section thirteen of this article or had prior to the effective date made the repayment pursuant to section eighteen, article ten, chapter five of this code.
WVC 7 - 14 D- 2 A §7-14D-2a. Meaning of terms.
Any term used in this article has the same meaning as when used in a comparable context in the laws of the United States, unless a different meaning is clearly required. Any reference in this article to the Internal Revenue Code means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as it has been amended.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 3 §7-14D-3. Creation and administration of West Virginia Deputy Sheriffs Retirement System; specification of actuarial assumptions.
There is hereby created the West Virginia Deputy Sheriffs Retirement System. The purpose of this system is to provide for the orderly retirement of deputy sheriffs who become superannuated because of age or permanent disability and to provide certain survivor death benefits, and it is contemplated that substantially all of the members of the retirement system shall be qualified public safety employees as defined in section two of this article. The retirement system constitutes a body corporate. All business of the system shall be transacted in the name of the West Virginia Deputy Sheriffs Retirement System. The board shall specify and adopt all actuarial assumptions for the plan at its first meeting of every calendar year or as soon thereafter as may be practicable, which assumptions shall become part of the plan.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 4 §7-14D-4. Article to be liberally construed; supplements federal social security; federal qualification requirements.
(a) The provisions of this article shall be liberally construed so as to provide a general retirement system for deputy sheriffs eligible to retire under the provisions of this plan. Nothing in this article may be construed to permit a county to substitute this plan for federal social security now in force in West Virginia.

(b) The board shall administer the plan in accordance with its terms and may construe the terms and determine all questions arising in connection with the administration, interpretation and application of the plan. The board may sue and be sued, contract and be contracted with and conduct all the business of the system in the name of the plan. The board may employ those persons it considers necessary or desirable to administer the plan. The board shall administer the plan for the exclusive benefit of the members and their beneficiaries subject to the specific provisions of the plan.

(c) The plan is intended to meet the federal qualification requirements of Section 401(a) and related sections of the Internal Revenue Code as applicable to governmental plans. Notwithstanding any other provision of state law, the board shall administer the plan to fulfill this intent for the exclusive benefit of the members and their beneficiaries. Any provision of this article referencing or relating to these federal qualification requirements shall be effective as of the date required by federal law. The board may promulgate rules and amend or repeal conflicting rules in accordance with the authority granted to the board pursuant to section one, article ten-d of chapter five to assure compliance with the requirements of this section.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 5 §7-14D-5. Members.
(a) Any deputy sheriff first employed by a county in covered employment after the effective date of this article shall be a member of this retirement system and does not qualify for membership in any other retirement system administered by the board, so long as he or she remains employed in covered employment.

The membership of any person in the plan ceases: (1) Upon the withdrawal of accumulated contributions after the cessation of service; (2) upon retirement; (3) at death; or (4) upon the date, if any, when after the cessation of service, the outstanding balance of any loan obtained by the member pursuant to section twenty-three of the article, plus accrued interest, equals or exceeds the accumulated contributions of the member.

(b) Any deputy sheriff employed in covered employment on the effective date of this article shall within six months of that effective date notify in writing both the county commission in the county in which he or she is employed and the board, of his or her desire to become a member of the plan: Provided, That this time period is extended to January 30, 1999, in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court of Appeals in West Virginia Deputy Sheriffs' Association, et al v. James L. Sims, et al, No. 25212: Provided, however, That any deputy sheriff employed in covered employment on the effective date of this article has an additional time period consisting of the ten-day period following the day after which the amended provisions of this section become law to notify in writing both the county commission in the county in which he or she is employed and the board of his or her desire to become a member of the plan. Any deputy sheriff who elects to become a member of the plan ceases to be a member or have any credit for covered employment in any other retirement system administered by the board and shall continue to be ineligible for membership in any other retirement system administered by the board so long as the deputy sheriff remains employed in covered employment in this plan: Provided further, That any deputy sheriff who elects during the time period from July 1, 1998 to January 30, 1999 or who so elects during the ten-day time period occurring immediately following the day after the day the amendments made during the 1999 legislative session become law, to transfer from the Public Employees Retirement System to the plan created in this article shall contribute to the plan created in this article at the rate set forth in section seven of this article retroactive to July 1, 1998. Any deputy sheriff who does not affirmatively elect to become a member of the plan continues to be eligible for any other retirement system as is from time to time offered to other county employees but is ineligible for this plan regardless of any subsequent termination of employment and rehire.

(c) Any deputy sheriff employed in covered employment on the effective date of this article who has timely elected to transfer into this plan as provided in subsection (b) of this section shall be given credited service at the time of transfer for all credited service then standing to the deputy sheriff's service credit in the Public Employees Retirement System regardless of whether the credited service (as that term is defined in section two, article ten, chapter five of this code) was earned as a deputy sheriff. All the credited service standing to the transferring deputy sheriff's credit in the Public Employees Retirement Fund System at the time of transfer into this plan shall be transferred into the plan created by this article, and the transferring deputy sheriff shall be given the same credit for the purposes of this article for all service transferred from the Public Employees Retirement System as that transferring deputy sheriff would have received from the Public Employees Retirement System as if the transfer had not occurred. In connection with each transferring deputy sheriff receiving credit for prior employment as provided in this subsection, a transfer from the Public Employees Retirement System to this plan shall be made pursuant to the procedures described in section eight of this article: Provided, That a member of this plan who has elected to transfer from the Public Employees Retirement System into this plan pursuant to subsection (b) of this section may not, after having transferred into and become an active member of this plan, reinstate to his or her credit in this plan any service credit relating to periods of nondeputy sheriff service which were withdrawn from the Public Employees Retirement System prior to his or her elective transfer into this plan.

(d) Any deputy sheriff who was employed as a deputy sheriff prior to the effective date of this article, but was not employed as a deputy sheriff on the effective date of this article, shall become a member upon rehire as a deputy sheriff. For purposes of this subsection, the member's years of service and credited service in the Public Employees Retirement System prior to the effective date of this article shall not be counted for any purposes under this plan unless: (1) The deputy sheriff has not received the return of his or her accumulated contributions in the Public Employees Retirement System pursuant to section thirty, article ten, chapter five of this code; or (2) the accumulated contributions returned to the member from the Public Employees Retirement System have been repaid pursuant to section thirteen of this article. If the conditions of subdivision (1) or (2) of this subsection are met, all years of the deputy sheriff's covered employment shall be counted as years of service for the purposes of this article.

(e) Once made, the election provided in this section is irrevocable. All deputy sheriffs first employed after the effective date and deputy sheriffs electing to become members as described in this section shall be members as a condition of employment and shall make the contributions required by section seven of this article.

(f) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article, any individual who is a leased employee is not eligible to participate in the plan. For purposes of this plan, a "leased employee" means any individual who performs services as an independent contractor or pursuant to an agreement with an employee leasing organization or similar organization. If a question arises regarding the status of an individual as a leased employee, the board has final power to decide the question.


WVC 7-14D-6 §7-14D-6. Creation of fund; investments.
(a) There is hereby created the "West Virginia deputy sheriff retirement fund" for the benefit of the members of the retirement system created pursuant to this article and the dependents of any deceased or retired member of the system.

(b) All moneys paid into and accumulated in the fund, except such amounts as are designated by the board for payment of benefits as provided in this article, shall be held in trust and invested in the consolidated pensions fund as administered by the state investment management board as provided by law.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 7 §7-14D-7. Members' contributions; employer contributions.

     (a) There shall be deducted from the monthly salary of each member and paid into the fund an amount equal to eight and one-half percent of his or her monthly salary. An additional amount shall be paid to the fund by the county commission of the county in which the member is employed in covered employment in an amount determined by the board: Provided, That in any year preceding July 1, 2011, the total of the contributions provided in this section, to be paid by the county commission, may not exceed ten and one- half percent of the total payroll for the members in the employ of the county commission; Provided, however, That on or after July 1, 2011, the total of the contributions provided in this section, to be paid by the county commission, may not exceed thirteen percent of the total payroll for the members in the employ of the county commission. If the board finds that the benefits provided by this article can be actually funded with a lesser contribution, then the board shall reduce the required member or employer contributions or both. The sums withheld each calendar month shall be paid to the fund no later than fifteen days following the end of the calendar month.

     (b) Any active member who has concurrent employment in an additional job or jobs and the additional employment requires the deputy sheriff to be a member of another retirement system which is administered by the Consolidated Public Retirement Board pursuant to article ten-d, chapter five of this code shall make an additional contribution to the fund of eight and one-half percent of his or her monthly salary earned from any additional employment which requires the deputy sheriff to be a member of another retirement which is administered by the Consolidated Public Retirement Board pursuant to article ten-d, chapter five of this code. An additional amount shall be paid to the fund by the concurrent employer for which the member is employed in an amount determined by the board: Provided, That in any year preceding July 1, 2011, the total of the contributions provided in this section, to be paid by the concurrent employer, may not exceed ten and one- half percent of the monthly salary of the employee: Provided, however, That on or after July 1, 2011, the total of the contributions provided in this section, to be paid by the concurrent employer, may not exceed thirteen percent of the monthly salary of the employee. If the board finds that the benefits provided by this article can be funded with a lesser contribution, then the board shall reduce the required member or employer contributions or both. The sums withheld each calendar month shall be paid to the fund no later than fifteen days following the end of the calendar month.
WVC 7 - 14 D- 7 A §7-14D-7a. Correction of errors; underpayments; overpayments.

     (a) General rule: If any change or employer error in the records of any participating public employer or the plan results in any member, retirant or beneficiary receiving from the plan more or less than he or she would have been entitled to receive had the records been correct, the board shall correct the error. If correction of the error occurs after the effective retirement date of a retirant, and as far as is practicable, the board shall adjust the payment of the benefit in a manner that the actuarial equivalent of the benefit to which the retirant was correctly entitled shall be paid.

     (b) Underpayments: Any error resulting in an underpayment to the retirement system of required contributions may be corrected by the member or retirant remitting the required employee contribution and the participating public employer remitting the required employer contribution. Interest shall accumulate in accordance with the Legislative Rule 162 CSR 7 concerning retirement board refund, reinstatement, retroactive service, loan and employer error interest factors and any accumulating interest owed on the employee and employer contributions resulting from an employer error shall be the responsibility of the participating public employer. The participating public employer may remit total payment and the employee reimburse the participating public employer through payroll deduction over a period equivalent to the time period during which the employer error occurred. If the correction of an error involving an underpayment of required contributions to the retirement system will result in increased payments to a retirant, including increases to payments already made, any adjustments shall be made only after the board receives full payment of all required employee and employer contributions, including interest.

     (c) Overpayments: (1) When mistaken or excess employer contributions, including any overpayments, have been made to the retirement system by a participating public employer, due to error or other reason, the board shall credit the participating public employer with an amount equal to the erroneous contributions, to be offset against the participating public employer's future liability for employer contributions to the system. Earnings or interest shall not be credited to the employer.

     (2) When mistaken or excess employee contributions, including any overpayments, have been made to the retirement system, due to error or other reason, the board shall have sole authority for determining the means of return, offset or credit to or for the benefit of the employee of the amounts, and may use any means authorized or permitted under the provisions of Section 401(a), et seq. of the Internal Revenue Code and guidance issued thereunder applicable to governmental plans. Alternatively, in its full and complete discretion, the board may require the participating public employer to pay the employee the amounts as wages, with the board crediting the participating public employer with a corresponding amount to offset against its future contributions to the plan: Provided, That the wages paid to the employee shall not be considered compensation for any purposes under this article. Earnings or interest shall not be returned, offset, or credited under any of the means utilized by the board for returning mistaken or excess employee contributions, including any overpayments, to an employee.
WVC 7-14D-8 §7-14D-8. Transfer from public employees retirement system.
(a) The consolidated retirement board shall, within ninety days of the effective date of the transfer of a deputy sheriff from the public employees retirement system to the plan, transfer assets from the public employees retirement system trust fund into the West Virginia deputy sheriff trust fund.

(b) The amount of assets to be transferred for each transferring deputy sheriff shall be computed as of the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight, using the actuarial valuation assumptions in effect for the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight, actuarial valuation of public employees retirement system, and updated with seven and one-half percent annual interest to the date of the actual asset transfer. The market value of the assets of the transferring deputy sheriff in the public employees retirement system shall be determined as of the end of the month preceding the actual transfer. To determine the computation of the asset share to be transferred the board shall:

(1) Compute the market value of the public employees retirement system assets;

(2) Compute the accrued liability for all public employees retirement system retirees, beneficiaries, disabled retirees and terminated inactive members;

(3) Reduce the market value of public employees retirement system assets by the accrued liability determined in subdivision (2) of this subsection;

(4) Compute the entry age method accrued liability for all active public employees retirement system members;

(5) Compute the share of accrued liability as determined pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection, that is attributable to those deputy sheriffs in public employees retirement system who have elected to transfer to the plan;

(6) Compute the percentage of active's accrued liability computed to the deputy sheriffs by dividing subdivision (5) by subdivision (4) of this subsection;

(7) Determine the asset share to be transferred from public employees retirement system to the plan by multiplying subdivision (3) times subdivision(6) of this subsection.

(c) Once a deputy sheriff has elected to transfer from the public employees retirement system, transfer of that amount as calculated in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section by the public employees retirement system shall operate as a complete bar to any further liability to the transferring from the public employees retirement system, and constitutes an agreement whereby the transferring deputy sheriff forever indemnifies and holds harmless the public employees retirement system from providing him or her any form of retirement benefit whatsoever until such time as that deputy sheriff obtains other employment which would make him or her eligible to re-enter the public employees retirement system with no credit whatsoever for the amounts transferred to the deputy sheriff's retirement system.

(d) The board shall cause a judicial determination to be made regarding the transfer of assets from the public employees retirement system to the deputy sheriff's retirement system by causing a suit to be filed in the supreme court of this state seeking a writ of mandamus on or before the thirty-first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight.

(e) Any deputy sheriff who elected, on or before the thirtieth day of January, one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine, to transfer to the plan created by this article, has until the first day of January, two thousand, to pay any amounts required by section seven of this article as a result of the deputy sheriff's transfer to the deputy sheriff retirement fund.


WVC 7-14D-8A §7-14D-8a. Notice requirements; test case.
(a) Each county shall prepare a written notice to be delivered to each deputy sheriff employed prior to the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight. This notice shall clearly and accurately explain the benefits, financial implications and consequences to a deputy sheriff of electing to participate in the retirement plan created in this article, including the consequences and financial implications in regard to the benefits under the public employees insurance plan as set forth in article sixteen, chapter five of this code for those deputy sheriffs employed by a county which participates in that insurance plan. This notice shall be distributed to each deputy sheriff and the county shall obtain a signed receipt from each deputy sheriff acknowledging that the deputy sheriff was provided a copy of the notice required in this subsection. If a deputy sheriff makes the election provided for in section eight of this article, he or she shall be considered to have made a voluntary, informed decision in regard to the election to participate in the retirement system created in this article.

(b) The consolidated retirement board shall cause to be included in the judicial determination required in section eight of this article the issue regarding the possible loss of any rights in regard to benefits accorded the electing deputy under the West Virginia public employees insurance act, article sixteen, chapter five of this code, and whether a deputy sheriff, by electing to participate in the retirement plan created in this article, is being unlawfully discriminated against, or is being unlawfully deprived of a right or benefit to which he or she would otherwise be entitled.

(c) Nothing in this section may be construed to alter, affect or change any of the rights and benefits of any deputy sheriff who has insurance coverage under article sixteen, chapter five of this code as a result of being a spouse or dependant of a participant who is the primary insured under article sixteen, chapter five of this code.

(d) Nothing contained in this section may be construed to affect or pertain to any life insurance coverage under article sixteen, chapter five of this code.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 9 §7-14D-9. Retirement; commencement of benefits.

     A member may retire and commence to receive retirement income payments on the first day of the calendar month following the board's receipt of the member's voluntary written application for retirement or the required beginning date, if earlier. Before receiving retirement income payments, the member shall have ceased covered employment and reached early or normal retirement age. The retirement income payments shall be in an amount as provided under section eleven of this article: Provided, That retirement income payments under this plan shall be subject to the provisions of this article. Upon receipt of a request for estimation of benefits, the board shall promptly provide the member with an explanation of his or her optional forms of retirement benefits and the estimated gross monthly annuity. Upon receipt of properly executed retirement application forms from the member, the board shall process the member's request and commence payments as soon as administratively feasible.
WVC 7 - 14 D- 9 A §7-14D-9a. Federal law maximum benefit limitations.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this article or state law, the board shall administer the retirement system in compliance with the limitations of Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code and regulations under that section, to the extent applicable to governmental plans (hereafter sometimes referred to as the "415 limitation(s)" or "415 dollar limitation(s)"), so that the annual benefit payable under this system to a member shall not exceed those limitations. Any annual benefit payable under this system shall be reduced or limited if necessary to an amount which does not exceed those limitations. The extent to which any annuity or other annual benefit payable under this retirement system shall be reduced, as compared to the extent to which an annuity, contributions or other benefits under any other defined benefit plans or defined contribution plans required to be taken into consideration under Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be reduced, shall be proportional on a percentage basis to the reductions made in such other plans administered by the board and required to be so taken into consideration under Section 415, unless a disproportionate reduction is determined by the board to maximize the aggregate benefits payable to the member. If the reduction is under this retirement system, the board shall advise affected members of any additional limitation on the annuities or other annual benefit required by this section. For purposes of the 415 limitations, the "limitation year" shall be the calendar year. The 415 limitations are incorporated herein by reference, except to the extent the following provisions may modify the default provisions thereunder:

(a) The annual adjustment to the 415 dollar limitations made by Section 415(d) of the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations thereunder shall apply for each limitation year. The annual adjustments to the dollar limitations under Section 415(d) of the Internal Revenue Code which become effective: (i) After a retirant's severance from employment with the employer; or (ii) after the annuity starting date in the case of a retirant who has already commenced receiving benefits, will apply with respect to a retirant's annual benefit in any limitation year. A retirant's annual benefit payable in any limitation year from this retirement system shall in no event be greater than the limit applicable at the annuity starting date, as increased in subsequent years pursuant to Section 415(d) of the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations thereunder.

(b) For purposes of this section, the "annual benefit" means a benefit that is payable annually in the form of a straight life annuity. Except as provided below, where a benefit is payable in a form other than a straight life annuity, the benefit shall be adjusted to an actuarially equivalent straight life annuity that begins at the same time as such other form of benefit, using factors prescribed in the 415 limitation regulations, before applying the 415 limitations. No actuarial adjustment to the benefit shall be made for: (1) Survivor benefits payable to a surviving spouse under a qualified joint and survivor annuity to the extent such benefits would not be payable if the member's benefit were paid in another form; (2) benefits that are not directly related to retirement benefits (such as a qualified disability benefit, preretirement incidental death benefits, and post-retirement medical benefits); or (3) the inclusion in the form of benefit of an automatic benefit increase feature, provided the form of benefit is not subject to Section 417(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and would otherwise satisfy the limitations of this article, and the plan provides that the amount payable under the form of benefit in any limitation year shall not exceed the limits of this article applicable at the annuity starting date, as increased in subsequent years pursuant to Section 415(d) of the Internal Revenue Code. For this purpose an automatic benefit increase feature is included in a form of benefit if the form of benefit provides for automatic, periodic increases to the benefits paid in that form.

(c) Adjustment for benefit forms not subject to Section 417(e)(3). -- The straight life annuity that is actuarially equivalent to the member's form of benefit shall be determined under this subsection if the form of the member's benefit is either: (1) A nondecreasing annuity (other than a straight life annuity) payable for a period of not less than the life of the member (or, in the case of a qualified preretirement survivor annuity, the life of the surviving spouse); or (2) an annuity that decreases during the life of the member merely because of: (i) The death of the survivor annuitant (but only if the reduction is not below fifty percent of the benefit payable before the death of the survivor annuitant); or (ii) the cessation or reduction of Social Security supplements or qualified disability payments (as defined in Section 411(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code). The actuarially equivalent straight life annuity is equal to the greater of: (I) The annual amount of the straight life annuity (if any) payable to the member under the plan commencing at the same annuity starting date as the member's form of benefit; and (II) the annual amount of the straight life annuity commencing at the same annuity starting date that has the same actuarial present value as the member's form of benefit, computed using a five percent interest rate assumption and the applicable mortality table defined in Treasury Regulation §1.417(e)-1(d)(2) (Revenue Ruling 2001-62 or any subsequent Revenue Ruling modifying the applicable provisions of Revenue Ruling 2001-62) for that annuity starting date.

(d) Adjustment for benefit forms subject to Section 417(e)(3). -- The straight life annuity that is actuarially equivalent to the member's form of benefit shall be determined under this subsection if the form of the member's benefit is other than a benefit form described in subdivision (c) of this section. The actuarially equivalent straight life annuity shall be determined as follows: The actuarially equivalent straight life annuity is equal to the greatest of: (1) The annual amount of the straight life annuity commencing at the same annuity starting date that has the same actuarial present value as the member's form of benefit, computed using the interest rate specified in this retirement system and the mortality table (or other tabular factor) specified in this retirement system for adjusting benefits in the same form; (2) the annual amount of the straight life annuity commencing at the same annuity starting date that has the same actuarial present value as the member's form of benefit, computed using a five and a half percent interest rate assumption and the applicable mortality table defined in Treasury Regulation §1.417(e)-1(d)(2) (Revenue Ruling 2001-62 or any subsequent Revenue Ruling modifying the applicable provisions of Revenue Ruling 2001-62) for that annuity starting date; and (3) the annual amount of the straight life annuity commencing at the same annuity starting date that has the same actuarial present value as the member's form of benefit, computed using the applicable interest rate defined in Treasury Regulation §1.417(e)-1(d)(3) and the applicable mortality table defined in Treasury Regulation §1.417(e)-1(d)(2) (the mortality table specified in Revenue Ruling 2001-62 or any subsequent Revenue Ruling modifying the applicable provisions of Revenue Ruling 2001-62), divided by 1.05.

(e) Benefits payable prior to age sixty-two. --

(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subdivision, if the member's retirement benefits become payable before age sixty-two, the 415 dollar limitation prescribed by this section shall be reduced in accordance with regulations issued by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to the provisions of Section 415(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, so that the limitation (as so reduced) equals an annual straight life benefit (when the retirement income benefit begins) which is equivalent to an annual benefit in the amount of the applicable dollar limitation of Section 415(b)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code (as adjusted pursuant to Section 415(d) of the Internal Revenue Code) beginning at age sixty-two.

(2) The limitation reduction provided in paragraph (1) of this subdivision shall not apply if the member commencing retirement benefits before age sixty-two is a qualified participant. A qualified participant for this purpose is a participant in a defined benefit plan maintained by a state, or any political subdivision of a state, with respect to whom the service taken into account in determining the amount of the benefit under the defined benefit plan includes at least fifteen years of service: (i) As a full-time employee of any police or fire department organized and operated by the state or political subdivision maintaining the defined benefit plan to provide police protection, fire-fighting services or emergency medical services for any area within the jurisdiction of such state or political subdivision; or (ii) as a member of the armed forces of the United States.

(3) The limitation reduction provided in paragraph (1) of this subdivision shall not be applicable to preretirement disability benefits or preretirement death benefits.

(4) For purposes of adjusting the 415 dollar limitation for benefit commencement before age sixty-two or after age sixty-five (if the plan provides for such adjustment), no adjustment is made to reflect the probability of a member's death: (i) After the annuity starting date and before age sixty-two; or (ii) after age sixty-five and before the annuity starting date.

(f) Adjustment when member has less than ten years of participation. -- In the case of a member who has less than ten years of participation in the retirement system (within the meaning of Treasury Regulation §1.415(b)-1(g)(1)(ii)), the 415 dollar limitation (as adjusted pursuant to Section 415(d) of the Internal Revenue Code and subdivision (e) of this section) shall be reduced by multiplying the otherwise applicable limitation by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of years of participation in the plan (or one, if greater), and the denominator of which is ten. This adjustment shall not be applicable to preretirement disability benefits or preretirement death benefits.

(g) The application of the provisions of this section shall not cause the maximum annual benefit provided to a member to be less than the member's accrued benefit as of December 31, 2008 (the end of the limitation year that is immediately prior to the effective date of the final regulations for this retirement system as defined in Treasury Regulation §1.415(a)-1(g)(2)), under provisions of the retirement system that were both adopted and in effect before April 5, 2007, provided that such provisions satisfied the applicable requirements of statutory provisions, regulations, and other published guidance relating to Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code in effect as of December 31, 2008, as described in Treasury Regulation §1.415(a)-1(g)(4). If additional benefits are accrued for a member under this retirement system after January 1, 2009, then the sum of the benefits described under the first sentence of this subsection and benefits accrued for a member after January 1, 2009, must satisfy the requirements of Section 415, taking into account all applicable requirements of the final 415 Treasury Regulations.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 9 B §7-14D-9b. Federal law minimum required distributions.
The requirements of this section apply to any distribution of a member's or beneficiary's interest and take precedence over any inconsistent provisions of this plan. This section applies to plan years beginning after December 31, 1986. Notwithstanding anything in the plan to the contrary, the payment of benefits under this article shall be determined and made in accordance with Section 401(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations thereunder. For this purpose, the following provisions apply:

(a) The payment of benefits under the plan to any member shall be distributed to him or her not later than the required beginning date, or be distributed to him or her commencing not later than the required beginning date, in accordance with regulations prescribed under Section 401(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code, over the life of the member or over the lives of the member and his or her beneficiary or over a period not extending beyond the life expectancy of the member and his or her beneficiary. Benefit payments under this section shall not be delayed pending, or contingent upon, receipt of an application for retirement from the member.

(b) If a member dies after distribution to him or her has commenced pursuant to this section but before his or her entire interest in the plan has been distributed, then the remaining portion of that interest shall be distributed at least as rapidly as under the method of distribution being used at the date of his or her death.

(c) If a member dies before distribution to him or her has commenced, then his or her entire interest in the plan shall be distributed by December 31 of the calendar year containing the fifth anniversary of the member's death, except as follows:

(1) If a member's interest is payable to a beneficiary, distributions may be made over the life of that beneficiary or over a period certain not greater than the life expectancy of the beneficiary, commencing on or before December 31 of the calendar year immediately following the calendar year in which the member died; or

(2) If the member's beneficiary is the surviving spouse, the date distributions are required to begin shall be no later than the later of:

(A) December 31 of the calendar year in which the member would have attained age seventy and one-half; or

(B) The earlier of: (i) December 31 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the member died; or (ii) December 31 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the spouse died.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 9 C §7-14D-9c. Direct rollovers.
Except where otherwise stated, this section applies to distributions made on or after January 1, 1993. Notwithstanding any provision of this article to the contrary that would otherwise limit a distributee's election under this plan, a distributee may elect, at the time and in the manner prescribed by the board, to have any portion of an eligible rollover distribution paid directly to an eligible retirement plan specified by the distributee in a direct rollover. For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:

(1) "Eligible rollover distribution" means any distribution of all or any portion of the balance to the credit of the distributee, except that an eligible rollover distribution does not include any of the following: (A) Any distribution that is one of a series of substantially equal periodic payments not less frequently than annually made for the life or life expectancy of the distributee or the joint lives or the joint life expectancies of the distributee and the distributee's designated beneficiary, or for a specified period of ten years or more; (B) any distribution to the extent the distribution is required under Section 401(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code; (C) the portion of any distribution that is not includable in gross income determined without regard to the exclusion for net unrealized appreciation with respect to employer securities; (D) any hardship distribution described in Section 401(k)(2)(B)(i)(iv) of the Internal Revenue Code. For distributions after December 31, 2001, a portion of a distribution shall not fail to be an eligible rollover distribution merely because the portion consists of after-tax employee contributions which are not includable in gross income. However, this portion may be paid only to an individual retirement account or annuity described in Section 408(a) or (b) of the Internal Revenue Code, or (for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2007) to a qualified trust which is part of a defined contribution plan described in Section 401(a) or (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006) to a qualified trust or to an annuity contract described in Section 403(a) or (b) of the Internal Revenue Code that agrees to separately account for amounts transferred (including interest or earnings thereon), including separately accounting for the portion of the distribution which is includable in gross income and the portion of the distribution which is not so includable, or (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007) to a Roth IRA described in Section 408A of the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) "Eligible retirement plan" means an individual retirement account described in Section 408(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, an individual retirement annuity described in Section 408(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, an annuity plan described in Section 403(a) of the Internal Revenue Code or a qualified plan described in Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code that accepts the distributee's eligible rollover distribution: Provided, That in the case of an eligible rollover distribution prior to January 1, 2002, to the surviving spouse, an eligible retirement plan is limited to an individual retirement account or individual retirement annuity. For distributions after December 31, 2001, an eligible retirement plan also means an annuity contract described in Section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code and an eligible plan under Section 457(b) of the Internal Revenue Code which is maintained by a state, political subdivision of a state, or any agency or instrumentality of a state or political subdivision of a state and which agrees to separately account for amounts transferred into the plan from this system. For distributions after December 31, 2007, an eligible retirement plan also means a Roth IRA described in Section 408A of the Internal Revenue Code: Provided, That in the case of an eligible rollover distribution after December 31, 2007, to a designated beneficiary (other than a surviving spouse) as such term is defined in Section 402(c)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code, an eligible retirement plan is limited to an individual retirement account or individual retirement annuity which meets the conditions of Section 402(c)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(3) "Distributee" means an employee or former employee. In addition, the employee's or former employee's surviving spouse and the employee's or former employee's spouse or former spouse who is the alternate payee under a qualified domestic relations order, as defined in Section 414(p) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to governmental plans, are distributees with regard to the interest of the spouse or former spouse. For distributions after December 31, 2007, "distributee" also includes a designated beneficiary (other than a surviving spouse) as such term is defined in Section 402(c)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(4) "Direct rollover" means a payment by the plan to the eligible retirement plan.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 9 D §7-14D-9d. Rollovers and transfers to purchase service credit or

repay withdrawn contributions.
(a) This section applies to rollovers and transfers as specified in this section made on or after January 1, 2002. Notwithstanding any provision of this article to the contrary that would otherwise prohibit or limit rollovers and plan transfers to this system, the retirement system shall accept the following rollovers and plan transfers on behalf of a member solely for the purpose of purchasing permissive service credit, in whole or in part, as otherwise provided in this article or for the repayment of withdrawn or refunded contributions, in whole and in part, with respect to a previous forfeiture of service credit as otherwise provided in this article: (i) One or more rollovers within the meaning of Section 408(d)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code from an individual retirement account described in Section 408(a) of the Internal Revenue Code or from an individual retirement annuity described in Section 408(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; (ii) one or more rollovers described in Section 402(c) of the Internal Revenue Code from a retirement plan that is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code or from a plan described in Section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; (iii) one or more rollovers described in Section 457(e)(16) of the Internal Revenue Code from a governmental plan described in Section 457 of the Internal Revenue Code; or (iv) direct trustee-to-trustee transfers or rollovers from a plan that is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, from a plan described in Section 403(b) of the Internal Revenue Code or from a governmental plan described in Section 457 of the Internal Revenue Code: Provided, That any rollovers or transfers pursuant to this section shall be accepted by the system only if made in cash or other asset permitted by the board and only in accordance with such policies, practices and procedures established by the board from time to time. For purposes of this article, the following definitions and limitations apply:

(1) "Permissive service credit" means service credit which is permitted to be purchased under the terms of the retirement system by voluntary contributions in an amount which does not exceed the amount necessary to fund the benefit attributable to the period of service for which the service credit is being purchased, all as defined in Section 415(n)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code: Provided, That no more than five years of "nonqualified service credit", as defined in Section 415(n)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code, may be included in the permissive service credit allowed to be purchased (other than by means of a rollover or plan transfer), and no nonqualified service credit may be included in any such purchase (other than by means of a rollover or plan transfer) before the member has at least five years of participation in the retirement system.

(2) "Repayment of withdrawn or refunded contributions" means the payment into the retirement system of the funds required pursuant to this article for the reinstatement of service credit previously forfeited on account of any refund or withdrawal of contributions permitted in this article, as set forth in Section 415(k)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(3) Any contribution (other than by means of a rollover or plan transfer) to purchase permissive service credit under any provision of this article must satisfy the special limitation rules described in Section 415(n) of the Internal Revenue Code, and shall be automatically reduced, limited, or required to be paid over multiple years if necessary to ensure such compliance. To the extent any such purchased permissive service credit is qualified military service within the meaning of Section 414(u) of the Internal Revenue Code, the limitations of Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applied to such purchase as described in Section 414(u)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(4) For purposes of Section 415(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, the annual benefit attributable to any rollover contribution accepted pursuant to this section shall be determined in accordance with Treasury Regulation §1.415(b)-1(b)(2)(v), and the excess, if any, of the annuity payments attributable to any rollover contribution provided under the retirement system over the annual benefit so determined shall be taken into account when applying the accrued benefit limitations of Section 415(b) of the Internal Revenue Code and section nine-a of this article.

(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed as permitting rollovers or transfers into this system or any other system administered by the retirement board other than as specified in this section and no rollover or transfer shall be accepted into the system in an amount greater than the amount required for the purchase of permissive service credit or repayment of withdrawn or refunded contributions.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed as permitting the purchase of service credit or repayment of withdrawn or refunded contributions except as otherwise permitted in this article.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 10 §7-14D-10. Retirement credited service through member's use, as option, of accrued annual or sick leave days.
Any member accruing annual leave or sick leave days may, after the effective date of this section, elect to use the days at the time of retirement to acquire additional credited service in this retirement system: Provided, That the accrued annual or sick leave may not be used to purchase health insurance under the public employees insurance agency until the member reaches the age of fifty-five. The days shall be applied on the basis of two workdays' credit granted for each one day of accrued annual or sick leave days, with each month of retirement service credit to equal twenty workdays and with any remainder of ten workdays or more to constitute a full month of additional credit and any remainder of less than ten workdays to be dropped and not used, notwithstanding any provisions of the code to the contrary. The credited service shall be allowed and not considered to controvert the requirement of no more than twelve months' credited service in any year's period.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 11 §7-14D-11. Retirement benefits.
This section provides for a member's accrued benefit payable starting at the member's annuity starting date which follows the completion of a written application for the commencement of benefits. The member shall receive the accrued retirement benefit in the normal form or in an actuarial equivalent amount in an optional form as provided under section twelve of this article, subject to reduction if necessary to comply with the maximum benefit provisions of Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code and section nine-a of this article. The first day of the calendar month following the calendar month of birth shall be used in lieu of any birth date that does not fall on the first day of a calendar month.

(a) Normal retirement. -- A member whose annuity starting date is the date the member attains normal retirement age or later is entitled to his or her accrued retirement benefit based on years of service and final average salary at termination of employment.

(b) Early retirement. -- A member who ceases covered employment and has attained early retirement age while in covered employment may elect to receive retirement income payments commencing on the first day of the month coincident with or following the date the member ceases covered employment. "Normal retirement age" for such a member is the first day of the calendar month coincident with or next following the month in which the member attains the age of fifty years. If the member's annuity starting date is prior to the date the member attains normal retirement age, his or her accrued benefit is reduced to the actuarial equivalent benefit amount based on the years and months by which his or her annuity starting date precedes the date he or she attains normal retirement age.

(c) Retirement benefits shall be paid monthly in an amount equal to one twelfth of the retirement income payments elected and at those times established by the board. Notwithstanding any other provision of the plan, a member who is married on the annuity starting date will receive his or her retirement income payments in the form of a sixty-six and two-thirds percent joint and survivor annuity with his or her spouse unless prior to the annuity starting date the spouse waives the form of benefit.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 12 §7-14D-12. Annuity options.

     (a) Prior to the effective date of retirement, but not thereafter, except as provided in subsection (c)of this section, a member may elect to receive retirement income payments in the normal form, or the actuarial equivalent of the normal form from the following options:

     (1) Option A -- Joint and Survivor Annuity. -- A life annuity payable during the joint lifetime of the member and his or her beneficiary who is a natural person with an insurable interest in the member's life. Upon the death of either the member or his or her beneficiary, the benefit shall continue as a life annuity to the survivor in an amount equal to fifty percent, sixty-six and two-thirds percent, seventy-five percent or one hundred percent of the amount paid while both were living as selected by the member. If the retiring member is married, the spouse shall sign a waiver of benefit rights if the beneficiary is to be other than the spouse.

     (2) Option B -- Contingent Joint and Survivor Annuity. -- A life annuity payable during the joint lifetime of the member and his or her beneficiary who must be a natural person with an insurable interest in the member's life. Upon the death of the member, the benefit shall continue as a life annuity to the beneficiary in an amount equal to fifty percent, sixty-six and two-thirds percent, seventy-five percent or one hundred percent of the amount paid while both were living as selected by the member. If the beneficiary dies first, the monthly amount of benefits may not be reduced, but shall be paid at the amount that was in effect before the death of the beneficiary. If the retiring member is married, the spouse shall sign a waiver of benefit rights if the beneficiary is to be other than the spouse.

     (3) Option C -- Ten Years Certain and Life Annuity. -- A life annuity payable during the member's lifetime but in any event for a minimum of ten years. If the member dies before the expiration of ten years, the remaining payments shall be made to a designated beneficiary, if any, or otherwise to the member's estate.

     (4) Option D -- Level Income Annuity. -- A life annuity payable monthly in an increased amount "A" from the time of retirement until the member is Social Security retirement age, and then a lesser amount "B" payable for the member's lifetime thereafter, with these amounts computed actuarially to satisfy the following two conditions:

     (A) Actuarial equivalence. -- The actuarial present value at the date of retirement of the member's annuity if taken in the normal form must equal the actuarial present value of the term life annuity in amount "A" plus the actual present value of the deferred life annuity in amount "B"; and

     (B) Level income. -- The amount "A" equals the amount "B" plus the amount of the member's estimated monthly Social Security primary insurance amount that would commence at the date amount "B" becomes payable. For this calculation, the primary insurance amount is estimated when the member applies for retirement, using Social Security law then in effect, using assumptions established by the board.

     (b) In the case of a member who has elected the options set forth in subdivisions(a)(1) or (2) of this section, and whose beneficiary dies prior to the member's death, the member may name an alternative beneficiary. If an alternative beneficiary is named within eighteen months following the death of the prior beneficiary, the benefit shall be adjusted to be the actuarial equivalent of the benefit the member is receiving just after the death of the member's named beneficiary. If the election is not made until eighteen months after the death of the prior beneficiary, the amount shall be reduced so that it is only ninety percent of the actuarial equivalent of the benefit the member is receiving just after the death of the member's named beneficiary.

     (c) (1) In the case of a retired member who has elected an option set forth in subdivision (a)(1) or (2)of this section, and designated his or her spouse as beneficiary, upon divorce or annulment, the retirant may elect to change the retirement benefit options offered by those subdivisions to a life annuity in an amount adjusted on a fair basis to be of equal actuarial value of the annuity prospectively in effect relative to the retirant at the time the option is elected: Provided, That the retirant furnishes to the board satisfactory proof of entry of a final decree of divorce or annulment: Provided, however, That the retirant certifies under penalty of perjury that no qualified domestic relations order, final decree of divorce or other court order that would restrict the election is in effect: Provided further, That no cause of action against the board arises or may be maintained on the basis of having permitted the retirant to change the retirement benefit option pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision.

     (2) Upon remarriage, a retirant may name the new spouse as an annuitant for any of the retirement benefit options offered by subdivision (a)(1) or (2) of this section: Provided, That the retirant shall furnish to the board proof of marriage: Provided, however, That the retirant certifies under penalty of perjury that no qualified domestic relations order, final decree of divorce or other court order that would restrict the designation is in effect: Provided further, That no cause of action against the board arises or may be maintained on the basis of having permitted the retirant to name a new spouse as annuitant for any of the survivorship retirement benefit options. The value of the new survivorship annuity shall be the actuarial equivalent of the retirant's benefit prospectively in effect at the time the new annuity is elected.
WVC 7 - 14 D- 13 §7-14D-13. Refunds to certain members upon discharge or resignation; deferred retirement; forfeitures.
(a) Any member who terminates covered employment and is not eligible to receive disability or retirement income benefits under this article is, by written request filed with the board, entitled to receive from the fund the member's accumulated contributions after offset of any outstanding loan balance, plus accrued interest, pursuant to section twenty-three of this article. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, upon withdrawal the member shall forfeit his or her accrued benefit and cease to be a member.

(b) Any member of this plan who ceases employment in covered employment and active participation in this plan, and who thereafter becomes reemployed in covered employment may not receive any credited service for any prior withdrawn or offset accumulated contributions from either this plan or the Public Employees Retirement System relating to the prior covered employment unless following his or her return to covered employment and active participation in this plan, the member redeposits in this plan the amount of the withdrawn accumulated contributions submitted on salary earned while a deputy sheriff, together with interest on the accumulated contributions at the rate determined by the board from the date of withdrawal to the date of redeposit. Upon repayment he or she shall receive the same credit on account of his or her former service in covered employment as if no refund had been made. The repayment authorized by this subsection shall be made in a lump sum within sixty months of the deputy sheriff's reemployment in covered employment or if later, within sixty months of the effective date of this article.

(c) A member of this plan who has elected to transfer from the Public Employees Retirement System into this plan pursuant to subsection (b) of section five of this article may not, after having transferred into and become an active member of this plan, reinstate to his or her credit in this plan any service credit relating to periods of nondeputy sheriff service which were withdrawn from the Public Employees Retirement System plan prior to his or her elective transfer into this plan.

(d) Every member who completes sixty months of covered employment is eligible, upon cessation of covered employment, to either withdraw his or her accumulated contributions in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, or to choose not to withdraw his or her accumulated contribution and to receive retirement income payments upon attaining normal retirement age.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, forfeitures under the plan shall not be applied to increase the benefits any member would otherwise receive under the plan.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 14 §7-14D-14. Awards and benefits for disability -- Duty related.
(a) Any member who after the effective date of this article and during covered employment: (1) Has been or becomes either totally or partially disabled by injury, illness or disease; and (2) the disability is a result of an occupational risk or hazard inherent in or peculiar to the services required of members; or (3) the disability was incurred while performing law-enforcement functions during either scheduled work hours or at any other time; and (4) in the opinion of the board, the member is by reason of the disability unable to perform adequately the duties required of a deputy sheriff, is entitled to receive and shall be paid from the fund in monthly installments the compensation under either subsection (b) or (c) of this section.

(b) If the member is totally disabled, the member shall receive ninety percent of his or her average full monthly compensation for the twelve-month contributory period preceding the member's disability award, or the shorter period if the member has not worked twelve months.

(c) If the member is partially disabled, the member shall receive forty-five percent of his or her average full monthly compensation for the twelve-month contributory period preceding the member's disability award, or the shorter period if the member has not worked twelve months.

(d) If the member remains partially disabled until attaining sixty years of age, the member shall then receive the retirement benefit provided in sections eleven and twelve of this article.

(e) The disability benefit payments will begin the first day of the month following termination of employment and receipt of the disability retirement application by the Consolidated Public Retirement Board.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 15 §7-14D-15. Same -- Due to other causes.
(a) Any member who after the effective date of this article and during covered employment: (1) Has been or becomes totally or partially disabled from any cause other than those set forth in section fourteen of this article and not due to vicious habits, intemperance or willful misconduct on his or her part; and (2) in the opinion of the board, he or she is by reason of the disability unable to perform adequately the duties required of a deputy sheriff, is entitled to receive and shall be paid from the fund in monthly installments the compensation set forth in either subsection (b) or (c) of this section.

(b) If the member is totally disabled, he or she shall receive sixty-six and two-thirds percent of his or her average full monthly compensation for the twelve-month contributory period preceding the disability award, or the shorter period, if the member has not worked twelve months.

(c) If the member is partially disabled, he or she shall receive thirty-three and one-third percent of his or her average full monthly compensation for the twelve-month contributory period preceding the disability award, or the shorter period, if the member has not worked twelve months.

(d) If the member remains disabled until attaining sixty years of age, then the member shall receive the retirement benefit provided in sections eleven and twelve of this article.

(e) The board shall propose legislative rules for promulgation in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code concerning member disability payments so as to ensure that the payments do not exceed one hundred percent of the average current salary in any given county for the position last held by the member.

(f) The disability benefit payments will begin the first day of the month following termination of employment and receipt of the disability retirement application by the Consolidated Public Retirement Board.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 16 §7-14D-16. Awards and benefits for disability -- Physical examinations; termination of disability.

     (a) The board may require any member who has applied for or is receiving disability benefits under this article to submit to a physical examination, mental examination or both, by a physician or physicians selected or approved by the board and may cause all costs incident to the examination and approved by the board to be paid from the fund. The costs may include hospital, laboratory, X ray, medical and physicians' fees. A report of the findings of any physician shall be submitted in writing to the board for its consideration. If, from the report, independent information, or from the report and any hearing on the report, the board is of the opinion and finds that: (1) The member has become reemployed as a law-enforcement officer; (2) two physicians who have examined the member have found that considering the opportunities for law enforcement in West Virginia, the member could be so employed as a deputy sheriff; or (3) other facts exist to demonstrate that the member is no longer totally disabled or partially disabled as the case may be, then the disability benefits shall cease. If the member was totally disabled and is found to have recovered, the board shall determine whether the member continues to be partially disabled. If the board finds that the member is no longer totally disabled but is partially disabled, then the member shall continue to receive partial disability benefits in accordance with this article. Benefits shall cease once the member has been found to be no longer either totally or partially disabled: Provided, That the board shall require recertification for each partial or total disability at regular intervals as specified by the guidelines adopted by the Deputy Sheriff Retirement System.

     (b) If a retirant refuses to submit to a medical examination or submit a statement by his or her physician certifying continued disability in any period, his or her disability annuity may be discontinued by the board until the retirant complies. If the refusal continues for one year, all the retirants rights in and to the annuity may be revoked by the board.
WVC 7-14D-17 §7-14D-17. Prior disability.
Any deputy sheriff who became totally disabled as a result of illness or injury incurred in the line of duty prior to the effective date of this article may be a member of the plan at his or her election and is entitled to disability, death and retirement benefits under this article in lieu of any other disability, death or retirement benefits provided solely in conjunction with a retirement system of this state or his or her county of employment: Provided, That the deputy sheriff would have been eligible for disability under section fourteen of this article had that section been in effect at the time of the disability. The amounts of the benefits shall be determined as if the disability first commenced after the effective date of this article with monthly compensation equal to that average monthly compensation which the member was receiving in the plan year prior to the initial disability. For the purposes of this section, benefits paid pursuant to chapter twenty-three of this code are not death or retirement benefits provided solely in conjunction with a retirement system of this state or county of this state.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 18 §7-14D-18. Awards and benefits to surviving spouse -- When member dies in performance of duty, etc.
(a) The surviving spouse of any member who, after the effective date of this article while in covered employment, has died or dies by reason of injury, illness or disease resulting from an occupational risk or hazard inherent in or peculiar to the service required of members, while the member was or is engaged in the performance of his or her duties as a deputy sheriff, or the survivor spouse of a member who dies from any cause while receiving benefits pursuant to section fourteen of this article, is entitled to receive and shall be paid from the fund benefits as determined in subsection (b) of this section: To the surviving spouse annually, in equal monthly installments during his or her lifetime an amount equal to the greater of: (i) Two thirds of the annual compensation received in the preceding twelve-month period by the deceased member; or (ii) if the member dies after his or her early or normal retirement age, the monthly amount which the spouse would have received had the member retired the day before his or her death, elected a one hundred percent joint and survivor annuity with the spouse as the joint annuitant, and then died.

(b) Benefits for a surviving spouse received under this section, section twenty and section twenty-one of this article are in lieu of receipt of any other benefits under this article for the spouse or any other person or under the provisions of any other state retirement system based upon the member's covered employment.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 19 §7-14D-19. Awards and benefits to surviving spouse -- When member dies from nonservice-connected causes.

                       (a) In any case where a member who has been a member for at least ten years, while in covered employment after the effective date of this article, has died or dies from any cause other than those specified in section eighteen of this article and not due to vicious habits, intemperance or willful misconduct on his or her part, the fund shall pay annually in equal monthly installments to the surviving spouse during his or her lifetime, a sum equal to the greater of: (i) One half of the annual compensation received in the preceding twelve-month employment period by the deceased member; or (ii) if the member dies after his or her early or normal retirement age, the monthly amount which the spouse would have received had the member retired the day before his or her death, elected a one hundred percent joint and survivor annuity with the spouse as the joint annuitant, and then died. Where the member is receiving disability benefits under section fifteen of this article at the time of his or her death, the most recent monthly compensation determined under section seventeen of this article shall be substituted for the annual compensation in (i) of this section.

                       (b) Benefits for a surviving spouse received under this section, section twenty and section twenty-one of this article are in lieu of receipt of any other benefits under this article for the spouse or any other person or under the provisions of any other state retirement system based upon the member's covered employment.
WVC 7 - 14 D- 20 §7-14D-20. Additional death benefits and scholarships - Dependent children.

     (a) In addition to the spouse death benefits in sections eighteen and nineteen of this article, the surviving spouse is entitled to receive and there shall be paid to the spouse $100 monthly for each dependent child.

     (b) If the surviving spouse dies or if there is no surviving spouse, the fund shall pay monthly to each dependent child a sum equal to one fourth of the surviving spouse's entitlement under either section eighteen or nineteen of this article. If there is neither a surviving spouse nor a dependent child, the fund shall pay in equal monthly installments to the dependent parents of the deceased member during their joint lifetimes a sum equal to the amount which a surviving spouse, without children, would have received: Provided, That when there is only one dependent parent surviving, that parent is entitled to receive during his or her lifetime one-half the amount which both parents, if living, would have been entitled to receive: Provided, however, That if there is no surviving spouse, dependent child nor dependent parent of the deceased member the accumulated contributions shall be paid to a named beneficiary or beneficiaries: Provided further, That if there is no surviving spouse, dependent child, nor dependent parent of the deceased member, nor any named beneficiary or beneficiaries then the accumulated contributions shall be paid to the estate of the deceased member.

     (c) Any person qualifying as a dependent child under this section, in addition to any other benefits due under this or other sections of this article, is entitled to receive a scholarship to be applied to the career development education of that person. This sum, up to but not exceeding $7,500 per year, shall be paid from the fund to any higher education institution in this state, career-technical education provider in this state or other entity in this state approved by the board, to offset the expenses of tuition, room and board, books, fees or other costs incurred in a course of study at any of these institutions so long as the recipient makes application to the board on an approved form and under such rules as the board may provide, and maintains scholastic eligibility as defined by the institution or the board. The board may propose legislative rules for promulgation in accordance with article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code which define age requirements, physical and mental requirements, scholastic eligibility, disbursement methods, institutional qualifications and other requirements as necessary and not inconsistent with this section. Scholarship benefits awarded pursuant to this subsection are not subject to division or payable to an alternate payee by any Qualified Domestic Relations Order.
WVC 7 - 14 D- 21 §7-14D-21. Burial benefit.

     Any member who dies as a result of any service related illness or injury after the effective date is entitled to a lump sum burial benefit of five thousand dollars. If the member is married, the burial benefit shall be paid to the member's spouse. If the member is not married, the burial benefit shall be paid to the member's estate for the purposes of paying burial expenses, settling the member's final affairs, or both. Any unspent balance shall be distributed as a part of the member's estate. Burial benefits awarded pursuant to this section are not subject to division or payable to an alternate payee by any Qualified Domestic Relations Order.
WVC 7-14D-22 §7-14D-22. Double death benefits prohibited.
A surviving spouse is not entitled to receive simultaneous death benefits under this article as a result of the death of two or more members to whom the spouse was married. Any spouse who becomes eligible for a subsequent death benefit under this article while receiving a death benefit under this article shall receive the higher benefit, but not both.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 23 §7-14D-23. Loans to members.
(a) A member who is not yet receiving disability or retirement income benefits from the plan may borrow from the plan no more than one time in any year an amount up to one half of his or her accumulated contributions, but not less than $500 nor more than $8,000: Provided, That the maximum amount of any loan shall not exceed the lesser of the following: (1) $8,000; or (2) fifty percent of his or her accumulated contributions. No member is eligible for more than one outstanding loan at any time. No loan may be made from the plan if the board determines that the loans constitute more than fifteen percent of the amortized cost value of the assets of the plan as of the last day of the preceding plan year. The board may discontinue the loans any time it determines that cash flow problems might develop as a result of the loans. Each loan shall be repaid through monthly installments over periods of six through sixty months and carry interest on the unpaid balance and an annual effective interest rate that is two hundred basis points higher than the most recent rate of interest used by the board for determining actuarial contributions levels: Provided, however, That interest charged shall be commercially reasonable in accordance with the provisions of Section 72(p)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code and federal regulations issued thereunder. Monthly loan payments shall be calculated to be as nearly equal as possible with all but the final payment being an equal amount. An eligible member may make additional loan payments or pay off the entire loan balance at any time without incurring any interest penalty. Upon full payment of the loan, a member may apply for a subsequent loan after sixty days beginning the first day of the month following receipt of final payment.

(b) If a withdrawal of accumulated contributions is payable to the borrower or his or her beneficiary before he or she repays the loan with interest, the loan balance due with interest to date shall be deducted from the withdrawal.

(c) A member with an unpaid loan balance who wishes to retire or who becomes eligible to receive disability benefits under any provisions of this article may have the loan repaid in full by accepting retirement income or disability payments reduced by deducting from the actuarial reserve for the accrued benefit the amount of the unpaid balance plus accrued interest, if any, and then converting the remaining of the reserve to a monthly pension or disability benefit payable in the form of the annuity desired by the member: Provided, That if payment of the member's monthly retirement income or disability income is suspended or terminated for any reason, upon recommencement of the payments, the actuarial reduction in benefit may be recalculated for additional interest accruals, to the extent determined necessary and appropriate by the board.

(d) A member who ceases service with an unpaid loan balance will no longer be a member when the unpaid loan balance, plus accrued interest, equals or exceeds the member's accumulated contributions.

(e) The entire unpaid balance of any loan, and interest due thereon, shall at the option of the board become due and payable without further notice or demand upon the occurrence with respect to the borrowing member of any of the following events of default: (1) Any payment of principal and accrued interest on a loan remains unpaid after they become due and payable under the terms of the loan or after the grace period established in the discretion of the retirement board; (2) the borrowing member attempts to make an assignment for the benefit of creditors of his or her benefit under the retirement system; or (3) any other event of default set forth in rules promulgated by the board pursuant to the authority granted in section one, article ten-d, chapter five of this code: Provided, That any offset of an unpaid loan balance shall be made only at such time as the member is entitled to receive a distribution under the plan.

(f) Loans shall be evidenced by such form of obligations and shall be made upon such additional terms as to default, prepayment, security, and otherwise as the board may determine.

(g) Notwithstanding anything in this section to the contrary, the loan program authorized by this section shall comply with the provisions of Section 72(p)(2) and Section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code and the federal regulations issued thereunder. The board may: (1) Apply and construe the provisions of this section and administer the plan loan program in such a manner as to comply with the provisions of Sections 72(p)(2) and Section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code; (2) adopt plan loan policies or procedures consistent with these federal law provisions; and (3) take any actions it considers necessary or appropriate to administer the plan loan program created under this section in accordance with these federal law provisions. The board is further authorized in connection with the plan loan program to take any actions that may at any time be required by the Internal Revenue Service regarding compliance with the requirements of Section 72(p)(2) or Section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code, notwithstanding any provision in this article to the contrary.

(h) Notwithstanding anything in this article to the contrary, the loan program authorized by this section shall not be available to any deputy sheriff who becomes a member of the Deputy Sheriff Retirement System on or after July 1, 2005.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 24 §7-14D-24. Service as sheriff.
(a) Any active member who after the effective date of this article is elected sheriff of a county in West Virginia may elect to continue as a member in this plan by paying the amounts required by section seven of this article. Upon the election, service as a sheriff shall be treated as covered employment and the sheriff is not entitled to any credit for that service under any other retirement system of the state.

(b) Any member retired as a deputy sheriff under this plan who, after the effective date of this article, is elected or appointed sheriff of a county in West Virginia, may elect to suspend the payment of his or her annuity from this system and again become a contributing member of this plan by paying the amounts required by section seven of this article. Upon such election, service as a sheriff shall be treated as covered employment, and the sheriff is not entitled to any credit for that period of elected service under any other retirement system of the state. At the end of his or her term as sheriff, the member making such election shall have his or her annuity recalculated, and shall be granted an adjustment to his or her previous annuity to include the period of elected service.

(c) Any person, who before the effective date of this article was elected sheriff of a county in West Virginia, and who, immediately prior to being so elected sheriff, was a deputy sheriff with at least twenty years of credited service under the public employees retirement system, with at least sixteen of those twenty years having been earned as a deputy sheriff, may elect to become a member of this plan by paying the amounts required by section seven of this article. Upon such election, service shall be transferred from the public employees retirement system pursuant to section eight of this article: Provided, That any service as a sheriff shall be treated as covered employment under this article and the sheriff is not entitled to any credit for that service as a sheriff or the prior service as a deputy sheriff under any other retirement system of the state. Persons making the election provided for in this subsection shall do so within ten days of taking office as sheriff or within ten days of the effective date of this provision.

(d) Any person who, before the effective date of this article, was elected sheriff of a county of West Virginia, and who, prior to being elected sheriff, was a deputy sheriff and also a previously elected sheriff, with credited service under the public employees retirement system, with at least sixteen of those years having been earned as combined service as a deputy sheriff and a previously elected sheriff, may elect to become a member of this plan by paying the amounts required by section seven of the article. Upon such election, service shall be transferred from the public employees retirement system pursuant to section eight of this article: Provided, That a person's service as a sheriff shall be treated as covered employment under this article, and that person is not entitled to any credit for that service as a sheriff or deputy sheriff under any other retirement system of this state. A person making the election provided in this subsection shall do so within thirty days of taking office as a sheriff or within thirty days of the effective date of this provision.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 24 A §7-14D-24a. Return to covered employment by retired member.
The annuity of any member who retires under the provisions of this article and who resumes service in covered employment shall be suspended while the member continues in covered employment. The monthly annuity payment for the month in which the service resumes shall be pro-rated to the date of commencement of service, and the member shall again become a contributing member during resumption of service. At the conclusion of resumed service in covered employment the member shall have his or her annuity recalculated to take into account the entirety of service in covered employment.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 25 §7-14D-25. Exemption from taxation, garnishment and other process; exception for certain qualified domestic relations orders.
The moneys in the fund and the right of a member, spouse or other beneficiary to benefits under this article, to the return of contributions, or to any retirement, death or disability payments under the provisions of this article, are exempt from any state or municipal tax; are not subject to execution, garnishment, attachment or any other process whatsoever with the exception that the benefits or contributions under the system shall be subject to "qualified domestic relations orders" as that term is defined in Section 414(p) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to governmental plans, and are unassignable except as is provided in this article.


WVC 7-14D-26 §7-14D-26. Fraud; penalties; and repayment.
Any person who knowingly makes any false statement or who falsifies or permits to be falsified any record of the retirement system in any attempt to defraud that system is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars, by confinement in the county or regional jail not to exceed one year, or by both a fine and confinement. Any increased benefit received by any person as a result of the falsification or fraud shall be returned to the fund upon demand by the board.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 27 §7-14D-27. Credit toward retirement for member's prior military service; credit toward retirement when member has joined armed forces in time of armed conflict; qualified military service.
(a) Any member who has previously served on active military duty is entitled to receive additional years of service for the purpose of determining his or her years of credited service for a period equal to the active military duty not to exceed five years, subject to the following:

(1) That he or she has been honorably discharged from the armed forces;

(2) That he or she substantiates by appropriate documentation or evidence his or her period of active military duty; and

(3) That he or she is receiving no benefits from any other retirement system for his or her active military duty.

(b) In addition, any member who while in covered employment was commissioned, enlisted or inducted into the armed forces of the United States or, being a member of the reserve officers' corps, was called to active duty in the armed forces between the first day of September, one thousand nine hundred forty, and the close of hostilities in World War II, or between the twenty-seventh day of June, one thousand nine hundred fifty, and the close of the armed conflict in Korea on the twenty-seventh day of July, one thousand nine hundred fifty-three, between the first day of August, one thousand nine hundred sixty-four, and the close of the armed conflict in Vietnam, or during any other period of armed conflict by the United States whether sanctioned by a declaration of war by congress or by executive or other order of the president, is entitled to and shall receive credited service, for a period equal to the full time that he or she has or, pursuant to that commission, enlistment, induction or call, shall have served with the armed forces subject to the following:

(1) That he or she has been honorably discharged from the armed forces;

(2) That within ninety days after honorable discharge from the armed forces, he or she presented himself or herself to the county commission and offered to resume service as a deputy sheriff; and

(3) That he or she has made no voluntary act, whether by reenlistment, waiver of discharge, acceptance of commission or otherwise, to extend or participate in extension of the period of service with the armed forces beyond the period of service for which he or she was originally commissioned, enlisted, inducted or called.

(c) The total amount of service allowable under subsections (a) and (b) of this section may not exceed five years.

(d) Any service credit allowed under this section may be credited one time only for each deputy sheriff, regardless of any changes in job title or responsibilities.

(e) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this section, contributions, benefits and service credit with respect to qualified military service shall be provided in accordance with Section 414(u) of the Internal Revenue Code. For purposes of this section, "qualified military service" has the same meaning as in Section 414(u) of the Internal Revenue Code. The retirement board is authorized to determine all questions and make all decisions relating to this section and, pursuant to the authority granted to the retirement board in section one, article ten-d, chapter five of this code, may promulgate rules relating to contributions, benefits and service credit to comply with Section 414(u) of the Internal Revenue Code.


WVC 7-14D-28 §7-14D-28. Pro rata reduction of annuities.
Any provision in this article to the contrary notwithstanding, if at the end of any fiscal year the total of the annuities paid from the retirement fund during the said fiscal year is more than ten percent of the sum of the balances in the fund at the end of the said fiscal year, the said annuities payable in the next ensuing fiscal year shall be reduced, pro rata, so that the sum of the annuities so reduced shall not exceed ten percent of the sum of the said balances in the fund. The said pro rata reduction shall be applied to all annuities payable in the said ensuing fiscal year.


WVC 7-14D-29 §7-14D-29. Effective date; report to joint committee on government and finance; special starting date for benefits.
(a) The provisions of this article become effective the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred ninety-eight: Provided, That no payout of any benefits may be made to any person prior to the first day of January, two thousand: Provided, however, That members who retired due to a disability may begin receiving the benefits at the rate and in the amount specified in either section fourteen or section fifteen of this article, as the case may be, from this fund after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine: Provided further, That until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine, those members who retired due to a disability may draw benefits from this fund at the rate and in the amount set forth in section twenty-five, article ten, chapter five of this code.

(b) During the eighteen-month period before the payout of benefits begins, the joint committee on government and finance shall cause an interim study or studies to be conducted on potential effects of the implementation of this retirement system, including, but not limited to, potential funding mechanisms to provide health insurance coverage for retirees in the fifty to fifty-five age group: Provided, That after the effective date of this provision, the director of the public employees insurance agency shall promulgate a rule governing the funding of health insurance coverage for retirees under the plan provided for in this article who are in the fifty to fifty-five year age group, which rule may be filed as an emergency rule: Provided, however, That any rule filed as an emergency rule pursuant to this subsection shall be refiled at the earliest opportunity as a legislative rule for review and promulgation in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 30 §7-14D-30. Limitation of county liability.
No county which has timely met all of its obligations under this article is liable for any payments or contributions to the deputy sheriff retirement plan which are owed to the plan by another county or counties. No county commission may deposit funds into the deputy sheriff retirement fund in excess of the amount specified in section seven of this article, the fees set forth in article fourteen-e of this chapter, the fees set forth in subsection (f)(2), section one, article ten-d, chapter five of this code, and the fees set forth in section seventeen, article three, chapter seventeen-a of this code.


WVC 7 - 14 D- 31 §7-14D-31. Benefits not forfeited if system terminates.
If the retirement system is terminated or contributions are completely discontinued, the rights of all members to benefits accrued or contributions made to the date of such termination or discontinuance, to the extent then funded, are not forfeited.


WVC 7-14E- ARTICLE 14E. ESTABLISHMENT OF CERTAIN FEES; DEDICATION OF FEE TO DEPUTY SHERIFF'S RETIREMENT SYSTEM.


WVC 7-14E-1 §7-14E-1. Legislative findings and purpose.
(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the preservation of peace is a necessary and important function and a requirement for an orderly society. This important function is carried on throughout the state of West Virginia at both the state and local level. Very important components of law enforcement in this state are the county sheriffs and their deputies.

(b) The Legislature, cognizant that it has enacted retirement legislation for municipal police officers and for the state police, declares that deputy sheriffs are now in need of a retirement system. The Legislature further declares that the deputy sheriffs of this state are professional law-enforcement officers who keep the peace, help and protect the citizens of this state. The Legislature finds that, when it comes to retirement, the deputy sheriffs are treated differently than other law-enforcement officers in this state.

(c) For the foregoing reasons, and for other important reasons, the Legislature created the deputy sheriff's retirement system under article fourteen-d of this chapter. The fees established in this article are to help ensure the actuarial soundness of the deputy sheriff's retirement system.


WVC 7 - 14 E- 2 §7-14E-2. Statewide uniform fees for reports generated by sheriff's offices; dedication of fees.
(a) The county commission of each county in this state shall set a fee for obtaining certain reports. This fee shall be set at a minimum of ten dollars for each report, with a maximum of twenty dollars for each report. Ten dollars of the charge for each report shall be deposited into the Deputy Sheriff Retirement Fund created in section six, article fourteen-d of this chapter. The reports for which a charge may be made are traffic accident reports, criminal investigation reports, incident reports and property reports.

(b) All sheriff's offices in this state shall collect a fee of five dollars for performing the following services: Adult private employment fingerprinting; fingerprinting for federal firearm permits; motor vehicle number identification; adult identification cards; and photo-identification cards. Upon collection, these fees shall be deposited into the Deputy Sheriff Retirement Fund created in section six, article fourteen-d of this chapter.

(c) All sheriff's offices in this state shall collect a fee of five dollars for each nongovernmental background investigation report. Upon collection, these fees shall be deposited into the Deputy Sheriff Retirement Fund created in section six, article fourteen-d of this chapter.

(d) No charge may be made under this section for any report or reports made to governmental agencies.

(e) Any county commission which fails to make any payment due the Deputy Sheriff Retirement Fund by the fifteenth day following the end of each calendar month in which a fee or other contribution is received by the county's sheriff may be required to pay the actuarial rate of interest lost on the total amount owed for each day the payment is delinquent. Accrual of the loss of earnings owed by the delinquent county commission commences after the fifteenth day following the end of the calendar month in which the fee or other contribution is due and continues until receipt of the delinquent amount. Interest compounds daily and the minimum surcharge is fifty dollars.


WVC -15- ARTICLE 15. EMERGENCY AMBULANCE SERVICE ACT OF 1975.


WVC 7-15-1 §7-15-1. Short title.
This article shall be known and may be cited as the "Emergency Ambulance Service Act of 1975."


WVC 7-15-2 §7-15-2. Legislative findings and declaration of policy.
The Legislature hereby finds and declares:

(a) That a significant part of the population of this state does not have adequate emergency ambulance service;

(b) That the establishment and maintenance of adequate emergency ambulance systems for the entire state is necessary to promote the health and welfare of the citizens and residents of this state;

(c) That emergency ambulance service is not likely to become available to all the citizens and residents of this state unless specific requirements therefor are provided by law;

(d) That emergency ambulance service is a public purpose and a responsibility of government for which public money may be spent; and

(e) This article is enacted in view of these findings and shall be liberally construed in the light thereof.


WVC 7-15-3 §7-15-3. Definitions.
As used in this article, unless a different meaning appears from the context:

(a) "Authority" means any emergency ambulance service authority created pursuant to the provisions of this article;

(b) "Board" means the board of any emergency ambulance service authority;

(c) "Contiguous counties" means two or more counties which constitute a compact territorial unit within an unbroken boundary wherein one county touches at least one other county, but does not require that each county touch all of the other counties so combining;

(d) "Facilities and equipment" means all real and personal property of every kind and character owned or held by any emergency ambulance service authority;

(e) "Participating government" means any municipality or county establishing or participating in an emergency ambulance service authority;

(f) "Project" means any undertaking of an authority;

(g) "Revenues" means the gross receipts derived directly or indirectly from or in connection with the operation of an authority and shall include, without limitation, all fees, rates, fares, rentals or other income actually received or receivable by or for the account of an authority from the operation of the authority's facilities and equipment, and any other receipts from whatever source derived;

(h) "Service area of the authority" means and includes an area commensurate with the territorial boundaries of each participating government and beyond to the extent permitted by any agreement with any county or municipality which is not a participating government in the project;

(i) "System" means any emergency ambulance service provided pursuant to the provisions of this article; and

(j) The singular shall include the plural and the plural shall include the singular.


WVC 7-15-4 §7-15-4. Duty of county commissions to provide emergency ambulance service; emergency ambulance service authorities authorized; authorities to be public corporations.

Except as hereinafter provided and in addition to all other duties imposed upon it by law, the county commission shall cause emergency ambulance service to be made available to all the residents of the county where such service is not otherwise available: Provided, however, That the duty imposed upon county commissions by this article shall not be construed in such manner as to impose a duty to cause such emergency ambulance service to be provided unless the commission shall make an affirmative determination that there are funds available therefor by the inclusion of a projected expenditure for such purpose in the current levy estimate, and in the event that such county commission shall make such determination the commission shall not be under a duty to cause such service to be provided beyond a level commensurate with the amount of funds actually available for such purpose.

The county commission may provide the service directly through its agents, servants and employees; or through private enterprise; or by its designees; or by contracting with individuals, groups, associations, corporations or otherwise; or it may cause such services to be provided by an authority, as provided for in this article; and any municipality or county, or both, or any two or more municipalities within any county or contiguous counties, or any two or more contiguous counties, or any combination thereof, may create an authority. Such authority shall be created upon the adoption, by the governing body of each participating government, acting individually, of an appropriate ordinance or order. Each authority shall constitute a public corporation, and as such, shall have perpetual existence. The authority shall be known by such name as may be established by the board.


WVC 7-15-5 §7-15-5. Management of authority vested in board; eligibility, appointment, number and term of members; vote of members; vacancies.
The management and control of any authority, its operations, business and affairs shall be lodged in a board of not less than five nor more than fifteen individuals who shall be known as members of the board and who shall be appointed for terms of three years each by the governing bodies of the participating governments. Prior to making the initial appointments to the board, the governing bodies of the participating governments shall agree to make such initial appointments so that approximately one third of the total number of the members to be so appointed shall be appointed for a term of one year, approximately one third of such total number of the members shall be appointed for a term of two years and approximately one third of such total number of the members shall be appointed for a term of three years. As the term of each such initial appointee expires, the successor to fill the vacancy created by such expired term shall be appointed for a term of three years. The number of members representing each participating government shall be as agreed upon from time to time by the governing bodies of the participating governments. Each member of the board shall have one vote on all matters coming before it. Any individual who is a resident of, or member of the governing body of any participating government is eligible to serve as a member of the board. The governing body of each participating government shall inform the authority of its appointments or reappointments to the board by delivering to the authority a certified copy of the ordinance or order making the appointment or reappointment. If any member of the board dies, resigns or for any other reason ceases to be a member of the board, the governing body of the participating government which such member represented shall appoint another individual to fill the unexpired portion of the term of such member.


WVC 7-15-6 §7-15-6. Compensation of members; expenses.
As compensation for his services on the board, each member shall receive from the authority the sum of not more than twenty dollars for each meeting actually attended, as may be determined by the board. The total compensation paid to any member by the authority for any fiscal year shall not exceed in the aggregate the sum of six hundred dollars. Each member shall also be reimbursed by the authority for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the discharge of his duties as a member of the board.


WVC 7-15-7 §7-15-7. Meetings of authority; officers; employees; official bonds; records of authority public records.
At its first meeting, to be held no later than sixty days from the creation of the authority as provided in this article, the board shall elect from among its membership a president to act during the next ensuing fiscal year, or until his successor is elected and qualified. At that time, the board shall also elect a vice president, a secretary and a treasurer and such other officers as may be required, who need not be members of the board, whose duties shall be defined and whose compensation shall be fixed by the board and paid out of the funds of the authority. The treasurer, and such other officers and employees as the board shall direct, shall furnish bond for the use and benefit of the authority in such penal sum as may be fixed by the board and conditioned upon the faithful discharge by such treasurer and such other officers and employees so directed by the board of the duties of their respective offices or employment, and upon accounting for and paying over all moneys which may come into their possession by virtue of such office or employment. At its first meeting the board shall also fix the time and place for holding regular meetings, but it shall meet at least once in the months of January, April, July and October. Special meetings of the board may be called by the president or by two members upon written request to the secretary. The secretary shall send to all the members, at least two days in advance of a special meeting, a written notice setting forth the time and place of the special meeting and the matters to be considered at such special meeting. Written notice of a special meeting is not required if the time of the special meeting has been fixed in a regular meeting or if all the members are present at the special meeting. All regular meetings shall be general meetings for the consideration of any and all matters which may properly come before an authority. All proceedings of the authority shall be entered in a permanently bound record book, properly indexed, and shall be carefully preserved by the secretary of the authority. All records of the authority shall be public records.


WVC 7-15-8 §7-15-8. Quorum; majority vote required.
A majority of the members of the board shall constitute a quorum. The vote of a majority of all members present at any meeting of the board shall be necessary to take any action.


WVC 7-15-9 §7-15-9. Budget.
The board shall establish the beginning and ending of its fiscal year, which period shall constitute its budget year, and, at least thirty days prior to the beginning of the first full fiscal year after the creation of the authority and annually thereafter, the treasurer shall prepare and submit to the board a tentative budget. The tentative budget shall be considered by the board, and, subject to any revisions or amendments that may be determined by the board, shall be adopted as the budget for the ensuing fiscal year. No expenditures in excess of the budget shall be made during such fiscal year unless expressly authorized and directed by the board.


WVC 7-15-10 §7-15-10. Powers and duties of authorities generally.
Each authority is hereby given the power:

(a) To sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded;

(b) To have and use a seal and alter the same at pleasure;

(c) To make and adopt all rules and regulations and bylaws as may be necessary or desirable to enable it to exercise the powers and perform the duties conferred or imposed upon it by the provisions of this article;

(d) To provide emergency ambulance service, maintain and operate such service, and employ, in its discretion, planning consultants, attorneys, accountants, superintendents, managers and such other employees and agents as may be necessary in its judgment and fix their compensation;

(e) To acquire by grant, purchase, gift, devise or lease and to hold, use, sell, lease or otherwise dispose of real and personal property of every kind and nature whatsoever, licenses, franchises, rights and interests necessary for the full exercise of its powers pursuant to the provisions of this article or which may be convenient or useful for the carrying out of such powers;

(f) To enter into contracts and agreements which are necessary, convenient or useful to carry out the purposes of this article with any person, public corporation, state or any agency or political subdivision thereof and the federal government and any department or agency thereof, including, without limitation, contracts and agreements for the joint use of any property and rights by the authority and any person or authority operating any system, whether within or without the service area of the authority, and contracts and agreements with any person or authority for the maintenance, servicing, storage, operation or use of any system or part thereof, facility or equipment on such basis as shall seem proper to its board;

(g) To enter into contracts and agreements for superintendence and management services with any person, who has executive personnel with experience and skill applicable to the superintendence and management of any system, for the furnishing of its services and the services of experienced and qualified personnel for the superintendence and management of any system or any part thereof, including, without limitation, superintendence over personnel, purchases, properties and operations and all matters relating thereto, and any revenue bond trust indenture may require such contract or agreement, but the personnel whose services are to be so furnished under any such contract or agreement shall not include any member of the board, any member of the immediate family of a member of the board or any agents or employees of the authority;

(h) To execute security agreements, contracts, leases, equipment trust certificates and any other forms of contract or agreement, granting or creating a lien, security interest, encumbrance or other security in, on or to facilities and equipment, containing such terms and provisions as the board considers necessary;

(i) To apply for, receive and use grants, grants-in-aid, donations and contributions from any source or sources, including, but not limited to, the federal government and any agency or department thereof, and a state government whose constitution does not prohibit such grants, grants-in-aid, donations and contributions, and any agency or department thereof, and to accept and use bequests, devises, gifts and donations from any person;

(j) To encumber or mortgage all or any part of its facilities and equipment;

(k) To render all services permitted pursuant to article four-c, chapter sixteen of this code, including, but not limited to, emergency and nonemergency transportation; and

(l) To do any and all things necessary or convenient to carry out the powers given in this article unless otherwise forbidden by law.


WVC 7-15-11 §7-15-11. Contributions to authorities; funds and accounts of authorities; reports; audit by state tax department.
Contributions may be made to authorities from time to time by the participating governments and by the state of West Virginia, the United States of America, municipalities, counties or persons that shall desire to do so. All such funds and all of the other funds received by any authority shall be deposited in a separate account in such banking institution or institutions as its board may direct and shall be withdrawn therefrom only in such manner as its board may direct. Each authority shall keep strict account of all its receipts and expenditures and shall make a quarterly report to the participating governments which have made contributions to it. The report shall contain an itemized account of the authority's receipts and disbursements during the preceding quarter and shall be made within sixty days after the termination of the quarter. Within ninety days after the end of each fiscal year, each authority shall make an annual report containing an itemized statement of its receipts and disbursements for the preceding fiscal year, and any and all other information which the board may consider pertinent, to all of the participating governments. The books, records and accounts of each authority shall be subject to audit and examination by the state tax department.


WVC 7-15-12 §7-15-12. Emergency ambulance service not regulated by public service commission.
Any authority created pursuant to the provisions of this article and any county commission which provides emergency ambulance service hereunder shall not be subject to regulation by the public service commission.


WVC 7-15-13 §7-15-13. Exemption from taxation.
It is hereby found, determined and declared that the creation of any authority and the carrying out of its purposes is in all respects for the benefit of the people of this state in general and of the participating governments in particular and is a public purpose; and that the authority will be performing an essential governmental function in the exercise of the powers conferred upon it by the provisions of this article. Accordingly, each authority and, without limitation, its revenues, properties, operations and activities shall be exempt from the payment of any taxes or fees to the state or any of its political subdivisions: Provided, That this exemption shall not apply to the tax imposed by section seven, article twenty-seven, chapter eleven of this code on gross receipts derived from transporting patients. Interest on obligations and all evidences of indebtedness of any such authority shall be exempt from taxation, except inheritance and transfer taxes.


WVC 7-15-14 §7-15-14. Indebtedness of authorities.
No indebtedness or obligation incurred by any authority shall give any right against any member of the governing body of any participating government or any member of the board of any authority. Any obligation or indebtedness of any nature of any authority shall never constitute an obligation or indebtedness of any participating government or the governing body of any participating government, within the meaning of any constitutional provision or statutory limitation and shall never constitute or give rise to a pecuniary liability of any participating government or the governing body of any participating government or be a charge against the general credit or taxing power of any participating government or the governing body of any participating government. The rights of creditors of any authority shall be solely against the authority as a corporate body and shall be satisfied only out of revenues, moneys or property received or held by it in its corporate capacity.


WVC 7-15-15 §7-15-15. Conflict of interest.
No member of any authority, nor any of its officers, employees, agents or consultants, shall have any interest in any firm, partnership, corporation, company, association or joint-stock association engaged in the business of providing ambulance service or in the manufacture, sale or lease of ambulance equipment or facilities. No member of any authority, nor any of its officers, employees, agents or consultants, shall contract with the authority or be interested in, either directly or indirectly, any contract with the authority or in the sale of property, either real or personal, to such authority.


WVC 7 - 15 - 16 §7-15-16. Competitive bids; publication of solicitation for sealed bids.
A purchase of or contract for all supplies, equipment and materials and a contract for the construction of facilities by any authority, when the expenditure required exceeds the sum of ten thousand dollars, shall be based on competitive sealed bids. Bids shall be obtained by public notice published as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code and the publication area for publication is the service area of the authority. The second publication shall be made at least fourteen days before the final date for submitting bids. In addition to publication, the notice may also be published by any other advertising medium the authority may consider advisable and the authority may also solicit sealed bids by sending requests by mail to prospective suppliers and by posting notice on a bulletin board in the office of the authority.


WVC 7-15-17 §7-15-17. Imposition and collection of special emergency ambulance service fee by county commission.
A county commission may, by ordinance, impose upon and collect from the users of emergency ambulance service within the county a special service fee, which shall be known as the "special emergency ambulance service fee." The proceeds from the imposition and collection of any special service fee shall be deposited in a special fund and used only to pay reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred and the cost of buildings and equipment used in providing emergency ambulance service to residents of the county. The proceeds may be used to pay for, in whole or in part, the establishment, maintenance and operation of an authority, as provided for in this article: Provided, That an ambulance company or authority receiving funds from the special emergency ambulance fees collected pursuant to this section may not be precluded from making nonemergency transports.


WVC 7-15-18 §7-15-18. Article constitutes complete authority; liberal construction; severability.
This article shall constitute full and complete authority for the provision of emergency ambulance service within a county by a county commission and for the creation of any authority and carrying out the powers and duties of any such authority. The provisions of this article shall be liberally construed to accomplish its purpose and no procedure or proceedings, notices, consents or approvals shall be required in connection therewith except as may be prescribed by this article.


WVC -16- ARTICLE 16. COUNTY SOLID WASTE AUTHORITIES.


WVC 7-16-1 §7-16-1. Establishment of authorities authorized.
The county commission of every county is hereby authorized to create and establish a public agency to be known as a county solid waste authority (hereinafter called the authority) to carry out the powers and duties conferred by law upon the county relating to disposal of solid waste, including but not limited to, those powers authorized by sections three-e and three-f, article one of this chapter.


WVC 7-16-2 §7-16-2. Purposes.
The purposes for which the authority is created are to provide for the necessary, dependable, effective and efficient collection and disposal of solid waste and other hazardous waste and to assist and cooperate with the state and local governments in achieving these purposes.


WVC 7-16-3 §7-16-3. Management and control vested in authority; appointment and terms of members; vacancies; removal of members; meetings; quorum; compensation.
The management and control of the authority, its property, operations, business and affairs shall be lodged in an authority of seven persons who shall be known as "members of the authority," each of whom shall be appointed by the county commission for a term of three years, except that as to the first seven appointed to the first authority appointed, the term of two members shall expire on the first day of July next ensuing, the terms of the next two members shall expire on the first day of July two years thereafter, and the term of three members shall expire on the first day of July three years thereafter. Each member shall hold office until the expiration of the term for which such member is appointed or until a successor shall have been duly appointed and shall have qualified. Vacancies on the authority shall be filled by appointment of the county commission for the unexpired term of the member whose office shall be vacant.

No member may be an elected official or employee of the county or engaged in solid waste business. Board members may be reappointed to serve additional terms. All members of the board shall be citizens of the state of West Virginia and the county.

The county commission may at any time remove any member of the authority by an order duly entered of record and may appoint a successor.

Annually the authority shall elect one of its members as chairman, another as vice chairman and appoint a secretary-treasurer, who need not be a member of the authority.

Four members of the authority shall constitute a quorum and the affirmative vote of a majority shall be necessary for any action taken by vote of the authority. No vacancy in the membership of the authority shall impair the rights of quorum by such vote to exercise all rights and perform all the duties of the authority. The person appointed as secretary-treasurer, including an authority member if he is so appointed, shall give bond in the sum of fifty thousand dollars.

Each of the seven appointed members of the authority shall receive fifty dollars for each meeting actually attended, but the total compensation paid to any member shall not exceed the aggregate sum of six hundred dollars in any fiscal year. Each of the seven authority members shall also be reimbursed for all reasonable and necessary expenses actually incurred in the performance of his duties as a member of the authority. All such compensation and expenses incurred by authority members shall be payable solely from funds of the authority or from funds appropriated for such purpose by the county commission and no liability or obligation shall be incurred by the authority beyond the extent to which moneys are available from funds of the authority or from such appropriation.

The authority shall meet at least four times annually and upon the call of its chairman or upon the request in writing to the chairman of four board members.


WVC 7-16-4 §7-16-4. Authority to be a public corporation; name; power to contract and sue; seal.
The authority when created, and the members thereof, shall constitute and be a public corporation, the name of which shall contain the words "solid waste authority," and as such shall have perpetual succession, may contract and be contracted with, sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded and have and use a common seal.


WVC 7-16-5 §7-16-5. Powers, duties and responsibilities of authority generally.
The authority may exercise all powers necessary or appropriate to carry out and effectuate its corporate purpose. The authority may:

(1) Adopt, and from time to time, amend and repeal bylaws necessary and proper for the regulation of its affairs and the conduct of its business and rules and regulations to implement and make effective its powers and duties.

(2) Acquire, construct, reconstruct, enlarge, improve, furnish, equip, maintain, repair, operate, lease or rent to, or contract for operation by a governmental agency or person, solid waste disposal projects, and, adopt rules and regulations for the use of such projects.

(3) Make available the use or services of any solid waste disposal project to one or more persons, one or more governmental agencies, or any combination thereof.

(4) Issue solid waste disposal revenue bonds and notes and solid waste disposal revenue refunding bonds payable solely from revenues of projects operated by the authority.

(5) Acquire by gift or purchase, hold and dispose of real and personal property in the exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties.

(6) Make and enter into all contracts and agreements and execute all instruments necessary or incidental to the performance of its duties and the execution of its powers.

(7) Employ managers, superintendents, engineers, accountants, auditors and other employees, and retain or contract with consulting engineers, financial consultants, accounting experts, architects, attorneys and such other consultants and independent contractors as are necessary in its judgment to carry out the provisions of this article, and fix the compensation or fees thereof.

(8) Receive and accept from any federal or state agency grants for or in aid of the construction of any solid waste disposal project or for research and development with respect to solid waste disposal projects and solid waste disposal sheds and receive and accept aid or contributions from any source of money, property, labor or other things of value, to be held, used and applied only for the purposes for which such grants and contributions are made.

(9) Engage in research and development with respect to solid waste disposal projects and solid waste disposal sheds.

(10) Purchase fire and extended coverage and liability insurance for any solid waste disposal project and for the principal office and suboffices of the authority, insurance protecting the authority and its officers and employees against liability, if any, for damage to property or injury to or death of persons arising from its operations and any other insurance the authority may agree to provide under any resolution authorizing the issuance of solid waste disposal revenue bonds or in any trust agreement securing the same.

(11) Charge, alter and collect rentals, fees, service charges and other charges for the use or services of any solid waste disposal project as provided in this article.

(12) Do all acts necessary and proper to carry out the powers expressly granted to the authority by this article and the powers conferred upon the county by sections three-e and three-f, article one of this chapter.


WVC 7-16-6 §7-16-6. Employees to be covered by workers' compensation.
All employees of the authority eligible thereto shall be considered to be within the workers' compensation act of West Virginia and premiums on their compensation shall be paid by the authority as required by law.


WVC 7-16-7 §7-16-7. Liberal construction of article; provisions not in derogation of other powers.
It is the purpose of this article to encourage the proper collection and disposal of solid waste in a prudent and economical manner and this article shall be liberally construed as giving to the authority full and complete power reasonably required to give effect to the purposes hereof. The provisions of this article are in addition to and not in derogation of any other power and duty now conferred by law upon county commissions.


WVC 7-16-8 §7-16-8. Provisions severable.
The several sections and provisions of this article are severable, and if any section or provision hereof shall be held unconstitutional, all the remaining sections and provisions of the article shall nevertheless remain valid.


WVC 7-16-9 §7-16-9. Expiration of authority.
The authority granted by this article expires on the first day of January, one thousand nine hundred eighty-nine.


WVC -17- ARTICLE 17. COUNTY FIRE BOARDS.


WVC 7-17-1 §7-17-1. Findings.
The Legislature finds that fire protection and saving lives and property are important to the health and welfare of the citizens of the state and that it is desirable for county governments to provide fire protection services to county residents.


WVC 7-17-2 §7-17-2. Definitions.
As used in this article unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(1) "User" means any person to whom fire service is made available under the provisions of this article.

(2) "County commission" means the county commission or tribunal in lieu thereof of every county within the state of West Virginia as provided in section nine, article nine of the constitution of the state of West Virginia.

(3) "County fire association" means an association created in section three of this article.

(4) "County fire board" means that board created in section six of this article.

(5) "Fire service" means an organization that provides fire prevention and fire protection to a community, the members of such an organization or the fire fighting profession as a whole.

(6) "Qualified voters" means registered voters who reside in the affected fire service district and are users or prospective users of the fire prevention and fire protection services provided by the fire service under the provisions of this article.


WVC 7-17-3 §7-17-3. County fire association creation; prohibiting entrance by a municipality maintaining a full time paid fire department.
The fire departments within each county are hereby authorized to create and establish a county fire association, hereinafter referred to as "fire association." The county fire association is created to discuss fire protection services to address fire protection problems at the county level.

Upon the creation of a fire association, any full-time paid fire department located in a municipality, as defined in section nine, article fifteen, chapter eight of this code is excluded from the provisions of this article.

However, this provision shall not prohibit the county commission or the fire board with the approval of the county commission from contracting with any municipal fire department for fire protection services rendered to the county.


WVC 7-17-4 §7-17-4. Management and control vested in the county fire association; appointment.
The management and control of the fire association, its property, operations, business and affairs shall be lodged with the representatives from each state fire commission recognized fire department forming the fire association. For the purpose of forming the membership of the fire association, each fire department shall appoint one representative, by a majority vote of the members of the fire department, to serve on the fire association: Provided, That in the event three or less fire departments form the fire association each fire department shall elect two representatives, by a majority vote of the members of each fire department, to serve on the fire association: Provided, however, That in the event only one fire department forms the fire association the members of the fire department shall conduct the fire association's business. The members of the fire association shall serve for a term of three years with the initial appointments beginning on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four. If a member resigns or for any other reason his position terminates during his term of membership, a successor shall be elected by majority vote of the members of the represented department to fill out the remainder of the vacated term. Members in office at the expiration of their respective terms shall continue to serve until their successors have been appointed and have qualified.


WVC 7-17-5 §7-17-5. Sale or lease of property; reversion of assets upon dissolution.
The fire association shall fix and determine the terms and conditions of any property or equipment to be leased or sold by the fire association. Upon dissolution of the fire association, all of its assets and property contributed by the county commission shall revert to and become the property of the county for which the board was created.


WVC 7-17-6 §7-17-6. County fire board creation and management; membership; terms of members; vacancies.
The county fire association upon two-thirds vote of its membership shall submit an application to the county commission requesting that the county commission create the county fire board. Upon receipt of such application the county commission may by majority vote create such a fire board and if so created the county fire board, if authorized, shall be a corporation. The county fire board shall establish the funding priorities for the fire departments forming the fire association and shall present a list of those priorities to the county commission. However, no fire department or representative of a fire department who is a member of the fire board or fire association may apply for county funding from the county commission except as provided for in subsection seven, section ten of this article. The bylaws of the county fire board and standards of operation of the fire association shall be submitted to, and approved by, the state fire commission and county commission.

The county fire board shall consist of seven members. The initial appointment to the county fire board shall begin on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-four. One county commissioner, chosen by the county commission, shall serve on the board. The county commission shall make the initial appointments to the fire board so that one third of the fire association members and the citizen members to be so appointed shall be appointed for a term of one year, one third of the fire association members and the citizen members shall be appointed for a term of two years and one third of the fire association members and the citizen members shall be appointed for a term of three years. As the term of each such initial appointee expires, the successor to fill the vacancy created by such expired term shall be appointed by the county commission for a term of three years. The county fire association shall submit to the county commission the names of five members of the fire association, three of whom shall be appointed by the county commission to serve a term of three years. Such members are limited to two consecutive terms. Three citizen members shall be appointed by the county commission to serve on the board. The citizen members may not be associated with fire service or the county commission. The citizen members must be residents of the county of which the county fire board is formed and not more than one citizen member may be appointed from the same magisterial district in the county. The citizen members shall serve for a term of three years but are limited to two consecutive terms. If a member resigns or for any other reason his membership terminates during his term of office, a successor shall be appointed from the same representative area to fill out the remainder of his term. Members in office at the expiration of their respective terms shall continue to serve until their successors have been appointed and have qualified.

Annually the board shall elect one of its appointed members as chairman and another as vice chairman, and shall appoint a secretary-treasurer. Four members of the board shall constitute a quorum and the affirmative vote of four members shall be necessary for any action taken by vote of the board. No vacancy in the membership of the authority shall impair the rights of a quorum by such vote to exercise all the rights and perform all duties of the board.


WVC 7-17-7 §7-17-7. Resident requirement of county fire board members; municipality location.
All members of the county fire board shall be residents of the county in which the county fire board is intended to operate. If a county boundary line divides a municipality's city limits, the area of the municipality in which the majority of the municipality's population resides determines the county in which the municipality is located for this purpose.


WVC 7-17-8 §7-17-8. Compensation; expenses.
No member of the board may receive any compensation in connection with his services as a member. Each member, however, is entitled to reimbursement by the county fire board for any necessary expenses actually incurred in connection with the performance of his duties. However, not more than one percent of the annual appropriations to the board may be used for administrative expenses by the board.


WVC 7-17-9 §7-17-9. Board to be a public corporation.
The county fire board shall constitute and if authorized be created a public corporation under the name provided for in its articles of incorporation and, as such, shall have perpetual succession, may contract with and be contracted with, sue and be sued, and have and use a corporate seal.


WVC 7-17-10 §7-17-10. Powers generally.
The county fire board may:

(1) Make and adopt all necessary bylaws, rules and regulations for its organization and operations not inconsistent with law;

(2) Elect its own officers, appoint committees and employ and fix compensation for personnel necessary for its operation;

(3) Enter into contracts with any person, agency, governmental department, firm or corporation, including both public and private corporations, and renew, amend or supplement such contracts;

(4) Generally do any and all things necessary or convenient for the purpose of improving fire service protection within the area to be served;

(5) Borrow money, apply for, receive and use grants-in-aid, donations and contributions from any source or sources and accept and use bequests, devises, gifts and donations from any person, firm or corporation;

(6) Raise funds by the issuance and sale of revenue bonds in the manner provided by law;

(7) Formulate and present a petition for funds to the county commission: Provided, That not more than one percent of such funds be used for purposes other than the prioritized needs of the member departments;

(8) Purchase or otherwise acquire, own, hold, sell and dispose of real and personal property; and

(9) Expend its funds in the execution of the powers and authority herein given, which expenditures, by the means authorized herein, are hereby determined and declared as a matter of legislative finding to be for a public purpose and use, in the public interest and for the general welfare of the people of West Virginia.


WVC 7-17-11 §7-17-11. Limitations.
County fire associations and county fire boards shall be subject to the authority of the governing body in which said association and boards are primarily located.


WVC 7-17-12 §7-17-12. County fire service fees; petition; election; dedication; and increase.
Every county commission which provides fire protection services has plenary power and authority to provide by ordinance for the continuance or improvement of such service, to make regulations with respect thereto and to impose by ordinance, upon the users of such services, reasonable fire service rates, fees and charges to be collected in the manner specified in the ordinance. However, before a county commission can impose by ordinance, upon the users of such service, a reasonable fire service fee, ten percent of the qualified voters shall present a petition duly signed by them in their own handwriting, and filed with the clerk of the county commission directing that the county commission impose such a fee. The county commission shall not have a lien on any property as security for payments due under the ordinance. Any ordinance enacted under the provisions of this section shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code, and the publication area for such publication shall be the county in which the county fire board is located. In the event thirty percent of the qualified voters of the county by petition duly signed by them in their own handwriting and filed with the clerk of the county commission within forty-five days after the expiration of such publication protest against such ordinance as enacted or amended, the ordinance may not become effective until it is ratified by a majority of the legal votes cast thereon by the qualified voters of such county at any primary, general or special election as the county commission directs. Voting thereon may not take place until after notice of the submission has been given by publication as above provided for the publication of the ordinance after it is adopted. The powers and authority hereby granted to county commissions are in addition to and supplemental to the powers and authority otherwise granted to them by other provisions of this code.

Any fees imposed under this article are dedicated to the county fire board for the purposes provided in this article.

In the event the county fire board determines an increase in any such fee imposed by this section is necessary, it shall by resolution request the county commission for such an increase. Procedures set forth in this section for the initial levy of such a fee shall be followed by the county commission in the event an increase is sought.


WVC 7-17-13 §7-17-13. Incurring indebtedness; rights of creditors.
The county fire board may incur any proper indebtedness and issue any obligations and give any security therefor which it considers necessary or advisable in connection with carrying out its purposes as hereinbefore mentioned. No statutory limitation with respect to the nature, or amount, interest rate or duration of indebtedness which may be incurred by municipalities or other public bodies applies to indebtedness of the county fire board.

No indebtedness or obligation incurred by the board shall give any right against any member of the governing body of any participating government or any member of the board. Any obligation or indebtedness of any nature of the board shall never constitute an obligation or indebtedness of any participating government or the governing body of any participating government, within the meaning of any constitutional provision or statutory limitation and shall never constitute or give rise to a pecuniary liability of any participating government or the governing body of any participating government or be a charge against the general credit or taxing power of any participating government or the governing body of any participating government. The rights of creditors of the board shall be solely against the board as a corporate body and shall be satisfied only out of revenues, moneys or property received or held by it in its corporate capacity.


WVC 7-17-14 §7-17-14. Agreements in connection with obtaining funds.
The county fire board may, in connection with obtaining funds for its purposes, enter into any agreement with any person, firm or corporation, including the federal government; or any agency or subdivision thereof, containing provisions, covenants, terms and conditions as the county fire board considers advisable.


WVC 7-17-15 §7-17-15. Property, bonds and obligations of authority exempt from taxation.
The county fire board is exempt from the payment of any taxes or fees to the state or any subdivision thereof or to any officer or employee of the state or other subdivision thereof. The property of the county fire board is exempt from all local and municipal taxes. Bonds, notes, debentures and other evidence of indebtedness of the county fire board are declared to be issued for a public purpose and to be public instrumentalities and are exempt from taxes.


WVC 7-17-16 §7-17-16. Appropriations authorized.
The county commission and any municipality therein, or any one or more of them, jointly and severally, may contribute by appropriation from any funds available, to the cost of the operation and projects of the county fire board.


WVC 7-17-17 §7-17-17. Contributions by county commissions, municipalities and others; funds and accounts; reports; audit and examination of books, records and accounts and penalties.
Contributions may be made to the county fire board from time to time by the county commission of the county or any municipal corporation therein, and by any persons, firms or corporations which desire to do so. All such funds and all other funds received by the county fire board shall be deposited in such bank or banks as the county fire board may direct and shall be withdrawn therefrom in such manner as the county fire board may direct. The county fire board shall keep strict account of all its receipts and expenditures and shall each quarter make a quarterly report to the county commission and municipalities containing an itemized statement of its receipts and disbursements during the preceding quarter. Within sixty days after the end of each fiscal year, the county fire board shall make an annual report containing an itemized statement of its receipts and disbursements for the preceding fiscal year. The annual report shall be published as a Class I legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code and the publication area for such publication shall be the county in which the county fire board is located. The books, records and accounts of the board are subject to audit and examination by the office of the state tax commissioner of West Virginia and by any other proper public official or body in the manner provided by law. For failure to comply with the provisions of this section the county fire board shall be fined not less than ten nor more than twenty-five dollars.


WVC 7-17-18 §7-17-18. Sale or lease of property; reversion of assets upon dissolution.
The county fire board shall fix and determine the terms and conditions of any property or equipment to be leased or sold by the county fire board. Upon the dissolution of the county fire board, all of its assets and property shall revert to and become the property of the county for which the board was created.


WVC 7-17-19 §7-17-19. Employees to be covered by workers' compensation.
All employees of the county fire board eligible thereto are considered to be within the Workers' Compensation Act of West Virginia, and premiums on their compensation shall be paid by the county fire board as required by law.


WVC 7-17-20 §7-17-20. Liberal construction of article.
It is the purpose of this article to provide for the improvement, development and advancement of fire protection services within the counties and this article shall be liberally construed as giving to the county fire board full and complete power reasonably required to give effect to the purposes hereof.


WVC -18- ARTICLE 18. HOTEL OCCUPANCY TAX.


WVC 7-18-1 §7-18-1. Hotel occupancy tax.
(a) Authority to impose. -- On and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred eighty-five, any county or municipality may impose and collect a privilege tax upon the occupancy of hotel rooms located within its taxing jurisdiction. Such tax shall be imposed and collected as provided in this article.

(b) Municipal tax. -- A municipal hotel tax shall be imposed by ordinance enacted by the governing body of the municipality, in accordance with the provisions of article eleven, chapter eight of this code. Such tax shall be imposed uniformly throughout the municipality; and the tax shall apply to all hotels located within the corporate limits of the municipality, including hotels owned by the state or by any political subdivision of this state.

(c) County tax. -- A county hotel tax shall be imposed by order of the county commission duly entered of record. Such tax shall be imposed uniformly throughout the county: Provided, That no county commission may impose its tax on hotels located within the corporate limits of any municipality situated, in whole or in part, within the county: Provided, however, That the tax collected by a hotel owned by a municipality but located outside the corporate limits of such municipality pursuant to this article shall be remitted to the municipality owning such hotel for expenditure pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen of this article. The tax shall apply to all hotels located outside the corporate limits of a municipality, including hotels owned by the state or any political subdivision of this state.

(d) The tax shall be imposed on the consumer and shall be collected by the hotel operator as part of the consideration paid for the occupancy of a hotel room: Provided, That the tax shall not be imposed on any consumer occupying a hotel room for thirty or more consecutive days.


WVC 7 - 18 - 2 §7-18-2. Rate of tax.
(a) The rate of tax imposed shall be three percent of the consideration paid for the use or occupancy of a hotel room.

(b) On and after the first day of July, two thousand five, a municipality may by ordinance increase the rate of tax imposed in this section to not more than six percent of the consideration paid for the use or occupancy of a hotel room: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of this article to the contrary, a municipality may not impose any tax authorized by this article on a hotel located within its corporate limits upon which a county was imposing a tax authorized by this article on or after the first day of January, two thousand five, and continuously thereafter to and including the effective date of annexation of the territory in which the hotel is located pursuant to article six, chapter eight of this code and, as to that hotel, the county is authorized to continue to impose and collect the tax authorized by this article at the rate of three percent of the consideration paid for the use or occupancy of a hotel room: Provided, however, That after the thirtieth day of June, two thousand seven, the county is authorized to continue to impose and collect the tax authorized by this article at the rate of not more than six percent of the consideration paid for the use or occupancy of a hotel room: Provided further, That prior to any increase in the rate of tax, the county shall comply with the requirements of subsection (c) of this section: And provided further, That in the event the county commission duly enters an order of record that ceases to impose the tax authorized by this article on that hotel, then, as to that hotel, the municipality in which the hotel is located by reason of the annexation may impose the tax authorized by this article. Prior to the second reading of an ordinance proposed by a municipality to increase the rate of tax, the municipality shall conduct a properly noticed public hearing on the issue.

(c) On and after the first day of July, two thousand seven, a county may by ordinance increase the rate of tax imposed in this section to not more than six percent of the consideration paid for the use or occupancy of a hotel room. At least ten days prior to the final vote of a county commission on an ordinance proposed by a county commission to increase the rate of tax, the county commission shall conduct a properly noticed public hearing on the issue.

(d) The consideration paid for the use or occupancy of a hotel room shall not include the amount of tax imposed on the transaction under article fifteen, chapter eleven of this code or charges for meals, valet service, room service, telephone service or other charges or consideration not paid for use or occupancy of a hotel room.


WVC 7-18-3 §7-18-3. Definitions.
For the purposes of this article:

(a) "Consideration paid" or "consideration" means the amount received in money, credits, property or other consideration for or in exchange for the right to occupy a hotel room as herein defined.

(b) "Consumer" means a person who pays the consideration for the use or occupancy of a hotel room. The term "consumer" shall not be construed to mean the government of the United States of America, its agencies or instrumentalities, or the government of the state of West Virginia or political subdivisions thereof.

(c) "Hotel" means any facility, building or buildings, publicly or privately owned (including a facility located in a state, county or municipal park), in which the public may, for a consideration, obtain sleeping accommodations. The term shall include, but not be limited to, boarding houses, hotels, motels, inns, courts, condominiums, lodges, cabins and tourist homes. The term "hotel" shall include state, county and city parks offering accommodations as herein set forth. The term "hotel" shall not be construed to mean any hospital, sanitarium, extended care facility, nursing home or university or college housing unit, or any facility providing fewer than three in private homes, not exceeding a total of ten days in a calendar year, nor any tent, trailer or camper campsites: Provided, That where a university or college housing unit provides sleeping accommodations for the general nonstudent public for a consideration, the term "hotel" shall, if otherwise applicable, apply to such accommodations for the purposes of this tax.

(d) "Hotel operator" means the person who is proprietor of a hotel, whether in the capacity of owner, lessee, mortgagee in possession, licensee, trustee in possession, trustee in bankruptcy, receiver, executor or in any other capacity. Where the hotel operator performs his functions through a managing agent of any type or character other than an employee, the managing agent shall also be deemed a hotel operator for the purposes of this article and shall have the same duties and liabilities as his principal. Compliance with the provisions of this article by either the principal or the managing agent shall, however, be considered to be compliance by both.

(e) "Hotel room" means any room or suite of rooms or other facility affording sleeping accommodations to the general public and situated within a hotel. The term "hotel room" shall not be construed to mean a banquet room, meeting room or any other room not primarily used for, or in conjunction with, sleeping accommodations.

(f) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, syndicate, social club, fraternal organization, joint stock company, receiver, corporation, guardian, trust, business trust, trustee, committee, estate, executor, administrator or any other group or combination acting as a unit.

(g) "State park" means any state-owned facility which is part of this state's park and recreation system established pursuant to this code. For purposes of this article, any recreational facility otherwise qualifying as a "hotel" and situated within a state park shall be deemed to be solely within the county in which the building or buildings comprising said facility are physically situated, notwithstanding the fact that the state park within which said facility is located may lie within the jurisdiction of more than one county.

(h) "Tax," "taxes" or "this tax" means the hotel occupancy tax authorized by this article.

(i) "Taxing authority" means a municipality or county levying or imposing the tax authorized by this article.

(j) "Taxpayer" means any person liable for the tax authorized by this article.


WVC 7-18-4 §7-18-4. Consumer to pay tax; hotel or hotel operator not to represent that it will absorb tax; accounting by hotel.
(a) The consumer shall pay to the hotel operator the amount of tax imposed by any municipality or county hereunder, which tax shall be added to and shall constitute a part of the consideration paid for the use and occupancy of the hotel room, and which tax shall be collectible as such by the hotel operator who shall account for, and remit to the taxing authority, all taxes paid by consumers. The hotel operator shall separately state the tax authorized by this article on all bills, invoices, accounts, books of account and records relating to consideration paid for occupancy or use of a hotel room. The hotel operator may commingle taxes collected hereunder with the proceeds of the rental of hotel accommodations unless the taxing authority shall, by ordinance, order, regulation or otherwise require in writing the hotel operator to segregate such taxes collected from such proceeds. The taxing authority's claim shall be enforceable against, and shall be superior to, all other claims against the moneys so commingled excepting only claims of the state for moneys held by the hotel pursuant to the provisions of article fifteen, chapter eleven of this code. All taxes collected pursuant to the provisions of this article shall be deemed to be held in trust by the hotel until the same shall have been remitted to the taxing authority as hereinafter provided.

(b) A hotel or hotel operator shall not represent to the public in any manner, directly or indirectly, that it will absorb all or any part of the tax or that the tax is not to be considered an element in the price to be collected from the consumer.


WVC 7-18-5 §7-18-5. Occupancy billed to government agencies or employees.
(a) Hotel room occupancy billed directly to the federal government shall be exempt from this tax: Provided, That rooms paid for by a federal government employee for which reimbursement is made shall be subject to this tax.

(b) Hotel room occupancy billed directly to this state or its political subdivisions shall be exempt from this tax: Provided, That rooms paid for by an employee of this state for which reimbursement is made shall be subject to this tax.


WVC 7-18-6 §7-18-6. Collection of tax when sale on credit.
A hotel operator doing business wholly or partially on a credit basis shall require the consumer to pay the full amount of tax due upon a credit sale at the time such sale is made or within thirty days thereafter.


WVC 7-18-7 §7-18-7. Receivership bankruptcy; priority of tax.
In the distribution, voluntary or compulsory, in receivership, bankruptcy or otherwise, of the property or estate of any person, all taxes due and unpaid authorized under this article shall be paid from the first money available for distribution in priority to all claims and liens except taxes and debts due to the United States which under federal law are given priority over the debts and liens created by municipal ordinance or order of the county commission for this tax and taxes and debts due to the state of West Virginia. Any person charged with the administration or distribution of any such property or estate who shall violate the provisions of this section shall be personally liable for any taxes accrued and unpaid which are chargeable against the person whose property or estate is in administration or distribution.


WVC 7-18-8 §7-18-8. Failure to collect or remit tax; liability of hotel operator.
If any hotel operator fails to collect the tax authorized by this article and levied pursuant to municipal ordinance or order of the county commission or shall fail to properly remit such tax to the taxing authority, he shall be personally liable for such amount as he failed to collect or remit: Provided, That such hotel operator shall not be held liable for failure to collect such tax if the hotel operator can by good and substantial evidence prove the refusal of the purchaser to pay this tax despite the diligent effort in good faith of the hotel operator to collect the tax.


WVC 7 - 18 - 9 §7-18-9. Total amount collected to be remitted.
A profit may not accrue to any person as a result of the collection of the tax authorized under this article. Notwithstanding that the total amount of taxes collected by a hotel operator may be in excess of the amount for which a consumer would be liable by the application of the levy imposed under this article for the occupancy of a hotel room or rooms, the total amount of all taxes collected by any hotel operator shall be remitted to the taxing authority as hereinafter provided.


WVC 7-18-10 §7-18-10. Tax return and payment.
Unless otherwise provided by ordinance, order, rule or regulation of the taxing authority, the tax authorized by this article, if imposed or levied by any municipality or county, shall be due and payable in monthly installments on or before the fifteenth day of the calendar month next succeeding the month in which the tax accrued: Provided, That for credit sales in which the tax authorized by this article is not collected by the hotel operator at the time of such sales, such tax shall not, for purposes of this article, be regarded as having accrued until the date on which it is either received by the hotel operator or upon the expiration of the thirty day payment period set forth in section six of this article, whichever shall first occur. The hotel operator shall, on or before the fifteenth day of each month, prepare and deliver to the taxing authority a return for the preceding month, in the form prescribed by the taxing authority. Such form shall include all information necessary for the computation, collection and subsequent distribution of the tax as the taxing authority may require. A remittance for the amount of the tax due shall accompany each return. Each return shall be signed by the hotel operator or his duly authorized agent.


WVC 7-18-11 §7-18-11. Keeping and preserving of records.
Each hotel operator shall keep complete and accurate records of taxable sales and of charges, together with a record of the tax collected thereon, and shall keep all invoices and other pertinent documents in such form as the taxing authority may require. Such records and other documents shall be preserved for a period of not less than three years, unless the taxing authority shall consent in writing to their destruction within that period or shall require that they be kept for a longer period.


WVC 7-18-12 §7-18-12. Liability of officers.
If the taxpayer is an association or corporation, the officers thereof actually participating in the management or operation of the association or corporation shall be personally liable, jointly and severally, for any default on the part of the association or corporation; and payment of tax, fines, additions to tax or penalties which may be imposed by state law, municipal ordinance, order of the county commission or other authority may be enforced against such officers as against the association or corporation which they represent.


WVC 7-18-13 §7-18-13. General procedure and administration.
(a) The taxing authority shall promulgate, by ordinance, order, rule or regulation, administrative procedures for the assessment, collection and refund of the tax authorized by this article. In the case of a county, the sheriff of that county shall be the county's agent for administration and collection of the tax and shall have the power to distrain property and to initiate civil suits for collection of this tax. The county commission may promulgate such regulations and return forms as may be necessary or desirable for the administration and collection of the tax.

(b) The county assessor shall have the power and the duty to issue tax returns and to receive tax returns for this tax.

(c) In any dispute arising among or between cities or counties or cites and counties as to jurisdiction to tax or apportionment of taxes collected, the tax commissioner may by ruling or regulation decide such disputes.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, taxing authorities may, in accordance with the provisions of article twenty-three, chapter eight of this code, enter into agreements among and between such taxing authorities for the collection or administration of this tax.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, taxing authorities may in accordance with the provisions of article twenty-three, chapter eight of this code, enter into agreements with the tax commissioner for auditing services: Provided, That the taxing authorities shall pay to the tax commissioner the reasonable cost of such audits.


WVC 7-18-13a §7-18-13a. Annual reports by convention and visitor's bureaus.
Each year, on or before the fifteenth day of August, every convention and visitor's bureau which receives any appropriation of hotel occupancy tax from one or more counties or municipalities shall file with each such county or municipality a statement, including an income statement and balance sheet, showing all amounts of hotel occupancy tax appropriated to the convention and visitor's bureau and all expenditures of hotel occupancy tax made by the convention and visitor's bureau for the prior fiscal year.


WVC 7 - 18 - 14 §7-18-14. Proceeds of tax; application of proceeds.

     (a) Application of proceeds. -- The net proceeds of the tax collected and remitted to the taxing authority pursuant to this article shall be deposited into the General Revenue Fund of such municipality or county commission and, after appropriation thereof, shall be expended only as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section.

     (b) Required expenditures. -- At least fifty percent of the net revenue receivable during the fiscal year by a county or a municipality pursuant to this article shall be expended in the following manner for the promotion of conventions and tourism:

     (1) Municipalities. -- If a convention and visitor's bureau is located within the municipality, county or region, the governing body of such municipality shall appropriate the percentage required by this subsection to that bureau. If a convention and visitor's bureau is not located within such municipality, county or region, then the percentage appropriation required by this subsection shall be appropriated as follows:

     (A) Any hotel located within such municipality, county or region may apply to such municipality for an appropriation to such hotel of a portion of the tax authorized by this article and collected by such hotel and remitted to such municipality, for uses directly related to the promotion of tourism and travel, including advertising, salaries, travel, office expenses, publications and similar expenses. The portion of such tax allocable to such hotel shall not exceed seventy-five percent of that portion of such tax collected and remitted by such hotel which is required to be expended pursuant to this subsection: Provided, That prior to appropriating any moneys to such hotel, such municipality shall require the submission of, and give approval to, a budget setting forth the proposed uses of such moneys.

     (B) If there is more than one convention and visitor's bureau located within a municipality, county or region, the city council may allocate the tax authorized by this article to one or more of such bureaus in such portion as the city council in its sole discretion determines.

     (C) The balance of net revenue required to be expended by this subsection shall be appropriated to the regional travel council serving the area in which the municipality is located.

     (2) Counties. -- If a convention and visitor's bureau is located within a county or region, the county commission shall appropriate the percentage required by this subsection to that convention and visitor's bureau. If a convention and visitor's bureau is not located within such county or region, then the percentage appropriation required by this subsection shall be appropriated as follows:

     (A) Any hotel located within such county or region may apply to such county for an appropriation to such hotel of a portion of the tax authorized by this article and collected by such hotel and remitted to such county, for uses directly related to the promotion of tourism and travel, including advertising, salaries, travel, office expenses, publications and similar expenses. The portion of such tax allocable to such hotel shall not exceed seventy-five percent of that portion of such tax collected and remitted by such hotel which is required to be expended pursuant to this subsection: Provided, That prior to appropriating any moneys to such hotel such county shall require the submission of, and give approval to, a budget setting forth the proposed uses of such moneys.

     (B) If there is more than one convention and visitor's bureau located within a county or region, the county commission may allocate the tax authorized by this article to one or more of such bureaus in such portion as the county commission in its sole discretion determines.

     (C) The balance of net revenue required to be expended by this subsection shall be appropriated to the regional travel council serving the area in which the county is located.

     (3) Legislative finding. -- The Legislature hereby finds and declares that in order to attract new business and industry to this state and to retain existing business and industry all to provide the citizens of the state with economic security, and to advance the business prosperity and economic welfare of this state, it is necessary to enhance recreational and tourism opportunities. Therefore, in order to promote recreation and tourism, the Legislature finds that public financial support should be provided for constructing, equipping, improving and maintaining projects, agencies and facilities which promote recreation and tourism. The Legislature also finds that the support of convention and visitor's bureaus, hotels and regional travel councils is a public purpose for which funds may be expended. Local convention and visitor's bureaus, hotels and regional travel councils receiving funds under this subsection may expend such funds for the payment of administrative expenses, and for the direct or indirect promotion of conventions and tourism, and for any other uses and purposes authorized by subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection.

     (c) Permissible expenditures. -- After making the appropriation required by subsection (b) of this section, the remaining portion of the net revenues receivable during the fiscal year by such county or municipality, pursuant to this article, may be expended for one or more of the purposes set forth in this subsection, but for no other purpose. The purposes for which expenditures may be made pursuant to this subsection are as follows:

     (1) The planning, construction, reconstruction, establishment, acquisition, improvement, renovation, extension, enlargement, equipment, maintenance, repair and operation of publicly owned convention facilities, including, but not limited to, arenas, auditoriums, civic centers and convention centers;

     (2) The payment of principal or interest or both on revenue bonds issued to finance such convention facilities;

     (3) The promotion of conventions;

     (4) The construction, operation or maintenance of public parks, tourist information centers and recreation facilities, including land acquisition;

     (5) The promotion of the arts;

     (6) Historic sites;

     (7) Beautification projects;

     (8) Passenger air service incentives and subsidies directly related to increasing passenger air service availability to tourism destinations in this state;

     (9) Medical care and emergency services, in an amount not exceeding $200,000, in any county where:

     (A) There is an urgent necessity to preserve the delivery of acute medical care and emergency services;

     (B) There is an increase in need for acute medical care and emergency services directly related to tourism;

     (C) Recurrent flooding in the county significantly disrupts, on a periodic basis, the delivery of acute medical care and emergency services;

     (D) There is an inadequate economic base within the county from any source other than tourism to preserve the delivery of acute medical care and emergency services;

     (E) There is an inadequate economic base directly related to low population in the county, specifically, a population of less than ten thousand persons according to the most recent decennial census taken under the authority of the United States;

     (F) There is no more than one hospital within the county; and

     (G) The county commission makes specific findings, by resolution, that all of the foregoing conditions within the county exist; or

     (10) Support and operation of the Hatfield-McCoy Recreation Area by the participating county commissions in the Hatfield-McCoy Regional Recreational Authority.

     (d) Definitions. -- For purposes of this section, the following terms are defined:

     (1) Convention and visitor's bureau and visitor's and convention bureau. -- "Convention and visitor's bureau" and "visitor's and convention bureau" are interchangeable and either shall mean a nonstock, nonprofit corporation with a full-time staff working exclusively to promote tourism and to attract conventions, conferences and visitors to the municipality, county or region in which such convention and visitor's bureau or visitor's and convention bureau is located or engaged in business within.

     (2) Convention center. -- "Convention center" means a convention facility owned by the state, a county, a municipality or other public entity or instrumentality and shall include all facilities, including armories, commercial, office, community service and parking facilities and publicly owned facilities constructed or used for the accommodation and entertainment of tourists and visitors, constructed in conjunction with the convention center and forming reasonable appurtenances thereto.

     (3) Fiscal year. -- "Fiscal year" means the year beginning July 1 and ending June 30 of the next calendar year.

     (4) Net proceeds. -- "Net proceeds" means the gross amount of tax collections less the amount of tax lawfully refunded.

     (5) Promotion of the arts. -- "Promotion of the arts" means activity to promote public appreciation and interest in one or more of the arts. It includes the promotion of music for all types, the dramatic arts, dancing, painting and the creative arts through shows, exhibits, festivals, concerts, musicals and plays.

     (6) Recreational facilities. -- "Recreational facilities" means and includes any public park, parkway, playground, public recreation center, athletic field, sports arena, stadium, skating rink or arena, golf course, tennis courts and other park and recreation facilities, whether of a like or different nature, that are owned by a county or municipality.

     (7) Region. -- "Region" means an area consisting of one or more counties that have agreed by contract to fund a convention and visitor's bureau to promote those counties.

     (8) Regional travel council. -- "Regional travel council" means a nonstock, nonprofit corporation, with a full-time staff working exclusively to promote tourism and to attract conventions, conferences and visitors to the region of this state served by the regional travel council.

     (9) Historic site. -- "Historic site" means any site listed on the United States National Register of Historic Places, or listed by a local historical landmarks commission, established under state law, when such sites are owned by a city, a county or a nonprofit historical association and are open, from time to time, to accommodate visitors.

     (e) Any member of a governing body who willingly and knowingly votes to or causes to be expended moneys generated by the provisions of this section for purposes other than specifically set forth in this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100.
WVC 7-18-15 §7-18-15. Criminal penalties.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully refuse to collect or to pay the tax or to willfully refuse to make the return required to be made by this article; or to willfully make any false or fraudulent return or false statement in any return with the intent to defraud any taxing authority, or to willfully evade the payment of the tax, or any part thereof; or for any person to willfully aid or abet another in any attempt to evade the payment of the tax, or any part thereof; or for any officer, partner or principal of any corporation or association to willfully make or willfully permit to be made for such corporation or association any false return, or any false statement in any return authorized by this article, with the intent to evade the payment of this tax.

(b) Any person willfully violating any of the provisions of this article shall for the first offense be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned for a period of not more than thirty days, or both fined and imprisoned. For each offense after the first offense, such person shall be guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars, or imprisoned in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than three years, or in the discretion of the court be confined in the county jail not more than one year, or both fined and imprisoned.

(c) Every prosecution for any offense arising under this article shall be commenced within three years after the offense was committed, notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary.

(d) Proceedings against any person under this section shall be initiated in the county of this state wherein such person resides if any element of the offense occurs in such county of residence, or if no element of the offense occurs in such county of residence, then in the county where the offense was committed.

(e) For purposes of this section, the term:

(1) "Willfully" means the intentional violation of a known legal duty to perform any act, required to be performed by any provision of this article, in respect of which the violation occurs: Provided, That the mere failure to perform any act shall not be a willful violation under this article. A willful violation of this article requires that the defendant have had knowledge of or notice of a duty to perform such act, and that the defendant, with knowledge of or notice of such duty, intentionally failed to perform such act.

(2) "Evade" means to willfully and fraudulently commit any act with the intent of depriving the state of payment of any tax which there is a known legal duty to pay.

(3) "Fraud" means any false representation or concealment as to any material fact made by any person with the knowledge that it is not true and correct, with the intention that such representation or concealment be relied upon by the state.


WVC -19- ARTICLE 19. COUNTY LINKED DEPOSIT PROGRAM.


WVC 7-19-1 §7-19-1. Definitions.
(a) "Agent" means the county commission or, where created, the county economic development program or the county economic development agency.

(b) "Eligible lending institution" means a financial institution that is eligible to make commercial loans, is a public depository of county funds and agrees to participate in the linked deposit program.

(c) "Eligible small business" means any business which employs fifty or fewer employees or has gross annual receipts of two million dollars or less.

(d) "Linked deposit" means a certificate of deposit placed by the agent with an eligible lending institution at up to and including five percent below current market rates, as determined and calculated by the agent, provided the institution agrees to lend the value of such deposit, according to the deposit agreement provided for by this article, to eligible small businesses at up to and including five percent below the present borrowing rate applicable to each specific business at the time of the deposit of county funds in the institution.


WVC 7-19-2 §7-19-2. Legislative findings.
The Legislature finds that many small businesses throughout the state are experiencing economic stagnation or decline, that high interest rates have caused small businesses in this state to suffer disproportionately in profitability and competition and that such high interest rates have fostered a serious increase in unemployment. The linked deposit program provided for by this article is intended to provide a countywide availability of lower cost funds for lending purposes that will materially contribute to the economic revitalization of this state. Accordingly, it is declared to be the public policy of the state to create through the linked deposit program an availability of lower-cost funds to inject needed capital into the business community, sustain or improve business profitability and protect the jobs of citizens of this state. This program is created to supplement the state linked deposit program.


WVC 7-19-3 §7-19-3. Authority to invest; limitations on investment in linked deposits; loan cap.
County commissions are hereby authorized and empowered, in addition to all other powers and duties now conferred by law upon county commissions, to invest in linked deposits: Provided, That at the time of placement of the linked deposit not more than ten percent of the county's total investment portfolio is so invested. The amount of a reduced rate loan may not exceed ten thousand dollars per job created or preserved as determined by the agent, subject to the availability of funds. This program is created to supplement the state linked deposit program and the agent is authorized to coordinate county linked deposits with the state program.


WVC 7-19-4 §7-19-4. Applications for loan; priorities; loan package.
(a) An eligible lending institution that desires to receive a linked deposit shall accept and review applications for loans from eligible small businesses. The lending institution shall apply all usual lending standards to determine the credit worthiness of each eligible small business making an application.

(b) An eligible small business shall certify on its loan application that the reduced rate loan will be used exclusively to create new jobs or preserve existing jobs and employment opportunities. A reduced rate loan shall not be used to refinance existing debt, unless such action is done to prevent bankruptcy. Whoever knowingly makes a false statement concerning such application shall be prohibited from participating in the linked deposit loan program and shall be subject to the penalties provided for in section eight of this article.

(c) In considering which eligible small businesses should receive reduced rate loans, the eligible lending institution shall give priority to businesses in areas which are economically depressed and to the number of jobs to be created or preserved by the receipt of such loan.

(d) The eligible lending institution shall forward to the agent a linked deposit loan package, in the form and manner prescribed by the agent. The package shall include such information as required by the agent, including the amount of the loan requested and the number of jobs to be created or sustained by each eligible small business. The institution shall certify that each applicant is an eligible small business, and shall certify the present borrowing rate applicable to each specific eligible business.


WVC 7-19-5 §7-19-5. Acceptance or rejection of loan package; deposit agreement.
(a) The agent may accept or reject a linked deposit loan package or any portion thereof, based on the ratio of county funds to be deposited to jobs to be sustained or created.

(b) Upon acceptance of the linked deposit loan package or any portion thereof, the agent may place certificates of deposit with the eligible lending institution at up to and including five percent below current market rates as determined by the agent. When necessary, the agent may place certificates of deposit prior to acceptance of a linked deposit loan package.

(c) The eligible lending institution shall enter into a deposit agreement with the agent, which agreement shall include requirements necessary to carry out the purposes of this article. Such requirements shall reflect the market conditions prevailing in the eligible lending institution's lending area. The agreement may include a specification of the period of time in which the lending institution is to lend funds upon the placement of a linked deposit and shall include provisions for the certificates of deposit to be placed for up to two-year maturities that may be renewed for up to an additional two years. Interest shall be paid at the times determined by the agent.


WVC 7-19-6 §7-19-6. Rate of loan; certification and monitoring of compliance; reports.
(a) Upon the placement of a linked deposit with an eligible lending institution, such institution is required to lend such funds to each approved eligible small business listed in the linked deposit loan package required in subsection (d), section four of this article, and in accordance with the deposit agreement required by subsection (c), section five of this article. The loan shall be at up to and including five percent below the present borrowing rate applicable to each business. A certification of compliance with this section shall be required of the eligible lending institution in the form and manner prescribed by the agent.

(b) The agent shall take any and all steps necessary to implement the linked deposit program and monitor compliance of eligible lending institutions and eligible small businesses. The agent, the state treasurer and the industrial development authority shall notify each other at least quarterly of the names of the businesses receiving financial assistance from their respective programs.

By the first day of January, April, July and October of each year, the agent shall report on the linked deposit program from the preceding calendar quarter to the county commission. The report shall set forth the linked deposits made by the county under the program during the quarter and shall include information regarding the nature, terms and amounts of the loans upon which the linked deposits were based and each small business to which a loan was made.


WVC 7-19-7 §7-19-7. Liability of the county commission or its agent.
Neither the county commission or its agent is liable in any manner to any eligible lending institution for payment of the principal or interest on the loan to an eligible small business. A delay in payment or default on the part of an eligible small business does not in any manner affect the deposit agreement between the eligible lending institution and the county.


WVC 7-19-8 §7-19-8. Penalties for violation of article.
Any violation of this article shall be deemed a misdemeanor and any person convicted thereof shall be fined not less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars and imprisoned in the county jail not less than one month nor more than one year.


WVC -20- ARTICLE 20. FEES AND EXPENDITURES FOR COUNTY DEVELOPMENT.


WVC 7-20-1 §7-20-1. Short title.
This article shall be known as the "Local Powers Act."


WVC 7-20-2 §7-20-2. Purpose and findings.
(a) It is the purpose of this article to provide for the fair distribution of costs for county development by authorizing the assessment and collection of fees to offset the cost of commercial and residential development within affected counties.

(b) The Legislature hereby makes the following findings:

(1) The residents, taxpayers and users of county facilities and services, in affected counties, have contributed significant funds in the form of taxes and user charges toward the cost of existing county facilities and services, which represent a substantial and incalculable investment;

(2) Affected counties in West Virginia are experiencing an increased demand for development which is causing strain on tax revenues and user charges at existing levels and impairing the ability of taxpayers, residents and users to bear the cost of increased demand for county facilities and services. In some instances, county borrowing has been required to meet the demand;

(3) Equitable considerations require that future residents and users of existing county facilities and services contribute toward the investment already made in those facilities and services;

(4) Sound fiscal policy in the efficient administration of county government requires that the imposition of taxes and user charges be commensurate to the actual yearly cost of county facilities and services;

(5) Accumulations of large financial reserves for future capital expenditures unjustly exact unneeded current funds from taxpayers and users; and

(6) County borrowing unnecessarily increases the cost of government by the amount of debt service and should be avoided unless considered absolutely necessary to meet an existing public need.


WVC 7-20-3 §7-20-3. Definitions.
(a) "Capital improvements" means the following public facilities or assets that are owned, supported or established by county government:

(1) Water treatment and distribution facilities;

(2) Wastewater treatment and disposal facilities;

(3) Sanitary sewers;

(4) Storm water, drainage, and flood control facilities;

(5) Public primary and secondary school facilities;

(6) Public road systems and rights-of-way;

(7) Parks and recreational facilities; and

(8) Police, emergency medical, rescue, and fire protection facilities.

"Capital improvements" as defined herein is limited to those improvements that are treated as capitalized expenses according to generally accepted governmental accounting principles and that have an expected useful life of no less than three years. "Capital improvement" does not include costs associated with the operation, repair, maintenance, or full replacement of capital improvements. "Capital improvement" does include reasonable costs for planning, design, engineering, land acquisition, and other costs directly associated with the capital improvements described herein.

(b) "County services" means the following: (1) Services provided by administration and administrative personnel, law enforcement and its support personnel; (2) street light service; (3) fire-fighting service; (4) ambulance service; (5) fire hydrant service; (6) roadway maintenance and other services provided by roadway maintenance personnel; (7) public utility systems and services provided by public utility systems personnel, water; and (8) all other direct and indirect county services authorized by this code.

(c) "Direct county services" means those public services authorized and provided by various county agencies or departments.

(d) "Indirect county services" means those public services authorized and provided by commissioned agents, agencies or departments of the county.

(e) "Growth county" means any county within the state with an averaged population growth rate in excess of one percent per year as determined from the most recent decennial census counts and forecasted, within decennial census count years, by official records of government or generally approved standard statistical estimate procedures: Provided, That once "growth county" status is achieved it is permanent in nature and the powers derived hereby are continued.

(f) "User" means any member of the public who uses or may have occasion to use county facilities and services as defined herein.

(g) "Impact fees" means any charge, fee, or assessment levied as a condition of the following: (1) Issuance of a subdivision or site plan approval; (2) issuance of a building permit; and (3) approval of a certificate of occupancy, or other development or construction approval when any portion of the revenues collected is intended to fund any portion of the costs of capital improvements for any public facilities or county services not otherwise permitted by law. An impact fee does not include charges for remodeling, rehabilitation, or other improvements to an existing structure or rebuilding a damaged structure, provided there is no increase in gross floor area or in the number of dwelling units that result therefrom.

(h) "Proportionate share" means the cost of capital improvements that are reasonably attributed to new development less any credits or offsets for construction or dedication of land or capital improvements, past or future payments made or reasonably anticipated to be made by new development in the form of user fees, debt service payments, taxes or other payments toward capital improvement costs.

(i) "Reasonable benefit" means a benefit received from the provision of a capital improvement greater than that received by the general public located within the county wherein an impact fee is being imposed.

(j) "Plan" means a county, comprehensive, general, master or other land use plan as described herein.

(k) "Program" means the capital improvements program described herein.

(l) "Unincorporated area" and "total unincorporated area" means all lands and resident estates of a county that are not included within the corporate, annexed areas or legal service areas of an incorporated or chartered municipality, city, town or village located in the state of West Virginia.


WVC 7-20-4 §7-20-4. Counties authorized to collect fees.
County governments affected by the construction of new development projects are hereby authorized to require the payment of fees for any new development projects constructed therein in the event any costs associated with capital improvements or the provision of other services are attributable to such project. Such fees shall not exceed a proportionate share of such costs required to accommodate any such new development. Before requiring payment of any fee authorized hereunder, it must be evident that some reasonable benefit from any such capital improvements will be realized by any such development project.


WVC 7-20-5 §7-20-5. Credits or offsets to be adjusted; incidental benefit by one development not construed as denying reasonable benefit to new development.
Credits or offsets for past or future payments toward capital improvement costs shall be adjusted for time-price differentials inherent in fair comparisons of monetary amounts paid or received at different times.

The receipt of an incidental benefit by any development shall not be construed as denying a reasonable benefit to any other new development.


WVC 7 - 20 - 6 §7-20-6. Criteria and requirements necessary to implement collection of fees.
(a) As a prerequisite to authorizing counties to levy impact fees related to population growth and public service needs, counties shall meet the following requirements:

(1) A demonstration that population growth rate history as determined from the most recent base decennial census counts of a county, utilizing generally approved standard statistical estimate procedures, in excess of one percent annually averaged over a five-year period since the last decennial census count; or a demonstration that a total population growth rate projection of one percent per annum for an ensuing five-year period, based on standard statistical estimate procedures, from the current official population estimate of the county;

(2) Adopting a countywide comprehensive plan;

(3) Reviewing and updating any comprehensive plan at no less than five-year intervals;

(4) Drafting and adopting a comprehensive zoning ordinance;

(5) Drafting and adopting a subdivision control ordinance;

(6) Keeping in place a formal building permit and review system which provides a process to regulate the authorization of applications relating to construction or structural modification. The county shall adopt, pursuant to section three-n, article one of this chapter, the state building code into any such building permit and review system; and

(7) Providing an improvement program which shall include:

(A) Developing and maintaining a list within the county of particular sites with development potential;

(B) Developing and maintaining standards of service for capital improvements which are fully or partially funded with revenues collected from impact fees; and

(C) Lists of proposed capital improvements from all areas, containing descriptions of any such proposed capital improvements, cost estimates, projected time frames for constructing such improvements and proposed or anticipated funding sources.

(b) Capital improvement programs may include provisions to provide for the expenditure of impact fees for any legitimate county purpose. This may include the expenditure of fees for partial funding of any particular capital improvement where other funding exists from any source other than the county or exists in combination with other funds available to the county: Provided, That for such expenditures to be considered legitimate, no county or other local authority may deny or withhold any reasonable benefit that may be derived therefrom from any development project for which such impact fee or fees have been paid.

(c) Capital improvement programs for public elementary and secondary school facilities may include provisions to spend impact fees based on a computation related to the following: (1) The existing local tax base; and (2) the adjusted value of accumulated infrastructure investment, based on net depreciation, and any remaining debt owed thereon. Any such computation must establish the value of any equity shares in the net worth of an impacted school system facility, regardless of the existence of any need to expand such facility. Impact fee revenues may only be used for capital replacement or expansion.

(d) Additional development areas may be added to any plan or capital improvements program provided for hereunder if a county government so desires. The standards governing the construction or structural modification for any such additional area shall not deviate from those adopted and maintained at the time such addition is made.

(e) The county may modify annually any capital improvements plan in addition to any impact fee rates based thereon, pursuant to the following:

(1) The number and extent of development projects begun in the past year;

(2) The number and extent of public facilities existing or under construction;

(3) The changing needs of the general population;

(4) The availability of any other funding sources; and

(5) Any other relevant and significant factor applicable to a legitimate goal or goals of any such capital improvement plan.


WVC 7-20-7 §7-20-7. Establishment of impact fees; levies may be used to fund existing capital improvements.
(a) Impact fees assessed against a development project to fund capital improvements and public services may not exceed the actual proportionate share of any benefit realized by such project relative to the benefit to the resident taxpayers.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this code to the contrary, those counties that meet the requirements of section six of this article are hereby authorized to assess, levy, collect and administer any tax or fee as has been or may be specifically authorized by the Legislature by general law to the municipalities of this state: Provided, That any assessment, levy or collection shall be delayed sixty days from its regular effective date: Provided, however, That in the event fifteen percent of the qualified voters of the county by petition duly signed by them in their own handwriting and filed with the county commission within forty-five days after any impact fee or levy is imposed by the county commission, pursuant to this article, the fee or levy protested may not become effective until it is ratified by a majority of the legal votes cast thereon by the qualified voters of such county at any primary, general or special election as the county commission directs. Voting thereon may not take place until after notice of the subcommission of the fee a levy on the ballot has been given by publication of class II legal advertisement and publication area shall be the county where such fee or levy is imposed: Provided further, That counties may not "double tax" by applying a given tax within any corporate boundary in which that municipality has implemented such tax. Any such taxes or fees collected under this law may be used to fund a proportionate share of the cost of existing capital improvements and public services where it is shown that all or a portion of existing capital improvements and public services were provided in anticipation of the needs of new development.

(b) In determining a proportionate share of capital improvements and public services costs, the following factors shall be considered:

(1) The need for new capital improvements and public services to serve new development based on an existing capital improvements plan that shows (A) any current deficiencies in existing capital improvements and services that serve existing development and the means by which any such deficiencies may be eliminated within a reasonable period of time by means other than impact fees or additional levies; and (B) any additional demands reasonably anticipated as the result of capital improvements and public services created by new development;

(2) The availability of other sources of revenue to fund capital improvements and public services, including user charges, existing taxes, intergovernmental transfers, in addition to any special tax or assessment alternatives that may exist;

(3) The cost of existing capital improvements and public services;

(4) The method by which the existing capital improvements and public services are financed;

(5) The extent to which any new development, required to pay impact fees, has contributed to the cost of existing capital improvements and public services in order to determine if any credit or offset may be due such development as a result thereof;

(6) The extent to which any new development, required to pay impact fees, is reasonably projected to contribute to the cost of the existing capital improvements and public services in the future through user fees, debt service payments, or other necessary payments related to funding the cost of existing capital improvements and public services;

(7) The extent to which any new development is required, as a condition of approval, to construct and dedicate capital improvements and public services which may give rise to the future accrual of any credit or offsetting contribution; and

(8) The time-price differentials inherent in reasonably determining amounts paid and benefits received at various times that may give rise to the accrual of credits or offsets due new development as a result of past payments.

(c) Each county shall assess impact fees pursuant to a standard formula so as to ensure fair and similar treatment to all affected persons or projects. A county commission may provide partial or total funding from general or other nonimpact fee funding sources for capital improvements and public services directly related to new development, when such development benefits some public purpose, such as providing affordable housing and creating or retaining employment in the community.


WVC 7-20-8 §7-20-8. Use and administration of impact fees.
(a) Revenues collected from the payment of impact fees shall be restricted to funding new and additional capital improvements or expanded or extended public services which benefit the particular developments from which they were paid. Except as provided herein, to ensure that developments for which impact fees have been paid receive reasonable benefits relative to such payments, the use of such funds shall be restricted to areas wherein development projects are located. County commissions shall have discretion in determining geographical configurations related to the expenditure of impact fee collections.

(b) Impact fees may only be spent on those projects specified in the capital improvement plan described in this article.

(c) When impact fees are collected, the county commission shall enter into agreements with any affected party providing new development in order to ensure compliance with the provisions of this article.

(d) Impact fee receipts shall be specifically earmarked and retained in a special account. All receipts shall be placed in interest-bearing accounts wherein the interest gained thereon shall accrue. All accumulated interest shall be published at least once each fiscal period. The county commission shall provide an annual accounting for each account containing impact fee receipts showing the particular source and amount of all such receipts collected, earned, or received, and the capital improvements and public services that were funded, in whole or in part, thereby.

(e) Impact fees shall be expended only in compliance with the plan. Impact fee receipts shall be expended within six years of receipt thereof unless extraordinary and compelling reasons exist to retain them beyond this period. Such extraordinary or compelling reasons shall be identified and published by the county commission in a local newspaper of general circulation for at least two consecutive weeks.


WVC 7-20-9 §7-20-9. Refund of unexpended impact fees.
(a) The owner or purchaser of property for which impact fees have been paid may apply for a refund of any such paid fees. Such refund shall be made when a county commission fails to expend such funds within six years from the date such fees were originally collected. The county commission shall notify potential claimants by first class mail deposited in the United States mail and directed to the last known address of any such claimant. Only the owner or purchaser may apply for such refund. Application for any refund must be submitted to the county commission within one year of the date the right to claim the refund arises. All refunds due and unclaimed shall be retained in the special account and expended as required herein, except as provided in this section. The right to claim any refund may be limited by the provisions of section five in this article.

(b) When a county commission seeks to terminate any impact fee requirement, all unexpended funds shall be refunded to the owner or purchaser of the property from whom such fund was initially collected. Upon the finding that any or all fee requirements are to be terminated, the county commission shall place notice of such termination and the availability of refunds in a newspaper of general circulation one time a week for two consecutive weeks and shall also notify all known potential claimants by first class mail deposited with the United States postal service at their last known address. All funds available for refund shall be retained for a period of one year. At the end of one year, any remaining funds may be transferred to the general fund and used for any public purpose. A county commission is released from this notice requirement if there are no unexpended balances within an account or funds being terminated.


WVC 7-20-10 §7-20-10. Impact fees required to be consistent with other development regulations.
County commissions that require the payment of impact fees in providing capital improvements and public services shall incorporate such financial requirements within a master land use plan in order that any new development or developments are not required to contribute more than their proportionate share of the cost of providing such capital improvements and public services.


WVC 7 - 20 - 11 §7-20-11. Additional powers.
(a) In addition to any other powers which a county may now have and not withstanding the provisions of section six of this article, each county, by and through its county commission, shall have the following powers:

(1) To acquire, whether by purchase, construction, gift, lease or otherwise, one or more infrastructure projects, or additions thereto, which shall be located within the county;

(2) To lease, lease with an option to purchase, sell, by installment sale or otherwise, or otherwise dispose of, to others any infrastructure projects for such rentals or amounts and upon such terms and conditions as the county commission may deem advisable;

(3) To establish a special infrastructure fund as a separate fund into which all special service fees and other revenues designated by the county commission shall be deposited, and from which all project costs shall be paid, which may be assigned to and held by a trustee for the benefit of bondholders if special infrastructure revenue bonds are issued by the county commission; and

(4) To impose a countywide service fee to pay the costs of one or more infrastructure projects, including, but not limited to, the payment of debt service on any revenue bonds issued under section thirteen of this article.

(b) For purposes of this section and its implementation and use:

(1) "Capital improvements" means the following public facilities or assets that are owned, supported or established by a county commission:

(A) Water treatment and distribution facilities;

(B) Wastewater treatment and disposal facilities;

(C) Sanitary sewers;

(D) Storm water, drainage and flood control facilities; and

(E) Public road systems, including, but not limited to, rights-of-way, lighting, sidewalks and gutters.

"Capital improvements" as defined herein is limited to those improvements that are treated as capitalized expenses according to generally accepted governmental accounting principles and that have an expected useful life of no less than three years. "Capital improvement" does not include costs associated with the operation, repair, maintenance or full replacement of capital improvements. "Capital improvement" does include reasonable costs for planning, design, engineering, land acquisition and other costs directly associated with the capital improvements described herein, whether incurred prior to or subsequent to imposition of a countywide service fee. This includes costs incurred by a developer prior to imposition of the countywide service fee that would have been incurred by the county commission as part of the cost of capital improvement, provided such costs were not incurred more than thirty-six months before the county commission adopts the order imposing the countywide service fee, or such shorter period, as determined to be reasonable in the sole discretion of the county commission.

(2) "Plan" means the plan for special infrastructure projects that includes one or more capital improvements, as defined in this section that is adopted by a county commission in conformity with the requirements of this article.

(c) Before commencing certain infrastructure projects, the county commission shall obtain written confirmations from an affected public utility or the West Virginia Department of Transportation or other agency, as provided in this section:

(1) If the project includes water, wastewater or sewer improvements, the county commission shall obtain from the utility or utilities that provide service in the area or areas where the improvements will be made that the utility or utilities:

(A) Currently has adequate capacity to provide service without significant upgrades or modifications to its treatment, storage or source of supply facilities;

(B) Will review and approve all plans and specifications for the improvements to determine that the improvements conform to the utility's reasonable requirements and, if the improvement consists of water transmission or distribution facilities, that the improvements provide for adequate fire protection for the district; and

(C) If built in conformance with said plans and specifications, will accept the improvements following their completion, unless the project will continue to be owned by the county commission.

(2) If the special infrastructure project includes improvements other than as set forth in subdivision (1), subsection (b) of this section that will be transferred to the West Virginia Department of Transportation or other governmental agency, written evidence that the department or agency will accept the transfer if the infrastructure project is built in conformance with requirements of the Department of Transportation, or other agency, pursuant to plans and specifications approved by the department or other agency.


WVC 7 - 20 - 12 §7-20-12. Countywide service fees.
(a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, every county shall have plenary power and authority to impose a countywide service fee upon each employee and self-employed individual for each week or part of a calendar week the individual works within the county, subject to the following:

(1) No individual shall pay the fee more than once for the same week of employment within the county.

(2) The fee imposed pursuant to this section is in addition to all other fees imposed by the jurisdiction within which the individual is employed.

(3) The fee imposed pursuant to this section may not take effect until the first day of a calendar month, as set forth in the order of the county commission establishing the fee, that begins at least thirty days after a majority of the registered voters of the county voting on the question approve imposition of the service fee, in a primary, general or a special election held in the county.

(4) The order of the county commission shall provide for the administration, collection and enforcement of the service fee. Employers who have employees that work in the county imposing the service fee shall withhold the fee from compensation paid to the employee and pay it over to the county as provided in the order of the county commission. Self-employed individuals shall pay the service fee to the county commission in accordance with the order establishing the fee.

(5) The terms "employed", "employee", "employer" and "self-employed" have the following meaning:

(A) "Employed" shall include an employee working for an employer so as to be subject to any federal or state employment or wage withholding requirement and a self-employed individual working as a sole proprietor or member of a firm so as to be subject to self-employment tax. An employee shall be considered employed in a calendar week so long as the employee remains on the current payroll of an employer deriving compensation for such week and the employee has not been permanently assigned to an office or place of business outside the county. A self-employed individual shall be considered employed in a calendar week so long as such individual has not permanently discontinued employment within the county.

(B) "Employee" means any individual who is employed at or physically reports to one or more locations within the county and is on the payroll of an employer, on a full-time or part-time basis or temporary basis, in exchange for salary, wages or other compensation.

(C) "Employer" means any person, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company, association (unincorporated or otherwise), corporation, institution, trust, governmental body or unit or agency, or any other entity (whether its principal activity is for-profit or not-for-profit) situated, doing business, or conducting its principal activity in the county and who employs an employee, as defined in this section.

(D) "Self employed individual" means an individual who regularly maintains an office or place of business for conducting any livelihood, job, trade, profession, occupation, business or enterprise of any kind within the county's geographical boundaries over the course of four or more calendar weeks, which need not be consecutive, in any given calendar year.

(6) All revenues generated by the county service fee imposed pursuant to this section shall be dedicated to and shall be exclusively utilized for the purpose or purposes set forth in the referendum approved by the voters, including, but not limited to, the payment of debt service on any bonds issued pursuant to section thirteen of this article and any costs related to the administration, collection and enforcement of the service fee.

(b) Any order entered by a county commission imposing a countywide service fee pursuant to this part, or increasing or decreasing a countywide service fee previously adopted pursuant to this part, shall be published as a Class II legal advertisement in compliance with the provisions of article three, chapter fifty-nine of this code and the publication area for the publication shall be the county. The order shall not become effective until it is ratified by a majority of the lawful votes cast thereon by the qualified voters of the county at a primary, general or special election, as the county commission shall direct. Voting thereon shall not take place until after notice of the referendum shall have been given by publication as above provided for the publication of the order after it is adopted by the county commission. The notice of referendum shall at a minimum include: (1) The date of the referendum; (2) the amount of countywide service fee; (3) a general description of the capital improvement or improvements included in the special infrastructure project to be financed with the service fee; (4) whether revenue bonds will be issued; and (5) if bonds are to be issued, the estimated term of the revenue bonds. The county commission may include additional information in the notice of referendum.


WVC 7 - 20 - 13 §7-20-13. Bonds issued to finance infrastructure project.

(a) The county commission, in its discretion, may use the moneys in such special infrastructure fund to finance the costs of the special infrastructure projects on a cash basis. The county commission periodically may issue special infrastructure revenue bonds of the county as provided in this section to finance all or part of such special infrastructure projects and pledge all or any part of the moneys in such special infrastructure fund for the payment of the principal of and interest on such special infrastructure revenue bonds and for reserves therefor. Any pledge of the special infrastructure fund for special infrastructure revenue bonds shall be a prior and superior charge on the special infrastructure fund over the use of any of the moneys in the fund to pay for the cost of any of such purposes on a cash basis.

(b) Such special infrastructure revenue bonds periodically may be authorized and issued by the county commission to finance, in whole or in part, the special infrastructure projects in an aggregate principal amount not exceeding the amount which the county commission determines can be paid as to both principal and interest and reasonable margins for a reserve therefor from the moneys in such special infrastructure fund.

(c) The issuance of special infrastructure revenue bonds shall be authorized by an order of the county commission and such special infrastructure revenue bonds shall bear such date or dates; mature at such time or times not exceeding forty years from their respective dates; be in such denomination; be in registered form, with such exchangeability and interchangeability privileges; be payable in such medium of payment and at such place or places, within or without the state; be subject to such terms of prior redemption at such prices; and shall have such other terms and provisions as determined by the county commission. Such special infrastructure revenue bonds shall be signed by the president of the county commission under the seal of the county commission, attested by the clerk of the county commission. Special infrastructure revenue bonds shall be sold in such manner as the county commission determines is for the best interests of the county.

(d) The county commission may enter into trust agreements with banks or trust companies, within or without the state, and in such trust agreements or the resolutions authorizing the issuance of such bonds may enter into valid and legally binding covenants with the holders of such special infrastructure revenue bonds as to the custody, safeguarding and disposition of the proceeds of such special infrastructure revenue bonds, the moneys in such special infrastructure fund, sinking funds, reserve funds or any other moneys or funds; as to the rank and priority, if any, of different issues of special infrastructure revenue bonds by the county commission under the provisions of this section; as to the maintenance or revision of the amounts of such fees; as to the extent to which swap agreements, as defined in section two-h, article two-g, chapter thirteen of this code, shall be used in connection with such special infrastructure revenue bonds, including such provisions as payment, term, security, default and remedy provisions as the county commission shall consider necessary or desirable, if any, under which such fees may be reduced; and as to any other matters or provisions which are considered necessary and advisable by the county commission in the best interests of the county and to enhance the marketability of such special infrastructure revenue bonds.

(e) After the issuance of any of the special infrastructure revenue bonds, the service fee pledged to the payment thereof may not be reduced as long as any of the special infrastructure revenue bonds are outstanding and unpaid except under such terms, provisions and conditions as shall be contained in the order, trust agreement or other proceedings under which the special infrastructure revenue bonds were issued.

(f) The special infrastructure revenue bonds shall be and constitute negotiable instruments under the Uniform Commercial Code of this state; shall, together with the interest thereon, be exempt from all taxation by the State of West Virginia, or by any county, school district, municipality or political subdivision thereof; and the special infrastructure revenue bonds may not be considered to be obligations or debts of the state or of the county issuing the bonds and the credit or taxing power of the state or of the county issuing the bonds may not be pledged therefor, but the special infrastructure revenue bonds shall be payable only from the revenue pledged therefor as provided in this section.

(g) A holder of the special infrastructure revenue bonds shall have a lien against the special infrastructure fund for payment of the special infrastructure revenue bond and the interest thereon and may bring suit to enforce the lien.

(h) A county commission may issue and secure additional bonds payable out of the special infrastructure fund which bonds may rank on a parity with, or be subordinate or superior to, other bonds issued by the county commission and payable from the special infrastructure fund.

(i) For purposes of this article:

(1) "Special infrastructure revenue bonds" means bonds, debentures, notes, certificates of participation, certificates of beneficial interest, certificates of ownership or other evidences of indebtedness or ownership that are issued by a county commission, the proceeds of which are used directly or indirectly to finance or refinance special infrastructure projects within the county and financing costs and that are secured by or payable from the special service fees;

(2) "Special infrastructure project" means "capital improvements" as that term is defined in section eleven of this article; and

(3) "Special infrastructure fund" means that fund established and held by the sheriff of the county or a trustee for bondholders, as the case may be, into which the special fees imposed pursuant to section twelve of this article are deposited.


WVC 7 - 20 - 14 §7-20-14. Use of proceeds from sale of bonds.
(a) The proceeds from the sale of any bonds issued under authority of this article shall be applied only for the purpose for which the bonds were issued: Provided, That any accrued interest and premium received in any such sale shall be applied to the payment of the principal of or the interest on the bonds sold. If for any reason any portion of the proceeds shall not be needed for the purpose for which the bonds were issued, then the unneeded portion of the proceeds shall be applied to the purchase of bonds for cancellation or payment of the principal of or the interest on the bonds, or held in reserve for the payment thereof.

(b) The costs of acquiring any special infrastructure project shall be deemed to include the following:

(1) Capital costs, including, but not limited to, the actual costs of the construction of public works or improvements, capital improvements and facilities, new buildings, structures and fixtures, the demolition, alteration, remodeling, repair or reconstruction of existing buildings, structures and fixtures, environmental remediation, the acquisition of equipment and site clearing, grading and preparation;

(2) Financing costs, including, but not limited to, an interest paid to holders of evidences of indebtedness issued to pay for project costs, all costs of issuance and any redemption premiums, credit enhancement or other related costs;

(3) Real property acquisition costs;

(4) Professional service costs, including, but not limited to, those costs incurred for architectural planning, engineering and legal advice and services;

(5) Imputed administrative costs, including, but not limited to, reasonable charges for time spent by county employees in connection with the implementation of a project;

(6) Relocation costs, including, but not limited to, those relocation payments made following condemnation and job training and retraining;

(7) Organizational costs, including, but not limited to, the costs of conducting environmental impact and other studies, and the costs of informing the public with respect to the implementation of project plans;

(8) Payments made, in the discretion of the county commission, which are found to be necessary or convenient to the implementation of project plans; and

(9) That portion of costs related to the construction of environmental protection devices, storm or sanitary sewer lines, water lines, amenities or streets or the rebuilding or expansion of streets, or the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion of which is necessitated by the project plan, whether or not the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion is within the area or on land contiguous thereto.


WVC 7 - 20 - 15 §7-20-15. No contribution by county.
(a) No county commission shall have the power to pay out of its general funds, or otherwise contribute, any of the costs of acquiring, constructing or financing a special infrastructure project to be acquired, constructed or financed, in whole or in part, out of the proceeds from the sale of revenue bonds issued under the authority of this article: Provided, That this provision shall not be construed to prevent a county from accepting donations of property to be used as a part of an infrastructure project or to be used for defraying any part of the cost of any infrastructure project or from imposing a service fee as provided in section twelve of this article, which is dedicated, in whole or in part, to the infrastructure project or to payment of debt service on revenue bonds issued pursuant to this article.

(b) The bonds issued pursuant to this article shall be payable solely from: (1) The revenue derived from the infrastructure project or the financing thereof; (2) the service fee imposed pursuant to section twelve of this article; or (3) any combination of these sources.

(c) No county commission shall have the authority under this article to levy any taxes for the purpose of paying any part of the cost of acquiring, constructing or financing an infrastructure project. However, all necessary preliminary expenses actually incurred by a county commission in the making of surveys, taking options, preliminary planning and all other expenses necessary to be paid prior to the issuance, sale and delivery of the revenue bonds, may be paid by the county commission out of any surplus contained in any item of budgetary appropriation or any revenues, including, but not limited to, service fees, collected in excess of anticipated revenues, which shall be reimbursed and repaid out of the proceeds of the sale of the revenue bonds.


WVC 7 - 20 - 16 §7-20-16. Bonds made legal investments.
Bonds issued under the provisions of this article shall be legal investments for banks, building and loan associations, and insurance companies organized under the laws of this state and for a business development corporation organized pursuant to chapter thirty-one, article fourteen of this code.


WVC 7 - 20 - 17 §7-20-17. Construction of article.
Neither this article nor anything herein contained shall be construed as a restriction or limitation upon any powers which a county might otherwise have under any laws of this state, but shall be construed as alternative or additional; and this article shall not be construed as requiring an election on issuance of the bonds by the voters of a county prior to the issuance of bonds hereunder by the county commission and same shall not be construed as requiring any proceeding under any law or laws, other than that which is required by this article.


WVC 7 - 20 - 18 §7-20-18. No notice, consent or publication required.
No notice to or consent or approval by any other governmental body or public officer shall be required as a prerequisite to the issuance or sale of any bonds or the making of any agreement, a mortgage or deed of trust under the authority of this article. No publication or notice shall be necessary to the validity of any resolution or proceeding had under this article, except where publication or notice is expressly required by this article.


WVC 7 - 20 - 19 §7-20-19. Public officials exempt from personal liability.
No member of a county commission or other county officer shall be personally liable on any contract or obligation executed pursuant to the authority contained in this article. Nor shall the issuance of bonds under this article be considered as misfeasance in office.


WVC 7 - 20 - 20 §7-20-20. Cooperation by public bodies.
For the purpose of aiding and cooperating in the planning, undertaking or carrying out of a special infrastructure project located, in whole or in part, within the area in which it is authorized to act, any public body may, upon such terms, with or without consideration, as it may determine:

(1) Dedicate, sell, convey or lease any of its interest in any property, or grant easements, licenses or any other rights or privileges therein to an authority;

(2) Cause parks, playgrounds, recreational, community, educational, water, sewer or drainage facilities, or any other works which it is otherwise empowered to undertake, to be furnished in connection with an infrastructure project;

(3) Furnish, dedicate, close, vacate, pave, install, grade, regrade, plan or replan streets, roads, sidewalks, ways or other places, which it is otherwise empowered to undertake;

(4) Plan or replan, zone or rezone any parcel of land within the jurisdiction of the public body or make exceptions from building regulations and ordinances if such functions are of the character which the public body is otherwise empowered to perform;

(5) Cause administrative and other services to be furnished for the special infrastructure project of the character which the public body is otherwise empowered to undertake or furnish for the same or other purposes;

(6) Incur the entire expense of any public improvements made by the public body in exercising the powers granted in this section;

(7) Do any and all things necessary or convenient to aid and cooperate in the planning or carrying out of a special infrastructure project that is, in whole or in part, located in its jurisdiction;

(8) Lend, grant or contribute funds to a county commission for purposes of a special infrastructure project; and

(9) Employ any funds belonging to or within the control of the public body, including funds derived from the sale or furnishing of property, service, or facilities to a county commission for a special infrastructure project, in the purchase of the bonds or other obligations of a county commission issued under this article and, as the holder of such bonds or other obligations, exercise the rights connected therewith.


WVC 7 - 20 - 21 §7-20-21. Relocation of public utility lines or facilities to accommodate special infrastructure project.
(a) In the event a county commission determines that any public utility line or facility located upon, across or under any portion of a street, avenue, highway, road or other public place or way shall be temporarily or permanently readjusted, removed, relocated, changed in grade or otherwise altered (each and all hereinafter for convenience referred to as "relocation") in order to accommodate any infrastructure project undertaken pursuant to the provisions of this article, the cost of the relocation shall be borne by the county commission.

(b) For purposes of this section, the term "cost of relocation" shall include the entire amount paid by such utility, exclusive of any right-of-way costs incurred by such utility, properly attributable to such relocation after deducting therefrom any increase in the value of the new line or facility and salvage derived from the old line or facility.

(c) The cost of relocating utility lines or facilities, as defined herein, in connection with any special infrastructure project is hereby declared to be a cost of the project.


WVC 7 - 20 - 22 §7-20-22. Special infrastructure projects financed by service fee considered to be public improvements subject to prevailing wage, local labor preference and competitive bid requirements.
(a) Any special infrastructure project acquired, constructed or financed, in whole or in part, by service fees imposed by a county commission under section twelve of this article shall be considered to be a "public improvement" within the meaning of the provisions of articles one-c and five-a, chapter twenty-one of this code.

(b) The county commission shall, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, solicit or require solicitation of competitive bids and require the payment of prevailing wage rates as provided in article five-a, chapter twenty-one of this code and compliance with article one-c of said chapter for any special infrastructure project funded pursuant to section twelve of this article exceeding twenty-five thousand dollars in total cost.

(c) Following the solicitation of the bids, the construction contract shall be awarded to the lowest qualified responsible bidder, who shall furnish a sufficient performance and payment bond: Provided, That the county commission or other person soliciting the bids may reject all bids and solicit new bids on the project.

(d) No officer or employee of this state or of any public agency, public authority, public corporation or other public entity and no person acting or purporting to act on behalf of such officer or employee or public entity shall require that any performance bond, payment bond or bid bond required or permitted by this section be obtained from any particular surety company, agent, broker or producer.

(e) This section does not:

(1) Apply to work performed on construction projects not exceedin