WVC 3 - 12 - 3
As used in this article, the following terms and phrases have
the following meanings:
(1) "Candidate's committee" means a political committee
established with the approval of or in cooperation with a candidate
or a prospective candidate to explore the possibilities of seeking
a particular office or to support or aid his or her nomination or
election to an office in an election cycle. If a candidate directs
or influences the activities of more than one active committee in
a current campaign, those committees shall be considered one
committee for the purpose of contribution limits.
(2) "Certified candidate" means an individual seeking election
to the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals who has been
certified in accordance with section ten of this article as having
met all of the requirements for receiving public campaign financing
from the fund.
(3) "Contribution" means a gift subscription, assessment,
payment for services, dues, advance, donation, pledge, contract,
agreement, forbearance or promise of money or other tangible thing
of value, whether conditional or legally enforceable, or a transfer
of money or other tangible thing of value to a person, made for the
purpose of influencing the nomination, election or defeat of a
candidate. An offer or tender of a contribution is not a
contribution if expressly and unconditionally rejected or returned.
A contribution does not include volunteer personal services provided without compensation: Provided,
That a nonmonetary
contribution is to be considered at fair market value for reporting
requirements and contribution limitations.
(4) "Exploratory contribution" means a contribution of no more
than $1,000 made by an individual adult, including a participating
candidate and members of his or her immediate family, during the
exploratory period. Exploratory contributions may not exceed
$20,000 in the aggregate.
(5) "Exploratory period" means the period during which a
participating candidate may raise and spend exploratory
contributions to examine his or her chances of election and to
qualify for public campaign financing under this article. The
exploratory period begins on January 1 the year before the primary
in which the candidate may run for Justice of the Supreme Court of
Appeals and ends on the last Saturday in January of the election
(6) "Financial agent" means any individual acting for and by
himself or herself, or any two or more individuals acting together
or cooperating in a financial way to aid or take part in the
nomination or election of any candidate for public office, or to
aid or promote the success or defeat of any political party at any
(7) "Fund" means the Supreme Court of Appeals Public Campaign
Financing Fund created by section five of this article.
(8) "General election campaign period" means the period beginning the day after the primary election and ending on the day
of the general election.
(9) "Independent expenditure" means an expenditure by a
(A) Expressly advocating the election or defeat of a clearly
identified candidate; and
(B) That is not made in concert or cooperation with or at the
request or suggestion of such candidate, his or her agents, the
candidate's authorized political committee or a political party
committee or its agents.
Supporting or opposing the election of a clearly identified
candidate includes supporting or opposing the candidates of a
political party. An expenditure which does not meet the criteria
for an independent expenditure is considered a contribution.
(10) "Immediate family" or "immediate family members" means
the spouse, parents, step-parents, siblings and children of the
(11) "Nonparticipating candidate" means a candidate who is:
(A) Seeking election to the Supreme Court of Appeals;
(B) Is neither certified nor attempting to be certified to
receive public campaign financing from the fund; and
(C) Has an opponent who is a participating or certified
(12) "Participating candidate" means a candidate who is
seeking election to the Supreme Court of Appeals and is attempting to be certified in accordance with section ten of this article to
receive public campaign financing from the fund.
(13) "Person" means an individual, partnership, committee,
association and any other organization or group of individuals.
(14) "Primary election campaign period" means the period
beginning on the first day of the primary election filing period,
as determined under section seven, article five of this chapter,
and ending on the day of the subsequent primary election.
(15) "Qualifying contribution" means a contribution received
from a West Virginia registered voter of not less than $1 nor more
than $100 in the form of cash, check or money order, made payable
to a participating candidate or the candidate's committee, or in
the form of an electronic payment or debit or credit card payment,
received during the qualifying period.
(16) "Qualifying period" means the period during which
participating candidates may raise and spend qualifying
contributions in order to qualify to receive public campaign
(A) For candidates seeking nomination on the primary election
ballot, the qualifying period begins on September 1 preceding the
election year and ends on the last Saturday in January of the
(B) For candidates, other than those nominated during the
primary election, seeking to be placed on the general election
ballot, the qualifying period begins on June 1 of the election year and ends on October 1 of the election year.
Note: WV Code updated with legislation passed through the 2012 1st Special Session