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Committee Substitute House Bill 402 History

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HB402 SUB
COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE

FOR


H. B. 402

(By Mr. Speaker, Mr. Kiss, and Delegate Trump)

[By Request of the Executive]


(Originating in the Committee on the Judiciary)

[September 10, 2005]


A BILL to repeal §3-8-5c of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended; to amend said code by adding thereto two new sections, designated §3-8-1a and §3-8-2b; and to amend and reenact §3-8-2, §3-8-4, §3-8-5a, §3-8-7, §3-8-8 and §3-8-12 of said code, all relating to regulating elections; defining terms; requiring the persons who engage in electioneering communications to file disclosures with the Secretary of State; contents of statement and filing requirements; penalties for filing delinquent or incomplete financial statements; prohibiting political organizations expressly advocating nomination, election or defeat of candidate or engaging in electioneering communications from accepting contributions in excess of one thousand dollars during primary or general election campaign periods; and making it unlawful to create more than one political organization with the intent to avoid or evade contribution limitations.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §3-8-5c of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, be repealed; that said code be amended by adding thereto two new sections, designated §3-8-1a and §3-8-2b; and that §3-8-2, §3-8-4, §3-8-5a, §3-8-7, §3-8-8 and §3-8-12 of said code be amended and reenacted, all to read as follows:
ARTICLE 8. REGULATION AND CONTROL OF ELECTIONS.
§3-8-1a. Definitions.

As used in this article, the following terms have the following definitions:
(1) "Ballot issue" means an issue that is before the voters for a binding decision.
(2) "Broadcast, cable, or satellite communication" means a communication that is publicly distributed by a television station, radio station, cable television system, or satellite system.
(3) "Candidate" means an individual who:
(A) has filed a certificate of announcement under section seven, article five, of this chapter or a municipal charter;
(B) has filed declaration of candidacy under section twenty- three, article five of this chapter;
(C) has been named to fill a vacancy on a ballot; or
(D) has declared a write-in candidacy or otherwise publicly declared his or her intention to seek nomination or election to a state, district, county or municipal office or party office to be filled at any primary, general or special election.
(4) "Clearly identified" means that the candidate's name, nickname, photograph, or drawing appears, or the identity of the candidate is otherwise apparent through an unambiguous reference such as "the Governor", "your Senator", or "the incumbent", or through an unambiguous reference to his or her status as a candidate such as "the Democratic candidate for Governor" or "the
Republican candidate for Supreme Court of Appeals".
(5) "Contribution" means a gift subscription, assessment, payment for services, dues, advance, donation, pledge, contract, agreement, forbearance or promise of money or other tangible thing of value, whether or not conditional or legally enforceable, or a transfer of money or other tangible thing of value to a person, made for the purpose of influencing the nomination, election or defeat of a candidate. An offer or tender of a contribution is not a contribution if expressly and unconditionally rejected or returned. A contribution does not include volunteer personal services provided without compensation. If any individual, committee, association, or any other organization or group of individuals, including but not limited to, a political organization (as defined in section 527(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) makes, or contracts to make, any expenditure for any electioneering communication; and that expenditure is coordinated with a candidate, an authorized political committee of that candidate, or an agent or official of any such candidate, the expenditure or contracting shall be treated as a contribution to the candidate supported by the electioneering communication or if the expenditure is coordinated with a State or local political party or committee of that party or an agent or official of any such party or committee of that party, the expenditure or contracting shall be treated as a contribution to the State or local political party.
(6) "Direct costs of purchasing, producing or disseminating electioneering communications" means the following:
(A) Costs charged by a vendor including, but not limited to, studio rental time, staff salaries, costs of video or audio recording media, material and printing costs, postage, and talent; or
(B) The cost of airtime on broadcast, cable or satellite radio and television stations, cost of disseminating printed materials, studio time, use of facilities, and the charges for a broker to purchase the airtime.
(7) "Disclosure date" means either of the following:
(A) The first date during any calendar year when an electioneering communication is disseminated after an entity has made expenditures for the direct costs of purchasing, producing or disseminating electioneering communications aggregating in excess of five thousand dollars.
(B) Any other date during that calendar year by which an entity has made expenditures for the direct costs of purchasing, producing or disseminating electioneering communications aggregating in excess of five thousand dollars since the most recent disclosure date for that calendar year.
(8) "Election" means any primary, general or special election conducted under the provisions of this code or under the charter of any municipality. Each primary, general, special, or local election shall constitute a separate election for the purposes of this article. This definition is not intended to modify or abrogate the definition of the term "nomination" as used in this article.
(9) (A) "Electioneering communication" means any broadcast, cable, or satellite communication; communication in any newspaper, magazine or other periodical publication; communication sent by mass mailing; communication by telephone bank; or communication by leaflet, pamphlet, handbill or flyer, that has all the following characteristics:
(i) Refers to a clearly identified candidate for a statewide office or the legislature.
(ii) Is publicly distributed within one of the following time periods:
(a) sixty days before a general or special election for the office sought by the candidate, or
(b) thirty days before a primary election for the office sought by the candidate.
(iii) Is targeted to the relevant electorate.
(B) "Electioneering communication" does not include a communication:
(i) appearing in a news story, commentary, or editorial distributed through the facilities of any broadcast, cable, or satellite television, radio station, newspaper, magazine or other periodical publication, unless such facilities or publications are owned or controlled by any political party, political committee, or candidate: Provided, That a news story distributed through a broadcast, cable, or satellite television, radio station, newspaper, magazine or other periodical publication, owned or controlled by any political party, political committee, or candidate is nevertheless exempt if the news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting station (including a cable television operator, programmer or producer), newspaper, magazine, or other periodical publication is:
(a) a bona fide news account communicated in a publication of general circulation or on a licensed broadcasting facility; and
(b) is part of a general pattern of campaign-related news
account that give reasonably equal coverage to all opposing candidates in the circulation, viewing or listening area.
(ii) that constitutes an expenditure or independent expenditure required to be reported to the State Election Commission or the Secretary of State under any provision of this article, other than section two-b, or the rules of the State Election Commission or Secretary of State promulgated pursuant to such provision;
(iii) that constitutes a candidate debate or forum conducted pursuant to rules adopted by the State Election Commission, or that solely promotes such a debate or forum and is made by or on behalf of the person sponsoring the debate or forum;
(iv) paid for by any organization operating under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
(v) made while the legislature is in session which, incidental to advocacy for or against a specific piece of legislation pending before the legislature, urges the audience to communicate with a member or members of the legislature concerning a specific piece of legislation.
(vi) that is a statement or depiction by a membership organization, in existence prior to the time during which the candidate named or depicted became a candidate, made in a membership organization's communication distributed only to the members of that organization.
(vii) that is solely for the purpose of attracting public attention to a product or service sold by a candidate or business owned or operated by a candidate and does not mention an election, the office being sought or his or her status as a candidate.
(viii) that names all of the candidates for a particular office, contains no appearance of endorsement or opposition to re-election of any candidate, and is intended as nonpartisan public education focused on issues and voting history.
(10) "Financial agent" means any person acting for and by himself or herself, or any two or more natural persons acting together or cooperating in a financial way to aid or take part in the nomination or election of any candidate for public office, or to aid or promote the success or defeat of any political party or principle at any election, or any proposition submitted to a vote at a public election.
(11) "Fund-raising event" means an event such as a dinner, reception, testimonial, cocktail party, auction or similar affair through which contributions are solicited or received by such means as the purchase of a ticket, payment of an attendance fee or by the purchase of goods or services.
(12) "Independent expenditure" means an expenditure made by a person other than a candidate or committee for a communication which expressly advocates the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate but which is made independently of a candidate's campaign and which has not been made with the cooperation or consent of, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, any candidate or any of his or her agents or authorized committees. An expenditure which does not meet the criteria for independence established by this subdivision is considered a contribution.
(13) "Mass mailing" means any mailing by United States mail, electronic mail or facsimile that is targeted to the relevant electorate.
(14) "Membership organization" means a group that grants bona fide rights and privileges, such as the right to vote, to elect officers or directors, and the ability to hold office, to its members, and which uses a majority of its membership dues for purposes other than political purposes. This term shall not include organizations that grant membership upon receiving a contribution.
(15) "Name" means the full first name, middle name or initial, if any, and full legal last name of an individual and the full name of any association, corporation, committee or other organization of individuals, making the identity of any person who makes a contribution apparent by unambiguous reference.
(16) "Person" means an individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, and any other organization or group of persons.
(17) "Political action committee" means a committee organized by one or more individuals, corporations, associations, labor unions or organizations for the purpose of advocating or opposing the nomination or election of one or more candidates or the passage or defeat of one or more ballot issues.
(18) "Political party" means a political party as defined by section eight, article one, chapter three of this code or any committee established, financed, maintained or controlled by the party, including any subsidiary, branch or local unit thereof and including national or regional affiliates of the party.
(19) "Political purposes" means advocating or opposing the nomination, election or defeat of one or more candidates, supporting the retirement of the debt of a candidate or activities of an established political party or an organization which has declared itself a political party, supporting the administration or activities of a political committee or advocating or opposing the passage of a ballot issue.
(20) "Targeted to the relevant electorate" means a communication which refers to a clearly identified candidate for statewide office or the legislature and which can be received by five thousand or more individuals in the State in the case of a candidacy for statewide office and five hundred or more individuals in the district in the case of a candidacy for the legislature.
(21) "Telephone bank" means telephone calls that are targeted to the relevant electorate, except when those telephone calls are made by volunteer workers, whether or not the design of the telephone bank system, development of calling instructions, or training of volunteers was done by paid professionals.
§3-8-2. Accounts for receipts and expenditures in elections; requirements for reporting independent expenditures.

(a) Except for: (1) Candidates for party committeemen and committeewomen; in primary and other elections and (2) federal committees required to file under the provisions 2 U. S. C. §434, all candidates for nomination or election and all persons or organizations of any kind advocating or opposing a the nomination, election or defeat of any candidate shall keep for a period of one year, all records of receipts and expenditures which are made for political purposes. All of the receipts and expenditures are subject to regulation by the provisions of this article. Verified financial statements of the records and expenditures shall be made and filed as public records by all candidates and by their financial agents, representatives or any person acting for and on behalf of any candidate and by the treasurers of all political party committees.
(b) In addition to any other reporting required by the provisions of this chapter, any person making an independent expenditure in the amount of one thousand dollars or more for any statewide, legislative or multicounty judicial candidate or in the amount of five hundred dollars or more for any county office, single-county judicial candidate, committee supporting or opposing a candidate on the ballot in more than one county, or any municipal candidate on a municipal election ballot, which is made after the eleventh day but more than twelve hours before the day of any election shall be reported report the expenditure, on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State, within twenty-four hours after the expenditure is made or debt is incurred for a communication, to the Secretary of State by hand-delivery, facsimile or other means to assure receipt by the Secretary of State within the 24-hour period.
(c) For purposes of this section, "independent expenditure" means an expenditure made by a person other than a candidate or committee for a communication which expressly advocates the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate but which is made independently of a candidate's campaign and which has not been made with the cooperation or consent of, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, any candidate or any of his or her agents or authorized committees. An expenditure which does not meet the criteria for independence established in this subsection is considered a contribution
(d) (c) Any independent expenditure must include a clear and conspicuous public notice which identifies the name of the person who paid for the expenditure and states that the communication is not authorized by the candidate or his or her committee.
§3-8-2b. Disclosure of electioneering communications.
(a) Every person who has spent a total of five thousand dollars or more for the direct costs of purchasing, producing or disseminating electioneering communications during any calendar year shall, within twenty-four hours of each disclosure date, file with the Secretary of State a statement which contains:
(1) The name of the person making the expenditure, the name of any person sharing or exercising direction or control over the activities of the person making the expenditure and the name of the custodian of the books and accounts of the person making the expenditure;
(2) If the expenditure is not made by an individual, the principal place of business of the partnership, committee, association, corporation, organization or group which made the expenditure;
(3) The amount of each expenditure of more than one thousand dollars for electioneering communications during the period covered by the statement and the name of the person to whom the expenditure was made;
(4) The elections to which the electioneering communications pertain and the names, if known, of the candidates identified or to be identified therein; and
(5) The names and address of any other contributors who contributed a total of more than one thousand dollars between the first day of the preceding calendar year and the disclosure date and whose contributions were used to pay for electioneering communications.
(b) With regard to the contributors required to be listed pursuant to subdivision (5), subsection (a) of this section, the statement shall also include:
(1) The month, day and year that the contributions of any single contributor exceeded two hundred fifty dollars;
(2) The name and address of the contributor and, if the contributor is a political action committee, the name the political action committee registered with the State Election Commission;
(3) If the contributor is an individual, the name and address of the individual's current employer and occupation, if any, or, if the individual is self-employed, the individual's occupation and the name and address of the individual's business, if any;
(4) A description of the contribution, if other than money;
(5) The value in dollars and cents of the contribution.
(c)(1) Any person who makes a contribution for the purpose of funding the direct costs of purchasing, producing or disseminating an electioneering communication under this section shall, at the time the contribution is made, provide his or her name and address to the recipient of the contribution;
(2) Any individual who makes contributions totaling two hundred fifty dollars or more between the first day of the preceding calendar year and the disclosure date for the purpose of funding the direct costs of producing or airing electioneering communications shall, at the time the contribution is made, provide the name of the his or her current employer, if any, or, if the individual is self-employed, his or her occupation and the name of his or her business, if any, to the recipient of the contribution.
(d) In each electioneering communication, a statement shall appear or be presented in a clear and conspicuous manner that:
(1) Clearly indicates that the electioneering communication is not authorized by the candidate or the candidate's campaign committee; and
(2) Clearly identifies the person making the expenditure for the electioneering communication.
Provided, That when an electioneering communication appears on or is disseminated by broadcast, cable, or satellite transmission, the statement required by this subsection must be spoken clearly and appear in clearly readable writing at the end of the communication.
(e) Any coordinated electioneering communication is an in- kind contribution, subject to the applicable contribution limits prescribed in sections eight and twelve of this article, to the candidate by the person paying the direct costs of producing or airing the communication.
(f) Every person who has spent a total of five thousand dollars or more for the direct costs of purchasing, producing or disseminating electioneering communications during any calendar year shall maintain all campaign related financial records and receipts for a period of one year following the filing of a disclosure pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. The records and receipts shall be available to the Secretary of State for the purposes of an audit as provided in section seven, article eight, chapter three of this code. Any person required to retain records pursuant to this subsection who willfully fails to maintain such records and receipts is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars, or confined in jail for not more than one year, or both fined and confined.
(g) Within five business days after receiving a disclosure of electioneering communications statement pursuant to this section, the State Election Commission shall make information in the statement available to the public through the Internet.
(h) For the purposes of this section, a person is considered to have made an expenditure if the person has entered into a contract to make the expenditure.
(i) The Secretary of State is hereby directed to propose rules and emergency rules for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code in accordance with the provisions of this section.
§3-8-4. Treasurers and financial agents; written designation requirements.

(a) No person shall may act as the treasurer of any political committee, or as financial agent for any candidate for nomination or election to any statewide office, to be filled by the voters of the entire state, or candidates for nomination or election for to any office encompassing an election district larger than a county or candidates for nomination for to any legislative office or for any person or organization advocating or opposing the nomination, election or defeat of any candidate for an office encompassing an election district larger than a county, unless a written statement designating him or her that person as the treasurer or financial agent is filed with the Secretary of State at least twenty-eight days before the election at which he or she that person is to act as a financial agent or treasurer and must be is received by the Secretary of State before midnight, Eastern Standard Time, of that day or if mailed, shall be is postmarked before that hour: Provided, That a change of treasurer or financial agent may be made at any time by filing a written statement with the Secretary of State.
(b) No person shall may act as treasurer of any committee or as financial agent for any candidate to be nominated or elected by the voters of a county or a district therein, except legislative candidates, or as the treasurer or financial agent for a candidate for the nomination or election to any other office, unless a written statement designating him or her as the treasurer or financial agent is filed with the clerk of the county commission at least twenty-eight days before the election at which he or she is to act and must be is received before midnight, Eastern Standard Time, of that day or if mailed, shall be is postmarked before that hour: Provided, That a change of treasurer may be made at any time by filing a written statement with the clerk of the county commission.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, a filing designating a treasurer or financial agent for a state or county political executive committee may be made anytime before the committee either accepts or spends funds on behalf of the committee. Once a designation is made by a state or county political executive committee, no additional designations are required under this section until a successor treasurer or financial agent is designated. A state or county political executive committee may terminate a designation made pursuant to this section by making a written request to terminate the designation and by stating in the request that the committee has no funds remaining in the committee's account. This written request shall be made filed with either the Secretary of State or the clerk of the county commission as provided by subsections (a) and (b) of this section.
(d) As used in this article:
The term "person" means an individual, partnership, committee, association, corporation, and any other organization or group of persons; and
The term "financial agent" means any person acting for and by himself or herself, or any two or more natural persons acting together or cooperating in a financial way to aid or take part in the nomination or election of any candidate for public office, or to aid or promote the success or defeat of any political party or principle at any election, or any proposition submitted to a vote at a public election.
§3-8-5a. Information required in financial statement.
(a) Each financial statement required by the provisions of this article shall contain only the following information:
(1) The first name, middle initial, if any, and last name residence and mailing address and telephone number of each candidate, financial agent, treasurer or person and the full name, address and telephone number of each association, organization or committee filing a financial statement.
(2) The balance of cash and any other sum of money on hand at the beginning and the end of the period covered by the financial statement.
(3) The first name middle initial, if any, and the last name in the case of an individual, and the full name of each firm, association or committee of any person making a contribution and the amount of such the contribution. of such individual, firm, association or committee, and, if the aggregate of the sum or sums contributed by any one such individual, firm, association or committee exceeds If the total contributions of any one person exceed two hundred fifty dollars, there shall also be reported the residence and mailing address of the contributor and, in the case of if the contributor is an individual, the his or her major business affiliation and occupation shall also be reported. A contribution totaling more than fifty dollars of currency of the United States or currency of any foreign country by any one contributor is prohibited and a violation of this provision is subject to section five-d of this article. The report statement on which contributions are required to be reported by this subdivision shall may not distinguish between contributions made by individuals and contributions made by partnerships, firms, associations or committees, corporations, organizations or groups.
(4) The total amount of contributions received during the period covered by the financial statement.
(5) The first name, middle initial, if any, and the last name residence and mailing address of any individual or the full name and mailing address of each lending institution making a loan or of the spouse cosigning a loan, as appropriate, the amount of any loan received, the date and terms of the loan, including the interest and repayment schedule, and a copy of the loan agreement.
(6) The first name, middle initial, if any, and the last name residence and mailing address of any individual or the full name and mailing address of each partnership, firm, association, or committee, corporation, organization or group having previously made or cosigned a loan for which payment is made or a balance is outstanding at the end of the period, together with the amount of repayment on the loan made during the period and the balance at the end of the period.
(7) The total outstanding balance of all loans at the end of the period.
(8) The first name, middle initial, if any, and the last name residence and mailing address of any individual, or the full name and mailing address of each partnership, firm, association, or committee, corporation, organization or group to whom each expenditure was made or liability incurred, together with the amount and purpose of each expenditure or liability incurred and the date of each transaction.
(9) The total expenditure for the nomination, election or defeat of a candidate or any person or organization advocating or opposing the nomination, election or defeat of any candidate or the passage or defeat of any issue, thing or item to be voted upon in whose behalf an expenditure was made or a contribution was given for the primary or other election.
(10) The total amount of expenditures made during the period covered by the financial statement.
(b) Any unexpended balance at the time of making the financial statements herein provided for shall be properly accounted for in that financial statement and shall appear as a beginning balance in the next following financial statement.
(c) Each financial statement required by this section shall contain a separate section setting forth the following information for each fund-raising event held during the period covered by the financial statement:
(1) The type of event, date held and address and name, if any, of the place where the event was held.
(2) All of the information required by subdivision (3), subsection (a) of this section.
(3) The total of all moneys received at the fund-raising event.
(4) The expenditures incident to the fund-raising event.
(5) The net receipts of the fund-raising event.
(d) When any lump sum payment is made to any advertising agency or other disbursing person who does not file a report of detailed accounts and verified financial statements as required in this section, such lump sum expenditures shall be accounted for in the same manner as provided for herein.
(e) Any contribution or expenditure made by or on behalf of a candidate for public office, to any other candidate or committee for a candidate for any public office in the same election shall be accounted for in accordance with the provisions of this section.
(f) No person, firm, association or committee may make any contribution except from their his or her own funds, unless such person firm, association or committee discloses in writing to the person required to report under this section the first name middle initial, if any, and the last name in the case of an individual or the full name in case of a firm, association or committee, residence, and mailing address, and the major business affiliation and occupation of the person firm, association or committee which furnished the funds to such the contributor. All such disclosures shall be included in the statement required by this section.
(g) Any firm, association, committee or fund permitted by section eight of this article to be a political committee shall disclose on the financial statement its corporate or other affiliation.
(h) No contribution may be made, directly or indirectly, in a fictitious name, anonymously or by one person through an agent, relative or other person so as to conceal the identity of the source of the contribution or in any other manner so as to effect concealment of the contributor's identity.
(i) No person firm, association or committee may accept any contribution for the purpose of influencing the nomination, election or defeat of a candidate or for the passage or defeat of any issue or thing to be voted upon unless the identity of the donor and the amount of the contribution is known and reported.
(j) When any candidate, organization, committee or person receives any an anonymous contribution which cannot be returned because the donor cannot be identified, that contribution shall be donated to the general revenue fund of the State. Any anonymous contribution shall be recorded as such on the candidate's financial statement, but may not be expended for election expenses. At the time of filing, the financial statement shall include a statement of distribution of anonymous contributions, which total amount shall equal the total of all anonymous contributions received during the period.
(k) Any membership organization which raises funds for political purposes by payroll deduction, assessing them as part of its membership dues or as a separate assessment, may report the amount raised as follows:
(1) If the portion of dues or assessments designated for political purposes equals twenty-five dollars or less per member over the course of a calendar year, the total amount raised for political purposes through membership dues or assessments during the period is reported by showing the amount required to be paid by each member and the number of members.
(2) If the total payroll deduction for political purposes of each participating member equals twenty-five dollars or less over the course of a calendar or fiscal year, as specified by the organization, the organization shall report the total amount received for political purposes through such payroll deductions during the reporting period and, to the maximum extent possible, the amount of each yearly payroll deduction contribution level and the number of members contributing at each such specified level. The membership organization shall maintain records of the name and yearly payroll deduction amounts of each participating member.
(3) If any member contributes to the membership organization through individual voluntary contributions by means other than payroll deduction, membership dues, or assessments as provided in this subsection, the reporting requirements of subdivision (3), subsection (a) of this section shall apply. Funds raised for political purposes must be segregated from the funds for other purposes and listed in its report.
(l) For purposes of this section:
(1) "Political purposes" means advocating or opposing the nomination, election or defeat of one or more candidates, supporting the retirement of the debt of a candidate or activities of an established political party or an organization which has declared itself a political party, supporting the administration or activities of a political committee or advocating or opposing the passage of a ballot issue.
(2) "Membership organization" means a group that grants bona fide rights and privileges, such as the right to vote, to elect officers or directors, and the ability to hold office, to its members, and which uses a majority of its membership dues for purposes other than political purposes. This term shall not include organizations that grant membership upon receiving a contribution.
(3) "Fund-raising event" means an event such as a dinner, reception, testimonial, cocktail party, auction or similar affair through which contributions are solicited or received by such means as the purchase of a ticket, payment of an attendance fee or by the purchase of goods or services.
(m) (l) Notwithstanding the provisions of section five of this article or of the provisions of this section to the contrary, an alternative reporting procedure may be followed by a political party executive committee or a political action committee representing a political party in filing financial reports for fund-raising events if the total profit does not exceed five thousand dollars per year. A political party executive committee or a political action committee representing a political party may report gross receipts for the sale of food, beverages, services, novelty items, raffle tickets or memorabilia, except that any receipt of more than fifty dollars from an individual or organization shall be reported as a contribution. A political party executive committee or a political action committee representing a political party using this alternative method of reporting shall report: (i) The name of the committee; (ii) the type of fund-raising activity undertaken; (iii) the location where the activity occurred; (iv) the date of the fund raiser; (v) the name of any individual who contributed more than fifty dollars worth of items to be sold; (vi) the name and amount received from any person or organization purchasing more than fifty dollars worth of food, beverages, services, novelty items, raffle tickets or memorabilia; (vii) the gross receipts of the fund raiser; and (viii) the date, amount, purpose and name and address of each person or organization from whom items with a fair market value of more than fifty dollars were purchased for resale.
§3-8-7. Failure to file statement; delinquent or incomplete filing; criminal and civil penalties.

(a) Any person, candidate, financial agent or treasurer of a political party committee who fails to file a sworn, itemized statement required by this article within the time limitations specified in this article or who willfully files a grossly incomplete or grossly inaccurate statement shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars or imprisoned in the county jail for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court. Forty days after any such primary or other election, the Secretary of State, or county clerk, or municipal recorder, as the case may be, shall give notice of any failure to file such a sworn statement or the filing of any grossly incomplete or grossly inaccurate statement by any person, candidate, financial agent or treasurer of a political party committee and forward copies of any grossly incomplete or grossly inaccurate statement to the prosecuting attorney of the county where such the person, candidate, financial agent, or treasurer resides, is located or has its principal place of business.
(b) (1) Any person, candidate, financial agent or treasurer of a political party committee who fails to file a sworn, itemized statement as provided required in this article or who files a grossly incomplete or grossly inaccurate statement may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary of State of twenty-five dollars a day for each day after the due date the statement is delinquent, grossly incomplete or grossly inaccurate. Forty days after any such primary or other election, the county clerk shall give notice to the Secretary of State of any failure to file such a sworn statement or the filing of any grossly incomplete or grossly inaccurate statement by any person, candidate, financial agent or treasurer of a political party committee and forward copies of such delinquent, incomplete or inaccurate statements to the Secretary of State.
(2) A civil penalty assessed pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be payable to the State of West Virginia and is collectable in any manner authorized by law for the collection of debts.
(3) The Secretary of State may negotiate and enter into settlement agreements for the payment of civil penalties assessed as a result of the filing of a delinquent, grossly incomplete or inaccurate statement.
(4) The Secretary of State and county clerk may review and audit any sworn statement required to be filed pursuant to the provisions of this article. The State Election Commission shall propose legislative rule rules for promulgation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter twenty-nine-a of this code, to establish procedures for the assessment of civil penalties as provided in this section.
(c) No candidate nominated at a primary election who has failed to file a sworn statement, as required by the provisions of this article, shall have his or her name placed on the official ballot for the ensuing election, unless there has been filed by or on behalf of such candidate, or by his or her financial agent, if any, the financial statement relating to nominations required by this article. It is unlawful to issue a commission or certificate of election, or to administer the oath of office, to any person elected to any public office who has failed to file a sworn statement as required by the provisions of this article and no such person may enter upon the duties of his or her office until he or she has filed such statement, nor may he or she receive any salary or emolument for any period prior to the filing of such statement.
§3-8-8. Corporation contributions forbidden; exceptions; penalties; promulgation of rules and regulations; additional powers of State Election Commission.

(a) No officer of any corporation, or agent or person on behalf of such corporation, whether incorporated under the laws of this or any other state, or foreign country, shall may pay, give or lend, or authorize to be paid, given or lent, any money or other thing of value belonging to such corporation, to any candidate, financial agent or political committee or other person, for the payment of any primary or other election expenses whatever. No person shall may solicit or receive such payment, contribution or other thing from any corporation, officer or agent thereof, or other person acting on behalf of such corporation.
(b)(1) The provisions of this section shall not be deemed to prohibit:
(A) Direct communications, other than by newspapers of general circulation, radio, television or billboard advertising likely to reach the general public, by a corporation to its stockholders and executive or administrative personnel and their families on any subject;
(B) Nonpartisan registration and get-out-the-vote campaigns by a corporation aimed at its stockholders and executives or administrative personnel and their families; and
(C) The solicitation of contributions to a separate segregated fund to be utilized for political purposes by any corporate officer, agent or any person on behalf of a corporation. Any such separate segregated fund shall be deemed to be a political committee for the purpose of this article and subject to all reporting requirements thereof.
(2) It shall be unlawful:
(A) For such a separate segregated fund to make a contribution or expenditure by utilizing money or anything of value secured by physical force, job discrimination, financial reprisal or the threat of force, job discrimination or financial reprisal, or as a condition of employment, or by moneys obtained in any commercial transaction;
(B) For any person soliciting a stockholder, executive or administrative personnel and members of their family for a contribution to such fund to fail to inform such person of the political purposes of such the separate segregated fund at the time of such solicitation;
(C) For any person soliciting any other person for a contribution to such a separate segregated fund to fail to inform such the other person at the time of such the solicitation of his or her right to refuse to so contribute without any reprisal;
(D) For a corporation or a separate segregated fund established by a corporation to solicit contributions to such the fund from any person other than its stockholders and their families and its executive or administrative personnel and their families or to contribute any corporate funds;
(E) For a corporation or a separate segregated fund established by a corporation to receive contributions to such a the fund from any person other than its stockholders and their immediate families and its executive or administrative personnel and their immediate families;
(F) For a corporation to engage in job discrimination or to discriminate in job promotion or transfer because of an employee's failure to make a contribution to such a separate segregated fund;
(G) For such a separate segregated fund directly or indirectly to make any contribution, directly or indirectly, in excess of the value of one thousand dollars in connection with any campaign for nomination or election to or on behalf of any elective office in the state or any of its subdivisions, or in connection with or on behalf of any committee or other organization or person engaged in furthering, advancing or advocating the nomination or election of any candidate for any such office; and
(H) For a corporation to pay, give or lend, or authorize to be paid, given or lent, any moneys or other things of value belonging to such the corporation to such a separate segregated fund for any purpose. This provision shall not be deemed to prohibit such a separate segregated fund from using the property, real or personal, facilities and equipment of a corporation solely to establish, administer and solicit contributions to the fund, subject to the rules of the State Election Commission as provided in subsection (d) of this section: Provided, That any such corporation shall also permit any group of employees thereof represented by a bona fide political action committee to use the real property of such the corporation solely to establish, administer and solicit contributions to the fund of such the political action committee, subject to the rules and regulations of the State elections Election Commission as provided in subsection (d) of this section. No such property, real or personal, facilities, equipment, materials or services of a corporation shall may be utilized used for the purpose of influencing any voter or voters to vote for a particular candidate or in any particular manner, or upon any particular side of any question to be decided at any election, or to influence the result of any such election.
(I) Public utility companies and railroad companies may not form funds or political action committees in support of political candidates or parties, and may not use corporate property, real or personal, facilities, equipment, materials or services of said utility to establish, administer or solicit contributions to such fund or political action committee.
(3) For the purposes of this section, the term "executive or administrative personnel" means individuals employed by a corporation who are paid on a salary rather than hourly basis and who have policy-making, managerial, professional or supervisory responsibilities.
(c) Any person or corporation violating any provision of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, on conviction, shall be fined not more than five ten thousand dollars. No corporation shall may reimburse any person the amount of any such fine imposed pursuant to this section.
(d) The To ensure uniform administration and application of the provisions of this section and of those of the Federal Election Campaign Act Amendments of 1976 relating to corporate contributions, the State Election Commission shall promulgate propose rules and regulations for legislative approval in accordance with the provisions of article three, chapter twenty- nine-a of this code to implement the provisions of this section, which rules and regulations consistent, insofar as practicable, shall be the same as with the rules and regulations promulgated by the Federal Election Commission to carry out those similar or identical provisions of 2 U.S.C. §441b. which are similar or identical to those provisions contained in this section in order that the provisions of this section and the regulations promulgated thereunder and the similar provisions of 2 U.S.C. §441b and the regulations promulgated thereunder may be uniformly administered and applied to corporations subject to the cited section of the Federal Election Campaign Act Amendments of 1976 and to this section. The State Election Commission shall promulgate such rules and regulations not later than sixty days after the effective date of this subsection and in doing so shall be governed by the provisions of article three, chapter twenty-nine-a of this code
(e) In addition to it's the powers and duties as set forth in article one-A one-a of this chapter, the State Election Commission shall have has the following powers and duties:
1. (1) To investigate, upon complaint or on its own initiative, any alleged violations or irregularities of this article.
2. (2) To administer oaths and affirmations, issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses, issue subpoenas duces tecum to compel the production of books, papers, records and all other evidence necessary to any investigation.
3. (3) To involve the aid of any circuit court in the execution of its subpoena power.
4. (4) To report any alleged violations of this article to the appropriate prosecuting attorney having jurisdiction, which prosecuting attorney shall present to the grand jury such alleged violations, together with all evidence relating thereto, no later than the next term of court after receiving the report.
(f) It shall be the duty of The Attorney General to shall, when requested, provide such legal and investigative assistance to the State Election Commission. as it may request and require
(g) Any investigation either upon complaint or initiative, shall be conducted in an executive session of the State Election Commission and shall remain undisclosed except upon an indictment by a grand jury.
(h) Any person who shall disclose discloses the fact of any complaint, investigation or report or any part thereof, or any proceedings thereon, shall be is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars, nor more than five thousand dollars, and shall be imprisoned in the county jail not less than six months nor more than one year.
§3-8-12. Additional acts forbidden; circulation of written matter; newspaper advertising; solicitation of contributions; intimidation and coercion of employees; promise of employment or other benefits; limitations on contributions; public contractors; penalty.
(a) No person may publish, issue or circulate, or cause to be published, issued or circulated, any anonymous letter, circular, placard, radio or television advertisement or other publication expressly advocating the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate.
(b) No owner, publisher, editor or employee of a newspaper or other periodical may insert, either in its advertising or reading columns, any matter, paid for or to be paid for, which tends to influence the voting at any election, unless directly designating it as a paid advertisement and stating the name of the person authorizing its publication and the candidate in whose behalf it is published.
(c) No person may, in any room or building occupied for the discharge of official duties by any officer or employee of the state or a political subdivision of the state, solicit orally or by written communication delivered within the room or building, or in any other manner, any contribution of money or other thing of value for any party or political purpose, from any postmaster or any other officer or employee of the federal government, or officer or employee of the state, or a political subdivision of the state. No officer, agent, clerk or employee of the federal government, or of this state, or any political subdivision of the state, who may have charge or control of any building, office or room, occupied for any official purpose, may knowingly permit any person to enter any building, office or room, occupied for any official purpose for the purpose of soliciting or receiving any political assessments from, or delivering or giving written solicitations for, or any notice of, any political assessments to, any officer or employee of the state, or a political subdivision of the state.
(d) Except as provided in section eight of this article, no person entering into any contract with the state or its subdivisions, or any department or agency of the state, either for rendition of personal services or furnishing any material, supplies or equipment or selling any land or building to the state, or its subdivisions, or any department or agency of the state, if payment for the performance of the contract or payment for the material, supplies, equipment, land or building is to be made, in whole or in part, from public funds may, during the period of negotiation for or performance under the contract or furnishing of materials, supplies, equipment, land or buildings, directly or indirectly, make any contribution to any political party, committee or candidate for public office or to any person for political purposes or use; nor may any person or firm solicit any contributions for any purpose during any period.
(e) No person may, directly or indirectly, promise any employment, position, work, compensation or other benefit provided for, or made possible, in whole or in part, by act of the Legislature, to any person as consideration, favor or reward for any political activity for the support of or opposition to any candidate, or any political party in any election.
(f) No person may, directly or indirectly, make any contribution in excess of the value of one thousand dollars in connection with any campaign for nomination or election to or on behalf of any statewide or national elective office, or in excess of the value of one thousand dollars, in connection with any other campaign for nomination or election to or on behalf of any other elective office in the state or any of its subdivisions, or in connection with or on behalf of any committee or other organization or person engaged in furthering, advancing or advocating the nomination or election of any candidate for any of the offices.
(g)A political organization (as defined in Section 527(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986)that engages in activities either expressly advocating the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate for a statewide office or the Legislature or in electioneering communications may not accept contributions totaling more than one thousand dollars from any person for the primary election campaign period or contributions totaling more than one thousand dollars from any person for the general election campaign period. Nothing in this subsection is intended to limit or abrogate the ability of an individual to exercise their right of free speech by expending personal funds on their own behalf to engage in activities either expressly advocating the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate for a statewide office or the legislature, or in electioneering communications subject to the reporting and disclosure requirements of this article.
(g) (h) It shall be unlawful for any person to create, establish or organize more than one political organization (as defined in Section 527(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) with the intent to avoid or evade the contribution limitations contained in subsection (g) of the section.
(i)(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (f) of this section to the contrary, the aggregate contributions made to a state party executive committee or state party legislative caucus committee are to be permitted only pursuant to the limitations imposed by the provisions of this subsection.
(2) No no person may, directly or indirectly, make contributions to a state party executive committee or state party legislative caucus committee which, in the aggregate, exceed the value of one thousand dollars in any calendar year.
(h) (j) The limitations on contributions contained in this section do not apply to transfers between and among a state party executive committee or a state party's legislative caucus political committee from national committees of the same political party: Provided, That transfers permitted by this subsection may not exceed fifty thousand dollars in the aggregate in any calendar year to any state party executive committee or state party legislative caucus political committee: Provided, however, That the moneys transferred may only be used for voter registration and get-out- the-vote activities of the state committees.
(i) (k) No person may solicit any contribution from any nonelective salaried employee of the state government or of any of its subdivisions or coerce or intimidate any nonelective salaried employee into making a contribution. No person may coerce or intimidate any nonsalaried employee of the state government or any of its subdivisions into engaging in any form of political activity. The provisions of this subsection may not be construed to prevent any employee from making a contribution or from engaging in political activity voluntarily, without coercion, intimidation or solicitation.
(j) (l) No person may solicit a contribution from any other person without informing the other person at the time of the solicitation of the amount of any commission, remuneration or other compensation that the solicitor or any other person will receive or expect to receive as a direct result of the contribution being successfully collected. Nothing in this subsection may be construed to apply to solicitations of contributions made by any person serving as an unpaid volunteer.
(k)(m) No person may place any letter, circular, flyer, advertisement, election paraphernalia, solicitation material or other printed or published item tending to influence voting at any election in a roadside receptacle unless it is: (1) Approved for placement into a roadside receptacle by the business or entity owning the receptacle; and (2) contains a written acknowledgment of the approval. This subdivision does not apply to any printed material contained in a newspaper or periodical published or distributed by the owner of the receptacle. The term "roadside receptacle" means any container placed by a newspaper or periodical business or entity to facilitate home or personal delivery of a designated newspaper or periodical to its customers.
(l)(n) Any person violating any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars, or confined in a regional or county jail for not more than one year, or, in the discretion of the court, be subject to both fine and confinement.
(o) The limitations on contributions established by this section do not apply to contributions made for the purpose of advocating a position on a ballot issue, including a constitutional amendment.
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