H. B. 4409
(By Delegates Manchin, Skinner, Sponaugle,
Fleischauer, Poore, Ferro, Longstreth, Marcum,
Wells, Moore, Caputo)
[Introduced February 5, 2014; referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary then Finance.]
A BILL to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new article, designated §21A-12-1, §21A-12-2, §21A-12-3, §21A-12-4, §21A-12-5, §21A-12-6, §21A-12-7, §21A-12-8, §21A-12-9, §21A-12-10, §21A-12-11 and §21A-12-12, all relating to the creation of Work Share West Virginia; providing rule-making authority; specifying work share plan contents; providing criteria for approval or denial of work share plan; providing provisions for enforcement of program, including criminal sanctions, employee eligibility, benefit amounts and exhaustion of benefits; requiring reimbursement of benefits paid; providing for charging participating employers; and requiring report to Legislature.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended by adding thereto a new article, designated §21A-12-1, §21A-12-2, §21A-12-3, §21A-12-4, §21A-12-5, §21A-12-6, §21A-12-7, §21A-12-8, §21A-12-9, §21A-12-10, §21A-12-11 and §21A-12-12, all to read as follows:
ARTICLE 12. WORK SHARE WEST VIRGINIA.
As used in this article:
(1) “Affected unit” means a specified plant, department, shift, or other definable unit which includes two or more workers to which an approved work-sharing plan applies.
(2) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of the Bureau of Employment Programs.
(3) “Health and retirement benefits” means employer-provided health benefits, and retirement benefits under a defined benefit pension plan (as defined in section 414(j) of the Internal Revenue Code or contributions under a defined contribution plan (defined in section 414(i) of such code), which are incidents of employment in addition to the cash remuneration earned.
(4) "Participating employee" means an employee who works a reduced number of hours under an approved work-sharing plan.
(5) "Participating employer" means an employer who has a work-sharing plan.
(6) "Work-sharing benefits" means unemployment benefits payable to employees in an affected unit under an approved work-sharing plan, as distinguished from the unemployment benefits otherwise payable under the unemployment compensation law.
(7) “Work-sharing plan” means a plan submitted by an employer, for approval by the commissioner, under which the employer requests the payment of work-sharing benefits to workers in an affected unit of the employer to avert layoffs.
(8) “Usual weekly hours of work” means the usual hours of work for full-time or part-time employees in the affected unit when that unit is operating on its regular basis, not to exceed forty hours and not including hours of overtime work.
(9) “Unemployment insurance” means the unemployment benefits payable under the state unemployment compensation law other than work-sharing and includes any amounts payable pursuant to an agreement under any federal law providing for compensation, assistance, or allowances with respect to unemployment.
§21A-12-2. Creation of the Work Share West Virginia Program.
(a) The "Work Share West Virginia" program is created. The Work Share West Virginia program is a short-time compensation program in which an employer who participates in the program reduces the number of hours worked by the employees of the employer in lieu of layoffs. The Work Share West Virginia program is a completely voluntary program and an employer is under no obligation to participate.
(b) The commissioner shall enforce the requirements of the Work Share West Virginia program in the same manner as the commissioner enforces the requirements of this chapter, including the applicable provisions of article ten.
§21A-12-3. Application to participate in the Work Share West Virginia program.
(a) An employer wishing to participate in the work-sharing program shall submit a signed written work-sharing plan to the commissioner for approval.
(b) The commissioner shall develop an application form to request approval of a short-time compensation plan and an approval process.
(c) The application shall include:
(1) The affected unit (or units) covered by the plan, including the number of full-time or part-time workers in such unit, the percentage of workers in the affected unit covered by the plan, identification of each individual employee in the affected unit by name, social security number and the employer’s unemployment tax account number and any other information required by the commissioner to identify plan participants.
(2) Certification by the employer that it has obtained the written approval of any applicable collective bargaining representative and has notified all affected employees who are not in a collective bargaining unit of the proposed work-sharing plan.
(3) A description of how workers in the affected unit will be notified of the employer’s participation in the work-sharing plan if the application is approved, including how the employer will notify those workers in a collective bargaining unit as well as any workers in the affected unit who are not in a collective bargaining unit. If the employer will not provide advance notice to workers in the affected unit, the employer shall explain in a statement in the application why it is not feasible to provide the notice.
(4) A requirement that the employer identify the usual weekly hours of work for employees in the affected unit and the specific percentage by which their hours will be reduced during all weeks covered by the plan. An application shall specify the percentage of reduction for which a work-sharing application may be approved which shall be not less than ten percent and not more than sixty percent. If the plan includes any week for which the employer regularly provides no work (due to a holiday or other plant closing), then the week shall be identified in the application.
(5) Certification by the employer that, if the employer provides health benefits and retirement benefits under defined benefit pension plans (as defined in section 414(j) of the Internal Revenue Code) or contributions under a defined contribution plan (defined in section 414(i) of that Code) to any employee whose usual weekly hours of work are reduced under the program, the benefits will continue to be provided to employees participating in the work-sharing program under the same terms and conditions as though the usual weekly hours of work of the employee had not been reduced or to the same extent as other employees not participating in the work-sharing program.
For defined benefit retirement plans, the hours that are reduced under the work-sharing plan shall be credited for purposes of participation, vesting and accrual of benefits as though the usual weekly hours of work had not been reduced. The dollar amount of employer contributions to a defined contribution plan that are based on a percentage of compensation may be less due to the reduction in the employee’s compensation. Notwithstanding the above, an application may contain the required certification when a reduction in health and retirement benefits scheduled to occur during the duration of the plan will be applicable equally to employees who are not participating in the short-time compensation program and to those employees who are participating.
(6) Certification by the employer that the aggregate reduction in work hours is in lieu of layoffs (temporary or permanent layoffs, or both temporary or permanent layoffs) of regularly employed employees in the affected unit. The application shall include an estimate of the number of workers who would have been laid off in the absence of the short-time compensation plan.
(7) Agreement by the employer to:
(A) Furnish reports to the commissioner relating to the proper conduct of the plan;
(B) Allow the commissioner or his or her authorized representatives access to all records necessary to approve or disapprove the plan application and, after approval of a plan, to monitor and evaluate the plan; and
(C) Follow any other directives the commissioner considers necessary for the agency to implement the plan and which are consistent with the requirements for plan applications.
(8) Certification by the employer that it has filed all quarterly reports and other reports required under the state unemployment compensation law and has paid all quarterly contributions, reimbursements in lieu of contributions, interest and penalties due through the date of the employer’s application.
(9) Certification by the employer that it will not hire new employees in, or transfer employees to, the affected unit during the effective period of the work-sharing plan.
(10) Certification by the employer that it will not lay off participating employees during the effective period of the work-sharing plan, or reduce participating employees’ hours of work by more than the reduction percentage during the effective period of the work-sharing plan, except in cases of holidays, designated vacation periods, equipment maintenance or similar circumstances.
(11) Certification by the employer that participation in the work-sharing plan and its implementation is consistent with the employer’s obligations under applicable federal and state laws.
(12) The effective date and duration of the plan that shall expire not later than the end of the twelfth full calendar month after the effective date.
(13) Any other provision added to the application by the commissioner that the United States Secretary of Labor determines to be appropriate for purposes of administering the work-sharing program.
§21A-12-4. Approval or disapproval of work-sharing plan.
The commissioner shall approve or disapprove a work-sharing plan in writing within thirty days of its receipt and promptly communicate the decision to the employer. A decision disapproving the plan shall clearly identify the reasons for the disapproval. The disapproval is final, but the employer shall be allowed to submit another short-time compensation plan for approval not earlier than fifteen days from the date of the disapproval.
§21A-12-5. Effective date and duration of the work-sharing plan.
(a) A work-sharing plan is effective on the date that is mutually agreed upon by the employer and the commissioner, which shall be specified in the notice of approval to the employer. (b) The plan shall expire on the date specified in the notice of approval, which shall be either the date at the end of the twelfth full calendar month after its effective date or an earlier date mutually agreed upon by the employer and the commissioner. However, if a work-sharing plan is revoked by the commissioner under section six of this article, the plan shall terminate on the date specified in the commissioner's written order of revocation.
(c) An employer may terminate a short-time compensation plan at any time upon written notice to the commissioner. Upon receipt of the notice from the employer, the commissioner shall promptly notify each member of the affected unit of the termination date.
(d) An employer may submit a new application to participate in another work-sharing plan at any time after the expiration or termination date.
§21A-12-6. Revocation of approval.
(a) The commissioner may revoke approval of a work-sharing plan for good cause at any time, including upon the request of any of the affected unit's employees. The revocation order shall be in writing and shall specify the reasons for the revocation and the date the revocation is effective.
(b) The commissioner may periodically review the operation of each employer’s work-sharing plan to assure that no good cause exists for revocation of the approval of the plan.
(c) Good cause includes, but is not limited to, failure to comply with the assurances given in the plan, unreasonable revision of productivity standards for the affected unit, conduct or occurrences tending to defeat the intent and effective operation of the plan and violation of any criteria on which approval of the plan was based.
§21A-12-7. Modification of an approved work-sharing plan.
(a) An employer may request a modification of an approved plan by filing a written request to the commissioner.
(b) The request shall identify the specific provisions proposed to be modified and provide an explanation of why the proposed modification is appropriate for the short-time compensation plan.
(c) The commissioner shall approve or disapprove the proposed modification in writing within ten working days of receipt and promptly communicate the decision to the employer.
(d) The commissioner may approve a request for modification of the plan based on conditions that have changed since the plan was approved provided that the modification is consistent with and supports the purposes for which the plan was initially approved.
(e) A modification does not extend the expiration date of the original plan. The commissioner must promptly notify the employer whether the plan modification has been approved and, if approved, the effective date of the modification.
(f) An employer is not required to request approval of a plan modification from the commissioner if the change is not substantial, but the employer must report every change to the plan to the commissioner promptly and in writing. The commissioner may terminate an employer’s plan if the employer fails to meet this reporting requirement.
(g) If the commissioner determines that the reported change is substantial, the commissioner shall require the employer to request a modification to the plan.
§21A-12-8. Eligibility for work-sharing benefits.
An individual is eligible to receive work-sharing benefits with respect to any week only if the individual is monetarily eligible for unemployment insurance, not otherwise disqualified for unemployment insurance, and:
(a) During the week, the individual is employed as a member of an affected unit under an approved work-sharing plan, which was approved prior to that week, and the plan is in effect with respect to the week for which work-sharing benefits are claimed;
(b) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this article relating to availability for work and actively seeking work, the individual is available for the individual’s usual hours of work with the work-sharing employer, which may include, for purposes of this section, participating in training to enhance job skills that is approved by the commissioner such as employer-sponsored training or training funded under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998; and
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an individual covered by an approved work-sharing plan is considered unemployed in any week during the duration of the plan if the individual’s remuneration as an employee in an affected unit is reduced based a reduction of the individual’s usual weekly hours of work under an approved work-sharing plan.
(a) An individual’s work-sharing benefit amount is the product of the regular weekly unemployment insurance amount for a week of total unemployment multiplied by the percentage of reduction in the individual's usual weekly hours of work.
(b) An individual may be eligible for work-sharing benefits or unemployment insurance, as appropriate, except that an individual may not be eligible for combined benefits in any benefit year in an amount more than the maximum entitlement established for regular unemployment insurance, nor may an individual be paid work-sharing benefits for more than fifty-two weeks under an approved work-sharing plan.
(c) The work-sharing benefits paid to an individual shall be deducted from the maximum entitlement amount of regular unemployment insurance established for that individual's benefit year.
(d) Provisions applicable to unemployment insurance claimants apply to work-sharing claimants to the extent that they are not inconsistent with the work-sharing provisions of this article . An individual who files an initial claim for work-sharing benefits shall receive a monetary determination.
(e) An individual who is eligible for work-sharing benefits is not subject to the provisions of the state’s unemployment compensation law relating to partial unemployment benefits. Wages earned from an employer other than the work-sharing employer during the week of work-sharing eligibility shall be disregarded in the calculation of the individual’s weekly work-sharing benefit.
(f) An individual who is not provided any work during a week by the work-sharing employer, or any other employer, and who is otherwise eligible for unemployment insurance is eligible for the amount of regular unemployment insurance to which the individual would otherwise be eligible.
(g) An individual who is not provided any work by the work-sharing employer during a week, but who works for another employer and is otherwise eligible may be paid unemployment insurance for that week subject to the disqualifying income provisions of article six of this chapter relating to partial unemployment benefits.
§21A-12-10. Charging work-sharing benefits.
(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, work-sharing benefits shall be charged to an employers' experience rating account in the same manner as unemployment insurance is charged under article five of this chapter. Employers liable for payments in lieu of contributions shall have work-sharing benefits attributed to service in their employ in the same manner as unemployment insurance is attributed under the provisions of the state’s unemployment compensation law relating to the financing of benefits by employers using the reimbursing method.
(b) If federal funding is available to the state for the purpose of full reimbursement for the cost of funding work-sharing benefits paid by the unemployment insurance agency pursuant to section 2162 of the Layoff Prevention Act of 2012 and an approved work-sharing plan under this article, those benefits may not be charged or billed to a participating employer.
§21A-12-11. Extended Benefits.
An individual who has received all of the work-sharing benefits or combined unemployment insurance and work-sharing benefits available in a benefit year is an exhaustee for purposes of extended benefits, as provided under the provisions of the state’s unemployment compensation law relating to extended benefits contained in article six-a of this chapter, and, if otherwise eligible under those provisions, is eligible to receive extended benefits.
§21A-12-12. Report to the Legislature.
(a) Beginning one year after the effective date of this article, and every year thereafter, the commissioner shall prepare and submit a report evaluating the use and effectiveness of the Work Share West Virginia program created by section two of this article, and the impact of the program on the Unemployment Compensation Fund created in article eight of this chapter. The commissioner shall include in that report the number of employers and employees participating in the program, the amount of shared work benefits paid under the program during the immediately preceding year and any other information the commissioner considers to be relevant.
(b) The commissioner shall submit the report to the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Minority Leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Delegates and the Minority Leader of the House of Delegates.
NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to create the Work Share West Virginia program in which a participating employer reduces the number of hours worked by its employees in lieu of laying off employees.
This article is new; therefore, it has been completely underscored.