H. B. 3051
(By Mr. Speaker, Mr. Kiss and Delegates Varner, Stemple
Beach, Michael, Tabb and Pino)
[Passed April 9, 2005; in effect ninety days from passage]
AN ACT to amend and reenact §20-1-2 of the Code of West Virginia,
1931, as amended, relating to adding and modifying definitions
of certain terms relative to natural resources.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That §20-1-2 of the Code of West Virginia,1931, as amended, be
amended and reenacted to read as follows:
ARTICLE 1. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION.
As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly requires
a different meaning:
"Agency" means any branch, department or unit of the state
government, however designated or constituted.
"Alien" means any person not a citizen of the United States.
"Bag limit" or "creel limit" means the maximum number of
wildlife which may be taken, caught, killed or possessed by any
"Big game" means elk, deer, black bears, wild boars and wild
"Bona fide resident, tenant or lessee" means a person who
permanently resides on the land.
"Citizen" means any native born citizen of the United States
and foreign born persons who have procured their final
"Closed season" means the time or period during which it shall
be unlawful to take any wildlife as specified and limited by the
provisions of this chapter.
"Commission" means the Natural Resources Commission.
"Commissioner" means a member of the advisory commission of
the Natural Resources Commission.
"Director" means the Director of the Division of Natural
"Fishing" or "to fish" means the taking, by any means, of
fish, minnows, frogs or other amphibians, aquatic turtles and other
forms of aquatic life used as fish bait.
"Fur-bearing animals" include: (a) The mink; (b) the weasel;
(c) the muskrat; (d) the beaver; (e) the opossum; (f) the skunk and
civet cat, commonly called polecat; (g) the otter; (h) the red fox; (i) the gray fox; (j) the wildcat, bobcat or bay lynx; (k) the
raccoon; and (l) the fisher.
"Game" means game animals, game birds and game fish as herein
"Game animals" include: (a) The elk; (b) the deer; (c) the
cottontail rabbits and hares; (d) the fox squirrels, commonly
called red squirrels, and gray squirrels and all their color phases
- red, gray, black or albino; (e) the raccoon; (f) the black bear;
and (g) the wild boar.
"Game birds" include: (a) The anatidae, commonly known as
swan, geese, brants and river and sea ducks; (b) the rallidae,
commonly known as rails, sora, coots, mudhens and gallinule; (c)
the limicolae, commonly known as shorebirds, plover, snipe,
woodcock, sandpipers, yellow legs and curlews; (d) the galliformes,
commonly known as wild turkey, grouse, pheasants, quails and
partridges (both native and foreign species); (e) the columbidae,
commonly known as doves; (f) the icteridae, commonly known as
blackbirds, redwings and grackle; and (g) the corvidae, commonly
known as crows.
"Game fish" include: (a) Brook trout; (b) brown trout; (c)
rainbow trout; (d) golden rainbow trout; (e) largemouth bass; (f)
smallmouth bass; (g) spotted bass; (h) striped bass; (i) chain
pickerel; (j) muskellunge; (k) walleye; (l) northern pike; (m) rock
bass; (n) white bass; (o) white crappie; (p) black crappie; (q) all sunfish species; (r) channel catfish; (s) flathead catfish; (t)
sauger; and (u) all game fish hybrids.
"Hunt" means to pursue, chase, catch or take any wild birds or
wild animals: Provided, That the definition of "hunt" does not
include an officially sanctioned and properly licensed field trial,
water race or wild hunt as long as that field trial is not a
shoot-to-retrieve field trial.
"Lands" means land, waters and all other appurtenances
"Migratory birds" means any migratory game or nongame birds
included in the terms of conventions between the United States and
Great Britain and between the United States and United Mexican
States, known as the "Migratory Bird Treaty Act" for the protection
of migratory birds and game mammals concluded, respectively, the
sixteenth day of August, one thousand nine hundred sixteen, and the
seventh day of February, one thousand nine hundred thirty-six.
"Nonresident" means any person who is a citizen of the United
States and who has not been a domiciled resident of the State of
West Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days immediately
prior to the date of his or her application for a license or permit
except any full-time student of any college or university of this
state, even though he or she is paying a nonresident tuition.
"Open season" means the time during which the various species
of wildlife may be legally caught, taken, killed or chased in a specified manner and shall include both the first and the last day
of the season or period designated by the Director.
"Person," except as otherwise defined elsewhere in this
chapter, means the plural "persons" and shall include individuals,
partnerships, corporations or other legal entities.
"Preserve" means all duly licensed private game farmlands, or
private plants, ponds or areas, where hunting or fishing is
permitted under special licenses or seasons other than the regular
public hunting or fishing seasons.
"Protected birds" means all wild birds not included within the
definition of "game birds" and "unprotected birds".
"Resident" means any person who is a citizen of the United
States and who has been a domiciled resident of the State of West
Virginia for a period of thirty consecutive days or more
immediately prior to the date of his or her application for license
or permit: Provided, That a member of the Armed Forces of the
United States who is stationed beyond the territorial limits of
this state, but who was a resident of this state at the time of his
or her entry into such service and any full-time student of any
college or university of this state, even though he or she is
paying a nonresident tuition, shall be considered a resident under
the provisions of this chapter.
"Roadside menagerie" means any place of business, other than
a commercial game farm, commercial fish preserve, place or pond, where any wild bird, game bird, unprotected bird, game animal or
fur-bearing animal is kept in confinement for the attraction and
amusement of the people for commercial purposes.
"Small game" includes all game animals, furbearing animals and
game birds except, elk, deer, black bears, wild boars and wild
"Take" means to hunt, shoot, pursue, lure, kill, destroy,
catch, capture, keep in captivity, gig, spear, trap, ensnare, wound
or injure any wildlife, or attempt to do so: Provided, That the
definition of "take" does not include an officially sanctioned and
properly licensed field trial, water race or wild hunt as long as
that field trial is not a shoot-to-retrieve field trial.
"Unprotected birds" shall include: (a) The English sparrow;
(b) the European starling; and (c) the cowbird.
"Wild animals" means all mammals native to the State of West
Virginia occurring either in a natural state or in captivity,
except house mice or rats.
"Wild birds" shall include all birds other than: (a) Domestic
poultry - chickens, ducks, geese, guinea fowl, peafowls and
turkeys; (b) psittacidae, commonly called parrots and parakeets;
and (c) other foreign cage birds such as the common canary, exotic
finches and ring dove. All wild birds, either: (a) Those
occurring in a natural state in West Virginia; or (b) those
imported foreign game birds, such as waterfowl, pheasants, partridges, quail and grouse, regardless of how long raised or held
in captivity, shall remain wild birds under the meaning of this
"Wildlife" means wild birds, wild animals, game and
fur-bearing animals, fish (including minnows,) reptiles,
amphibians, mollusks, crustaceans and all forms of aquatic life
used as fish bait, whether dead or alive.
"Wildlife refuge" means any land set aside by action of the
Director as an inviolate refuge or sanctuary for the protection of
designated forms of wildlife.