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Enrolled Version - Final Version Senate Bill 538 History

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Senate Bill No. 538

(Senators Palumbo, Laird, Miller and Fitzsimmons, original sponsors)


[Passed April 13, 2013; in effect ninety days from passage.]



AN ACT to amend and reenact §48-27-601 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating generally to disposition of domestic violence orders; requiring the filing of domestic violence orders with the domestic violence database; and modifying law enforcement’s record-keeping requirement for domestic violence orders.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:

    That §48-27-601 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be amended and reenacted to read as follows:



§48-27-601. Transmitting orders to domestic violence database; affidavit as to award of possession of real property; service of order on respondent.

    (a) Upon entry of an order pursuant to section 27-403 or part 27-501, et seq., or an order entered pursuant to part 5-501, et seq., granting relief provided for by this article, a copy of the order shall be immediately transmitted electronically by the court or the clerk of the court to the domestic violence database established pursuant to the provisions of section twenty-one, article one, chapter fifty-one of this code. No later than the close of the next business day the court or the clerk of the court shall transmit the order to a local office of the municipal police, the county sheriff and the West Virginia State Police for service upon the respondent named in the order. The law-enforcement agency or agencies to which a copy of the order is supplied are not required to maintain a copy of the order after the respondent is served.

    (b) A sworn affidavit may be executed by a party who has been awarded exclusive possession of the residence or household, pursuant to an order entered pursuant to section 27-503, and shall be delivered to law-enforcement agencies simultaneously with any order giving the party’s consent for a law-enforcement officer to enter the residence or household, without a warrant, to enforce the protective order or temporary order.

    (c) Orders shall be promptly served upon the respondent. Failure to serve a protective order on the respondent does not stay the effect of a valid order if the respondent has actual notice of the existence and contents of the order.

    (d) Any law-enforcement agency in this state in possession of or with notice of the existence of an order issued pursuant to the provisions of sections 27-403 or 27-501 of this article or the provisions of section 5-509 of this chapter which is in effect or has been expired for thirty days or less that receives a report that a person protected by an order has been reported to be missing shall immediately follow its procedures for investigating missing persons. No agency or department policy delaying the beginning of an investigation has any force or effect.

    (e) The provisions of subsection (d) of this section shall be applied where a report of a missing person is made which is accompanied by a sworn affidavit that the person alleged to be missing was, at the time of his or her alleged disappearance, being subjected to treatment which meets the definition of domestic battery or assault set forth in section twenty-eight, article two, chapter sixty-one of this code.

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