OPINION ISSUED DECEMBER 20, 1989
ROSEMARY F. WOODY, ADMINISTRATRIX OF
THE ESTATE OF YALE WARREN WOODY, DECEASED
DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS
Kathryn K. Allen, Attorney at Law, for claimant.
Nancy J. Aliff, Attorney at Law, for respondent.
Claimant Rosemary L. Woody brought this action as the Administratrix of the Estate of Yale Warren
Woody, her son, who drowned in a single vehicle accident which occurred on March 14, 1986, on
West Virginia Local Service Route 7 near Sardis in Harrison County, West Virginia. Claimant
alleges that respondent failed to provide adequate warning signs at the site of a one-lane bridge.
Respondent also failed to replace a guardrail at the bridge site which had been knocked down two
weeks prior to the incident. Claimant contends that respondent had actual or constructive notice of
this guardrail condition and was negligent in failing to make repairs. For these reasons, claimant
contends respondent is liable for the death of Yale Warren Woody.
Respondent contends that it did not have notice, either actual or constructive, of the fact that the
guardrail was not in place. Respondent also contends that the decedent was the victim of a game
being played by other teenagers at the scene.
The facts of this claim as developed in the evidence are as follows: On the evening of March 14,
1986, Yale Warren Woody, age 17 and a junior at Liberty High School, had been at a basketball
game. He returned home to borrow his mother's automobile to go out with some friends. He went
to a MacDonald's restaurant in Clarksburg to see if some of his friends were there after the game.
Typically, the high school students met there. there he met a friend, Michael R. Johnson, whom he
invited to go with him to a party. They proceeded to Kroger's parking lot to get Michael's
automobile. Another friend, Mark Clutter, met them at the lot and told them the party was at a house
in Sardis and he offered to lead them there as neither Yale nor Michael were familiar with Sardis
area. Before leaving for the party, Mark Clutter picked up Darren Oldaker, who was riding with
Mark Clutter to the party. As the three vehicles proceeded to Local Service Route 7, Mark Clutter
and Darren Oldaker were in the lead in their vehicle. Behind them was Yale Warren Woody in his
vehicle, and behind Yale was Michael R. Johnson in his vehicle. It was dark and raining. The Clutter
vehicle suddenly disappeared from the view of the driver, Michael R. Johnson. He stated, "And then
all of a sudden, that Mark Clutter---and Darren was with him---they took off from us. And so we just
kept following the road, because
we thought maybe they'd be up ahead, waiting for us." He then described what he observed at the
time of the accident. He stated, "And on the way there, we come---we come down---like coming off of a hill, and there was like a turn in it. And when we come out of the turn, we come to the bridge.
There was no markings or nothing, so we didn't know which way to go to meet them. And so he hit
his brakes--Yale hit his brakes, and slid over the bank. And I seen him stopping. I was right behind
him. So I swerved around him, to keep from hitting him, and hit the bridge."
Michael R. Johnson indicated he was driving at approximately 35 miles per hour. He estimated
Yale's vehicular speed at 30 miles per hour. He called the emergency telephone number from a house
near the bridge. When he returned to the bridge, he was unable to observe the Woody vehicle. At that
time Mark Clutter and Warren Oldaker arrived at the bridge site. Michael Johnson stated that the two
boys were laughing; that they had tried "to get us lost." They had apparently hidden back up the road
at a school and watched the two vehicles approach the bridge anticipating that one of the boys may
have trouble going over the bridge. Michael R. Johnson estimated the time of the accident at
approximately 10:55 p.m.
Mr. Johnson described the surrounding area at the bridge. He explained that there were no signs or
markings on the road "saying bridge or anything." There were no arrow signs or reflectors on the
bridge. He further stated that when the vehicles came down the hill toward the bridge, it is "kind of
like a right angle -- not real sharp. But when you come into it, if you never have been there before,
you don't know which way you're going. You have to kind of look at it for a minute or so, or a few
seconds. And we didn't know where he was going. But it just come up on us real quick, as we come
out of the turn and down around the hill."
The Woody vehicle was located in the Tenmile Creek on the following day. Yale Warren Woody
had drowned in the creek when his vehicle missed the curve over the Sardis bridge and went off the
road into the creek.
Testimony from neighbors who lived near the Sardis Bridge established that the guardrail, on the left
side of the Sardis Bridge in the direction from which the Woody vehicle approached the bridge, had
been knocked down when Vernon "Bud" Clutter had gone over the guardrail while driving his 1978
Fork Bronco at a speed too great for the curve to the bridge on February 28, 1986. Mr. Clutter did
not notify respondent of his accident. However, Joan LaVaughn Kendall testified that she had called
respondent's Gore, West Virginia, office to report that the guardrail was down a "couple" days after
the Clutter vehicle went over the guardrail and into the creek. She also stated that there were no signs
on the bridge.
Testimony also established that respondent inspects bridges on a two-year cycle. The Sardis bridge
had been inspected in 1983 and in 1985. The inspector noted in his report in 1983 that this bridge
"should have warning paddles." The 1985 report noted that there were sightly faded, one-lane bridge
warning signs located near each end of the bridge and that "Installation of hazard warning paddles
is considered optional." The only cure for alignment is construction of a new bridge.
After reviewing the record in this claim, the Court is of the opinion that respondent was negligent
in failing to maintain the guardrail. The placement of warning paddles on the bridge certainly would
have assisted the traveling public on this road. The placement of signs is discretionary with
respondent. The maintenance of the guardrail was a duty of the respondent. The respondent failed to protect the traveling public when it failed to replace the missing guardrail at the Sardis bridge in
a timely manner.
The Court is also of the opinion that Yale Warren Woody was negligent in the operation of his
vehicle for the conditions then and there existing on the evening of March 14, 1986. It was dark and
raining. He was unfamiliar with the road. His failure to maintain control of the vehicle which he was
driving was a factor which the Court cannot overlook in its consideration of all of the factors which
contributed to the cause of this tragic accident. A reasonable prudent person operating a vehicle on
a narrow, curvy road is aware of the necessity to drive in accordance with the conditions then and
there existing, regardless of the posted speed limit. It is the opinion of the Court that Yale Warren
Woody was not operating his vehicle in a prudent and safe manner for the conditions present on this
In accordance with the above, the Court is of the opinion that under the doctrine of comparative
negligence both the respondent and the decedent were equally negligent. Therefore, the Court is of
the opinion to and does disallow this claim.
Claim is disallowed.