HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 8
(By Delegate Prunty)
(Introduced January 31, 1995; referred to the
Committee on Constitutional Revision.)
Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the State of West
Virginia, amending section fifty-one, article six thereof,
relating to requiring the Legislature to pass the budget by
the fortieth day of each session; numbering and designating
such proposed amendment; and providing a summarized
statement of the purpose of such proposed amendment.
Resolved by the Legislature of West Virginia, two thirds of
the members elected to each house agreeing thereto:
That the question of ratification or rejection of an
amendment to the Constitution of the State of West Virginia be
submitted to the voters of the State at the next general election
to be held in the year one thousand nine hundred ninety-six,
which proposed amendment is that section fifty-one, article six
thereof be amended, to read as follows:
ARTICLE VI. THE LEGISLATURE.
§51. Budget and supplementary appropriation bills.
The Legislature shall not appropriate any money out of the
treasury except in accordance with the provisions of this
Subsection A -- Appropriation Bills.
(1) Every appropriation bill shall be either a budget bill,or a supplementary appropriation bill, as hereinafter provided.
Subsection B -- Budget Bills.
(2) Within ten days after the convening of the regular
session of the Legislature in odd-numbered years, unless such
time shall be extended by the Legislature, and on the second
Wednesday of January in even-numbered years, the governor shall
submit to the Legislature a budget for the next ensuing fiscal
year. The budget shall contain a complete plan of proposed
expenditures and estimated revenues for the fiscal year and shall
show the estimated surplus or deficit of revenues at the end of
each fiscal year. Accompanying each budget shall be a statement
showing: (a) An estimate of the revenues and expenditures for
the current fiscal year, including the actual revenues and actual
expenditures to the extent available, and the revenues and
expenditures for the next preceding fiscal year; (b) the current
assets, liabilities, reserves and surplus or deficit of the
state; (c) the debts and funds of the state; (d) an estimate of
the state's financial condition as of the beginning and end of
the fiscal year covered by the budget; (e) any explanation the
governor may desire to make as to the important features of the
budget and any suggestions as to methods for reduction or
increase of the state's revenue.
(3) Each budget shall embrace an itemized estimate of the
appropriations, in such form and detail as the governor shall
determine or as may be prescribed by law: (a) For the
Legislature as certified to the governor in the mannerhereinafter provided; (b) for the executive department; (c) for
the judiciary department, as provided by law, certified to the
governor by the auditor; (d) for payment and discharge of the
principal and interest of any debt of the state created in
conformity with the Constitution, and all laws enacted in
pursuance thereof; (e) for the salaries payable by the state
under the Constitution and laws of the State; (f) for such other
purposes as are set forth in the Constitution and in laws made in
(4) The governor shall deliver to the presiding officer of
each house the budget and a bill for all the proposed
appropriations of the budget clearly itemized and classified, in
such form and detail as the governor shall determine or as may be
prescribed by law; and the presiding officer of each house shall
promptly cause the bill to be introduced therein, and such bill
shall be known as the "Budget Bill." The governor may, with the
consent of the Legislature, before final action thereon by the
Legislature, amend or supplement the budget to correct an
oversight, or to provide funds contingent on passage of pending
legislation, and in case of an emergency, he may deliver such an
amendment or supplement to the presiding officers of both houses;
and the amendment or supplement shall thereby become a part of
the budget bill as an addition to the items of the bill or as a
modification of or a substitute for any item of the bill the
amendment or supplement may affect.
(5) The Legislature shall not amend the budget bill so as tocreate a deficit but may amend the bill by increasing or
decreasing any item therein: Provided, That no item relating to
the judiciary shall be decreased, and except as otherwise
provided in this Constitution, the salary or compensation of any
public officer shall not be increased or decreased during his
term of office: Provided further, That the Legislature shall not
increase the estimate of revenue submitted in the budget without
the approval of the governor.
(6) The governor and such representatives of the executive
departments, boards, officers and commissions of the state
expending or applying for state moneys as have been designated by
the governor for this purpose, shall have the right, and when
requested by either house of the Legislature it shall be their
duty, to appear and be heard with respect to any budget bill, and
to answer inquiries relative thereto.
Subsection C -- Supplementary Appropriation Bills.
(7) Neither house shall consider other appropriations until
the budget bill has been finally acted upon by both houses, and
no such other appropriations shall be valid except in accordance
with the provisions following: (a) Every such appropriation
shall be embodied in a separate bill limited to some single work,
object or purpose therein stated and called therein a
supplementary appropriation bill; (b) each supplementary
appropriation bill shall provide the revenue necessary to pay the
appropriation thereby made by a tax, direct or indirect, to be
laid and collected as shall be directed in the bill unless itappears from such budget that there is sufficient revenue
Subsection D -- General Provisions.
If The budget bill shall be not have been finally acted
upon and passed by the Legislature three days before the
expiration by the fortieth day of its regular session. the
governor shall issue a proclamation extending the session for
such further period as may, in his judgment, be necessary for the
passage of the bill; but no matter other than the bill shall be
considered during such an extension of a session except a
provision for the cost thereof However, if it has not been passed
by that time, all other matters shall cease and no other matters
except the budget bill may be considered until such time as the
budget bill is passed.
(9) For the purpose of making up the budget, the governor
shall have the power, and it shall be his duty, to require from
the proper state officials, including herein all executive
departments, all executive and administrative officers, bureaus,
boards, commissions and agencies expending or supervising the
expenditure of, and all institutions applying for state moneys
and appropriations, such itemized estimates and other
information, in such form and at such times as he shall direct.
The estimates for the legislative department, certified by the
presiding officer of each house, and for the judiciary, as
provided by law, certified by the auditor, shall be transmitted
to the governor in such form and at such times as he shalldirect, and shall be included in the budget.
(10) The governor may provide for public hearings on all
estimates and may require the attendance at such hearings of
representatives of all agencies and all institutions applying for
state moneys. After such public hearings he may, in his
discretion, revise all estimates except those for the legislative
and judiciary departments.
(11) Every budget bill or supplementary appropriation bill
passed by a majority of the members elected to each house of the
Legislature shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the
governor. The governor may veto the bill, or he may disapprove
or reduce items or parts of items contained therein. If he
approves he shall sign it and thereupon it shall become a law.
The bill, items or parts thereof, disapproved or reduced by the
governor, shall be returned with his objections to each house of
Each house shall enter the objections at large upon its
journal and proceed to reconsider. If, after reconsideration,
two thirds of the members elected to each house agree to pass the
bill, or such items or parts thereof, as were disapproved or
reduced, the bill, items or parts thereof, approved by two thirds
of such members, shall become law, notwithstanding the objections
of the governor. In all such cases, the vote of each house shall
be determined by yeas and nays to be entered on the journal.
A bill, item or part thereof, which is not returned by the
governor within five days (Sundays excepted) after the bill hasbeen presented to him shall become a law in like manner as if he
had signed the bill, unless the Legislature, by adjournment,
prevents such return, in which case it shall be filed in the
office of the secretary of state, within five days after such
adjournment, and shall become a law; or it shall be so filed
within such five days with the objections of the governor, in
which case it shall become law to the extent not disapproved by
(12) The Legislature may, from time to time, enact such
laws, not inconsistent with this section, as may be necessary and
proper to carry out its provisions.
(13) In the event of any inconsistency between any of the
provisions of this section and any of the other provisions of the
Constitution, the provisions of this section shall prevail. But
nothing herein shall be construed as preventing the governor from
calling extraordinary sessions of the Legislature, as provided by
section nineteen of this article, or as preventing the
Legislature at such extraordinary sessions from considering any
emergency appropriation or appropriations.
(14) If any item of any appropriation bill passed under the
provisions of this section shall be held invalid upon any ground,
such invalidity shall not affect the legality of the bill or of
any other item of such bill or bills.
Further Resolved, That in accordance with the provisions of
article eleven, chapter three of the code of West Virginia, one
thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, such proposedamendment is hereby numbered "Amendment No. 1" and designated as
the "Budget Bill Passage Amendment," and the purpose of the
proposed amendment is summarized as follows: "To require the
Legislature to act upon and pass the Budget Bill by the fortieth
day of the session."
NOTE: The purpose of this proposed amendment is to require
the Legislature to pass the Budget Bill by the 40th day of the
regular legislative session.
Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken
from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language
that would be added.