CC-91-258 CC-91-258 OPINION ISSUED APRIL 30, 1992
MICHAEL E. GOWER
DIVISION OF HIGHWAYS
Claimant represents self.
Glen A. Murphy, Attorney at Law, for respondent.
On or about October 19, 1990, approximately 6:00 p.m., the claimant, a resident of Fairmont, Marion
County, was driving his 1988 Ford F150 pick-up truck with at boat in tow on Manley Chapel Road,
a Marion County road identified to the Court as County Route 56/1. The claimant alleges that his
truck went through a hole at the right edge of this road, described as two and a half feed long, with
an unknown depth, at an unidentified location near Fairmont, Marion County. The hole was first
observed by the claimant some 40 to 50 yards prior to the truck striking the hole. The claimant
testified that the hole was filled with water, and he was therefore unable to anticipate its depth. He
made no effort to slow down his truck or to drive around it. The hole is alleged by the claimant to
have damaged the alignment of his pick-up truck. An estimate for the alignment repair was provided
by claimant in the amount of $130.00, with an additional $31.80 claimed for the cost of the
alignment estimate. The total initial claim was filed in the amount of $161.80. The realignment has
not been preformed. Claimant also alleges additional expenses due to excessive wear caused by
misalignment of the front tires. By amended complaint the claimant now requests the replacement
of the front tires which were driven some 8,000 miles since the date of the accident. An estimate has
been provided in the amount of $200.00 for new front tires. The claimant testified that the front tires
currently have 31,000 miles of wear and had 23,000 miles of wear at the time of the accident. The
amended complaint also requests reimbursement for wage loss while the claimant attended Court
to present his claim, related travel expenses, and the cost of film and developing used in the
preparation of his claim. The total amended claim is now stated in the amount of $495.30. claimant
maintains full vehicle coverage with Horace Mann Insurance Company, with a deductible believed
to be $250.00. He has not submitted the claim to his insurer. No witness testified for the claimant
nor was evidence provided by the claimant to establish that the alleged road defect was known to the
The issue before the Court is whether the respondent had prior notice and a reasonable amount of
time to correct the road defect before the claimant's accident. The evidence indicates that the
respondent did not have prior notice, and the claimant has failed to prove otherwise. The burden of
proof is upon the claimant to demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent
had actual or constructive notice of the road defect. As the State is neither an insurer nor a guarantor
of the safety of persons traveling on its highways, the Court must deny the claim. Adkins v. Sims,
130 W.Va. 645, 46 S.E.2d 81 (1947). For the respondent to be held liable for damage caused by the
road defect, it must have had actual or constructive notice of the condition and a reasonable amount
of time to take corrective action. Davis v. Dept. of Highways, 11 Ct. Cl. 150 (1977). It appears to this Court that the requisite notice was not provided to respondent.
The law of damages requires a correlative duty upon the part of the claimant to minimize damages.
In other words, damages are not compensable where they have been unnecessarily escalated, or could
have been attenuated. Accordingly, the claim for a new set of tires could not have been awarded
without an appropriate offset since an alignment would have prevented the excessive wear before
the additional 8000 miles were driven.
It should be further noted that expenses incurred in the courses of preparing and prosecuting claims
before this Court are the responsibility of the individual litigants and are not compensable.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court is of the opinion to and does deny this claim.