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Introduced Version House Bill 2950 History

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hb2950 intr
H. B. 2950


(By Mr. Speaker, Mr. Kiss, and Delegates Longstreth, Manchin, Caputo, Perdue, Martin, Amores and Beane)
[Introduced
March 9, 2005 ; referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary.]



A BILL to amend and reenact §3-4A-9 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to requiring a paper copy of a voter's votes when using an electronic voting system to vote; providing that the paper copy can only be used for a random count of precincts or if an election is contested, challenged or disputed; and providing that the Secretary of State may promulgate rules.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §3-4A-9 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 4A. ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEMS.
§3-4A-9. Minimum requirements of electronic voting systems.
An electronic voting system of particular make and design may not be approved by the State Election Commission or be purchased, leased or used by any county commission unless it meets the following requirements:
(1) It secures or ensures the voter absolute secrecy in the act of voting or, at the voter's election, provides for open voting;
(2) It is constructed to ensure that no person, except in instances of open voting as provided for in this section, can see or know for whom any voter has voted or is voting;
(3) It permits each voter to vote at any election for all persons and offices for whom and which he or she is lawfully entitled to vote, whether or not the name of any person appears on a ballot or ballot label as a candidate; and it permits each voter to vote for as many persons for an office as he or she is lawfully entitled to vote for; and to vote for or against any question upon which he or she is lawfully entitled to vote. The automatic tabulating equipment used in electronic voting systems is to reject choices recorded on any ballot if the number of choices exceeds the number to which a voter is entitled;
(4) It permits each voter to deposit, write in, affix upon a ballot, card, envelope or other medium to be provided for that purpose, ballots containing the names of persons for whom he or she desires to vote whose names do not appear upon the ballots or ballot labels;
(5) It permits each voter to change his or her vote for any candidate and upon any question appearing upon the ballots or ballot labels up to the time when his or her ballot is deposited in the ballot box or his or her ballot is cast by electronic means;
(6) It contains a program deck consisting of cards that are sequentially numbered or consisting of a computer program disk, diskette, tape or other programming media containing sequentially numbered program instructions and coded or otherwise protected from tampering or substitution of the media or program instructions by unauthorized persons and capable of tabulating all votes cast in each election;
(7) It contains two standard validation test decks approved as to form and testing capabilities by the State Election Commission;
(8) It correctly records and counts accurately all votes cast for each candidate and for and against each question appearing upon the ballots or ballot labels;
(9) It permits each voter at any election other than primary elections by one mark or punch to vote a straight party ticket, as provided in section five, article six of this chapter;
(10) It permits each voter in primary elections to vote only for the candidates of the party for which he or she is legally permitted to vote and precludes him or her from voting for any candidate seeking nomination by any other political party, permits him or her to vote for the candidates, if any, for nonpartisan nomination or election and permits him or her to vote on public questions;
(11) It, where applicable, is provided with means for sealing or electronically securing the vote recording device to prevent its use and to prevent tampering with ballot labels, both before the polls are open or before the operation of the vote recording device for an election is begun and immediately after the polls are closed or after the operation of the vote recording device for an election is completed;
(12) It has the capacity to contain the names of candidates constituting the tickets of at least nine political parties and accommodates the wording of at least fifteen questions;
(13) Electronic voting machines must generate a paper copy of each voter's votes: Provided, That the paper copy may not be accessible to the voter, but the paper copy shall be generated by the electronic voting machine so that the voter can see that a paper copy has been generated. The paper copy can only be used for random testing of precinct counts or used when an election is contested, challenged or disputed.
Electronic voting machines with a mandatory paper copy shall be approved by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State may promulgate rules to implement or enforce this subsection pursuant to the provisions of section five, article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code.
(13) (14) Where vote recording devices are used, they:
(A) Are durably constructed of material of good quality and in a workmanlike manner and in a form which makes it safely transportable;
(B) Are so constructed with frames for the placing of ballot labels that the labels upon which are printed the names of candidates and their respective parties, titles of offices and wording of questions are reasonably protected from mutilation, disfigurement or disarrangement or are constructed to ensure that the screens upon which appear the names of the candidates and their respective parties, titles of offices and wording of questions are reasonably protected from any modification;
(C) Bear a number that will identify it or distinguish it from any other machine;
(D) Are constructed to ensure that a voter may easily learn the method of operating it and may expeditiously cast his or her vote for all candidates of his or her choice and upon any public question;
(E) Are accompanied by a mechanically or electronically operated instruction model which shows the arrangement of ballot labels, party columns or rows, and questions;
(F) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to provide for the direct electronic recording and tabulating of votes cast in a system specifically designed and engineered for the election application;
(G) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to prevent any voter from voting for more than the allowable number of candidates for any office, to include an audible or visual signal, or both, warning any voter who attempts to vote for more than the allowable number of candidates for any office or who attempts to cast his or her ballot prior to its completion and are constructed to include a visual or audible confirmation, or both, to the voter upon completion and casting of the ballot;
(H) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to present the entire ballot to the voter, in a series of sequential pages, and to ensure that the voter sees all of the ballot options on all pages before completing his or her vote and to allow the voter to review and change all ballot choices prior to completing and casting his or her ballot;
(I) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to allow election commissioners to spoil a ballot where a voter fails to properly cast his or her ballot, has departed the polling place and cannot be recalled by a poll clerk to complete his or her ballot;
(J) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to allow election commissioners, poll clerks, or both, to designate, mark or otherwise record provisional ballots;
(K) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, consist of devices which are independent, nonnetworked voting systems in which each vote is recorded and retained within each device's internal nonvolatile electronic memory and contain an internal security, the absence of which prevents substitution of any other device;
(L) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, store each vote in no fewer than three separate, independent, nonvolatile electronic memory components and that each device contains comprehensive diagnostics to ensure that failures do not go undetected;
(M) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, contain a unique, embedded internal serial number for auditing purposes for each device used to activate, retain and record votes;
(N) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to record all preelection, election and post-election activities, including all ballot images and system anomalies, in each device's internal electronic memory and are to be accessible in electronic or printed form;
(O) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed with a battery backup system in each device to, at a minimum, prevent the loss of any votes, as well as all preelection, election and post-election activities, including all ballot images and system anomalies, stored in the device's internal electronic memory and to allow voting to continue for two hours of uninterrupted operation in case of an electrical power failure; and
(P) For electronic voting systems that utilize a screen upon which votes may be recorded by means of a stylus or by means of touch, are constructed to prevent the loss of any votes, as well as all preelection, election and post-election activities, including all ballot images and system anomalies, stored in each device's internal electronic memory even in case of an electrical and battery power failure.


NOTE: The purpose of this bill is to require a paper copy of a voter's votes when using an electronic voting system to vote; to provide that the paper copy can only be used for a random count of precincts or if an election is contested, challenged or disputed; and to provide that the Secretary of State may promulgate rules.

This bill ensures voter confidence in the electronic voting system.

Strike-throughs indicate language that would be stricken from the present law, and underscoring indicates new language that would be added.
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