H. B. 4486
(By Delegates Davis, C. White
[Introduced February 19, 1998; referred to the
Committee on Agriculture and Natural Resources then the
A BILL to amend and reenact section four, article ten, chapter
seven of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine
hundred thirty-one, as amended, relating to humane officers;
taking possession of animals abandoned, neglected or cruelly
treated; and requiring owners of animals seized to post
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That section four, article ten, chapter seven of the code of
West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended,
be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 10. HUMANE OFFICERS.
§7-10-4. Custody and care of animals abandoned, neglected or
cruelly treated; hearing; liability for costs;
(a) A humane officer shall take possession of any animal, including birds or wildlife in captivity, known or believed to be
abandoned, neglected, deprived of necessary sustenance, shelter
or medical care or cruelly treated or used, as defined in
sections nineteen and nineteen-a, article eight, chapter
sixty-one of this code.
(b) The owner, or person in possession, if his or her
identity and residence is known, of any animal seized pursuant to
subsection (a) of this section, shall be provided written notice
of such seizure, their liability for the cost and care of the
animal seized as herein provided, and the right to request a
hearing before a magistrate in the county wherein the animal was
seized. The magistrate court shall schedule any hearing so
requested within ten working days of the receipt of the request.
The failure of an owner or person in possession to request a
hearing within five working days of the seizure shall be deemed
prima facie evidence of the abandonment of said animal. At the
hearing, if requested, the magistrate shall determine if probable
cause exists to believe that such animal was abandoned, neglected
or deprived of necessary sustenance, shelter or medical care, or
otherwise treated or used cruelly as set forth herein.
(c) Upon finding of such probable cause, or if no hearing is
requested, if the magistrate finds probable cause based upon the
affidavit of the humane officer, the magistrate shall enter an
order authorizing any humane officer to maintain possession of the animal pending further proceedings, appeal or the disposition
of any criminal charges pursuant to chapter sixty-one of this
(d) Any person whose animal is seized and against whom a
finding of probable cause is rendered pursuant to this section is
liable for the costs of the care, medical treatment and
provisions for such animal during any period it remains in the
possession of the humane officer.
(e) If, after the humane officer takes possession of the
animal pursuant to the finding of probable cause, it is
determined by a licensed veterinarian that the animal should be
humanely destroyed to end its suffering, the veterinarian may
order the animal to be humanely destroyed according to acceptable
humane standards and neither the humane officer nor the
veterinarian may be subject to any civil or criminal liability as
a result of any such determination.
(f) The provisions of this section do not apply to farm
livestock, poultry, gaming fowl or wildlife kept in private or
licensed game farms if kept and maintained according to usual and
accepted standards of livestock, poultry, gaming fowl, wildlife
or game farm production and management, nor to the humane use of
animals or activities regulated under and in conformity with the
provisions of 7 U.S.C. §2131 et seq. and the regulations
promulgated thereunder, as both such statutes and regulations are in effect on the effective date of this section.
(g) The owner of seized animal shall post a security bond,
cash or corporate security, within ten days of the date the
animals are seized. The amount of the bond shall be sufficient
to cover the estimated cost of custody, including medical care,
for the animal for a period of thirty days and is renewable at
the end of thirty days if a judicial determination has not been
made or the case not concluded. If the bond is not posted within
the ten-day period, the animal may be disposed of by sale,
adoption, euthanasia or other means as provided in this section
or by other law. If a judicial determination is made that the
owner is fit to adequately care for the animal, a full refund and
release of the bond shall be made.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to require animal owners
to post bonds for costs when an animal is seized as abandoned,
neglected or cruelly treated.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken
from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language
that would be added.