H. B. 3221
(By Delegate Williams)
[Introduced February 21, 2011; referred to the
Committee on Health and Human Resources then Finance.]
A BILL to to amend the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, by adding thereto a new article, designated §9-4F-1, §9-4F-2, §9-4F-3, §9-4F-4, §9-4F-5 and §9-4F-6, all relating to community-based services and supports for individuals with disabilities; establishing the Community-Based Services Act; providing definitions for certain terms; defining the purpose of the act; implementation of the act; standards and requirements of the Department of Health and Human Resources to modify certain policies to improve access to community-based long-term care services; legislative oversight; and requiring legislative rules.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended by adding thereto a new article, designated §9-4F-1, §9-4F-2, §9-4F-3, §9-4F-4, §9-4F-5 and §9-4F-6, all to read as follows: ARTICLE 4F. COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICES ACT.
This article is known as and may be cited as the "Community-Based Services Act".
(a) "Community-based services and supports" means services and supports designated to assist the recipient in accomplishing activities of daily living, health maintenance tasks in the most integrated setting appropriate. These services and supports are furnished to a recipient through: Informal supports; Medicaid waiver programs; Medicaid personal care and Medicaid home health.
(b) "Service or support recipient" means the eligible individual who has a disability and is receiving long-term care supports under existing or new community-based supports or institutional care.
(c) "Department" means Department of Health and Human Resources.
(d) "Institution" means nursing facility and intermediate care facility for persons with mentally challenged or other segregated and congregated facility providing long-term care services.
(e) "Long-term care services" means diverse, integrated medical or nonmedical services provided over a sustained period of time to ensure maximum physical, mental and social functioning of the service or support recipient.
(f) "Legal representative" means a person legally authorized to make decisions for the service or support recipient including, but not limited to, a conservator, guardian, power of attorney, medical power of attorney, or health care surrogate.
(g) "Most integrated setting" means the individual has opportunities to access and actively participate in a valued and meaningful way as a member of their community.
The intent of this legislation is to achieve the following goals:
(1) Assuring the implementation of Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act as upheld by the United States Supreme Court in Olmstead v. L.C.;
(2) Respecting the right of all people who can be supported in their home and community regardless of severity of disability or age;
(3) Reducing the reliance on institutional care;
(4) Reducing the cost of publicly funded services and supports;
(5) Eliminating barriers that prevent or restrict the flexible use of Medicaid funds in the most integrated setting;
(6) Increasing access to community-based alternatives to institutional care;
(7) Ensuring continuous quality assurance and improvement in providing community-based long-term care supports; and
(8) Ensuring that, as home and community-based services are more fully developed, resources remain available to individuals who choose or need care in a long-term care facility.
§9-4F-4. Implementation of the Community-Based Services Act.
(a) The department shall design and implement enduring improvements to community-based supports to enable eligible service or support recipients to live and participate in a valued and meaningful way in community life, particularly with respect to individuals who:
(1) Reside in or are at-risk of admission to an institutional setting; and
(2) Would prefer to live in the community and could do so, provided they have the appropriate supports.
(b) The department shall utilize the Olmstead Council as the committee to assist in the planning, development and implementation of community-based supports, including program standards, access, eligibility and quality assurance related to this act.
(c) The department shall identify and educate eligible individuals residing in institutional long-term care facilities.
(d) The department shall ensure that each individual identified has the opportunity to make an informed choice for community-based services as an alternative to institutional care.
(e) The department shall ensure to the maximum extent possible, a service or supports recipient or their legal representative shall be supported to design and manage his or her community-based supports in a self-directed manner preserving individual choice, control and dignity.
(f) The service or support recipient shall have due process rights through a responsive and efficient due process system.
§9-4F-5. Standards and requirements.
(a) The department shall modify methodology for funding long- term care supports to:
(1) Allow long-term care Medicaid funding for institutional care to be allocated in a flexible manner;
(2) Require long-term care Medicaid funding methodology to utilize a market-based approach that allows the service or support recipient to guide the allocation of funding through need and choice.
(b) The department shall eliminate the institutional bias in eligibility determination for specific community-based services.
(1) The department shall utilize a presumptive eligibility, or fast track eligibility process for Medicaid waiver programs. This will allow for immediate access to services as already permitted for alternative institutional programs.
(2) The department shall provide Medicaid personal care services to allow services in the natural community setting as needed by the service or support recipient.
(3) The department shall provide benefits counseling (including alternative to institutional care) prior to any individual being admitted to an institutional setting.
(4) The department shall provide benefits counseling (including all alternatives to institutional care) on an annual basis to all individuals residing in an institutional setting.
(c) The department shall fund a statewide transition and diversion program to assist people in returning to or remaining in their home and community to avoid or delay institutionalization as resources permit.
§9-4F-6. Legislative oversight.
The department shall report to the Select Committee on PEIA, seniors and long-term care every three months concerning the progress of policy changes to eliminate institutional bias and status of those eligible individuals who choose to move from institutional facilities to community-based settings.
NOTE: The purpose of the bill is to ensure that the DHHR focuses on the home and community-based services as they make plans for the elderly and people with disabilities.
This article is new; therefore, it has been completely underscored.