H. B. 2328
(By Delegates Perdue, Walters, Eldridge,
Hatfield, Wysong and Stalnaker)
[Introduced January 19, 2007; referred to the
Committee on Health and Human Resources then the Judiciary.]
A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by
adding thereto a new article, designated §33-25G-1, §33-25G-2,
§33-25G-3, §33-25G-4, §33-25G-5, §33-25G-6, §33-25G-7,
§33-25G-8, §33-25G-9, §33-25G-10, §33-25G-11, §33-25G-12,
§33-25G-13 and §33-25G-14, all relating to pharmacy benefit
managers; requiring licensure, providing requirements for
license application; defining terms; requiring certain
disclosures; establishing fees; requiring retention of
records; providing for annual statement; authorizing access to
records; establishing special revenue account; requiring
certain information be maintained as confidential;
establishing criminal and civil penalties for violations;
authorizing proposal of rules; requiring annual report to the
Legislature and Governor; and setting effective date.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended by adding thereto a new article, designated, §33-25G-1, §33-25G-2,
§33-25G-3, §33-25G-4, §33-25G-5, §33-25G-6, §33-25G-7, §33-25G-8,
§33-25G-9, §33-25G-10, §33-25G-11, §33-25G-12, §33-25G-13 and
§33-25G-14, all to read as follows:
ARTICLE 25G. PHARMACY BENEFIT MANAGER LICENSING AND REGULATION.
§33-25G-1. Short title and purpose.
(a) This article may be cited as the "Pharmacy Benefit Manager
Licensing and Regulation Act."
(b) The purpose of this article is to establish standards and
criteria for the licensing and regulation of pharmacy benefit
managers. This article is designed to promote, preserve, and
protect the public health, safety, and welfare by and through
licensing and effective regulation of pharmacy benefit managers.
As used in this article, unless the context otherwise
indicates, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) "Commissioner" means the Insurance Commissioner of West
(2) "Covered entity" means a nonprofit hospital or medical
service corporation, health insurer, health benefit plan or health
maintenance organization licensed pursuant to the provisions of
article twenty-five-a of this chapter; a health program
administered by the state in the capacity of provider of health
coverage; or an employer, labor union or other group of persons organized in the state that provides health coverage to covered
individuals who are employed or reside in the state. "Covered
entity" does not include a self-funded plan that is exempt from
state regulation pursuant to the federal Employee Retirement Income
Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. §§1001 et seq., a health plan that
provides coverage only for accidental injury, specified disease,
hospital indemnity, medicare supplement, disability income,
long-term care or other limited benefit health insurance policies
(3) "Covered person" means a member, participant, enrollee,
contract holder or policy holder or beneficiary of a covered entity
who is provided health coverage by the covered entity. "Covered
individual" includes a dependent or other person provided health
coverage through a policy, contract or plan for a covered
(4) "Pharmacy benefit management" means the procurement of
prescription drugs at a negotiated rate for dispensation within
this state to covered individuals, the administration or management
of prescription drug benefits provided by a covered entity for the
benefit of covered individuals or any of the following services
provided with regard to the administration of pharmacy benefits:
(A) Mail service pharmacy;
(B) Claims processing, retail network management and payment
of claims to pharmacies for prescription drugs dispensed to covered individuals;
(C) Clinical formulary development and management services;
(D) Rebate contracting and administration;
(E) Certain patient compliance, therapeutic intervention and
generic substitution programs; and
(F) Disease management programs.
(5) "Pharmacy benefit manager" means an entity that performs
pharmacy benefit management. "Pharmacy benefit manager" includes
a person or entity acting for a pharmacy benefit manager in a
contractual or employment relationship in the performance of
pharmacy benefit management services, including mail service
§33-25G-3. Applicability and scope.
This act applies to a pharmacy benefit manager that provides
claims processing services, other prescription drug or device
services, or both, to covered persons who are residents of this
§33-25G-4. Licensing requirement.
(a) No person or organization may act or operate as a pharmacy
benefit manager in this state without obtaining a certificate of
licensure from the commissioner. Renewal of certificates of
licensure are required on an annual basis.
(b) Each person or organization seeking licensure shall file
an application, furnished by the commissioner, which shall include, but is not limited to the following:
(1) All basic organizational documents, including the articles
of incorporation, articles of association, bylaws, partnership
agreement, trade name certification, trust agreement, shareholder
agreement and other applicable documents, including amendments;
(2) The names, addresses, official positions and professional
qualifications of the individuals who are responsible for the
conduct of the affairs of the pharmacy benefit manager, including
all members of the board of directors, board of trustees, executive
committee, other governing board or committee, the principal
officers in the case of a corporation, the partners or members in
the case of a partnership or association and any other person who
exercises control or influence over the affairs of the pharmacy
(3) Annual audited statements for the most recent year, or
other information the commissioner requires in order to review the
current financial condition of the applicant;
(4) If the applicant is not currently acting as a pharmacy
benefit manager, a statement of the amounts and sources of funds
available for organization expenses and the proposed arrangements
for reimbursement and compensation of incorporators for other
(5) The name and address of the agent for service of process
in the state;
(6) A detailed description of the claims processing services,
pharmacy services, insurance services, other prescription drug or
device services, audit procedures for network pharmacies or other
administrative services to be provided;
(7) Any other information the commissioner requires; and
(8) A filing fee of two hundred dollars.
(c) The applicant shall make available for inspection by the
commissioner, copies of all contracts with insurers, pharmaceutical
manufacturers or other persons using the services of the pharmacy
benefit manager for pharmacy benefit management services.
(d) The commissioner may withhold or revoke a license if it is
determined that the pharmacy benefit manager or any principal of
the manager is not financially sound or has had a license revoked
or denied for cause in any state.
(e) The commissioner may require a surety bond in an amount
and in a form as the commissioner considers appropriate to ensure
the financial solvency of the pharmacy benefit manager.
§33-25G-5. Disclosure of ownership or affiliation and certain
(a) Each pharmacy benefit manager shall disclose to the
commissioner any ownership interest or affiliation of any kind with
any insurance company responsible for providing benefits directly
or through reinsurance to any plan for which the pharmacy benefit
manager provides services or any parent companies, subsidiaries and other entities or businesses relative to the provision of pharmacy
services, other prescription drug or device services or a
(b) A pharmacy benefit manager shall notify the commissioner
in writing within thirty days of any material change in its
(c) A pharmacy benefit manager shall disclose the following
agreements, and any changes to the agreements, within thirty days
of the change:
(1) All incentive arrangement or programs such as rebates,
discounts, disbursements, or any other similar financial program or
arrangement relating to income or consideration received or
negotiated, directly or indirectly, with any pharmaceutical
company, that relates to prescription drug or device services,
including at a minimum, information on the formula or other method
for calculation and amount of the incentive arrangements, rebates
or other disbursements, the identity of the associated drug or
device and the dates and amounts of the disbursements;
(2) Any agreement with a pharmaceutical manufacturer to share
manufacturer rebates and discounts with the pharmacy benefit
manager or to pay money or other economic benefits to the pharmacy
(3) Any agreement or practice to bill a health plan for
prescription drugs at a cost higher than the pharmacy benefit manager pays the pharmacy;
(4) Any agreement to share revenue with a mail order or
internet pharmacy company; and
(5) Any agreement to sell prescription drug data including
data concerning the prescribing practices of the health care
providers in the state.
§33-25G-6. Maintenance of records; access; confidentiality;
(a) A pharmacy benefit manager shall maintain all books and
records of all transactions between the pharmacy benefit manager,
insurers and covered entities for three years beyond the
termination of the contract period, unless any other law prescribes
a greater time period.
(b) The pharmacy benefit manager shall give the commissioner
access to the books and records maintained by the pharmacy benefit
manager for the purposes of examination, audit and inspection.
(c) The commissioner may conduct examinations of any pharmacy
benefit manager in this state whenever the commissioner considers
it necessary to ensure an appropriate level of regulatory
oversight. The pharmacy benefit manager shall pay the cost of the
examination which shall be deposited into the special revenue fund,
created in section nine of this article, to provide all expenses
for the regulation under this article.
(d) In conducting examinations pursuant to this section, the commissioner has the same powers set forth in subsection (h),
section nine, article two of this chapter.
§33-25G-7. Annual statement and filing fee required.
(a) Each pharmacy benefit manager with a license shall file
with the commissioner an annual audited statement on or before the
first day of June of each year. The statement shall be in the form
and contain information and material the commissioner prescribes
and shall include the filing fee of two hundred dollars. The
statement must include the total number of persons subject to
management by the pharmacy benefit manager during the previous
year, or portion of the year, and the dollar value of the claims
(b) The statement shall disclose all incentive arrangements or
programs such as rebates, discounts, disbursements or any other
similar financial program or arrangement relating to income or
consideration received or negotiated, directly or indirectly, with
any pharmaceutical company, that relates to prescription drug or
device services, including at a minimum information on the formula
or other method for calculation and amount of the incentive
arrangements, rebates or other disbursements, the identity of the
associated drug or device and the dates and amounts of the
§33-25G-8. Confidentiality of submitted information.
Any information submitted in compliance with this article that the pharmacy benefit manager believes is proprietary information
shall be clearly marked as such. The commissioner is only entitled
to disclose that information in accordance with state and federal
§33-25G-9. Special revenue account.
There is created in the State Treasury a special revenue
account, designated the "Pharmacy Benefit Managers Licensure Fund",
which is an interest bearing account and may be invested in the
manner permitted by the provisions of article six, chapter twelve
of this code, with the interest income a proper credit to the fund.
The account shall contain any funds received by the commissioner
pursuant to this article and any funds appropriated by the
Legislature. The commissioner may expend funds received in the
Pharmacy Benefit Managers Licensure Fund only for the purposes of
administration of this article.
§33-25G-10. Unauthorized business.
The unauthorized conduct of the business of a pharmacy benefit
manager shall be treated as unauthorized insurance business and is
subject to the same criminal and civil penalties as provided in
article forty-four of this chapter for violation of the
unauthorized insurers act.
The provisions of section eleven, article three of this
chapter apply to any violations of this article by a pharmacy benefit manager.
§33-25G-12. Promulgation of rules.
The commissioner may propose rules for legislative approval in
accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter
twenty-nine-a of this code, including emergency rules, pursuant to
the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code
to implement the provisions of this article, and the rules may
include the establishment of fees.
§33-25G-13. Commissioner's reporting requirements.
On or before the first day of January, two thousand nine, and
every year after that, the commissioner shall submit a report to
the Legislature and the Governor detailing the implementation of
the licensure process and the information collected. All
information contained in the report shall be de-identified or
reported as aggregate data only. The report shall include, but is
not limited to, the following information:
(1) The number of pharmacy benefit managers licensed in this
(2) The number of persons in this state served by the pharmacy
benefit manager annually;
(3) The number of contracts to provide services in this state;
(4) The aggregate amount of rebates, discounts or
disbursements received from pharmaceutical manufacturers;
(5) The aggregate amount of rebates, discounts or disbursements returned to the client; and
(6) Any other information the commissioner considers necessary
§33-25G-14. Effective date.
Any pharmacy benefit manager doing business within this state
shall obtain a license as required in section four of this article
within one hundred twenty days from the effective date of this
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to
require the licensure of
pharmacy benefit managers and
to establish related regulatory
This article is new; therefore, strike-throughs and
underscoring have been omitted.