Senate Bill No. 154
(By Senators Wiedebusch, Love, Kimble, Schoonover,
Miller, Oliverio and Manchin)
[Introduced January 26, 1996; referred to the Committee
on the Judiciary.]
A BILL to amend and reenact sections ten-c and ten-d, article
two-a, chapter forty-eight of the code of West Virginia, one
thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, all relating
to criminal penalties for violating a family violence
protective order; and arrest for certain violations of
family violence protective orders.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That sections ten-c and ten-d, article two-a, chapter
forty-eight of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine
hundred thirty-one, as amended, be amended and reenacted, all to
read as follows:
ARTICLE 2A. PREVENTION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
§48-2A-10c. Arrest for violations of protective orders.
(a) When a law-enforcement officer observes any respondent
abuse, the petitioner and/or minor children or the respondent's
physical presence at any location in knowing and willful
violation of the terms of a temporary or final protection order
issued under the provisions of this article, he or she shall
immediately arrest the respondent.
(b) When a family or household member is alleged to have
committed a violation of the provisions of section ten-d of this
article, a law-enforcement officer shall arrest the perpetrator
for said offense where:
(1) The law-enforcement officer has observed credible
corroborative evidence, as defined in subsection (b), section
fourteen of this article, that the offense has occurred; and
(2) The law-enforcement officer has received, from the
victim or a witness, a verbal or written allegation of the facts
constituting a violation of section ten-d of this article; or
(3) The law-enforcement officer has observed credible
evidence that the accused committed the offense.
b) (c) Any person who observes a violation of a protective
order as described in this section, or the victim of such abuse or unlawful presence, may call a local law-enforcement agency,
which shall verify the existence of a current order, and shall
direct a law-enforcement officer to promptly investigate the
c) (d) Where there is an arrest, the officer shall take the
arrested person before a court or a magistrate and, upon a
finding of probable cause to believe a violation of an order as
set forth in this section has occurred, the court or magistrate
shall set a time and place for a hearing in accordance with the
West Virginia rules of criminal procedure.
§48-2A-10d. Misdemeanor offense of violation of protective
(a) A respondent who abuses the petitioner and/or minor
children or who is physically present at any location in knowing
and willful violation of the terms of a temporary or final
protective order issued under the provisions of this article
shall be is guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction
thereof, shall be confined in the county or regional jail for a
period of not less than one day seven days nor more than one
year, which jail term shall include actual confinement of not less than twenty-four hours, and shall be fined not less than two
hundred fifty dollars or more than two thousand dollars.
(b) When a respondent previously convicted of the offense
described in subsection (a) of this section abuses the petitioner
and/or minor children or is physically present at any location in
knowing and willful violation of the terms of a temporary or
final protective order issued under the provisions of this
article, the respondent is guilty of a felony, and, upon
conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for
not less than one year nor more than five years.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to make it easier to
arrest a person who violates a protective order. It also makes
a second offense of violating a protective order a felony.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken
from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language
that would be added.