H. B. 4312
(By Mr. Speaker, Mr. Kiss, and Delegates
Jenkins, Staton, Varner, Trump and Dalton)
[Passed March 14, 1998; in effect ninety days from passage.]
AN ACT to amend article one, chapter thirty-six of the code of
West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as
amended, by adding thereto a new section, designated section
four-a, relating to the recording of memoranda of trust with
the clerk of the county commission; and specifying
requirements for memoranda of trust.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That article one, chapter thirty-six of the code of West
Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, be
amended by adding thereto a new section, designated section
four-a, to read as follows:
ARTICLE 1. CREATION OF ESTATES GENERALLY.
§36-1-4a. Memorandum of trust; requirements; recordation.
(a) A memorandum of trust that satisfies both of the
following requirements may be presented for recordation in the office of the clerk of the county commission of any county in
which real property that is subject to the trust is located:
(1) The memorandum shall be executed by the currently acting
trustee or trustees of the trust, and, if living, by the settlor
or settlors, personally, or by a duly appointed attorney-in-fact
or conservator of the settlor or settlors, and shall be
acknowledged in the manner a deed must be acknowledged in order
to be recorded.
(2) The memorandum shall contain at least the following
information with respect to the trust:
(i) The existence of the trust and the date of the trust;
(ii) The names and mailing addresses of the settlor or
settlors and of the currently acting trustee or trustees of the
trust, the names and mailing addresses of any successor trustee
or trustees, and the circumstances under which any successor
trustee or trustees will assume trust powers;
(iii) The revocability or irrevocability of the trust; and
(iv) A verbatim recitation of the trust powers specified in
the trust relative to the acquisition, sale, disposition, or
encumbering of real property by the trustee or trustees or the
conveyance or disposition of real property by the trustee or
trustees and any restrictions upon those powers, or a statement
that the trust powers include at least all those trust powers
contained in section three, article five-a, chapter forty-four of this code as they existed at the date of the execution of the
(b) A memorandum of trust may also set forth the substance
or actual text of any or all of the provisions of the trust.
(c) A memorandum of trust that satisfies the provisions of
this section constitutes notice only of the information contained
(d) Upon the presentation of a memorandum of trust that
satisfies the provisions of this section and the payment of the
requisite fee, the clerk shall record the memorandum of trust
with the records of deeds and list it in the grantor index under
the name of the settlor or settlors and in the grantee index
under the names of the then-acting trustee or trustees.
(e) Nothing herein shall be construed or deemed to require
recordation of any original trust agreement or other governing
instrument which establishes the trust identified in the
memorandum of trust.