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Introduced Version House Bill 2991 History

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hb2991 intr
H. B. 2991


(By Delegates Perry, Leach, Miley, Pino,

Roberts and Michael)

[Introduced March 11, 2005 ; referred to the

Committee on the Judiciary.]




A BILL to amend and reenact §61-5-8 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to adults and juveniles in custody or confinement; providing criminal penalties for aiding escape; specifying items that are unlawful to deliver to or be possessed by individuals in custody or confinement; providing criminal penalties for possession of certain items by adults or juveniles in custody or confinement in a jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center ; providing criminal penalties for transporting certain items onto the grounds of a jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center ; and providing definitions.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §61-5-8 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 5. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE.
§61-5-8. Aiding escape and other offenses relating to adults and juveniles in custody or confinement; penalties.

(a) Where any adult or juvenile is lawfully detained in custody or confinement in any county or regional jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center, if any other person shall deliver delivers anything into the place of custody or confinement of the adult or juvenile with the intent to aid or facilitate the adult's or juvenile's escape or attempted escape therefrom, or if the other person shall forcibly rescue or attempt forcibly rescues or attempts to rescue an adult or a juvenile therefrom, the other person is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be confined in a state correctional facility not less than one nor more than ten years.
(b) Where any adult or juvenile is lawfully detained in custody or confinement in any county or regional jail, a state correctional facility or a juvenile facility or juvenile detention center, if any other person shall deliver delivers any money or other thing of value, any written or printed matter, any article of merchandise, food or clothing, any medicine, telecommunication device, utensil or instrument of any kind to such the adult or juvenile without the express authority and permission of the supervising officer and with knowledge that such the adult or juvenile is lawfully detained, such the other person is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and confined in the county or regional jail not less than three nor more than twelve months: Provided,
That the provisions of this section do not prohibit an attorney or his or her employees from supplying any written or printed material to an adult or juvenile which pertains to that attorney's representation of the adult or juvenile.
(c) If any person transports any alcoholic liquor, nonintoxicating beer, poison, explosive, firearm or other
implement of escape, dangerous material, or deadly weapon or any controlled substance as defined by chapter sixty-a of this code onto the grounds of any county or regional jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center within this state and is unauthorized by law to do so, or is unauthorized by the persons supervising the facility, such the person is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars or confined in a state correctional facility not less than two years nor more than ten years, or both, or, in the discretion of the court, be confined in the county or regional jail not more than one year and fined not more than five hundred dollars.
(d) If any person delivers any alcoholic liquor, nonintoxicating beer, poison, explosive, firearm or other
implement of escape, dangerous material, or deadly weapon or any controlled substance as defined by chapter sixty-a of this code to an adult or juvenile in custody or confinement in any county or regional jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center within this state and is unauthorized by law to do so, or is unauthorized by the persons supervising the facility, such the person is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars or confined in a state correctional facility not less than one year nor more than five years, or both.
(e) Whoever purchases, accepts as a gift, or secures by barter, trade or in any other manner, any article or articles manufactured at or belonging to any county or regional jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center from any adult or juvenile detained therein is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and confined in the county or regional jail not less than three nor more than twelve months: Provided,
That the provisions of this subsection do not apply to articles specially manufactured in any facility under the authorization of the persons supervising the facility and which are offered for sale within or outside of the facility.
(f) Whoever persuades, induces or entices or attempts to persuade, induce or entice any person who is in custody or confined in any county or regional jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center to escape therefrom or to engage or aid in any insubordination to the persons supervising the facility is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and confined in the county or regional jail not less than three nor more than twelve months.
(g)(1) An inmate of a jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center having in his or her possession any alcoholic liquor, nonintoxicating beer, poison, implement of escape, dangerous material, weapon or any controlled substance as defined by chapter sixty-a of this code
is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars or confined in a state correctional facility not less than two years nor more than ten years, or both, or, in the discretion of the court, be confined in jail not more than one year and fined not more than five hundred dollars.
(2) An inmate of a jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center having in his or her possession money or other thing of value, any written or printed matter, any article of merchandise, food or clothing, any medicine, telecommunication device, utensil or instrument of any kind without the express authority and permission of the supervising officer is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars and confined in
jail not less than three nor more than twelve months.
(h) As used in this section:
"Dangerous material" means any incendiary material or device, highly flammable or caustic liquid, explosive, bullet or other material readily capable of causing death or serious bodily injury.
"Delivers" means to transfer an item to an adult or juvenile who is detained in custody or confinement in any
jail, correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center, or a building appurtenant to those places. The term includes bringing the item into a jail, correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center or a building appurtenant to those places. The term includes putting an item in a place where it may be obtained by an inmate.
"Inmate" means an adult or juvenile who is detained in custody or confinement in any
jail, correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center, regardless of whether the individual is temporarily absent due to medical treatment, transportation, court appearance or other reason for a temporary absence.
"Implement of escape" means a tool, implement, device, equipment or other item that can facilitate, aid or conceal an escape or attempted escape by an inmate.
"Telecommunication device" means any type of instrument, device, machine or equipment which is capable of transmitting telephonic, electronic, digital, cellular or radio communications or any part of an instrument, device, machine or equipment which is capable of facilitating the transmission of telephonic, electronic, digital, cellular or radio communications. The term includes, but is not limited to, cellular phones, digital phones and modem equipment devices.
"Weapon" means an implement readily capable of lethal use and includes any firearm, knife, dagger, razor, other cutting or stabbing implement or club. The term includes any item which has been modified or adapted so that it can be used as a firearm, knife, dagger, razor, other cutting or stabbing implement or club. For purposes of this definition, the term "firearm" includes an unloaded firearm or the unassembled components of a firearm.



NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to specify items that are unlawful to deliver to or be possessed by individuals in custody or confinement
in a jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center . It also provides criminal penalties for transporting certain items onto the grounds of a jail, state correctional facility, juvenile facility or juvenile detention center. It provides definitions and criminal penalties for aiding escape.

Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.

This bill was recommended for introduction and passage during the 2005 legislative session by the Legislative Oversight Committee on the Regional Jail and Correctional Facility Authority.
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